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小兴安岭沾河林区狍冬季食物组分及其与单宁含量关系的初步分析

何欢 张玮琪 刘蕊 张明海

何欢, 张玮琪, 刘蕊, 张明海. 小兴安岭沾河林区狍冬季食物组分及其与单宁含量关系的初步分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(2): 121-127. doi: 10.13332/j.cnki.jbfu.2015.02.006
引用本文: 何欢, 张玮琪, 刘蕊, 张明海. 小兴安岭沾河林区狍冬季食物组分及其与单宁含量关系的初步分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(2): 121-127. doi: 10.13332/j.cnki.jbfu.2015.02.006
HE Huan, ZHANG Wei-qi, LIU Rui, ZHANG Ming-hai. Relationship between the composition and tannin content in winter food for roe deer at Zhanhe forest farm of Lesser Xingan Mountains[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(2): 121-127. doi: 10.13332/j.cnki.jbfu.2015.02.006
Citation: HE Huan, ZHANG Wei-qi, LIU Rui, ZHANG Ming-hai. Relationship between the composition and tannin content in winter food for roe deer at Zhanhe forest farm of Lesser Xingan Mountains[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(2): 121-127. doi: 10.13332/j.cnki.jbfu.2015.02.006

小兴安岭沾河林区狍冬季食物组分及其与单宁含量关系的初步分析

doi: 10.13332/j.cnki.jbfu.2015.02.006
基金项目: 

中国工程科技中长期发展战略研究项目、国家自然科学基金项目(L1322010)。

详细信息
    责任作者:

    第一作者: 何欢。主要研究方向:野生动物营养生态学。Email:hehuanxyz@126.com 地址:150040黑龙江省哈尔滨市和兴路26号东北林业大学野生动物资源学院。 责任作者: 张明海,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:野生动物生态学。Email:zhangminghai2004@126.com 地址:同上。

    第一作者: 何欢。主要研究方向:野生动物营养生态学。Email:hehuanxyz@126.com 地址:150040黑龙江省哈尔滨市和兴路26号东北林业大学野生动物资源学院。 责任作者: 张明海,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:野生动物生态学。Email:zhangminghai2004@126.com 地址:同上。

Relationship between the composition and tannin content in winter food for roe deer at Zhanhe forest farm of Lesser Xingan Mountains

  • 摘要: 2010年1—2月和2011年1—2月,在黑龙江大沾河国家级自然保护区收集了227份狍的粪便样本和28种植物样本。采用野外观察和粪便显微分析2种方法对狍的食性进行研究。结果表明:1)2010年通过野外观察得到的食物组分的多样性(2.458)和均匀度(0.784)均高于粪便显微分析结果(多样性1.737,均匀度0.579),2011年粪便显微分析结果的多样性(2.230)高于野外观察结果(1.414),但均匀度(0.645)较野外观察结果(0.698)低;粪便显微分析和野外观察食物组分结果分析表明,桦木科和杨柳科植物是该地区狍种群的主要食物,二者占总食物组分的76%~89%。2)对2种方法得出的食物组分结果进行回归分析与比较,结果显示:粪便显微分析高估了2010年和2011年桦木科和榆科、2010年蔷薇科和锦葵科食物组分,低估了这2年杨柳科、禾本科、蓼科以及2010年蔷薇科和2011年锦葵科食物组分。2种方法在结果上有显著差异,且彼此不可替代。3)单宁与动物的食物组分没有明显的相关性,其原因有可能是该地区狍种群的取食行为不受植物中单宁的影响,或者是由于本研究仅测定了植物中总单宁的含量而非起决定性作用的鞣花单宁。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2014-07-07

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