高级检索

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

落叶松人工林节子内部特征变化规律研究

陈东升 孙晓梅 李凤日 贾炜玮

陈东升, 孙晓梅, 李凤日, 贾炜玮. 落叶松人工林节子内部特征变化规律研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(2): 16-23. doi: 10.13332/j.cnki.jbfu.2015.02.014
引用本文: 陈东升, 孙晓梅, 李凤日, 贾炜玮. 落叶松人工林节子内部特征变化规律研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(2): 16-23. doi: 10.13332/j.cnki.jbfu.2015.02.014
CHEN Dong-sheng, SUN Xiao-mei, LI Feng-ri, JIA Wei-wei. Changes of the internal characteristics of knots in larch plantation[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(2): 16-23. doi: 10.13332/j.cnki.jbfu.2015.02.014
Citation: CHEN Dong-sheng, SUN Xiao-mei, LI Feng-ri, JIA Wei-wei. Changes of the internal characteristics of knots in larch plantation[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(2): 16-23. doi: 10.13332/j.cnki.jbfu.2015.02.014

落叶松人工林节子内部特征变化规律研究

doi: 10.13332/j.cnki.jbfu.2015.02.014
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金青年基金项目(31300536、31100475) 。

详细信息
    责任作者:

    第一作者: 陈东升,助理研究员。主要研究方向:人工林培育与经营。Email:chends@caf.ac.cn 地址:100091北京市海淀区东小府1号中国林业科学研究院林业研究所。 责任作者: 孙晓梅,研究员,博士生导师。主要研究方向:人工林培育与经营。Email:xmsun@caf.ac.cn 地址:同上。

    第一作者: 陈东升,助理研究员。主要研究方向:人工林培育与经营。Email:chends@caf.ac.cn 地址:100091北京市海淀区东小府1号中国林业科学研究院林业研究所。 责任作者: 孙晓梅,研究员,博士生导师。主要研究方向:人工林培育与经营。Email:xmsun@caf.ac.cn 地址:同上。

Changes of the internal characteristics of knots in larch plantation

  • 摘要: 以落叶松人工林为研究对象,采用枝解析和节子剖析技术,获取了95株解析木和2 165个节子数据,以树木和节子自身因子为自变量建立了节子内部特征模型,包括节子直径和角度模型、节子中健全节和疏松节长度模型。模型很好地描述了节子内部特征因子的变化规律,揭示了节子内部特征因子随林木和自身变量变化的机制。结果表明:节子直径、节子角度和健全节长度都随着其所在位置高度的增加而增大,随着树木胸径的增大而增大;疏松节长度随着胸径的增大呈现增大趋势,但节子自身直径大小对其影响也较大。应用独立检验样本对所建模型进行检验,精度达到了95%以上,这些模型可以应用到林木生长模拟系统中,增加模拟效果。节子内部特征变化规律的研究也有助于揭示枝条的生长与死亡机制,对开展整枝抚育从而提高木材质量有重要意义。

     

