[1] 贾一非, 张婷, 牟小梅, 等. 游憩机会谱(ROS)在城市森林公园的应用: 以北京奥林匹克森林公园为例[C]//中国风景园林学会2018年会论文集. 北京: 中国风景园林学会, 2018: 322−329.

Jia Y F, Zhang T, Mou X M, et al. Application of recreational opportunity spectrum(ROS) in urban forest parks: a case study of Beijing Olympic Forest Park[C]// Proceedings of the 2018 Chinese Society of Landscape Architecture. Beijing: Chinese Society of Landscape Architecture, 2018: 322−329.
[2] 吴泽民, 王嘉楠. 应对气候变化:城市森林树种选择思考[J]. 中国城市林业, 2017, 15(3):1−5. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1672-4925.2017.03.001

Wu Z M, Wang J N. To the climate change: thinks on urban tree species selection[J]. Journal of Chinese Urban Forestry, 2017, 15(3): 1−5. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1672-4925.2017.03.001
[3] 李博, 张帅. 沿海城市弹性演变趋势与影响因素分析:以大连市为例[J]. 辽宁师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2017, 40(2):268−275.

Li B, Zhang S. Influence factors and evolution of city elastic in Dalian[J]. Journal of Liaoning Normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2017, 40(2): 268−275.
[4] 李英, 朱思睿, 陈振环, 等. 城市森林公园游憩者感知差异研究:基于城市休闲服务供给视角[J]. 生态经济, 2019, 35(1):114−118.

Li Y, Zhu S R, Chen Z H, et al. Study on the perceived difference of tourists in urban forest parks: based on the perspective of urban leisure service supply[J]. Ecological Economy, 2019, 35(1): 114−118.
[5] 陈晓冰, 李阳芳. 昆明城市绿地土壤水分入渗测试方法对比研究[J]. 林业调查规划, 2011, 36(5):18−21. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1671-3168.2011.05.005

Chen X B, Li Y F. Comparative study on determining methods of soil moisture infiltration in urban green space of Kunming[J]. Forest Inventory and Planning, 2011, 36(5): 18−21. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1671-3168.2011.05.005
[6] 赵亮, 张沛, 冯步广, 等. 南宁石门森林公园海绵化改造与海绵城市连片建设模式思考[J]. 中国给水排水, 2017, 33(2):20−26.

Zhao L, Zhang P, Feng B G, et al. Thinking about mode for sponge-functional modification of Shimen Forest Park and contiguous development of sponge city in Nanning[J]. China Water & Waste Water, 2017, 33(2): 20−26.
[7] 冯嘉仪, 储双双, 王婧, 等. 华南地区几种典型人工林土壤有机碳密度及其与土壤物理性质的关系[J]. 华南农业大学学报, 2018, 39(1):85−92.

Feng J Y, Chu S S, Wang J, et al. Soil organic carbon density and its relationship with soil physical properties of typical plantations in South China[J]. Journal of South China Agricultural University, 2018, 39(1): 85−92.
[8] 巩劼, 陆林, 晋秀龙, 等. 游憩活动对城市公园土壤的影响效应:以芜湖市赭山公园为例[J]. 安徽师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2010, 33(5):479−484.

Gong J, Lu L, Jin X L, et al. Impacts of recreation activities on soil in city park: take Zeshan Park in Wuhu as an example[J]. Journal of Anhui Normal University (Natural Science), 2010, 33(5): 479−484.
[9] Yan J F, Lei W. Plant litter composition selects different soil microbial structures and in turn drives different litter decomposition pattern and soil carbon sequestration capability[J]. Geoderma, 2018, 319(6): 194−203.
[10] 郭宇嘉, 牛庆花, 陆贵巧, 等. 承德市第三乡林场不同林分类型枯落物和土壤的持水特性[J]. 水土保持通报, 2018, 38(3):38−44.

