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水淹胁迫对红花玉兰苗木生长和生理生化特性的影响

王延双 方文 王欣彤 赵秀婷 廖国莉 段劼 马履一

王延双, 方文, 王欣彤, 赵秀婷, 廖国莉, 段劼, 马履一. 水淹胁迫对红花玉兰苗木生长和生理生化特性的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2020, 42(1): 35-45. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20190225
引用本文: 王延双, 方文, 王欣彤, 赵秀婷, 廖国莉, 段劼, 马履一. 水淹胁迫对红花玉兰苗木生长和生理生化特性的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2020, 42(1): 35-45. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20190225
Wang Yanshuang, Fang Wen, Wang Xintong, Zhao Xiuting, Liao Guoli, Duan Jie, Ma Lüyi. Effects of waterlogging stress on growth, physiological and piochemistry characteristics of Magnolia wufengensis[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2020, 42(1): 35-45. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20190225
Citation: Wang Yanshuang, Fang Wen, Wang Xintong, Zhao Xiuting, Liao Guoli, Duan Jie, Ma Lüyi. Effects of waterlogging stress on growth, physiological and piochemistry characteristics of Magnolia wufengensis[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2020, 42(1): 35-45. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20190225

水淹胁迫对红花玉兰苗木生长和生理生化特性的影响

doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20190225
基金项目: 林业公益行业专项(201504704),国家自然科学基金(31971640),国家林业局林业科技成果推广计划(知转2017-11),国家林业局林业标准制修订项目(2015-LY-229)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王延双。主要研究方向:森林培育。Email:931313852@qq.com 地址:100083 北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学林学院

    责任作者:

    段劼,副教授。主要研究方向:森林培育。Email:duanjie@bjfu.edu.cn 地址:同上

Effects of waterlogging stress on growth, physiological and piochemistry characteristics of Magnolia wufengensis

  • 摘要: 目的红花玉兰根系为肉质根,对水分极为敏感,本文对红花玉兰苗木进行水淹胁迫试验,探讨水淹环境对其生长和生理生化特性的影响,为确定红花玉兰栽植适合生长的水环境及推广工作提供理论依据。方法以1年生红花玉兰苗木为试验材料,采用盆栽水淹方法,设置对照(CK)、水淹4 d(W4)、7 d(W7)、11 d(W11)和15 d(W15)共5个处理,并分别在水淹第1、4、7、11、15天以及胁迫解除后的第2天(R2)、5天(R5)、8天(R8)天测定红花玉兰苗木生长过程中的生长和生理生化指标,分析红花玉兰苗木对水淹胁迫的响应及其水淹胁迫后的自我恢复能力。结果随着水淹胁迫时间的增长:W4、W7、W11植株存活率分别降低至95.00%、70.00%、60.00%,W15苗木在解除胁迫2 d后,全部死亡;苗高和地径的增长量呈下降趋势,W11苗木胁迫解除后生长恢复基本停滞;光和色素含量呈下降趋势,W11、W15与CK差异显著;净光合速率(Pn)、蒸腾速率(Tr)和气孔导度(Gs)均呈下降趋势,Pn的各处理均显著低于CK,W11、W15的Gs与CK差异显著;蒸腾速率除W4外均与CK差异显著;可溶性蛋白含量和丙二醛(MDA)含量逐渐增加,各处理下MDA含量均与CK差异显著,可溶性蛋白含量除W4外均与CK差异显著;超氧化物歧化酶(SOD)、过氧化物酶(POD)和过氧化氢酶(CAT)活性的变化趋势大致相同,表现为先增加而后降低,W11和W15处理下的SOD和POD均与CK差异显著,CAT活性除W4外均与CK差异显著。结论随着水淹胁迫时间的增长,红花玉兰苗木生长和生理活性受到一定程度的抑制,但在水淹胁迫解除后具有一定的恢复能力,且胁迫时间越短恢复能力越强。水淹胁迫持续到11 d左右,基本上能够通过调节自身的保护酶系统活性和渗透调节物质含量来减轻伤害,维持植物体的正常生理代谢功能,从而表现出一定的耐涝潜力。当水淹胁迫持续至15 d时,超过了植株自身的调节能力,导致其死亡。

     

  • 图  1  水淹胁迫下红花玉兰可溶性蛋白含量

    W4.水淹4天;W7.水淹7天;W11.水淹11天;W15.水淹15天;CK为对照。不同字母表示差异达到显著水平,P < 0.05。下同。W4, 4 days waterlogging; W7, 7 days waterlogging; W11, 11 days waterlogging; W15, 15 days waterlogging; CK represents control. Different letters mean significant differences, P < 0.05. The same below.

