[1] GALLOPIN G C. Linkages between vulnerability, resilience, and adaptive capacity[J]. Global Environmental Change, 2006, 16(3):293-303. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/NSTLQK/NSTL_QKJJ027979106/
[2] 朱震达.中国的脆弱生态带与土地荒漠化[J].中国沙漠, 1991, 11(4): 11-22. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-694X.1991.04.008

ZHU Z D. Fragile ecological zones and land desertification in China[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 1991, 11(4): 11-22. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-694X.1991.04.008
[3] SCHROTER D, CRAMER W, LEEMANS R, et al. Ecosystem service supply and vulnerability to global change in Europe[J]. Science, 2005, 310: 1333. doi:  10.1126/science.1115233
[4] WRIGHT I J, REICH P B, WESTOBY M. Strategy shifts in leaf physiology, structure and nutrient content between species of high- and low-rainfall and high- and low-nutrient habitats[J]. Functional Ecology, 2001, 15(4): 423-434. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=0e0291018c0890499ca89534ebc5ac41
[5] BRADSHAW A D. Evolutionary significance of phenotypic plasticity in plants[J]. Advances in Genetics, 1965, 13(1): 115-155. doi:  10.1016-S0065-2660(08)60048-6/
[6] 康萨如拉, 牛建明, 张庆, 等.短花针茅叶片解剖结构及与气候因子的关系[J].草业学报, 2013, 22(1): 77-86. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/caoyexb201301010

KANGSARULA, NIU J M, ZHANG Q, et al. Anatomical structure of Stipa breviflora leaves and its relationship with environmental factors[J]. Acta Prataculturae Sinica, 2013, 22(1): 77-86. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/caoyexb201301010
[7] MOTT K A, GIBSON A C, O'LEARY J W. The adaptive significance of amphistomatic leaves[J]. Plant Cell & Environment, 1982, 5(6): 455-460. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=10.1111/1365-3040.ep11611750
[8] CAO D C, LI J W, HUANG Z Y, et al. Reproductive characteristics of a Populus euphratica population and prospects for its restoration in China [J/OL]. PLoS ONE, 2012, 7 (7): e39121. (2012-07-26) [2017-03-15]. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039121.
[9] 黄晶晶, 井家林, 曹德昌, 等.不同林龄胡杨克隆繁殖根系分布特征及其构型[J].生态学报, 2013, 33(14): 4331-4342. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201314013

HUANG J J, JING J L, CAO D C, et al. Cloning root system distribution and architecture of different forest age Populus euphratica in Ejina Oasis[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2013, 33(14): 4331-4342. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201314013
[10] 张现慧, 钟悦鸣, 谭天逸, 等.土壤水分动态对胡杨幼苗生长分配策略的影响[J].北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(5): 92-99. doi:  10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150369

ZHANG X H, ZHONG Y M, TAN T Y, et al. Effect of soil moisture dynamics on growth and allocation strategy of Populus euphratica seedlings[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(5): 92-99. doi:  10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150369
[11] 吕爽, 张现慧, 张楠, 等.胡杨幼苗根系生长与构型对土壤水分的响应[J].西北植物学报, 2015, 35(5): 1005-1012. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/xbzwxb201505021

LV S, ZHANG X H, ZHANG N, et al. Response of root growth and architecture of Populus euphratica seedling on soil water[J]. Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica, 2015, 35(5): 1005-1012. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/xbzwxb201505021
[12] 韩路, 王家强, 王海珍, 等.塔里木河上游胡杨种群结构与动态[J].生态学报, 2014, 34(16): 4640-4651. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201416021

HAN L, WANG J Q, WANG H Z, et al. The population structure and dynamics of Populus euphratica at the upper reaches of the Tarim River[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2014, 34(16): 4640-4651. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201416021
[13] 王海珍, 陈加利, 韩路, 等.地下水位对胡杨和灰胡杨叶绿素荧光光响应与光合色素含量的影响[J].中国沙漠, 2013, 33(4): 1054-1063. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZGSS201304012.htm

WANG H Z, CHENG J L, HAN L, et al. Response of chlorophyll fluorescence parameters of Populus euphratica and Polulus pruinosa[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 2013, 33(4): 1054-1063. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZGSS201304012.htm
[14] 王敏, 徐海量, 叶茂, 等.不同林龄胡杨径向生长量与地下水的关系[J].水土保持研究, 2017, 24(1): 357-360. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stbcyj201701059

