[1] 李树德. 活动断层分段研究[J]. 北京大学学报(自然科学版), 1999, 35(6):768−773. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:0479-8023.1999.06.007

Li S D. Study on segmentation of active faults[J]. Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis, 1999, 35(6): 768−773. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:0479-8023.1999.06.007
[2] 张铎, 吴中海, 李家存, 等. 国内外地震滑坡研究综述[J]. 地质力学学报, 2013, 19(3):225−241. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1006-6616.2013.03.001

Zhang D, Wu Z H, Li J C, et al. An overview on earthquake-induced landslide research[J]. Journal of Geomechanics, 2013, 19(3): 225−241. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1006-6616.2013.03.001
[3] 李甜甜. 汶川地震极重灾区生态恢复研究[D]. 湘潭: 湖南科技大学, 2011.

Li T T. The ecological restoratiom research of the severest disaster area of Wenchuan earthquake[D]. Xiangtan: Hunan University of Science and Technology, 2011.
[4] 王峰, 周立江, 刘波, 等. 汶川地震四川重灾区森林景观变迁及间接损失研究[J]. 水土保持学报, 2009, 23(5):67−71. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1009-2242.2009.05.014

Wang F, Zhou L J, Liu B, et al. Study on variation of forest landscape and indirect loss in Sichuan seriously disaster area by Wenchuan earthquake[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2009, 23(5): 67−71. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1009-2242.2009.05.014
[5] 欧阳志云, 徐卫华, 王学志, 等. 汶川大地震对生态系统的影响[J]. 生态学报, 2008, 28(12):5801−5809. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2008.12.003

Ouyang Z Y, Xu W H, Wang X Z, et al. Impact assessment of Wenchuan earthquake on ecosystems[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2008, 28(12): 5801−5809. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2008.12.003
[6] 仇保兴. 灾区重建规划汇编[M]. 北京: 中国建筑工业出版社, 2009.

Qiu B X. Compilation of disaster area reconstruction plan[M]. Beijing: China Architecture & Building Press, 2009.
[7] 刘彬, 吴福忠, 张健, 等. 岷江干旱河谷−山地森林交错带震后生态恢复的关键科学技术问题[J]. 生态学报, 2008, 28(12):5892−5898. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2008.12.015

Liu B, Wu F Z, Zhang J, et al. Key issues in restoration on earthquake-damaged ecosystem at the ecotone between dry valley and montane forest of the Minjiang River[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2008, 28(12): 5892−5898. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2008.12.015
[8] 李思思, 贺康宁, 田赟, 等. 青海高寒区5种典型林分土壤呼吸季节变化及其影响因素[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(10):95−103.

Li S S, He K N, Tian Y, et al. Seasonal changes and the driving factors of soil respiration among five typical forest types in the high-elevation-cold region, Qinghai, northwestern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(10): 95−103.
[9] Raich J W, Schlesinger W H. The global carbon dioxide flux in soil respiration and its relationship to vegetation and climate[J]. Tellus B, 1992, 44(2): 81−99. doi:  10.3402/tellusb.v44i2.15428
[10] Burton A, Pregitzer K S, Ruess R W, et al. Root respiration in North American forests: effects of nitrogen concentration and temperature across biomes[J]. Oecologia, 2002, 131(4): 559−568. doi:  10.1007/s00442-002-0931-7
[11] 陈光水, 杨玉盛, 吕萍萍, 等. 中国森林土壤呼吸模式[J]. 生态学报, 2008, 28(4):1748−1761. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2008.04.046

Chen G S, Yang Y S, Lü P P, et al. Regional patterns of soil respiration in China ’s forests[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2008, 28(4): 1748−1761. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2008.04.046
[12] 陈书涛, 刘巧辉, 胡正华, 等. 不同土地利用方式下土壤呼吸空间变异的影响因素[J]. 环境科学, 2013, 34(3):1017−1025.

Chen S T, Liu Q H, Hu Z H, et al. Factors influencing the spatial variability in soil respiration under different land use regimes[J]. Environmental Science, 2013, 34(3): 1017−1025.
[13] Lee M, Nakane K, Nakatsubo T, et al. Seasonal changes in the contribution of root respiration to total soil respiration in a cool-temperate deciduous forest[J]. Plant and Soil, 2003, 255(1): 311−318. doi:  10.1023/A:1026192607512
[14] Sánchez M L, Ozores M I, Colle R, et al. Soil CO2 fluxes in cereal land use of the Spanish Plateau: influence of conventional and reduced tillage practices[J]. Chemosphere, 2002, 47(8): 837−844. doi:  10.1016/S0045-6535(02)00071-1
[15] Coleman D C, Hunte M D, Hutton J, et al. Soil respiration from four aggrading forested watersheds measured over a quarter century[J]. Forest Ecology and Management, 2002, 157(1): 247−253.
[16] Keith H, Jacobsen K L, Rsison R J. Effects of soil phosphorus availability, temperature and moisture on soil respiration in Eucalyptus pauciflora forest[J]. Plant and Soil, 1997, 190(1): 127−141. doi:  10.1023/A:1004279300622
[17] 王绍强, 周成虎. 中国陆地土壤有机碳库的估算[J]. 地理研究, 1999, 18(4):349−356. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-0585.1999.04.003