Guo Y J, Niu Q H, Lu G Q, et al. Water-holding capacity of litters and soil in different forests in Disanxiang Forest Farm of Chengde City[J]. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, 2018, 38(3): 38−44.
[11] 张光灿, 夏江宝, 王贵霞, 等. 鲁中花岗岩山区人工林土壤水分物理性质[J]. 水土保持学报, 2005, 19(6):44−48. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1009-2242.2005.06.012

Zhang G C, Xia J B, Wang G X, et al. Study on soil moisture physical characteristics of artificial forest in granite mountainous region[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2005, 19(6): 44−48. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1009-2242.2005.06.012
[12] 耿玉清, 余新晓, 孙向阳, 等. 北京八达岭地区油松与灌丛林土壤肥力特征的研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2007, 29(2):50−54. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-1522.2007.02.008

Geng Y Q, Yu X X, Sun X Y, et al. Characteristics of soil fertility under pure <italic>Pinus tabulaeformis</italic> forests and shrubs in Badaling Mountain Area of Beijing[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2007, 29(2): 50−54. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-1522.2007.02.008
[13] 彭琳, 王晓君, 黄从德, 等. 凋落物输入改变对慈竹林土壤有机碳的影响[J]. 水土保持通报, 2014, 34(1):129−132.

Peng L, Wang X J, Huang C D, et al. Effects of litter input change on soil organic carbon in <italic>Dendrocalamus affinnis</italic> forest[J]. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, 2014, 34(1): 129−132.
[14] Wang P, Zheng H, Ren Z, et al. Effects of urbanization, soil property and vegetation configuration on soil infiltration of urban forest in Changchun, Northeast China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2018, 28(3): 482−494. doi:  10.1007/s11769-018-0953-7
[15] 罗金明, 孟佳, 闫巍, 等. 城市绿地的持水性能以及影响因素研究[J]. 土壤通报, 2016, 47(5):1113−1118.

Luo J M, Meng J, Yan W, et al. Water retention and influence factor of soil in the urban green belt[J]. Chinese Journal of Soil Science, 2016, 47(5): 1113−1118.
[16] 杨金玲, 张甘霖, 赵玉国, 等. 城市土壤压实对土壤水分特征的影响:以南京市为例[J]. 土壤学报, 2006, 43(1):33−38. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:0564-3929.2006.01.005

Yang J L, Zhang G L, Zhao Y G, et al. Influence of urban soil compaction on soil water characteristics: taking Nanjing as an example[J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica, 2006, 43(1): 33−38. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:0564-3929.2006.01.005
[17] 胡洁, 吴宜夏, 张艳. 北京奥林匹克森林公园种植规划设计[C]//2007年中国风景园林高层论坛论文汇编. 北京: 清华大学, 2007: 78−83.

Hu J, Wu Y X, Zhang Y. Beijing Olympic Forest Park planting planning and design[C] // 2007 China landscape architecture high-level forum papers collection. Beijing: Tsinghua University, 2007: 78−83.
[18] 潘剑彬, 董丽, 廖圣晓, 等. 北京奥林匹克森林公园空气负离子浓度及其影响因素[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2011, 33(2):59−64.

Pan J B, Dong L, Liao S X, et al. Negative air ion concentration and affecting factors in Beijing Olympic Forest Park[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2011, 33(2): 59−64.
[19] 吴正方, 王洪桥, 孟祥君, 等. 长白山高山苔原带植物群落、土壤、游径侵蚀对践踏干扰的响应[J]. 东北林业大学学报, 2012, 40(11):111−115. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1000-5382.2012.11.027

Wu Z F, Wang H Q, Meng X J, et al. Response of tundra plant communities-soil-trail erosion to human trampling disturbance in Changbai Mountain[J]. Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 2012, 40(11): 111−115. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1000-5382.2012.11.027
[20] 中国科学院南京土壤研究所土壤物理研究室. 土壤物理性质测定法[M]. 北京: 科学出版社, 1978: 140−148.

