[1] 吕宪国.中国湿地与湿地研究[M].石家庄:河北科学技术出版社, 2008.

Lü X G. Study on wetlands and wetlands in China[M]. Shijiazhuang: Hebei Science and Technology Press, 2008.
[2] Zhu X, Song C, Guo Y, et al. Methane emissions from temperate herbaceous peatland in the Sanjiang Plain of northeast China[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 2014, 92:478-483. doi:  10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.04.061
[3] Song C, Xiaofeng X U, Tian H, et al. Ecosystem-atmosphere exchange of CH— and N—O and ecosystem respiration in wetlands in the Sanjiang Plain, Northeastern China[J]. Global Change Biology, 2009, 15(3):692-705. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=e43db64d1f12876e1f84fbdb6025f89f
[4] Lucchese M, Waddington J M, Poulin M, et al. Organic matter accumulation in a restored peatland: evaluating restoration success[J]. Ecological Engineering, 2010, 36(4):482-488. doi:  10.1016/j.ecoleng.2009.11.017
[5] 崔丽娟, 马琼芳, 宋洪涛, 等.湿地生态系统碳储量估算方法综述[J].生态学杂志, 2012, 31(10):2673-2680. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxzz201210036

Cui L J, Ma Q F, Song H T, et al. Review on estimation methods of carbon storage in wetland ecosystem[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2012, 31(10):2673-2680. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxzz201210036
[6] 牟长城, 王彪, 卢慧翠, 等.大兴安岭天然沼泽湿地生态系统碳储量[J].生态学报, 2013, 33(16):4956-4965. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201316015

Mu C C, Wang B, Lu H C, et al. Carbon storage in natural marsh wetland ecosystem of Daxinganling Mountains[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2013, 33(16):4956-4965. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201316015
[7] Mu C, Lu H C, Wang B, et al. Short-term effects of harvesting on carbon storage of boreal Larix gmelinii-Carex schmidtii, forested wetlands in Daxing'anling, northeast China[J]. Forest Ecology & Management, 2013, 293(4):140-148. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=526dea3557c83188f56f852c9f816ef8
[8] 李婉姝, 牟长城, 吴云霞, 等.小兴安岭地区天然沼泽林生产力与植被碳密度[J].东北林业大学学报, 2010, 38(8):39-44. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1000-5382.2010.08.013

Li W S, Mu C C, Wu Y X, et al. Productivity and vegetation carbon density of natural swamp forests in Lesser Xing'an Mountains, Heilongjiang[J]. Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 2010, 38(8): 39-44. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1000-5382.2010.08.013
[9] 周文昌, 牟长城, 刘复, 等.火干拢对小兴安岭白桦沼泽和落叶松-苔草沼泽凋落物和土壤碳储量的影响[J].生态学报, 2012, 32(20):6387-6395. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTotal-STXB201220014.htm

Zhou W C, Mu C C, Liu X, et al. Effects of fire disturbance on litter mass and soil carbon storage of Betula platyphylla and Larix gmelinii-Carex schmidtii swamps in the Xiaoxing'an Mountains of Northeast China[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2012, 32(20): 6387-6395. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTotal-STXB201220014.htm
[10] 牟长城, 包旭, 卢慧翠, 等.火干扰对大兴安岭兴安落叶松瘤囊苔草湿地生态系统碳储量的短期影响[J].林业科学, 2013, 49(2):8-14. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1672-8246.2013.02.002

Mu C C, Bao X, Lu H C, et al. Short-term effects of fire disturbance on carbon storage in Larix gmelinii-Carex schmidtii wetland ecosystem in Daxinganling[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2013, 49(2):8-14. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1672-8246.2013.02.002
[11] 刘夏, 牟长城, 周文昌, 等.采伐对小兴安岭森林沼泽土壤碳质量分数和碳密度的影响[J].东北林业大学学报, 2013, 41(1):42-47. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1000-5382.2013.01.011

Liu X, Mu C C, Zhou W C, et al. Effects of logging on soil carbon content and carbon density in forest swamp of Xiaoxing'an Mountains[J]. Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 2013, 41(1):42-47. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1000-5382.2013.01.011
[12] 牟长城, 卢慧翠, 包旭, 等.采伐干扰对大兴安岭落叶松苔草沼泽湿地植被碳储量的影响[J].生态学报, 2013, 33(17):5286-5298. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10225-1013366876.htm

Mu C C, Lu H C, Bao X, et al. Effect of cutting disturbance on carbon storage in larch carex marsh wetland in Daxinganling[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2013, 33(17):5286-5298. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10225-1013366876.htm
[13] 卢慧翠, 牟长城, 王彪, 等.采伐对大兴安岭落叶松-苔草沼泽土壤有机碳储量的影响[J].林业科学研究, 2013, 26(4): 459-466. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1001-1498.2013.04.011

