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晋西黄土区退耕还林20年后典型林地的持水能力

王高敏 杨宗儒 查同刚 张志强 吕志远 张晓霞 王红艳 朱嘉磊

王高敏, 杨宗儒, 查同刚, 张志强, 吕志远, 张晓霞, 王红艳, 朱嘉磊, . 晋西黄土区退耕还林20年后典型林地的持水能力[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(5): 88-95. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140367
引用本文: 王高敏, 杨宗儒, 查同刚, 张志强, 吕志远, 张晓霞, 王红艳, 朱嘉磊, . 晋西黄土区退耕还林20年后典型林地的持水能力[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(5): 88-95. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140367
WANG Gao-min, YANG Zong-ru, ZHA Tong-gang, ZHANG Zhi-qiang, LÜ, Zhi-yuan, ZHANG Xiao-xia, WANG Hong-yan, ZHU Jia-lei. Water-holding capacity of different forestlands 20 years after converted from farmland in loess region,western Shanxi Province.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(5): 88-95. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140367
Citation: WANG Gao-min, YANG Zong-ru, ZHA Tong-gang, ZHANG Zhi-qiang, LÜ, Zhi-yuan, ZHANG Xiao-xia, WANG Hong-yan, ZHU Jia-lei. Water-holding capacity of different forestlands 20 years after converted from farmland in loess region,western Shanxi Province.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(5): 88-95. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140367

晋西黄土区退耕还林20年后典型林地的持水能力

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140367
基金项目: 

“十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2015BAD07B03)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王高敏。主要研究方向: 森林生态。Email:wanggaomin723@163.com 地址: 100083 北京市清华东路35号北京林业大学林学院。责任作者: 查同刚,博士,副教授。主要研究方向:土壤退化与生态恢复。Email: zhtg73@bjfu.edu.cn 地址:同上。

    王高敏。主要研究方向: 森林生态。Email:wanggaomin723@163.com 地址: 100083 北京市清华东路35号北京林业大学林学院。责任作者: 查同刚,博士,副教授。主要研究方向:土壤退化与生态恢复。Email: zhtg73@bjfu.edu.cn 地址:同上。

Water-holding capacity of different forestlands 20 years after converted from farmland in loess region,western Shanxi Province.

  • 摘要: 为探究晋西黄土区退耕20年后典型林地间持水能力的差异,选取山西省吉县蔡家川流域退耕20年的次生林和油松人工林、刺槐人工林、油松×刺槐人工混交林4种典型林分为研究对象,同时以耕地作为对照,通过外业调查和室内测定,比较分析了该地区退耕林分间林地(枯落物层和土壤层)的最大持水量和有效持水量。结果表明:1)次生林枯落物层的最大持水量和有效持水量为201.20和154.32 t/hm2,分别是人工林的1.35~2.14倍和1.33~2.06倍,人工林之间表现为油松×刺槐人工混交林刺槐人工林油松人工林;2)退耕林地土壤层的最大和有效持水量分别介于5 102~5 563 t/hm2和1 007~1 251 t/hm2之间,均显著高于耕地的4 695和812 t/hm2;典型退耕林地间土壤有效持水量表现为次生林油松×刺槐人工混交林油松人工林刺槐人工林,最大持水量为次生林油松×刺槐人工混交林刺槐人工林油松人工林;3)与退耕引起土壤非毛管孔隙度增加相一致,林地的最大持水量和有效持水量较耕地分别增加了10.7%~22.8%和32.9%~73.1%,表明退耕对林地持水能力的影响在有效持水量方面更突出;4)退耕林分间林地持水能力表现为次生林油松×刺槐人工混交林刺槐人工林油松人工林。林地最大持水量和有效持水量显著高于耕地,这主要源于土壤性质改善引起的土壤层持水能力增强,同时枯落物层的持水功能也发挥了一定作用。总之,退耕20年后林地持水能力显著增强,不同林分间次生林持水能力较好,表明次生林宜作为该地区退耕后植被恢复的主要参考。

     

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