    Figure  1.  Soluble protein content of Magnolia wufengensis under waterlogging stress

    图  2  水淹胁迫解除恢复下红花玉兰可溶性蛋白含量

    R2.水淹后恢复2天;R5.水淹后恢复5天;R8.水淹后恢复8天;CK为对照。下同。R2, recovery after waterlogging for 2 days; R5, recovery for 5 days after waterlogging; R8, recovery for 8 days after waterlogging; CK represents control. The same below.

    Figure  2.  Soluble protein content of Magnolia wufengensis under waterlogging stress removal and restoration

    图  3  水淹胁迫下红花玉兰MDA含量

    Figure  3.  MDA content of Magnolia wufengensis under waterlogging stress

    图  4  水淹胁迫解除恢复下红花玉兰MDA含量

    Figure  4.  MDA content of Magnolia wufengensis under waterlogging stress relief and recovery

    图  5  水淹胁迫下红花玉兰SOD活性

    Figure  5.  SOD activity of Magnolia wufengensis under waterlogging stress

    图  6  水淹胁迫解除恢复下红花玉兰SOD活性

    Figure  6.  SOD activity of Magnolia wufengensis under water stress relief and recovery

    图  7  水淹胁迫下红花玉兰POD活性

    Figure  7.  POD activity of Magnolia wufengensis under waterlogging stress

    图  8  水淹胁迫解除恢复下红花玉兰POD活性

    Figure  8.  POD activity of Magnolia wufengensis under water waterlogging stress relief and recovery

    图  9  水淹胁迫下红花玉兰CAT活性

    Figure  9.  CAT activity of Magnolia wufengensis under waterlogging stress

    图  10  水淹胁迫解除恢复下红花玉兰CAT活性

    Figure  10.  CAT activity of Magnolia wufengensis under water waterlogging stress relief and recovery

    表  1  红花玉兰水淹生长变化情况

    Table  1.   Changes of waterlogging growth of Magnolia wufengensis %

    指标
    Index
    水淹处理 Waterlogging treatment
    W4W7W11W15
    苗高增量降低率
    Reduction rate of seedling height increment
    41.18 48.53 57.00 60.10
    地径增量降低率
    Reduction rate of ground diameter increment
    37.50 57.14 58.82 71.43
    存活率
    Survival rate
    100.00 85.00 85.00 55.00
    注:W4.水淹4天;W7.水淹7天;W11.水淹11天;W15.水淹15天。下同。Notes: W4, 4 days waterlogging; W7, 7 days waterlogging; W11, 11 days waterlogging; W15, 15 days waterlogging. The same below.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  红花玉兰水淹恢复存活率

    Table  2.   Survival rate of Magnolia wufengensis after waterlogging %

    水淹恢复处理
    Waterlogging recovery treatment
    指标
    Index
    水淹处理 Waterlogging treatment
    W4W7W11W15
    R2存活率 Survival rate95.0085.0080.0055.00
    R5存活率 Survival rate95.0085.0070.000.00
    R8存活率 Survival rate95.0070.0060.000.00
    注:R2.水淹后恢复2天;R5. 水淹后恢复5天;R8. 水淹后恢复8天。下同。Notes: R2, recovery for 2 days after waterlogging; R5, recovery for 5 days after waterlogging; R8, recovery for 8 days after waterlogging. The same below.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  红花玉兰水淹胁迫下叶绿素含量

    Table  3.   Chlorophyll content of Magnolia wufengensis under waterlogging stress μg/cm 2

