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巴里黄檀心材色素为染料桉木单板仿珍染色工艺与着色机制

张卿硕 杨雨桐 符韵林 孙静

张卿硕, 杨雨桐, 符韵林, 孙静. 巴里黄檀心材色素为染料桉木单板仿珍染色工艺与着色机制[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2020, 42(3): 151-159. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20190270
引用本文: 张卿硕, 杨雨桐, 符韵林, 孙静. 巴里黄檀心材色素为染料桉木单板仿珍染色工艺与着色机制[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2020, 42(3): 151-159. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20190270
Zhang Qingshuo, Yang Yutong, Fu Yunlin, Sun Jing. Dyeing process and mechanism of eucalyptus veneer with Dalbergia bariensis heartwood pigment as dye[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2020, 42(3): 151-159. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20190270
Citation: Zhang Qingshuo, Yang Yutong, Fu Yunlin, Sun Jing. Dyeing process and mechanism of eucalyptus veneer with Dalbergia bariensis heartwood pigment as dye[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2020, 42(3): 151-159. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20190270

巴里黄檀心材色素为染料桉木单板仿珍染色工艺与着色机制

doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20190270
基金项目: 广西创新驱动发展专项资金项目(桂科AA17204087-14)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    张卿硕。主要研究方向:木材功能性改良。Email:zhang_qing_shuo@163.com 地址:530000 广西壮族自治区南宁市西乡塘区广西大学林学院

    责任作者:

    孙静,博士,副教授。主要研究方向:木材科学。Email:284766779@qq.com 地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S781.7

Dyeing process and mechanism of eucalyptus veneer with Dalbergia bariensis heartwood pigment as dye

  • 摘要: 目的从巴里黄檀心材中提取色素制得天然染料对桉木单板进行染色,在充分利用巴里黄檀加工剩余物的同时提高桉木的附加值。方法利用超高效液相色谱串联四极杆−静电场轨道阱高分辨质谱仪联用技术(UPLC-Q-EXCTIVE-MS)对巴里黄檀心材内含物的主要成分进行分析。探究桉木单板最佳上染工艺,测定染色单板的水洗色牢度。通过傅里叶变换红外光谱(FTIR)分析巴里黄檀染料与木材的结合方式,并使用场发射扫描电子显微镜(FESEM)观察染料在桉木单板内的分布特征,从而探究巴里黄檀染料对桉木单板的染色机理。结果采用UPLC-Q-EXCTIVE-MS法从巴里黄檀心材色素中鉴定出9种黄酮类和酚类成分:锦葵色素、鼠李黄素、紫铆查尔酮、樱花素、茜草素、木犀草素、苏木素、乔松素和花旗松素。桉木单板的最佳上染工艺为:染色温度90 ℃,染色时间12 h,色素质量分数4%,NaCl质量分数2%。染色试验因素影响的主次顺序为:温度 > 色素质量分数 > 染色时间 > NaCl质量分数,水洗对染色单板色牢度影响的主次顺序为:温度 > 色素质量分数 > 染色时间 > NaCl质量分数。通过成分分析结合FTIR与FESEM对染色机理进行分析,初步判定巴里黄檀染料结合桉木单板的机理为物理吸附和分子间氢键结合。结论利用巴里黄檀心材色素制成天然染料对桉木单板进行仿珍染色,为珍贵红木的充分利用开辟了新的途径,并为速生材高附加值利用作出了探索。

     

  • 图  1  试验样品染色效果图和巴里黄檀实物图的对比

    Figure  1.  Comparison of dyeing effect photos of test sample and physical photo of Dalbergia bariensis

    图  2  各因素对染色前后色差的影响

    Figure  2.  Effects of different factors on color differences before and after dyeing

    图  3  桉木染色处理前后红外光谱图

    Figure  3.  FTIR spectra of untreated and dyed eucalyptus wood

    图  4  桉木未处理与染色处理后场发射扫描电子显微镜图

    Figure  4.  FESEM micrographs of untreated and dyed eucalyptus wood

    表  1  正交试验因素和水平

    Table  1.   Factor and level of orthogonal experiment

    水平
    Level
    温度
    Temperature/℃
    染色时间
    Dyeing time/h
    色素质量分数
    Pigment mass fraction/%
    NaCl 质量分数
    NaCl mass fraction/%
    1 60 8 1.0 1.0
    2 70 10 2.0 1.5
    3 80 12 3.0 2.0
    4 90 14 4.0 2.5
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  样品流动相梯度洗脱条件

    Table  2.   Gradient elution conditions of mobile phase for samples

    洗脱时间
    Elution
    time/min
    流速
    Flow velocity/
    (mL·min− 1
    流动相 A
    Mobile
    phase A
    流动相 B
    Mobile
    phase B
    0 0.3 95%CH2OH 5%CH3OH
    2.0 0.3 95%CH2OH 5%CH3OH
    20.0 0.3 5%CH2OH 95%CH3OH
    22.0 0.3 5%CH2OH 95%CH3OH
    22.1 0.3 95%CH2OH 5%CH3OH
    26.0 0.3 95%CH2OH 5%CH3OH
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  巴里黄檀心材色素中化学成分离子结构信息

