[1] GUO J P. Study on forest landscape ecology[M].Beijing: Peking University Press,2001.
[2] 郭晋平. 森林景观生态研究[M]. 北京: 北京大学出版社,2001.
[3] ZHANG H R,ZHAO P Y,YANG W M, et al. Analysis and evaluation technology of natural forest temporal spatial dynamic [M].Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, 2006.
[4] HULSHOFF R M. Landscape indices describing a Dutch landscape[J]. Landscape Ecology, 1995, 10: 101-111.
[5] LIU J B. Lushuihe of natural red pine forest management and protection measures[J].Journal of Jilin Forestry Science and Technology, 2012, 41(3):44-45.
[6] SOLON J. Integrating ecological and geographical (bio-physica1) principles in studies [M]//WIENS J A, MOSS M R. Issues in landscape ecology. Snowmass Village: International Association for Landscape Ecology, 1999: 22-27.
[7] ZHAO F Q,DAI L M,YU D P,et al.Dynamic changes of forest landscape pattern in Lushuihe Forest Bureau of Changbai Mountains, Northeast China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology,2010,21(5):1180-1184.
[8] 张会儒, 赵鹏祥, 杨为民,等.天然林资源动态时空分析评价技术[M]. 北京: 中国林业出版社, 2006.
[9] FISCHER J, LINDENMAYER D B. Landscape modification and habitat fragmentation: a synthesis[J]. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 2007, 16:265-280.
[10] YU D Y,WANG Y Y,HAO Z Q,et al. Changes of forest landscape pattern in Lushuihe Watershed of Jilin Province[J].Resources Sciences, 2005, 27(4): 147-153.
[11] WANG X J,CAO G,YAN R J, et al. The study,conservation and utilization of forestry resource in Quanyang Forest Bureau[J].Journal of Jilin Forestry Science and Technology,2012,41(3):39-45.
[12] LEIMGRUBER P, MCSHEA W J, SCHNELL G D. Effects of scale and logging on landscape structure in a forest Mosaic[J].Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 2002,74:141-166.
[13] YU X X,LI X B,XIA B,et al. Forest landscape pattern and lucc on ecohydrological response[M].Beijing:Science Press, 2010.
[14] GÜNLÜ A, KELE S, BAKENT E Z. Spatiotemporal changes of landscape pattern in response to deforestation in Northeastern Turkey: a case study in Rize[J]. Environment Monitor Assess,2009, 148:127-137.
[15] LIU C S,ZHANG W C,YONG B,et al.Vegetation pattern dynamics in Zhangye Oasis based on two new landscape metrics[J].Scientia Geographica Sinica,2008,28(1):59-65.
[16] 刘吉波.露水河天然红松母树林经营及保护措施[J].吉林林业科技,2012, 41(3):44-45.
[17] 赵福强,代力民,于大炮,等.长白山露水河林业局森林景观格局动态[J]. 应用生态学报,2010,21(5):1180-1184.
[18] HUANG Q,WANG R H,WU S X,et al.spatial-temporal dynamic changes of landscape fragmentation in the upper reaches Tarmi River[J].Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment,2007,21(9):73-77.
[19] HE N P,WU D W,WU L,et al.Impact of human disturbance on fragmentation of village-level landscape[J].Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology,2001,12(6):897-899.
[20] 于德永, 王艳艳, 郝占庆,等. 吉林省露水河地区森林景观格局变化[J]. 资源科学, 2005, 27(4): 147-153.
[21] WU J G. Landscape ecology: pattern, process, scale and hierarchy[M].Beijing: Higher Education Press,2000.
[22] 王向君, 曹钢, 闫若皎,等. 泉阳林业局森林资源现状与林地保护利用措施[J].吉林林业科技,2012,41(3):39-45.
[23] 余新晓, 李秀彬, 夏兵, 等. 森林景观格局与土地利用/ 覆被变化及其生态水文响应[M]. 北京: 科学出版社, 2010.