    水淹处理
    Waterlogging treatment
    指标 Index
    叶绿素 a Chorophyll a叶绿素 b Chorophyll b总叶绿素 Total chlorophyll
    CK0.368 2 ± 0.010 2a0.110 2 ± 0.008 4a0.478 4 ± 0.018 5a
    W40.390 9 ± 0.012 0a0.113 8 ± 0.002 2a0.504 7 ± 0.014 2a
    W70.261 9 ± 0.001 8b0.104 5 ± 0.000 8a0.366 4 ± 0.002 4b
    W110.233 9 ± 0.068 6b0.097 6 ± 0.013 2b0.331 5 ± 0.081 7b
    W150.189 1 ± 0.037 0c0.088 9 ± 0.014 4b0.278 0 ± 0.051 4c
    注:同一列不同字母表示差异达到显著水平,P < 0.05;CK为对照。下同。Notes: different letters in the same column show significant differences, P < 0.05; CK represents control. The same below.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  红花玉兰解除胁迫恢复下叶绿素含量

    Table  4.   Chlorophyll content of Magnolia wufengensis under stress relief μg/cm 2

    水淹恢复处理
    Waterlogging recovery treatment
    指标
    Index
    水淹处理 Waterlogging treatment
    W4W7W11W15
    R2 叶绿素 a Chorophyll a 0.331 1 ± 0.047 4a 0.233 0 ± 0.086 5a 0.210 8 ± 0.032 0a 0.167 7 ± 0.051 8a
    叶绿素 b Chorophyll b 0.081 5 ± 0.012 8a 0.084 4 ± 0.017 9a 0.081 3 ± 0.011 7a 0.077 6 ± 0.014 2a
    总叶绿素 Total chlorophyll 0.412 6 ± 0.059 8a 0.317 4 ± 0.104 3a 0.292 1 ± 0.043 4a 0.245 3 ± 0.066 0a
    R5 叶绿素 a Chorophyll a 0.343 6 ± 0.143 5a 0.254 2 ± 0.113 4a 0.232 2 ± 0.051 9b 全部死亡 All dead
    叶绿素 b Chorophyll b 0.096 6 ± 0.036 9b 0.082 2 ± 0.030 4a 0.096 0 ± 0.015 8b
    总叶绿素 Total chlorophyll 0.440 2 ± 0.180 3ab 0.336 4 ± 0.143 8ab 0.328 2 ± 0.067 7b
    R8 叶绿素 a Chorophyll a 0.372 5 ± 0.040 9b 0.260 7 ± 0.010 7b 0.240 5 ± 0.033 9b 全部死亡 All dead
    叶绿素 b Chorophyll b 0.103 4 ± 0.003 5b 0.092 4 ± 0.004 3b 0.091 1 ± 0.008 0b
    总叶绿素 Total chlorophyll 0.475 9 ± 0.044 3b 0.343 1 ± 0.015 0b 0.331 6 ± 0.041 9b
    注:同一列同一指标不同字母表示差异达到显著水平,P < 0.05。Note: different letters of the same index in the same column show significant differences, P < 0.05。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  红花玉兰水淹胁迫下光合参数

    Table  5.   Photosynthetic parameters of Magnolia wufengensis under waterlogging stress μmol/(m 2·s)

    指标
    Index
    水淹处理 Waterlogging treatment
    CKW4W7W11W15
    净光合速率
    Net photosynthetic rate
    2.810 0 ± 0.308 4a 1.790 0 ± 0.193 5 b 1.580 0 ± 0.097 4b 1.040 0 ± 0.024 6c 1.170 0 ± 0.074 5bc
    蒸腾速率
    Transpiration rate
    0.282 0 ± 0.057 0a 0.163 0 ± 0.071 3a 0.094 0 ± 0.003 6b 0.057 0 ± 0.003 1b 0.019 0 ± 0.001 8c
    气孔导度
    Stomatal conductance
    734.000 0 ± 89.236 5a 537.000 0 ± 27.548 4a 508.000 0 ± 594.111 7a 247.000 0 ± 10.897 1b 86.000 0 ± 4.110 4c
    注:同一行不同字母表示差异达到显著水平,P < 0.05;CK为对照。下同。Notes: different letters in the same line show significant differences, P < 0.05; CK represents control. The same below.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  红花玉兰解除水淹胁迫下光合参数