Lu H C, Mu C C, Wang B, et al. Effects of cutting on soil organic carbon storage in larch-carex marsh of Daxinganling Mountains[J]. Forest Research, 2013, 26(4):459-466. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1001-1498.2013.04.011
[14] 崔巍, 牟长城, 卢慧翠, 等.排水造林对大兴安岭沼泽湿地生态系统碳储量的影响[J].北京林业大学学报, 2013, 35(5): 28-36. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10225-1013366998.htm

Cui W, Mu C C, Lu H C, et al. Effects of drainage afforestation on carbon storage in marsh wetland ecosystem of Daxinganling Mountains[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2013, 35(5): 28-36. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10225-1013366998.htm
[15] Xing W, Bao K, Gallego-Sala A V, et al. Climate controls on carbon accumulation in peatlands of Northeast China[J]. Quaternary Science Reviews, 2015, 115(9):78-88. http://cn.bing.com/academic/profile?id=024615232c6ac5e35778d751ac971df3&encoded=0&v=paper_preview&mkt=zh-cn
[16] 李慧仁, 王立中, 刘学爽, 等.基于3S技术的南瓮河国家级自然保护区植被地上生物量初步估计[J].防护林科技, 2016(4):64-66. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/fhlkj201604022

Li H R, Wang L Z, Liu X S, et al. Preliminary estimation of vegetation aboveground biomass in Nanwenghe National Nature Reserve based on 3S technology[J]. Protection Forest Science and Technology, 2016(4):64-66. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/fhlkj201604022
[17] 陈中如, 何瑞珍, 孟庆法, 等.利用3S技术估测森林生物量:以河南省商城县黄柏山林场为例[J].河南科学, 2013, 31(10):1624-1627. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1004-3918.2013.10.014

Chen Z R, He R Z, Meng Q F, et al. Estimation of forest biomass by 3S technology: a case study of Phellodendron amurense forest farm in Shangcheng County, Henan Province[J]. Henan Science, 2013, 31(10):1624-1627. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1004-3918.2013.10.014
[18] 李德仁, 王长委, 胡月明, 等.遥感技术估算森林生物量的研究进展[J].武汉大学学报(信息科学版), 2012, 37(6):631-635. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/whchkjdxxb201206001

Li D R, Wang C W, Hu Y M, et al. Research progress on forest biomass estimation by remote sensing technology[J]. Journal of Wuhan University Information Science Edition, 2012, 37(6):631-635. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/whchkjdxxb201206001
[19] 薛巍, 张秋良, 赵鹏翔, 等.基于遥感技术的森林生物量估算应用[J].水土保持研究, 2009, 16(2):209-211. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stbcyj200902045

Xue W, Zhang Q L, Zhao P X, et al. Application of forest biomass estimation based on remote sensing technology[J]. Study on Soil and Water Conservation, 2009, 16(2):209-211. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stbcyj200902045
[20] 周晓敏, 郑南山, 祁云, 等.利用GPS-R遥感技术反演植被生物量[J].测绘通报, 2018(1):129-132. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/chtb201801025

Zhou X M, Zheng N S, Qi S, et al. Retrieval of vegetation biomass using GPS-r remote sensing technology[J]. Bulletin of Surveying and Mapping, 2018(1):129-132. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/chtb201801025
[21] Penman J, Gytarsky M, Hiraishi T, et al. Good practice guidance for land use, land-use change and forestry[J]. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2003, 35(5):103-105. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/NSTLHY/NSTL_HYCC024719367/
[22] Bayley S E, Guimond J K. Aboveground biomass and nutrient limitation in relation to river connectivity in montane floodplain marshes[J]. Wetlands, 2009, 29(4):1243-1254. doi:  10.1672/08-227.1
[23] Estornell J, Ruiz L A, Velázquezmartí B, et al. Estimation of shrub biomass by airborne LiDAR data in small forest stands[J]. Forest Ecology & Management, 2011, 262(9):1697-1703. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=b7bd1b5bdcdc5b4f9afb56be67009fc6
[24] Turner R E, Swenson E M, Milan C S, et al. Below-ground biomass in healthy and impaired salt marshes[J]. Ecological Research, 2004, 19(1):29-35. doi:  10.1111/ere.2004.19.issue-1
[25] Dorrepaal E, Cornelissen J H C, Aerts R, et al. Are growth forms consistent predictors of leaf litter quality and decomposability across peatlands along a latitudinal gradient[J]. Journal of Ecology, 2005, 93(4):817-828. doi:  10.1111/j.1365-2745.2005.01024.x
[26] 康文星, 田徽, 何介南, 等.洞庭湖湿地植被系统的碳贮量及其分配[J].水土保持学报, 2009, 23(6):129-133. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1009-2242.2009.06.029

