高级检索

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

不同清理方式对北京市透水砖铺装渗透率衰减过程影响

李美玉 张守红 王云琦 谢朝帅 李睿贤

李美玉, 张守红, 王云琦, 谢朝帅, 李睿贤. 不同清理方式对北京市透水砖铺装渗透率衰减过程影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2020, 42(3): 143-150. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20190062
引用本文: 李美玉, 张守红, 王云琦, 谢朝帅, 李睿贤. 不同清理方式对北京市透水砖铺装渗透率衰减过程影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2020, 42(3): 143-150. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20190062
Li Meiyu, Zhang Shouhong, Wang Yunqi, Xie Chaoshuai, Li Ruixian. Clogging processes of permeable paver systems under different maintenance methods in Beijing[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2020, 42(3): 143-150. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20190062
Citation: Li Meiyu, Zhang Shouhong, Wang Yunqi, Xie Chaoshuai, Li Ruixian. Clogging processes of permeable paver systems under different maintenance methods in Beijing[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2020, 42(3): 143-150. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20190062

不同清理方式对北京市透水砖铺装渗透率衰减过程影响

doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20190062
基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与治理专项“北运河上游水环境治理与水生态修复综合示范”(2017ZX07102-001)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    李美玉。主要研究方向:城市雨水控制与利用。Email:limeiyu06@163.com 地址:100083 北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学水土保持学院

    责任作者:

    张守红,博士,教授。主要研究方向:城市雨水控制与利用、水土保持。Email:zhangs@bjfu.edu.cn 地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: X

Clogging processes of permeable paver systems under different maintenance methods in Beijing

  • 摘要: 目的透水砖铺装作为新兴的径流调控措施之一,已被广泛应用于我国海绵城市建设。由于缺乏长期监测数据,透水砖铺装渗透率衰减过程及不同清理方式的维护效果尚不明确。本文通过室内模拟多年雨水径流入渗过程实验,定量监测其渗透率衰减过程并对比不同清理维护措施效果。方法基于透水砖铺装入流−渗透实验,测定分析了不清理以及真空抽吸尘和压力水冲洗两种清理维护方式下透水砖铺装系统渗透率的衰减过程和实验前后找平层粒径分布的变化特征。结果3种清理方式下,透水砖铺装渗透率均呈指数衰减趋势,运行7年后,不清理、真空抽吸尘和压力水冲洗清理下透水砖铺装渗透率分别为26、229 和19 mm/h,分别衰减了99.6%、96.3%和99.7%,真空抽吸尘的清理效果优于压力水冲洗。3种清理方式下透水砖铺装的悬浮颗粒物平均去除率在95% ~ 98%之间,差异不显著(P > 0.05,n = 7),铺装系统的找平层上部细颗粒物含量分别增加了29.2%、15.6%和30.1%。更新透水砖(即“新砖 + 旧找平层 + 旧土工布”)可将透水砖铺装系统的渗透速率恢复至新建系统的28.3% ~ 32.4%,而更新找平层和土工布可将渗透率恢复至新建系统的63.8% ~ 72.6%。结论雨水径流携带的细颗粒物在找平层上层聚集是透水砖铺装系统堵塞的主要原因,采用真空抽吸尘清理可有效减少找平层上层的细颗粒物含量,更新找平层和土工布比更新透水砖层可取得更好的透水性能恢复效果。

     

  • 图  1  实验装置示意图

    Figure  1.  Structural diagram of the experiments

    图  2  透水砖铺装断面结构图

    Figure  2.  Cross-section structure of the permeable paver systems

    图  3  不同清理方式下透水砖铺装入出流悬浮颗粒物浓度变化

    Figure  3.  Changes in concentrations of total suspended solids of the inflow and outflow under varied cleaning methods

    图  4  不同清理方式下透水砖铺装表面渗透速率衰减过程

    Figure  4.  Clogging processes of permeable paver systems under different cleaning maintenance methods

    图  5  透水砖铺装找平层颗粒物粒径变化特征

    Figure  5.  Changes in grain size distributions of bedding layers of permeable paver systems

    图  6  透水砖铺装不同垂直结构层渗透速率衰减特征

    Figure  6.  Attenuation of infiltration rates of permeable layers of permeable paver systems

    图  7  旧透水砖清理前后表面渗透率变化特征

    Figure  7.  Changes in surface infiltration rates of old permeable pavers before and after cleaning maintenance

    表  1  模拟雨水径流中悬浮颗粒物粒径分布

    Table  1.   Particle size distribution of suspended solids in the synthetic stormwater μm

    粒径范围
    Particle size
    range
    平均粒径
    Average paricle
    size
    D10D25D75D90
    0 ~ 1 000562.3063.41364.74789.48987.03
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 金建荣, 李田, 时珍宝. 高地下水位地区透水铺装控制径流污染的现场实验[J]. 环境科学, 2017, 38(6):2379−2384.