  • [1] TU J, LIU Q.Branch growth of Pinus elliottii in the hilly red-soil area of the mid-subtropical climatic zone[J].Journal of Zhejiang Forestry College, 2007,24(2):162-167.
    [1] CHMURA D J, RAHMAN M S, TIOELKER M G. Crown structure and biomass allocation patterns modulate aboveground productivity in young loblolly pine and slash pine[J]. Forest Ecology and Management, 2007, 243(2/3):219-230.
    [2] LIU Z G, LI F R. Modeling of spatial distribution of primary branches within the crowns of Pinus sylvestris stands[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2007, 43(10):19-27.
    [2] 涂洁, 刘琪. 中亚热带红壤丘陵区湿地松枝条生长规律[J].浙江林学院学报, 2007, 24(2): 162-167.
    [3] GB/T144—2003 Log measurements[S].Beijing: China Standards Press, 2004.
    [3] 刘兆刚,李凤日. 樟子松人工林树冠内一级枝条空间的分布规律[J].林业科学,2007, 43(10):19-27.
    [4] EN 1316-1—1997. Hardwood round timber-qualitative classification-oak and beech[S]. Brussels: European Committee for Standardization, 1997.
    [4] JIANG S W, JIA W W. Study on knot size of Larix olgensis Hengy in plantation in eastern area of Heilongjiang Province[J]. Forest Resources Management, 2008(5):79-85.
    [5] CHEN D S, JIN Z Y, LI F R, et al. Knot size and distribution of mongolian pine plantations[J]. Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 2007, 35(5):19-21.
    [5] GB/T144—2003 原木检验 [S].北京:中国标准出版社,2004.
    [6] SHIGO A L. A new tree biology[M]. Durham: Shigo and Trees Associates, 1989.
    [6] CHEN D S, LI F R, SUN X M, et al.Models to predict knot size for larch plantation using linear mixed model[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2011, 47(11):121-128.
    [7] State Forestry Administration. The seventh forest resource survey report[R]. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, 2011.
    [7] LAMSA P, KELLOMAKI S, VAISANEN H. Nuorten mantyjen oksikkuuden riippuuvuus puuston rakenteesta ja kasvupaikan viljavuudesta[J]. Folia Forest, 1990,746:1-22.
    [8] HAGG A, WESLIEN H. Samband mellan tallens (Pinus sylvestris) naturliga grenrensing och standorten[C]. Uppsala: Swedish University of Agricultural Science, 1995:25-41.
    [8] LIU Z G, LI F R.The three dimensional visualization simulation system of larch plantation(3D Tree For Larix 1.0v): China, 2010SR000440[P]. 2010-01-05.
    [9] MOBERG L. Variation in knot size of Pinus sylvestris in two initial spacing trials[J]. Silva Fennica, 1999, 33: 131-144.
    [10] MOBERG L. Models of internal knot diameter for Pinus sylvestris[J]. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 2000,15:177-187.
    [11] MOBERG L. Predicting knot properties of Picea abies and Pinus sylvestris from generic tree descriptors[J]. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 2006,21(Suppl. 7):49-62.
    [12] HEIN S. Knot attributes and occlusion of naturally pruned branches of Fagus sylvatica[J]. Forest Ecology and Management,2008,256: 2046-2057.
    [13] 姜生伟,贾炜玮.黑龙江东部地区落叶松人工林节子大小的研究[J]. 林业资源管理,2008(5):79-85.
    [14] JIA W W, LI F R, JIANG L C. Modeling knot properties for mongolian pine in northeast China[J]. Journal of Korean Forestry Society, 2008,97(5):485-491.
    [15] 陈东升,金钟跃,李凤日,等.落叶松节子大小和分布[J].东北林业大学学报,2007,35(5):19-21.
    [16] 陈东升,李凤日,孙晓梅,等.基于线性混合模型的落叶松人工林节子大小预测模型[J].林业科学,2011,47(11):121-128.
    [17] 国家林业局. 第七次森林资源调查报告[R].北京:中国林业出版社,2011.
    [18] 刘兆刚,李凤日. 落叶松人工林动态三维可视化模拟系统软件(3D Tree For Larix 1.0v):中国,2010SR000440[P]. 2010-01-05.
    [19] DIETRICH G. Branch formation and natural pruning in silver fir[J]. Forstwissenschaftliche Forschungen, 1973, 34:91-95
    [20] LI F R, CHOI J K, KIM J H. The development of growth and yield models for the natural broadleaved-Korean pine forests in northeast China[J]. Journal of Korean Forestry Society, 2001, 90(5): 650-662.
    [21] DELEUZE C, HERVÉ J C, COLIN F, et al. Modelling crown shape of Picea abies: spacing effects[J]. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 1996, 26: 1957-1966.
    [22] COLIN F, HOULLIER F. Branchiness of Norway spruce in northeastern France: predicting the main crown characteristics from usual tree measurements[J]. Annals of Forest Science, 1992,49: 511-538.
    [23] ROEH R L, MAGUIRE D A. Crown profile models based on branch attributes in coastal Douglas-fir[J]. Forest Ecology and Management,1997, 96 :77-100.
    [24] HEIN S, SPIECKER H. Comparative analysis of occluded branch characteristics for Fraxinus excelsior and Acer pseudoplatanus with natural and artiflcial pruning[J]. Canadian Journal of Forest Science, 2007,37:1414-1426.
    [25] KARKKAINEN M. Model for knottiness of wood in pine, spruce and birch[J]. Silva Fennica, 1986, 20:107-116.
    [26] MAGUIRE D A, KERSHAW J A, HANN D A. Predicting the effects of silvicultural regime on branch size and crown wood core in Douglas-fir[J]. Forest Science, 1991,37:1409-1428.
    [27] VESTOL G I, HØIBØ O A. Prediction of knot diameter in Picea abies (L.) Karst[J]. Holz als Roh und Werkstoff, 2001,59:129-136.
    [28] MOBERG L. Models of internal knot properties for Picea abies[J]. Forest Ecology and Management, 2001, 147:123-138.
    [29] OJA J. Evaluation of knot parameters measured automatically in CT-images of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.)Karst.)[J]. Holz als Roh und Werkstoff, 2000,58:375-379.
    [30] GRUNDBERG S. An X-ray log scanner: a tool for control of the sawmill process [D]. Skelleftea, Sweden: Division of Wood Technology, Lulea University of Technology, 1999:37.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  5108
  • HTML全文浏览量:  67
  • PDF下载量:  15
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-12-03

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回