Kang W X, Tian H, He J N, et al. Carbon storage and its distribution in Dongting Lake wetland vegetation system[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2009, 23(6):129-133. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1009-2242.2009.06.029
[27] 韩冰, 王效科, 欧阳志云, 等.中国东北地区农田生态系统中碳库的分布格局及其变化[J].土壤通报, 2004, 35(4):401-407. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:0564-3945.2004.04.004

Han B, Wang X K, Ouyang Z Y, et al. Distribution pattern and change of carbon pool in farmland ecosystem in northeast China[J]. Soil Bulletin, 2004, 35(4):401-407. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:0564-3945.2004.04.004
[28] 崔永琴, 马剑英, 刘小宁, 等.人类活动对土壤有机碳库的影响研究进展[J].中国沙漠, 2011, 31(2):407-414. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Conference/7449554

Cui Y Q, Ma J Y, Liu X N, et al. Research progress on effects of human activities on soil organic carbon pool[J]. Chinese Desert, 2011, 31(2):407-414. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Conference/7449554
[29] 范兰, 吕昌河, 陈朝. EPIC模型及其应用[J].地理科学进展, 2012, 31(5):584-592. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Thesis/D01099715

Fan L, Lü C H, Chen C. Epic model and its application[J]. Advances in Geographic Science, 2012, 31(5):584-592. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Thesis/D01099715
[30] 刘晓彬. Century模型在江西省大岗山地区杉木人工林植被碳储量研究中的适用性分析[D].北京: 中国林业科学研究院, 2010. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=degree&id=D603072

Liu X B. Applicability of century model to study on carbon storage of Chinese fir plantation in Dagangshan Area, Jiangxi Province[D]. Beijing: Chinese Academy of Forestry, 2010. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=degree&id=D603072
[31] 孙涛, 马全林, 李银科, 等.基于CENTURY模型模拟研究次生盐碱地枸杞林土壤有机碳的变化[J].安徽农业科学, 2015(13):202-206. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.0517-6611.2015.13.071

Sun T, Ma Q L, Li Y K, et al. Study on soil organic carbon change of Lycium barbarum forest in secondary saline - alkali soil based on century model[J]. Anhui Agricultural Science, 2015(13):202-206. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.0517-6611.2015.13.071
[32] 李东, 黄耀, 吴琴, 等.青藏高原高寒草甸生态系统土壤有机碳动态模拟研究[J].草业学报, 2010, 19(2):160-168. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/caoyexb201002023

Li D, Huang Y, Wu Q, et al. Dynamic simulation of soil organic carbon in alpine meadow ecosystem of Qinghai - Tibet Plateau[J]. Journal of Pratacultural Science, 2010, 19(2):160-168. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/caoyexb201002023
[33] 蔡倩倩.若尔盖高寒嵩草草甸湿地土壤碳储量研究[D].北京: 中国林业科学研究院, 2012. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-82201-1012423677.htm

Cai Q Q. Study on soil carbon storage of KOBRESIA humilis meadow wetland in Ruoergai[D]. Beijing: Chinese Academy of Forestry, 2012. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-82201-1012423677.htm
[34] Pouyat R V, Yesilonis I D, Nowak D J. Carbon storage by urban soils in the United States[J]. Journal of Environmental Quality, 2006, 35(4):1566-1575. http://cn.bing.com/academic/profile?id=423e468699b54135e30f89ed0dc7620a&encoded=0&v=paper_preview&mkt=zh-cn
[35] 杜华强, 孙晓艳, 韩凝, 等.综合面向对象与决策树的毛竹林调查因子及碳储量遥感估算[J].应用生态学报, 2017, 28(10):3163-3173. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/yystxb201710007

Du H Q, Sun X Y, Han N, et al. Investigation factors and remote sensing estimation of carbon storage in Phyllostachys pubescens forest based on object - oriented and decision tree[J]. Journal of Applied Ecology, 2017, 28(10):3163-3173. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/yystxb201710007
[36] 邹文涛, 陈绍志, 赵荣.森林生态系统碳储量及碳通量遥感监测研究进展[J].世界林业研究, 2017, 30(5):1-7. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/sjlyyj201705001

Zou W T, Chen S Z, Zhao R. Advances in remote sensing monitoring of carbon storage and flux in forest ecosystems[J]. World Forestry Research, 2017, 30(5):1-7. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/sjlyyj201705001
[37] 史小红, 赵胜男, 李畅游, 等.呼伦贝尔市湿地碳储量及分配格局研究[J].生态科学, 2015, 34(1):110-118. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=stkx201501017