WANG M, XU H L, YE M, et al. Relationship between different stand age Populus euphratica's radial growth and groundwater[J]. Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 2017, 24(1): 357-360. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stbcyj201701059
[15] 袁亚鹏, 赵阳, 赵传燕, 等.黑河下游不同生境胡杨叶片碳同位素组成特征[J].中国沙漠, 2015, 35(6): 1505-1511. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=zgsm201506011

YUAN Y P, ZHAO Y, ZHAO C Y, et al. Characteristics of foliar stable carbon isotope composition of Populus euphratica for different niche in the lower reach of the Heihe River[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 2015, 35(6): 1505-1511. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=zgsm201506011
[16] 丁伟, 杨振华, 张世彪, 等.青海柴达木地区野生胡杨叶的形态解剖学研究[J].中国沙漠, 2010, 30(6): 1411-1415. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zgsm201006025

DING W, YANG Z H, ZHANG S B, et al. Morphological and anatomical structure of leaves on Populus euphratica Oliv. in Qaidam Basin[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 2010, 30(6): 1411-1415. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zgsm201006025
[17] 夏延国, 董芳宇, 吕爽, 等.极端干旱区胡杨细根的垂直分布和季节动态[J].北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(7): 37-44. doi:  10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150082

XIA Y G, DONG F Y, LV S, et al. Vertical distribution and seasonal dynamics of fine roots in Populus euphratica plantation in the extremely drought area[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(7): 37-44. doi:  10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150082
[18] 李芳兰, 包维楷.植物叶片形态解剖结构对环境变化的响应与适应[J].植物学报, 2005, 22(增刊): 118-127. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTotal-ZWXT2005S1015.htm

LI F L, BAO W K. Responses of the morphological and anatomical structure of the plant leaf to environmental change[J]. Bulletin of Botany, 2005, 22(Suppl.): 118-127. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTotal-ZWXT2005S1015.htm
[19] 白潇, 李毅, 苏世平, 等.不同居群唐古特白刺叶片解剖特征对生境的响应研究[J].西北植物学报, 2013, 33(10): 1986-1993. doi:  10.7606/j.issn.1000-4025.2013.10.1986

BAI X, LI Y, SU S P, et al. Response of leaf anatomical characteristics of Nitraria tangutorum Bobr. from different populations to habitats[J]. Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica, 2013, 33(10): 1986-1993. doi:  10.7606/j.issn.1000-4025.2013.10.1986
[20] NAZ N, HAMEED M, NAWAZ T, et al. Structural adaptations in the desert halophyte Aeluropus lagopoides (Linn.) Trin. ex Thw. under high salinity[J]. Journal of Biological Research, 2013, 19: 150-164.
[21] ASHTON P M S, OLANDER L P, BERLYN G P, et al. Changes in leaf structure in relation to crown position and tree size[J]. Canadian Journal of Botany, 2011, 76(7): 1180-1187.
[22] VALLADARES F, WRIGHT S J, LASSO E, et al. Plastic phenotypic response to light of 16 congeneric shrubs from a panamanian rainforest[J]. Ecology, 2000, 81(7): 1925-1936. doi:  10.1890/0012-9658(2000)081[1925:PPRTLO]2.0.CO;2
[23] ABRAMS M D, KUBISKE M E, MOSTOLLER S A. Relating wet and dry year ecophysiology to leaf structure in contrasting temperate tree species[J]. Ecology, 1994, 75(1): 123-133. doi:  10.2307/1939389
[24] 黄振英, 吴鸿, 胡正海. 30种新疆沙生植物的结构及其对沙漠环境的适应[J].植物生态学报, 1997, 21(6): 521-530. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1005-264X.1997.06.004

HUANG Z Y, WU H, HU Z H. The structures of 30 species of psammophytes and their adaptation to the sandy desert environment in Xinjiang[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 1997, 21(6): 521-530. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1005-264X.1997.06.004
[25] 何冬梅, 刘庆, 林波, 等.人工针叶林林下11种植物叶片解剖特征对不同生境的适应性[J].生态学报, 2008, 28(10): 4739-4749. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2008.10.015

HE D M, LIU Q, LIN B, et al. Adaptation of leaf anatomical characteristics of eleven understory species to different environments in coniferous plantations[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2008, 28(10): 4739-4749. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2008.10.015
[26] 杨超, 梁宗锁.陕北撂荒地上优势蒿类叶片解剖结构及其生态适应性[J].生态学报, 2008, 28(10): 4732-4738. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2008.10.014

YANG C, LIANG Z S. Foliar anatomical structures and ecological adaptabilities of dominant artemisia species of early sere of succession on arable old land after being abandoned in loess hilly region[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2008, 28(10): 4732-4738. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2008.10.014
[27] 董芳宇, 王文娟, 崔盼杰, 等.胡杨叶片解剖特征及其可塑性对土壤条件响应[J].西北植物学报, 2016, 36(10): 2047-2057. doi:  10.7606/j.issn.1000-4025.2016.10.2047

