[1] 胡海清, 牛树奎, 金森.林火生态与管理[M].北京:中国林业出版社, 2005: 72-91.

Hu H Q, Niu S K, Jin S. Forest fire ecology and management[M]. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, 2005: 72-91.
[2] Bradstock R A, Hammill K A, Collins L. Effects of weather, fuel and terrain on fire severity in topographically diverse landscapes of south-eastern Australia[J]. Landscap Ecol, 2010, 25(4): 607-619. doi:  10.1007/s10980-009-9443-8
[3] Butler B W, Finney M A, Andrews P L, et al. A radiation-driven model for crown fire spread[J]. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 2004, 34(8): 1588-1599. doi:  10.1139/x04-074
[4] Zhou K, Liu N, Yuan X. Effect of wind on fire whirl over a line fire[J]. Fire Technology, 2016, 52(3):865-875. doi:  10.1007/s10694-015-0507-9
[5] Alvarez A, Gracia M, Retana J. Fuel types and crown fire potential in Pinus halepensis forests[J]. European Journal of Forest Research, 2012, 131(2): 463-474. doi:  10.1007/s10342-011-0520-6
[6] 骆介禹.森林燃烧能量学[M].哈尔滨:东北林业大学出版社, 1992:45-85.

Luo J Y. Forest combustion energetics[M]. Harbin: Northeast Forestry University Press, 1992:45-85.
[7] 王明玉, 李涛, 任云卯, 等.森林火行为与特殊火行为研究进展[J].世界林业研究, 2009, 22(2): 45-49.

Wang M Y, Li T, Ren Y M, et al. Research advances in forest fire behavior and special forest fire behaviors[J]. World Forestry Research, 2009, 22(2):45-49.
[8] Klutsch J G, Battaglia M A, West D R, et al. Evaluating potential fire behavior in lodgepole pine-dominated forests after a mountain pine beetle epidemic in North-central Colorado[J]. Western Journal of Applied Forestry, 2011, 26(3): 101-109. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=d721feacfe1afbf8ddd0db6a9168cfe5
[9] Goodrick S L, Stanturf J A. Evaluating potential changes in fire risk from Eucalyptus plantings in the southern United States[J]. International Journal of Forestry Research, 2012, 2012(9): 233-234. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/OAPaper/oai_doaj-articles_7233af122be203c8bb6f3d2333cb1095
[10] 王秋华, 肖慧娟, 李世友, 等.基于BehavePlus的昆明西山国家森林公园潜在火行为研究[J].浙江林业科技, 2013, 33(4): 43-48. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1001-3776.2013.04.010

Wang Q H, Xiao H J, Li S Y, et al. Study on potential fire behaviors of Xishan National Forest Park in Kunming using BehavePlus Model[J]. Journal of Zhejiang Forestry Science and Technology, 2013, 33(4): 43-48. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1001-3776.2013.04.010
[11] 王凯, 牛树奎.基于Rothermel模型的北京鹫峰国家森林公园潜在火行为[J].浙江农林大学学报, 2016, 33(1): 42-50. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zjlxyxb201601006

Wang K, Niu S K. Research on the potential fire behavior in Jiufeng National Forest Park of Beijing based on the Rothermel model[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A & F University, 2016, 33(1): 42-50. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zjlxyxb201601006
[12] Rothermel R C. A mathematical model for predicting fire spread in wildland fuels[M]. Ogden: Usda Forest Service General Technical Report, 1972.
[13] 梁瀛, 李吉玫, 赵凤君, 等.天山中部天山云杉林地表可燃物载量及其影响因素[J].林业科学, 2017, 53(12): 153-160. doi:  10.11707/j.1001-7488.20171218

Liang Y, Li J M, Zhao F J, et al. Surface fuel loads of Tianshan Spruce forests in the Central Tianshan Mountains and the impact factors[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2017, 53(12): 153-160. doi:  10.11707/j.1001-7488.20171218
[14] 王晓丽.北京山区森林燃烧性研究[D].北京: 北京林业大学, 2010.

Wang X L. Study on combustibility of forests in Beijing Mountain Area[D]. Beijing: Beijing Forestry University, 2010.
[15] 牛树奎, 王叁, 贺庆棠, 等.北京山区主要针叶林可燃物空间连续性研究:可燃物垂直连续性与树冠火发生[J].北京林业大学学报, 2012, 34(3): 1-9. http://j.bjfu.edu.cn/article/id/9746

Niu S K, Wang S, He Q T, et al. Spatial continuity of fuels in major coniferous forests in Beijing mountainous area:fuel horizontal continuity and crown fire spread[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2012, 34(3):1-9. http://j.bjfu.edu.cn/article/id/9746
[16] 牛树奎.北京山区主要森林类型火行为与可燃物空间连续性研究[D].北京: 北京林业大学, 2012. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10022-1012261244.htm