Shi X H, Zhao S N, Li C Y, et al. Study on the carbon stock and distribution pattern of wetland in Hulunbeier City[J]. Ecological Science, 2015, 34(1):110-118. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=stkx201501017
[38] Wang C. Biomass allometric equations for 10 co-occurring tree species in Chinese temperate forests[J]. Forest Ecology & Management, 2006, 222(1):9-16. http://cn.bing.com/academic/profile?id=4807649b3764fc739ce0321687b1b039&encoded=0&v=paper_preview&mkt=zh-cn
[39] Zhang Q Z, Wang C K, Wang X C, et al. Carbon concentration variability of 10 Chinese temperate tree species[J]. Forest Ecology and Management, 2009, 258(5):722-727. doi:  10.1016/j.foreco.2009.05.009
[40] Blais A M, Lorrain S, Plourde Y, et al.Organic carbon densities of soils and vegetation of tropical, temperate and boreal forests[M].Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 2005: 155-185.
[41] Silvola J, Alm J, Ahlholm U, et al. CO2 fluxes from peat in boreal mires under varying temperature and moisture conditions[J]. Journal of Ecology, 1996, 84: 219-228. doi:  10.2307/2261357
[42] Chimner R A, Cooper D J. Influence of water table position on emissions in a Colorado subalpine fen: an in situ microcosm study[J]. Soil Biology and Biogeochemistry, 2003, 35: 345-351. doi:  10.1016/S0038-0717(02)00284-5
[43] Blodau C, Moore T R. Experimental response of peatland carbon dynamics to a water table fluctuation[J]. Aquatic Sciences, 2003, 65: 47-62. doi:  10.1007/s000270300004
[44] 刘世荣, 王晖, 栾军伟.中国森林土壤碳储量与土壤碳过程研究进展[J].生态学报, 2011, 31(19): 5437-5448. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201119005

Liu S R, Wang H, Luan J W.A review of research progress and future prospective of forest soil carbon stock and soil carbon process in China[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2011, 31(19): 5437-5448. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201119005
[45] 张宪洲.我国自然植被净第一性生产力的估算与分布[J].自然资源, 1993, 18(1): 15-21. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=QK000004046488

Zhang X Z.Estimating and distribution of the vegetation net primary productivity in China[J]. Resources Science, 1993, 18(1): 15-21. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=QK000004046488
[46] 周广胜, 张新时.全球气候变化的中国自然植被的净第一性生产力研究[J].植物生态学报, 1996, 20(1): 11-19. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZWSB601.001.htm

Zhou G S, Zhang X S.Study on NPP of natural vegetation in China under global climate change[J]. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica, 1996, 20(1): 11-19. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZWSB601.001.htm
[47] 毛德华, 王宗明, 罗玲, 等.1982—2009年东北多年冻土区植被净初级生产力动态及其对全球变化的响应[J].应用生态学报, 2012, 23(6): 1511-1519. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YYSB201206013.htm

Mao D H, Wang Z M, Luo L, et al.Dynamic changes of vegetation net primary productivity in permafrost zone of Northeast China in 1982-2009 in response to global change[J].Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2012, 23(6): 1511-1519. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YYSB201206013.htm
[48] Campbell C, Vitt D H, Halsey L A, et al. Net primary production and standing biomass in northern continental wetlands[M]. Edmonton: Natural Resources Canada, 2000.
[49] Trettin C C, Jurgensen M F, Gale M R, et al.Soil carbon in northern forested wetlands: impacts of silvicultural practices[J/OL].Carbon forms and functions in forest soils, 1995: 437-461(1995-01-11)[2016-12-10]. https:dl.sciencesocieties.org/publications/books/abstracts/acsess publicati/carbonformsanaf/437/preview/pdf.
[50] 何浩, 潘耀忠, 朱文泉, 等.中国陆地生态系统服务价值测量[J].应用生态学报, 2005, 16(6): 1122-1127. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1001-9332.2005.06.029

He H, Pan Y Z, Zhu W Q, et al.Measurement of terrestrial ecosystem service value in China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2005, 16(6): 1122-1127. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1001-9332.2005.06.029
[51] 李银鹏, 季劲钧.全球陆地生态系统与大气之间碳交换的模拟研究[J].地理学报, 2001, 56(4): 379-389. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/dlxb200104001

Li Y P, Ji J J.Simulations of carbon exchange between global terrestrial ecosystem and the atmosphere[J].Acta Geographica Sinica, 2001, 56(4): 379-389. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/dlxb200104001