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4种木本植物在石漠化地区的生长状况及光合特性

冯大兰 黄小辉 刘芸 朱恒星 向仲怀

冯大兰, 黄小辉, 刘芸, 朱恒星, 向仲怀. 4种木本植物在石漠化地区的生长状况及光合特性[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(5): 62-69. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20130531
引用本文: 冯大兰, 黄小辉, 刘芸, 朱恒星, 向仲怀. 4种木本植物在石漠化地区的生长状况及光合特性[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(5): 62-69. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20130531
FENG Da-lan, HUANG Xiao-hui, LIU Yun, ZHU Heng-xing, XIANG Zhong-huai. Growth and photosynthetic characteristics of four woody plants in the rocky and desertified area.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(5): 62-69. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20130531
Citation: FENG Da-lan, HUANG Xiao-hui, LIU Yun, ZHU Heng-xing, XIANG Zhong-huai. Growth and photosynthetic characteristics of four woody plants in the rocky and desertified area.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(5): 62-69. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20130531

4种木本植物在石漠化地区的生长状况及光合特性

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20130531
基金项目: 

重庆市基本科研业务费(2013cstc-jbky-00702)、林业公益性行业科研专项(201004039)、三峡库区森林生态保护与恢复重庆市市级重点实验室研究项目(2007CA1001)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    冯大兰,博士,高级工程师。主要研究方向:植物生理生态、土壤生态。Email; fengdalang@163.com 地址: 400036重庆市沙坪坝区重庆市林业科学研究院三峡库区森林生态保护与恢复重庆市市级重点实验室。责任作者: 向仲怀,博士,教授。主要研究方向:家蚕遗传育种与家蚕基因组学。Email;xbxzh@swu.edu.cn 地址: 400716重庆市北碚区西南大学蚕学与系统生物学研究所。

    冯大兰,博士,高级工程师。主要研究方向:植物生理生态、土壤生态。Email; fengdalang@163.com 地址: 400036重庆市沙坪坝区重庆市林业科学研究院三峡库区森林生态保护与恢复重庆市市级重点实验室。责任作者: 向仲怀,博士,教授。主要研究方向:家蚕遗传育种与家蚕基因组学。Email;xbxzh@swu.edu.cn 地址: 400716重庆市北碚区西南大学蚕学与系统生物学研究所。

Growth and photosynthetic characteristics of four woody plants in the rocky and desertified area.

  • 摘要: 以山桐子、桑树、无患子和皂荚为研究对象,比较几种木本植物在石漠化环境条件下的生长状况及光合特性。结果表明:桑树的成活率、株高增长率、地径增长率、根冠比、根干质量等生长指标最好,其次是山桐子和无患子,皂荚最差;桑树和山桐子的光合生产能力较强,无患子和皂荚相对较弱,但无患子的水分利用效率最高,其次是桑树、皂荚,山桐子最低。拟合各类植物Pn-PAR光响应曲线得出:桑树、山桐子和皂荚的最大净光合速率均在15 μmol/(m2·s)左右,高出无患子50%;各树种的表观量子效率大小顺序为:桑树皂荚无患子山桐子,暗呼吸速率为:桑树无患子皂荚山桐子,光补偿点为:无患子皂荚山桐子桑树,光饱和点为:山桐子桑树皂角无患子。可见,从生长状况和光合特性来看,4种木本植物在石漠化环境条件下的适应性为:桑树无患子山桐子皂荚。

     

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