DONG F Y, WANG W J, CUI P J, et al. Plasticity response of leaf anatomical characteristics of Poplulus euphratica in different soil conditions[J]. Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica, 2016, 36(10): 2047-2057. doi:  10.7606/j.issn.1000-4025.2016.10.2047
[28] TILMAN D, KNOPS J, WEDIN D, et al. The influence of functional diversity and composition on ecosystem processes[J]. Science, 1997, 277: 1300-1302. doi:  10.1126/science.277.5330.1300
[29] NAEEM S, THOMPSON L J, LAWLER S P, et al. Declining biodiversity can alter the performance of ecosystems[J]. Nature, 1994, 368: 734-737. doi:  10.1038/368734a0
[30] 周茅先, 肖洪浪, 罗芳, 等.额济纳三角洲地下水水盐特征与植被生长的相关研究[J].中国沙漠, 2004, 24(4): 431-436. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-694X.2004.04.009

ZHOU M X, XIAO H L, LUO F, et al. Groundwater salinity characters and its relationship with vegetation growth in Ejin Delta[J]. Journal of Desert Research, 2004, 24(4): 431-436. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-694X.2004.04.009
[31] 安卓, 牛得草, 文海燕, 等.氮素添加对黄土高原典型草原长芒草氮磷重吸收率及C:N:P化学计量特征的影响[J].植物生态学报, 2011, 35(8): 801-807. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zwstxb201108002

AN Z, NIU D C, WEN H Y, et al. Effects of N addition on nutrient resorption efficiency and C:N:P stoichiometric characteristics in Stipa bungeana of steppe grasslands in the Loess Plateau, China[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2011, 35(8): 801-807. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zwstxb201108002
[32] 毛伟, 李玉霖, 崔夺, 等.沙质草地不同生活史植物的生物量分配对氮素和水分添加的响应[J].植物生态学报, 2014, 38(2): 125-133. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zwstxb201402004

MAO W, LI Y L, CUI D, et al. Biomass allocation response of species with different life history strategies to nitrogen and water addition in sandy grassland in Inner Mongolia[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2014, 38(2): 125-133. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zwstxb201402004
[33] 闫国永, 王晓春, 邢亚娟, 等.兴安落叶松林细根解剖结构和化学组分对N沉降的响应[J].北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(4): 36-43. doi:  10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150433

YAN G Y, WANG X C, XING Y J, et al. Response of root anatomy and tissue chemistry to nitrogen deposition in larch forest in the Great Xing'an Mountains of northeastern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(4): 36-43. doi:  10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150433
[34] 耿宇鹏, 张文驹, 李博, 等.表型可塑性与外来植物的入侵能力[J].生物多样性, 2004, 12(4): 447-455. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1005-0094.2004.04.009

GENG Y P, ZHANG W J, LI B, et al. Phenotypic plastictiy and invasiveness of alien plants[J]. Biodiversity Science, 2004, 12(4): 447-455. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1005-0094.2004.04.009
[35] 徐飞, 郭卫华, 徐伟红, 等.刺槐幼苗形态、生物量分配和光合特性对水分胁迫的响应[J].北京林业大学学报, 2010, 32(1): 24-30. http://j.bjfu.edu.cn/article/id/9311

XU F, GUO W H, XU W H, et al. Effects of water stress on morphology, biomass allocation and photosynthesis in Robinia pseudoacacia seedlings[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2010, 32(1): 24-30. http://j.bjfu.edu.cn/article/id/9311
[36] 马建静, 吉成均, 韩梅, 等.青藏高原高寒草地和内蒙古高原温带草地主要双子叶植物叶片解剖特征的比较研究[J].中国科学(生命科学), 2012, 42(2): 158-172. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=zgkx-cc201202008

MA J J, JI C J, HAN M, et al. Comparative analyses of leaf anatomy of dicotyledonous species in Tibetan and Inner Mongolian grasslands[J]. Scientia Sinica (Vitae), 2012, 42(2): 158-172. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=zgkx-cc201202008
[37] 周洪华, 李卫红, 木巴热克·阿尤普, 等.荒漠河岸林植物木质部导水与栓塞特征及其对干旱胁迫的响应[J].植物生态学报, 2012, 36(1): 19-29. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zwstxb201201003

ZHOU H H, LI W H, AYUP M, et al. Xylem hydraulic conductivity and embolism properties of desert riparian forest plants and its response to drought stress[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2012, 36(1): 19-29. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zwstxb201201003