Laboratory of Soil Physics in Institute of Soil Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences. Method for determination of soil physical properties[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 1978: 140−148.
[21] 中华人民共和国林业行业标准. 森林土壤分析方法[M]. 北京: 中国标准出版社, 1999: 20−108.

Forestry Industry Standards of the People’s Republic of China. Forest soil analysis methods[M]. Beijing: China Standard Press, 1999: 20−108.
[22] 鲍文, 包维楷, 何丙辉, 等. 岷江上游23年生油松纯林下凋落物与土壤截留降水的效应[J]. 水土保持学报, 2004, 18(5):115−119. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1009-2242.2004.05.029

Bao W, Bao W K, He B H, et al. Interception effect of precipitation by litter and soil under 23-year artificial <italic>Pinus tabulaeformis</italic> forest in upper reaches of Minjiang River[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2004, 18(5): 115−119. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1009-2242.2004.05.029
[23] 耿生莲, 王志涛. 西宁市南北山青海云杉人工林凋落物与土壤持水能力研究[J]. 陕西林业科技, 2015, 4(8):18−29.

Geng S L, Wang Z T. Water-holding capacity of soil and litter of <italic>Picea crassifolia</italic> plantations in Xining North-South Mountains[J]. Shaanxi Forest Science and Technology, 2015, 4(8): 18−29.
[24] 周光兵, 龙翠玲. 人为干扰对城市近郊区森林植物多样性的影响:以贵阳市乌当区为例[J]. 西南师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2011, 36(5):98−103.

Zhou G B, Long C L. Effect of Human-Induced disturbance on plant diversity in urban area a case study of Wudang Area in Guiyang, Guizhou Province[J]. Journal of Southwest China Normal University(Natural Science Edition), 2011, 36(5): 98−103.
[25] 高述超, 田大伦, 闫文德, 等. 长沙城市森林土壤理化性质及碳贮量特征[J]. 中南林业科技大学学报, 2010, 30(9):16−22. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1673-923X.2010.09.003

Gao S C, Tian D L, Yan W D, et al. Characteristics of soil physicochemical property and its carbon storage in urban forest plantation of Changsha City[J]. Journal of Central South University of Forestry & Technology, 2010, 30(9): 16−22. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1673-923X.2010.09.003
[26] 马成泽. 有机质含量对土壤几项物理性质的影响[J]. 土壤通报, 1994, 25(2):65−67.

Ma C Z. Effects of organic matter content on several physical properties of soil[J]. Chinese Journal of Soil Science, 1994, 25(2): 65−67.
[27] 王燕, 宫渊波, 尹艳杰, 等. 不同林龄马尾松人工林土壤水土保持功能[J]. 水土保持学报, 2013, 27(5):23−27. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1009-2242.2013.05.005

Wang Y, Gong Y B, Yin Y J, et al. Soil and water conservation functions of <italic>Pinus massoniana</italic> plantation at different forest ages[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2013, 27(5): 23−27. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1009-2242.2013.05.005
[28] 郭晓朦, 何丙辉, 姚云, 等. 扰动地表下不同长度坡面土壤物理性质及水分入渗特征[J]. 西北农林科技大学学报(自然科学版), 2017, 45(7):57−65.

Guo X M, He B H, Yao Y, et al. Soil physical properties and infiltration characteristics of different slope lengths under disturbed surface[J]. Journal of Northwest A&F University (Natural Science Edition), 2017, 45(7): 57−65.
[29] 卢振启, 黄秋娴, 杨新兵. 河北雾灵山不同海拔油松人工林枯落物及土壤水文效应研究[J]. 水土保持学报, 2014, 28(1):112−116. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1009-2242.2014.01.022

Lu Z Q, Huang Q X, Yang X B. Research on hydrological effects of forest litters and soil of <italic>Pinus tabulaeformis</italic> plantations in the different altitudes of Wuling Mountains in Hebei[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2014, 28(1): 112−116. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1009-2242.2014.01.022
[30] 田育新, 李锡泉, 吴建平, 等. 小流域森林生态系统林地土壤渗透性能研究[J]. 水土保持研究, 2006, 13(4):173−175. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1005-3409.2006.04.055

Tian Y X, Li X Q, Wu J P, et al. Soil permeability research on small area forest watershed ecosystem[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2006, 13(4): 173−175. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1005-3409.2006.04.055
[31] 杨金玲, 张甘霖, 袁大刚. 南京市城市土壤水分入渗特征[J]. 应用生态学报, 2008, 19(2):363−368.