[24] SONG X S,WANG F Y,DENG X,et al. Landscape patterns of high conservation value forests in dongning county, heilongjiang province[J].Journal of Northeast Forestry University,2011,39(4):48-51.
[25] LIU X W.Studies on ecological effects of land use planning at country level:as an example to Chunan Country[D].Urumqi: Xinjiang Agricultural University, 2011.
[26] 刘传胜,张万昌,雍斌,等.基于两种新型景观指数的张掖绿洲植被格局动态研究[J].地理科学,2008,28(1):59-65.
[27] LIN Z S.The influence of habitat destruction on the ecological effect of metapopulation[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2003, 23(3): 480-485.
[28] 黄青,王让会,吴世新,等.塔里木河上游景观破碎化的时空动态变化分析[J].干旱区资源与环境,2007,21(9):73-77.
[29] 何念鹏,周道玮,吴泠,等.人为干扰强度对村级景观破碎度的影响[J].应用生态学报,2001,12(6):897-899.
[30] XIA W W,HANG H R,LIU H W,et al. Forest landscape pattern of Pangquangou Nature Reserve based on RS and GIS, north China[J].Journal of Beijing Forestry University,2008,30(Suppl.1): 116-121.
[31] 邬建国. 景观生态学:格局、过程、尺度与等级[M]. 北京: 高等教育出版社, 2000.
[32] YANG Z Z,BAI M Y. Landscape patterns of forests in Huzhong Forest Farm of Daxing'an Mountains based on GIS[J].Journal of Northeast Forestry University,2010,38(9):40-43.
[33] JIANG X Q,LI J P,YUAN X H..Analysis of forest landscape pattern of Taoyuan county based on GIS[J].Journal of Central South University of Forestry Technology,2011,31(7):97-101.
[34] 宋小双,王凤友,邓勋,等. 基于GIS的东宁县高保护价值森林景观格局分析[J]. 东北林业大学学报,2011,39(4):48-51.
[35] 刘小伟. 县域土地利用总体规划生态效应研究:以淳安县为例[D].乌鲁木齐:新疆农业大学, 2011.
[36] ZHOU D H,HE H S,LI X Z,et al.Potential responses of different stand age classes to climate changes in the Xiaoxinganling Mountains,northeastern China[J].Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2007, 29(4):110-117.
[37] LIU J H,YOU S C.Design and construction of Web GIS- based information system for grassland management in northern tibet[J]. Acta Agrestia Sinica,2010,18(1): 42-49.
[38] 林振山. 生境变化对集合种群系统生态效应的影响[J]. 生态学报, 2003, 23(3): 480-485.
[39] 夏伟伟,韩海荣,刘宏文,等.基于RS与GIS的庞泉沟自然保护区森林景观格局研究 [J]. 北京林业大学学报,2008,30(增刊1): 116-121.
[40] 杨珍珍,白淼源.基于 GIS 的大兴安岭呼中森林景观格局分析 [J]. 东北林业大学学报,2010,38(9):40-43.
[41] 蒋群星,李际平,袁晓红.基于 GIS 的桃源县森林景观格局特征分析 [J]. 中南林业科技大学学报,2011,31(7):97-101.
[42] FORMAN R T T. Some general principles of landscape and regional ecology[J]. Landscape Ecology, 1995, 10(3): 133-142.
[43] 周丹卉,贺红士,李秀珍,等.小兴安岭不同年龄林分对气候变化的潜在响应[J].北京林业大学学报, 2007, 29(4):110-117.
[44] TURNER M G, GARDNER R H. Quantitative methods in landscape ecology[J]. New York: Springer-Verlage, 1991.
[45] O'NEIL L R V,GARDNER R H, MILNE B T, et al. Heterogeneity and spatial hierarchies[M]∥KOLASA J, PICKETT S T A. Ecological heterogeneity. New York:Spring-Verlage, 1991:85-96.
[46] 刘喆惠,游松财.基于Web GIS的藏北草地生态信息系统构建[J].草地学报,2010,18(1): 42-49.