Wang S Q, Zhou C H. Estimating soil carbon reservior of terrestrial ecosystem in China[J]. Geographical Research, 1999, 18(4): 349−356. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-0585.1999.04.003
[18] 马文宝, 徐雪梅, 胡顺彬, 等. 汶川地震灾区森林植被恢复问题及其生态对策[J]. 四川林业科技, 2012, 33(4):36−38. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1003-5508.2012.04.007

Ma W B, Xu X M, Hu S B, et al. The problems of forest vegetation restoration and the ecological strategies in Wenchuan earthquake regions[J]. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 2012, 33(4): 36−38. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1003-5508.2012.04.007
[19] 倪忠云, 何政伟, 赵银兵, 等. 汶川地震前后都江堰植被盖度变化的遥感研究[J]. 水土保持研究, 2009, 16(4):45−48.

Ni Z Y, He Z W, Zhao Y B, et al. Study on vegetation coverage changes in Dujiangyan before and after Wenchuan earthquake[J]. Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 2009, 16(4): 45−48.
[20] 张春敏, 王根绪. 汶川大地震灾害对区域生态系统的影响: 以青川、平武和茂县为例[J]. 生态学报, 2008, 28(12):5833−5841. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2008.12.007

Zhang C M, Wang G X. Impacts of Wenchuan earthquake disasters on ecosystem and its spatial pattern: case study of Qingchuan, Pingwu and Maoxian counties[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2008, 28(12): 5833−5841. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2008.12.007
[21] 张洋洋, 黄政, 洪苗苗, 等. 白龙江流域陇南段不同生态修复模式下的土壤呼吸日变化[J]. 兰州大学学报(自然科学版), 2015, 51(6):871−876.

Zhang Y Y, Huang Z, Hong M M, et al. Daily variation of soil respiration in Longnan County, Bailong River Basin under different ecological restoration models[J]. Journal of Lanzhou University (Natural Sciences), 2015, 51(6): 871−876.
[22] 刘源月. 酸雨胁迫对土壤呼吸的影响[D]. 南京: 南京大学, 2009.

Liu Y Y. The effect of acid rain on soil respiration[D]. Nanjing: Nanjing University, 2009.
[23] 张广帅, 林勇明, 马瑞丰, 等. 汶川地震灾区不同气候区土壤微生物群落碳源代谢多样性[J]. 环境科学, 2015(2):669−677.

Zhang G S, Lin Y M, Ma R F, et al. Carbon source metabolic diversity of soil microbial community under different climate types in the area affected by Wenchuan earthquake[J]. Environmental Science, 2015(2): 669−677.
[24] Davidson E C, Belk E, Boone R D. Soil water content and temperature as independent or confounded factors controlling soil respiration in a temperate mixed hardwood forest[J]. Global Change Biology, 1998, 4(2): 217−227. doi:  10.1046/j.1365-2486.1998.00128.x
[25] 李晓杰, 刘小飞, 熊德成, 等. 中亚热带杉木人工林和米槠次生林凋落物添加与去除对土壤呼吸的影响[J]. 植物生态学报, 2016, 40(5):447−457.

Li X J, Liu X F, Xiong D C, et al. Impact of litterfall addition and exclusion on soil respiration in Cunninghamia lanceolata plantation and secondary Castanopsis carlesii forest in mid-subtropical China[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2016, 40(5): 447−457.
[26] Bajracharya R M, Lal R, Kimble J M. Diurnal and seasonal CO2-C flux from soil as related to erosion phases in Central Ohio[J]. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 2000, 64(1): 286−293. doi:  10.2136/sssaj2000.641286x
[27] 杨晶, 黄建辉, 詹学明, 等. 农牧交错区不同植物群落土壤呼吸的日动态观测与测定方法比较[J]. 植物生态学报, 2004, 28(3):318−325. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1005-264X.2004.03.006

Yang J, Huang J H, Zhan X M, et al. The diurnal dynamic patterns of soil respiration for different plant communities in the agro-pastoral ecotone with reference to different measuring methods[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2004, 28(3): 318−325. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1005-264X.2004.03.006
[28] 杨玉盛, 董彬, 谢锦升, 等. 林木根呼吸及测定方法进展[J]. 植物生态学报, 2004, 28(3):426−434. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1005-264X.2004.03.019