Yang J L, Zhang G L, Yuan D G. Characteristics of water infiltration in urban soils of Nanjing City[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2008, 19(2): 363−368.
[32] Yang J L, Zhang G L. Water infiltration in urban soils and its effects on the quantity and quality of runoff[J]. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 2011, 11(5): 751−461. doi:  10.1007/s11368-011-0356-1
[33] 李建兴, 何丙辉, 梅雪梅, 等. 紫色土区坡耕地不同种植模式对土壤渗透性的影响[J]. 应用生态学报, 2013, 24(3):726−729.

Li J X, He B H, Mei X M, et al. Effects of different planting modes on the soil permeability of sloping farmlands in purple soil area[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2013, 24(3): 726−729.
[34] 于舒, 韩海荣, 康峰峰, 等. 去除凋落物对不同林龄油松次生林土壤呼吸的影响[J]. 西北农林科技大学学报(自然科学版), 2016, 44(7):122−130.

Yu S, Han H R, K F F, et al. Effects of litter removal on soil respiration <italic>Pinus tabulaeformis</italic> natural secondary forests at different ages[J]. Journal of Northwest A&F University (Natural Science Edition), 2016, 44(7): 122−130.
[35] 严俊霞, 汤亿, 李洪建. 城市绿地土壤呼吸与土壤温度土壤水分的关系研究[J]. 干旱区地理, 2009, 32(4):604−609.

Yan J X, Tang Y, Li H J. Soil respiration and its relations to environmental factors over three urban vegetation covers[J]. Arid Land Geography, 2009, 32(4): 604−609.
[36] 辛继红, 高红贝, 邵明安. 土壤温度对土壤水分入渗的影响[J]. 水土保持学报, 2009, 23(3):217−220. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1009-2242.2009.03.047

Xin J H, Gao H B, Shao M A. Study of the effect of soil temperature on soil water infiltration[J]. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, 2009, 23(3): 217−220. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1009-2242.2009.03.047
[37] 王久龙, 王振华, 李文昊, 等. 灌溉水温对土壤水分入渗及分布的影响[J]. 中国农学通报, 2014, 30(35):185−189. doi:  10.11924/j.issn.1000-6850.2014-0947

Wang J L, Wang Z H, Li W H, et al. The effects of irrigation water temperature on the infiltration and distribution of soil water[J]. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 2014, 30(35): 185−189. doi:  10.11924/j.issn.1000-6850.2014-0947
[38] Lado M, Ben-Hur M, Shainberg I. Soil wetting and texture effects on aggregate stability, seal formation, and erosion[J]. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 2004, 68(6): 1992−1999. doi:  10.2136/sssaj2004.1992
[39] 范云涛, 雷廷武, 蔡强国. 湿润速度和累积降雨对土壤表面结皮发育的影响[J]. 土壤学报, 2009, 46(5):764−771. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:0564-3929.2009.05.002

Fan Y T, Lei T W, Cai Q G. Effects of wetting rate and cumulative rainfall on crust formation[J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica, 2009, 46(5): 764−771. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:0564-3929.2009.05.002
[40] 何青, 朱飞, 彭红明. 对栾城地区降雨蒸发条件下的土壤水分运动模拟研究[J]. 水利与建筑工程学报, 2016, 14(4):222−225. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1672-1144.2016.04.043

He Q, Zhu F, Peng H M. Simulation of soil water movement in Luancheng under precipitation evaporation[J]. Journal of Water Resources and Architectural Engineering, 2016, 14(4): 222−225. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1672-1144.2016.04.043