[1] 杨飞, 马超, 方华军. 脆弱性研究进展: 从理论研究到综合实践[J]. 生态学报, 2019, 39(2):441−453.

Yang F, Ma C, Fang H J. Research progress on vulnerability: from theoretical research to comprehensive practice[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2019, 39(2): 441−453.
[2] IPCC. Climate change 2014: impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability[M]. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
[3] 袁潇晨. 气候变化风险评估方法及其应用研究[D]. 北京: 北京理工大学, 2016.

Yuan X C. Climate change risk assessment: modeling and applications[D]. Beijing: Beijing Institute of Technology, 2016.
[4] 赵东升, 吴绍洪. 气候变化情景下中国自然生态系统脆弱性研究[J]. 地理学报, 2013, 68(5):602−610.

Zhao D S, Wu S H. Responses of vulnerability for natural ecosystem to climate change in China[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2013, 68(5): 602−610.
[5] 俞孔坚, 袁弘, 李迪华, 等. 北京市浅山区土地可持续利用的困境与出路[J]. 中国土地科学, 2009, 23(11):3−8, 20.

Yu K J, Yuan H, Li D H, et al. Difficulties and solutions of the sustainable land use strategy in suburban hilly area in Beijing[J]. China Land Science, 2009, 23(11): 3−8, 20.
[6] 柯敏. 北京浅山区土地利用潜力与利用模式研究[D]. 北京: 清华大学, 2010.

Ke M. Study on the land potential and use pattern in shallow mountain area of Beijing[D]. Beijing: Tsinghua University, 2010.
[7] Ruiz-Labourdette D, Schmitz M F, Pineda F D. Changes in tree species composition in Mediterranean mountains under climate change: indicators for conservation planning[J]. Ecological Indicators, 2013, 24: 310−323. doi:  10.1016/j.ecolind.2012.06.021
[8] 冯艺佳. 风景园林视角下的北京市浅山区绿色空间理想格局构建策略研究[D]. 北京: 北京林业大学, 2016.

Feng Y J. Study on the ideal pattern construction strategy of green space in shallow mountain area of Beijing though the view of landscape architecture[D]. Beijing: Beijing Forestry University, 2016.
[9] 高占平. 北京山区生态退化与生态修复规划研究[D]. 北京: 首都师范大学, 2009.

Gao Z P. Study on ecological degradation and ecological restoration planning of Beijing mountain area by Beijing Institute of Technology[D]. Beijing: Capital Normal University, 2009.
[10] 郭佳蕾. 平潭岛社会−生态系统脆弱性评价[D]. 福州: 福建师范大学, 2017.

Guo J L. Assessment on the vulnerability of social-ecological systems in Pingtan Island[D]. Fuzhou: Fujian Normal University, 2017.
[11] 王林峰, 张平宇, 李鹤, 等. 东北西部农牧交错带社会生态系统脆弱性[J]. 中国科学院大学学报, 2018, 35(3):345−352.

Wang L F, Zhang P Y, Li H, et al. Vulnerability of social-ecosystem in agro-pastoral ecotone in western Northeast China[J]. Journal of University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2018, 35(3): 345−352.
[12] 杨新军, 张慧, 王子侨. 基于情景分析的西北农村社会−生态系统脆弱性研究: 以榆中县中连川乡为例[J]. 地理科学, 2015, 35(8):952−959.

Yang X J, Zhang H, Wang Z Q. Vulnerability assessment of rural social-ecological system based on scenario analysis: a case study of Zhonglianchuan Town in Yuzhong County[J]. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 2015, 35(8): 952−959.
[13] 温晓金. 恢复力视角下山区社会−生态系统脆弱性及其适应[D]. 西安: 西北大学, 2017.

Wen X J. The social-ecological vulnerability and adaption in mountainous areas under the perspective of resilience thinking[D]. Xi’an: Northwest University, 2017.
[14] 陈佳, 杨新军, 尹莎, 等. 基于VSD框架的半干旱地区社会−生态系统脆弱性演化与模拟[J]. 地理学报, 2016, 71(7):1172−1188.