    Jin J R, Li T, Shi Z B. Performance of applying scale permeable pavements for control of runoff pollution in an area with high groundwater level[J]. Environmental Science, 2017, 38(6): 2379−2384.
    [2] 茅超颖, 王云琦, 马瑞, 等. 植被过滤带水土保持和水质净化效益研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(11):65−74.

    Mao C Y, Wang Y Q, Ma R, et al. Effects of soil and water conservation and water purification by vegetative filter strips[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(11): 65−74.
    [3] 海绵城市建设技术指南: 低影响开发雨水系统构建(试行)[S]. 北京: 住房城乡建设部, 2014.

    Sponge city construction technical guide: low impact development rainwater system construction (trial)[S]. Beijing: Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, 2014
    [4] Newman A P, Pratt C J, Coupe S J, et al. Oil bio-degradation in permeable pavements by microbial communities[J]. Water Science and Technology, 2002, 45(7): 51−56. doi: 10.2166/wst.2002.0116
    [5] Sansalone J, Kuang X, Ying G, et al. Filtration and clogging of permeable pavement loaded by urban drainage[J]. Water Research, 2012, 46(20): 6763−6774. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2011.10.018
    [6] 王俊岭, 王雪明, 张安, 等. 基于“海绵城市”理念的透水铺装系统的研究进展[J]. 环境工程, 2015, 33(12):1−4.

    Wang J L, Wang X M, Zhang A, et al. Review on permeable pavement systems based on the concept of “sponge city”[J]. Environmental Engineering, 2015, 33(12): 1−4.
    [7] Zhang S, Guo Y. SWMM simulation of the stormwater volume control performance of permeable pavement systems[J/OL]. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, 2015, 20(8): 06014010 [2019−01−11]. https://ascelibrary.org/doi/10.1061/(ASCE)HE.1943-5584.0001092.
    [8] Yong C F, McCarthy D T, Deletic A. Predicting physical clogging of porous and permeable pavements[J]. Journal of Hydrology, 2013, 481: 48−55. doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2012.12.009
    [9] Bean E Z, Hunt W F, Bidelspach D A. Evaluation of four permeable pavement sites in Eastern North Carolina for runoff reduction and water quality impacts[J]. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, 2007, 133(6): 583−592. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9437(2007)133:6(583)
    [10] Lucke T, White R, Nichols P, et al. A simple field test to evaluate the maintenance requirements of permeable interlocking concrete pavements[J]. Water, 2015, 7(6): 2542−2554.
    [11] Pratt C J. Permeable pavements for stormwater quality enhancement in urban stormwater quality enhancement: source control, retrofitting, and combined sewer technology[M]. Fort Collins: ASCE, 1990: 131−155.
    [12] Siriwardene N R, Deletic A, Fletcher T D. Clogging of stormwater gravel infiltration systems and filters: insights from a laboratory study[J]. Water Research, 2007, 41(7): 1433−1440. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2006.12.040
    [13] Lucke T, Beecham S. Field investigation of clogging in a permeable pavement system[J/OL]. Building Research and Information, 2011, 39(6) [2019−02−11]. https://doi.org/10.1080/09613218.2011.602182.
    [14] Nichols P W B, White R, Lucke T. Do sediment type and test durations affect results of laboratory-based, accelerated testing studies of permeable pavement clogging?[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2015, 511: 786−791. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.12.040
    [15] Zhang S, Guo Y. Analytical equation for estimating the stormwater capture efficiency of permeable pavement systems[J/OL]. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, 2014, 141(4): 06014004 [2019−01−23]. https://ascelibrary.org/doi/abs/10.1061/(ASCE)IR.1943-4774.0000810.
    [16] Blecken G T, Iii W F H, Al-Rubaei A M, et al. Stormwater control measure (SCM) maintenance considerations to ensure designed functionality[J]. Urban Water, 2016, 14(3): 278−290.
    [17] Drake J, Bradford A. Assessing the potential for restoration of surface permeability for permeable pavements through maintenance[J]. Water Science and Technology, 2013, 68(9): 1950−1958. doi: 10.2166/wst.2013.450
    [18] Chopra M, Kakuturu S, Ballock C, et al. Effect of rejuvenation methods on the infiltration rates of pervious concrete pavements[J]. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, 2010, 112(39): 426−433.
    [19] Yong C F, Mccarthy D T, Deletic A. Predicting physical clogging of porous and permeable pavements[J]. Journal of Hydrology, 2013, 481(481): 48−55.
    [20] 中华人民共和国住房和城乡建设部. 透水砖路面技术规程 CJJ/T 188—2012[S]. 北京: 中国建筑工业出版社, 2013.

    Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the People's Republic of China. Technical specification for pavement of water permeable brick CJJ/T 188—2012[S]. Beijing: China Building Industry Press, 2013.
    [21] 侯培强, 任玉芬, 王效科, 等. 北京市城市降雨径流水质评价研究[J]. 环境科学, 2012, 33(1):71−75. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-6504.2012.01.015

    Hou P Q, Ren Y F, Wang X K, et al. Research on evaluation of water quality of Beijing urban stormwater runoff[J]. Environmental Science, 2012, 33(1): 71−75. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-6504.2012.01.015
    [22] 武俊良, 任玉芬, 王雪梅, 等. 城市道路径流的排污特征[J]. 环境科学, 2015, 36(10):3691−3696.

    Wu J L, Ren Y F, Wang X M, et al. Characterization of pollutant wash-off in the urban stormwater[J]. Environmental Science, 2015, 36(10): 3691−3696.
    [23] 荆红卫, 华蕾, 陈圆圆, 等. 城市雨水管网降雨径流污染特征及对受纳水体水质的影响[J]. 环境化学, 2012, 31(2):208−215.

    Jing H W, Hua L, Chen Y Y, et al. Rainfall runoff pollution characteristics of urban rainwater pipe network and its influence on water quality of receiving water[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2012, 31(2): 208−215.
    [24] Hogland W, Niemczynowicz J, Wajlman T. The unit superstructure during the construction period[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 1987, 59(5): 411−424.
    [25] Boogaard F, Lucke T, Beecham S. Effect of age of permeable pavements on their infiltration function[J]. Clean Soil Air Water, 2014, 42(2): 146−152. doi: 10.1002/clen.201300113
    [26] Henderson V, Tighe S L. Evaluation of pervious concrete pavement permeability renewal maintenance methods at field sites in Canada[J]. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 2011, 38(12): 1404−1413.
    [27] 李美玉, 张守红, 王玉杰, 等. 透水铺装径流调控效益研究进展[J]. 环境科学与技术, 2018, 41(12):105−112, 130.

    Li M Y, Zhang S H, Wang Y J, et al. Runoff management performances of permeable pavements: a review[J]. Environmental Science & Technology, 2018, 41(12): 105−112, 130.
    [28] Al-Rubaei A M, Viklander M, Blecken G T. Long-term hydraulic performance of stormwater infiltration systems[J]. Urban Water, 2015, 12(8): 660−671. doi: 10.1080/1573062X.2014.949796
    [29] Fassman E A, Blackbourn S. Urban runoff mitigation by a permeable pavement system over impermeable soils[J]. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, 2010, 15(6): 475−485. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)HE.1943-5584.0000238
    [30] Borgwardt S. Long-term in-situ infiltration performance of permeable concrete block pavement[C]// Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Concrete Block Paving. San Francisco: Atlantis Press, 2006.
    [31] Vancura M E, Macdonald K, Khazanovich L. Location and depth of pervious concrete clogging material before and after void maintenance with common municipal utility vehicles[J]. Journal of Transportation Engineering, 2012, 138(3): 332−338. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)TE.1943-5436.0000327
  • 加载中
图(7) / 表(1)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1690
  • HTML全文浏览量:  744
  • PDF下载量:  65
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-01-23
  • 修回日期:  2019-03-22
  • 网络出版日期:  2019-10-16
  • 刊出日期:  2020-03-31

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回