Yang Y S, Dong B, Xie J S, et al. A review of tree root respiration: significance and methodologies[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2004, 28(3): 426−434. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1005-264X.2004.03.019
[29] Kuzyakov Y, Gavrichkova O. Review: time lag between photosynthesis and carbon dioxide efflux from soil: a review of mechanisms and controls[J]. Global Change Biology, 2010, 16(12): 3386−3406. doi:  10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02179.x
[30] 王炜, 刘钟龄, 郝敦元, 等. 内蒙古草原退化群落恢复演替的研究:退化草原的基本特征与恢复演替动力[J]. 植物生态学报, 1996, 20(5):449−459.

Wang W, Liu Z L, Hao D Y, et al. Research on the restoring succession of the degenerated grassland and in Inner Mongolia (I): basic characteristics and driving force for restoration of the degenerated grassland[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 1996, 20(5): 449−459.
[31] Lee M S, Mo W H, Koizumi H. Soil respiration of forest ecosystems in Japan and global implications[J]. Ecological Research, 2006, 21(6): 828−839. doi:  10.1007/s11284-006-0038-4
[32] 杨金艳, 王传宽. 土壤水热条件对东北森林土壤表面CO2通量的影响[J]. 植物生态学报, 2006, 30(2):286−294. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1005-264X.2006.02.011

Yang J Y, Wang C K. Effects of soil temperature and moisture on soil surface CO2 flux of forests in northeastern China[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2006, 30(2): 286−294. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:1005-264X.2006.02.011
[33] Dilustro J J, Collins B, Duncan L, Crawford C. Moisture and soil texture effects on soil CO2 efflux components in southeastern mixed pine forests[J]. Forest Ecology and Management, 2005, 204(1): 87−97. doi:  10.1016/j.foreco.2004.09.001
[34] Han G X, Zhou G S, Xu Z Z, et al. Soil temperature and biotic factors drive the seasonal variation of soil respiration in a maize (Zea mays L.) agricultural ecosystem[J]. Plant and Soil, 2007, 291: 15−26. doi:  10.1007/s11104-006-9170-8
[35] 胡宗达, 刘世荣, 史作民, 等. 川西亚高山草甸土壤呼吸的昼夜变化及其季节动态[J]. 生态学报, 2012, 32(20):6376−6386.

Hu Z D, Liu S R, Shi Z M, et al. Diel variations and seasonal dynamics of soil respirations in subalpinemeadow in western Sichuan Province, China[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2012, 32(20): 6376−6386.
[36] Palmroth S, Maier C A, Mccarthy H R, et al. Contrasting responses to drought of forest floor CO2 efflux in a loblolly pine plantation and a nearby oak-hickory forest[J]. Global Change Biology, 2010, 11(3): 421−434.
[37] Wagai R, Brye K R, Gower S T, et al. Land use and environmental factors influencing soil surface CO2 flux and microbial biomass in natural and managed ecosystems in Southern Wisconsin[J]. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 1998, 30(12): 1501−1509. doi:  10.1016/S0038-0717(98)00041-8
[38] Kosugi Y, Mitani T, Itoh M, et al. patial and temporal variation in soil respiration in a Southeast Asian tropical rainforest[J]. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2007, 147(1/2): 35−47.
[39] Janssens I, Pilegaard K. Large seasonal changes in Q10 of soil respiration in a beech forest[J]. Global Change Biology, 2003, 9: 911−918. doi:  10.1046/j.1365-2486.2003.00636.x
[40] 鲍芳, 周广胜. 中国草原土壤呼吸作用研究进展[J]. 植物生态学报, 2010, 34(6):713−726. doi:  10.3773/j.issn.1005-264x.2010.06.011

Bao F, Zhou G S. Review of research advances in soil respiration of grassland in China[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2010, 34(6): 713−726. doi:  10.3773/j.issn.1005-264x.2010.06.011
[41] Gulledge J, Schimel J P. Controls on soil carbon dioxide and methane fluxes in a variety of taiga forest stands in interior Alaska[J]. Ecosystems, 2000, 3(3): 269−282. doi:  10.1007/s100210000025
[42] 周小平, 王效科, 张红星, 等. 黄土高原小麦田土壤呼吸季节和年际变化[J]. 生态学报, 2013, 33(23):7525−7536.

Zhou X P, Wang X K, Zhang H X, et al. Seasonal and interannual variability in soil respiration in wheat field of the Loess Plateau, China[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2013, 33(23): 7525−7536.
[43] Graf A, Weihermiiller L, Huisman J A, et al. Measurement depth effects on the apparent temperature sensitivity of soil respiration in field studies[J]. Biogeosciences, 2008, 5: 1175−1188.