Chen J, Yang X J, Yin S, et al. The vulnerability evolution and simulation of the social-ecological systems in the semi-arid area based on the VSD framework[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2016, 71(7): 1172−1188.
[15] Ippolito A, Sala S, Faber J H, et al. Ecological vulnerability analysis: a river basin case study[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2010, 408(18): 3880−3890. doi:  10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.10.002
[16] 谢作轮, 李秀珍, 姜德刚, 等. 基于海岛生态脆弱性模拟的朱家尖岛空间管控对策[J]. 应用生态学报, 2019, 30(8):2783−2792.

Xie Z L, Li X Z, Jiang D G, et al. Spatial management strategy of Zhujiajian Island based on island ecological vulnerability simulation[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2019, 30(8): 2783−2792.
[17] Huang P H, Tsai J S, Lin W T. Using multiple-criteria decision-making techniques for eco-environmental vulnerability assessment: a case study on the Chi-Jia-Wan Stream Watershed, Taiwan[J]. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 2010, 168(1/4): 141−158.
[18] 朱琪, 周旺明, 贾翔, 等. 长白山国家自然保护区及其周边地区生态脆弱性评估[J]. 应用生态学报, 2019, 30(5):1633−1641.

Zhu Q, Zhou W M, Jia X, et al. Ecological vulnerability assessment on Changbai Mountain National Nature Reserve and its surrounding areas, Northeast China[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2019, 30(5): 1633−1641.
[19] Sam K, Chakma N. Vulnerability profiles of forested landscape to climate change in Bengal Duars Region, India[J]. Environmental Earth Sciences, 2018, 77(12): 459. doi:  10.1007/s12665-018-7649-2
[20] García-López J M, Allué C. A phytoclimatic-based indicator for assessing the inherent responsitivity of the European forests to climate change[J]. Ecological Indicators, 2012, 18: 73−81. doi:  10.1016/j.ecolind.2011.10.004
[21] 王义臣. 气候变化视角下城市高温热浪脆弱性评价研究[D]. 北京: 北京建筑大学, 2015.

Wang Y C. Research on urban heat wave vulnerability assessment under climate change[D]. Beijing: Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, 2015.
[22] 刘利. 北京典型山地森林生态脆弱性的研究[D]. 北京: 北京林业大学, 2011.

Liu L. Study on ecological vulnerability of typical mountain forest in Beijing[D]. Beijing: Beijing Forestry University, 2011.
[23] Phung D, Rutherford S, Dwirahmadi F, et al. The spatial distribution of vulnerability to the health impacts of flooding in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam[J]. International Journal of Biometeorology, 2016, 60(6): 857−865. doi:  10.1007/s00484-015-1078-7
[24] Gigović L, Pamučar D, Lukić D, et al. GIS-Fuzzy DEMATEL MCDA model for the evaluation of the sites for ecotourism development: a case study of “Dunavski ključ” region, Serbia[J]. Land Use Policy, 2016, 58: 348−365. doi:  10.1016/j.landusepol.2016.07.030
[25] Yang J, Zhang Z C, Li X M, et al. Spatial differentiation of China’s summer tourist destinations based on climatic suitability using the universal thermal climate index[J]. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 2017, 134(3/4): 859−874.
[26] 郭兵, 姜琳, 罗巍, 等. 极端气候胁迫下西南喀斯特山区生态系统脆弱性遥感评价[J]. 生态学报, 2017, 37(21):7219−7231.

Guo B, Jiang L, Luo W, et al. Study of an evaluation method of ecosystem vulnerability based on remote sensing in a southwestern karst mountain area under extreme climatic conditions[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2017, 37(21): 7219−7231.
[27] Kim H G, Lee D K, Jung H, et al. Finding key vulnerable areas by a climate change vulnerability assessment[J]. Natural Hazards, 2016, 81(3): 1683−1732. doi:  10.1007/s11069-016-2151-1
[28] 何彦龙, 袁一鸣, 王腾, 等. 基于GIS的长江口海域生态系统脆弱性综合评价[J]. 生态学报, 2019, 39(11):3918−3925.

He Y L, Yuan Y M, Wang T, et al. Integrated assessment of marine ecological vulnerability in the Yangtze River Estuary using GIS[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2019, 39(11): 3918−3925.
[29] Hagenlocher M, Renaud F G, Haas S, et al. Vulnerability and risk of deltaic social-ecological systems exposed to multiple hazards[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2018, 631−632: 71−80. doi:  10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.03.013