Niu S K. Fire behavior and fuel spatial continuity of major forest types in the Mountainous Area[D]. Beijing: Beijing Forestry University, 2012. http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10022-1012261244.htm
[17] Wagner C E V. Conditions for the start and spread of crown fire[J]. Revue Canadienne De Recherche Forestière, 1977, 7(1):23-34. doi:  10.1139/x77-004
[18] Bradshaw L S, Deeming J E, Burgan R E, et al. The 1978 national fire-danger rating system: technical documentation[M]. Ogden: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, 1984.
[19] 单延龙, 舒立福, 王洪伟, 等. Rothermel火蔓延模型特征参数的解析[J].森林防火, 2003(1):22-25. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1002-2511.2003.01.012

Shan Y L, Shu L F, Wang H W, et al. Analysis of characteristic parameters of Rothermel's fire spread model[J]. Forest Fire Prevention, 2003(1):22-25. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1002-2511.2003.01.012
[20] Byram G M. Combustion of forest fuels[C]//Davis K P. Forest fire: control and use. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1959: 77-84.
[21] 王新岩, 金森.美国国家火险等级系统中火险系统的原理与方法[J].森林防火, 2010(1):58-62. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1002-2511.2010.01.017

Wang X Y, Jin S. Principles and methods of fire-danger system in the United States Fire-danger Rating System[J]. Forest Fire Prevention, 2010(1):58-62. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1002-2511.2010.01.017
[22] 张笑菁, 赵秀海, 康峰峰, 等.太岳山油松天然林林木的空间格局[J].生态学报, 2010, 30(18):4821-4827. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201018001

Zhang X J, Zhao X H, Kang F F, et al. Spatial pattern of the trees in a natural Pinus tabulaeformis forest in Taiyue Mountain[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2010, 30(18):4821-4827. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/stxb201018001
[23] 石小龙, 杜彦昌, 王鹏, 等.小陇山油松人工林林冠指标相关性研究[J].西北林学院学报, 2018(3) :67-73. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2018.03.11

Shi X L, Du Y C, Wang P, et al. Correlation of crown indicators on Pinus tabuliformis plantation in Xiaolongshan Mountain[J]. Journal of Northwest Forestry University, 2018(3):67-73. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2018.03.11
[24] 刘红梅, 王娜, 吕世杰, 等.蒙古栎幼树生长状况调查研究[J].内蒙古林业科技, 2013, 39(1):15-17. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1007-4066.2013.01.004

Liu H M, Wang N, Lü S J, et al. Study on growth status of Quercus mongolica saplings[J]. Journal of Inner Mongolia Forestry Science & Technology, 2013, 39(1):15-17. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1007-4066.2013.01.004
[25] Pierre Legendre, 喻梅, 何芳良, 等. β-多样性的研究:应用多元回归和典范分析研究生态方差的分解[J].植物生态学报, 2007, 31(5):976-981.

Legendre P, Yu M, He F L, et al. Studying beta diversity: ecological variation partitioning by multiple regression and canonical analysis[J]. Journal of Plant Ecology, 2007, 31(5):976-981.
[26] Queck R, Maas H G, Harmansa S, et al. Wind fields in heterogeneous conifer canopies: parameterisation of momentum absorption using high-resolution 3D vegetation scans[J]. European Journal of Forest Research, 2012, 131(1):165-176. doi:  10.1007/s10342-011-0550-0
[27] 宋洁, 朱敏, 刘晓东, 等.疏伐对北京西山油松林可燃物特征及潜在火行为影响[J].北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(5):41-47. doi:  10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160353

Song J, Zhu M, Liu X D, et al. Effects of thinning on fuel characteristics and potential fire behaviors of Pinus tabuliformis forest in Beijing West Mountain[J] Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(5):41-47. doi:  10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160353
[28] 王晓丽, 牛树奎, 马钦彦, 等.北京地区主要针叶林易燃可燃物垂直分布[J].北京林业大学学报, 2009, 31(2):31-35. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-1522.2009.02.005

Wang X L, Niu S K, Ma Q Y, et al. Vertical distribution of flammable fuels in major conifer forests of Beijing area[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2009, 31(2):31-35. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-1522.2009.02.005
[29] Fréjaville T, Curt T, Carcaillet C. Tree cover and seasonal precipitation drive understorey flammability in alpine mountain forests[J]. Journal of Biogeography, 2016, 43(9):1869-1880. doi:  10.1111/jbi.12745
[30] 张景群, 康永祥, 吴宽让, 等.秦岭森林潜在火行为数量分类及划分指标研究[J].林业科学, 2001, 37(1):101-106. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1001-7488.2001.01.015

Zang J Q, Kang Y X, Wu K R, et al. Studies on the quantitative classification and dividing indices of potential fire behavior of forest in Qinling[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2001, 37(1):101-106. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1001-7488.2001.01.015