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基于生态保护格局的长白山北部森林景观特征分析

王健铭 张天汉 于琳倩 董芳宇 李景文 李俊清 赵秀海

王健铭, 张天汉, 于琳倩, 董芳宇, 李景文, 李俊清, 赵秀海. 基于生态保护格局的长白山北部森林景观特征分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(5): 70-80. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140413
引用本文: 王健铭, 张天汉, 于琳倩, 董芳宇, 李景文, 李俊清, 赵秀海. 基于生态保护格局的长白山北部森林景观特征分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(5): 70-80. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140413
WANG Jian-ming, ZHANG Tian-han, YU Lin-qian, DONG Fang-yu, LI Jing-wen, LI Jun-qing, ZHAO Xiu-hai. Analysis of landscape characteristics of forests in northern Changbai Mountains based on ecological protection pattern.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(5): 70-80. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140413
Citation: WANG Jian-ming, ZHANG Tian-han, YU Lin-qian, DONG Fang-yu, LI Jing-wen, LI Jun-qing, ZHAO Xiu-hai. Analysis of landscape characteristics of forests in northern Changbai Mountains based on ecological protection pattern.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(5): 70-80. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140413

基于生态保护格局的长白山北部森林景观特征分析

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140413
基金项目: 

“十二五”国家科技支撑计划课题(2012BAC01B03)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王健铭。主要研究方向:生物多样性研究。Email:651821939@qq.com 地址:100083北京市清华东路35号北京林业大学林学院。责任作者: 李景文,博士,教授。主要研究方向:生物多样性研究。 Email: lijingwen@ bjfu.edu.cn 地址:同上。

    王健铭。主要研究方向:生物多样性研究。Email:651821939@qq.com 地址:100083北京市清华东路35号北京林业大学林学院。责任作者: 李景文,博士,教授。主要研究方向:生物多样性研究。 Email: lijingwen@ bjfu.edu.cn 地址:同上。

Analysis of landscape characteristics of forests in northern Changbai Mountains based on ecological protection pattern.

  • 摘要: 本研究旨在分析长白山林区北部景观格局特征,并以此作为未来生物多样性保护与构建长白山地区整体森林保护格局的依据。基于泉阳和露水河林业局森林资源二类调查资料和林相图,利用Arcgis和Fragstats等软件,从土地利用类型、优势树种和龄组的角度,分析了景观构成要素和森林保护现状,在景观水平和斑块水平上分析了该区景观格局指数特征。结果表明:有林地主导着土地利用类型,森林景观优势明显,研究区整体景观存在破碎化,优势景观类型破碎化程度比较严重;森林景观中各优势树种和龄组景观的优势度较弱,景观连通性较差,树种与林龄结构复杂,景观破碎化更为严重;幼龄林是破碎化最严重的龄组。人为活动对优势树种和林龄组成有着显著的影响,人为干扰是景观破碎化的最主要原因。根据分析结果,该区应科学规划城镇化建设,引导作物栽培合理开展,改善景观破碎化现状并建立有效的生态廊道,提高森林生态系统的生物多样性和稳定性。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2014-11-06

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