    Table  6.   Photosynthetic parameters of Magnolia wufengensis under relieving waterlogging stress μmol/(m2·s)

    水淹恢复处理
    Waterlogging recovery treatment
    指标
    Index
    水淹处理 Waterlogging treatment
    W4W7W11W15
    R2 净光合速率
    Net photosynthetic rate
    1.980 0 ± 0.112 2a 1.650 0 ± 0.382 7a 0.920 0 ± 0.090 5a 0.900 0 ± 0.042 0
    蒸腾速率
    Transpiration rate
    0.105 0 ± 0.013 0a 0.046 0 ± 0.012 7a 0.035 0 ± 0.001 8a 0.009 0 ± 0.000 1
    气孔导度
    Stomatal conductance
    453.000 0 ± 82.918 4a 268.000 0 ± 66.479 7a 118.000 0 ± 6.274 6a 59.000 0 ± 7.609 9
    R5 净光合速率
    Net photosynthetic rate
    1.830 0 ± 0.163 8a 1.680 0 ± 0.124 4a 1.320 0 ± 0.094 0b 全部死亡 All dead
    蒸腾速率
    Transpiration rate
    0.133 0 ± 0.007 0a 0.081 0 ± 0.005 6b 0.018 0 ± 0.001 9b
    气孔导度
    Stomatal conductance
    530.000 0 ± 47.853 9a 382.000 0 ± 14.746 5b 114.000 0 ± 2.365 2a
    R8 净光合速率
    Net photosynthetic rate
    2.480 0 ± 0.085 8b 2.380 0 ± 0.102 9b 1.510 0 ± 0.065 9b 全部死亡 All dead
    蒸腾速率
    Transpiration rate
    0.189 0 ± 0.002 3b 0.121 0 ± 0.023 3c 0.036 0 ± 0.003 7a
    气孔导度
    Stomatal conductance
    669.000 0 ± 73.558 8b 519.000 0 ± 35.368 6c 136.000 0 ± 5.284 7a
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  7  各指标抵抗胁迫作用效果得分

    Table  7.   Score of resistance effect of each index to stress

    指标
    Index
    第一主成分得分
    First principal
    component score (P1)
    第二主成分得分
    Second principal
    component score (P2)
    综合得分
    Composite score
    排名
    Rank
    苗高 Seedling height − 0.457 573 8 − 0.163 516 261 − 0.445 000 6 5
    地径 Ground diameter − 0.405 876 9 − 0.204 520 538 − 0.397 267 4 4
    叶绿素 a Chlorophyll a − 0.942 819 2 − 0.003 615 463 − 0.902 661 2 11
    叶绿素 b Chlorophyll b − 0.944 268 4 − 0.003 844 488 − 0.904 058 3 12
    总叶绿素 Total chlorophyll − 0.941 904 1 − 0.003 704 031 − 0.901 789 1 10
    净光合速率Net photosynthetic rate − 0.932 593 3 − 0.003 667 796 − 0.892 874 8 9
    蒸腾速率 Transpiration rate 1.885 476 1 1.346 120 642 1.862 414 6 2
    气孔导度 Stomatal conductance − 0.944 505 5 − 0.003 413 095 − 0.904 266 8 13
    可溶性蛋白 Soluble protein − 0.840 474 0 − 0.023 045 870 − 0.805 522 8 8
    超氧化物歧化酶 Superoxide dismutase 6.275 857 8 − 0.463 096 658 5.987 717 1 1
    过氧化物酶 Peroxidase − 0.751 038 9 − 0.751 038 9 − 0.721 666 1 6
    过氧化氢酶 Catalase − 0.204 770 8 − 0.338 732 426 − 0.210 498 6 3
    丙二醛 Malondialdehyde − 0.795 509 0 − 0.070 887 420 − 0.764 526 0 7
    注:综合评分计算公式为(1.9552 × P1 + 0.4132 × P2)/(1.9552 + 0.4132)。Note: the formula for calculating comprehensive score is as follows: (1.9552 × P1+0.4132 × P2)/(1.9552 + 0.4132).
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2019-05-14
  • 修回日期:  2019-06-03
  • 网络出版日期:  2019-09-03
  • 刊出日期:  2020-01-14

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