    Table  3.   Characterization of chemical constituents in pigment from Dalbergia bariensis heartwood by UPLC-Q-exactive orbitrap-MS

    峰号
    No.
    保留时间
    Retention time/min
    分子式
    Formula
    实测分子量
    Experimental
    molecalar mass
    理论分子量
    Theoretical
    molecalar mass
    二级离子分子量
    Product ion molecular mass
    化学成分
    Chemical component
    文献来源
    Reference
    1 5.493 C17H14O7 331.379 [M+H]+331.072 316.056, 299.053, 271.058 锦葵色素
    Malvidin
    Gómez-Ariza, et al[12]
    2 5.790 C16H12O7 317.064 [M+H]+317.057 302.041, 285.038, 257.020 鼠李黄素
    Rhamnetin
    Silvio, et al[13]
    3 6.094 C15H12O5 273.074 [M+H]+273.067 255.063, 227.069, 199.074 紫铆查尔酮
    Butein
    Cheng, et al[14]
    4 6.688 C16H14O5 287.090 [M+H]+287.082 167.033, 121.064 樱花素
    Sakuranetin
    Yan, et al[15]
    5 7.494 C14H8O4 241.048 [M+H]+241.041 131.048 茜草素
    Alizarin
    Han, et al[16]
    6 7.561 C15H10O6 285.088 [M-H]285.046 257.044, 213.064 木犀草素
    Luteolin
    于小杰等[17]
    Yu X J, et al.[17]
    7 7.789 C16H14O6 301.069 [M-H]301.077 124.014, 177.016 苏木素
    Hemotoxylin
    李争春等[18]
    Li Z C, et al[18]
    8 10.214 C15H12O4 257.079 [M+H]+257.072 229.084, 211.075 乔松素
    Pinocembrin
    王伟楠等[19]
    Wang W N, et al.[19]
    9 10.915 C15H12O7 305.064 [M+H]+305.057 153.054 花旗松素
    Taxifolin
    Ma, et al[20]
    注:本试验中使用的两种模式都是1个电荷,这时的质荷比(m/z)就等于分子量。Notes: the two modes used in this experiment are one charge, and the mass to charge ratio (m/z) is equal to the molecular mass.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  染色前后色差对比结果

    Table  4.   Comparison results of color differences before and after dyeing

    序号
    No.
    染色温度
    Dyeing temperature/℃
    染色时间
    Dyeing time/h
    色素质量分数
    Pigment mass fraction/%
    NaCl质量分数
    NaCl mass fraction/%
    空列
    Null column
    染色前后色差
    Color difference before
    and after dyeing
    1 60 8 1 1.0 1 17.43
    2 60 10 2 1.5 2 30.77
    3 60 12 3 2.0 3 27.12
    4 60 14 4 2.5 4 26.38
    5 70 8 2 2.0 4 30.23
    6 70 10 1 2.5 3 19.64
    7 70 12 4 1.0 2 35.40
    8 70 14 3 1.5 1 34.26
    9 80 8 3 2.5 2 36.12
    10 80 10 4 2.0 1 38.78
    11 80 12 1 1.5 4 30.60
    12 80 14 2 1.0 3 30.02
    13 90 8 4 1.5 3 39.35
    14 90 10 3 1.0 4 37.65
    15 90 12 2 2.5 1 47.57
    16 90 14 1 2.0 2 31.20
    均值1
    Average 1 (k1)
    25.524 30.782 24.717 30.125 34.497
    均值2
    Average 2 (k2)
    29.882 31.732 34.647 33.745 33.372
    均值3
    Average 3 (k3)
    33.880 35.172 33.787 31.832 29.032
    均值4
    Average 4 (k4)
    38.942 30.465 34.977 32.427 31.215
    极差
    Range (R)
    13.418 4.707 10.260 3.620 5.465
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  染色样品水洗前后色差对比结果

    Table  5.   Comparison results of color differences before and after washing

    序号
    No.
    染色温度
    Dyeing temperature/℃
    染色时间
    Dyeing time/h
    色素质量分数
    Pigment mass fraction/%
    NaCl质量分数
    NaCl mass fraction/%
    空列
    Null column
    水洗前后色差
    Color difference before
    and after washing
    1 60 8 1 1.0 1 7.99
    2 60 10 2 1.5 2 6.90
    3 60 12 3 2.0 3 6.63
    4 60 14 4 2.5 4 5.37
    5 70 8 2 2.0 4 4.31
    6 70 10 1 2.5 3 2.92
    7 70 12 4 1.0 2 5.56
    8 70 14 3 1.5 1 2.40
    9 80 8 3 2.5 2 5.36
    10 80 10 4 2.0 1 6.62
    11 80 12 1 1.5 4 7.44
    12 80 14 2 1.0 3 6.42
    13 90 8 4 1.5 3 6.77
    14 90 10 3 1.0 4 2.67
    15 90 12 2 2.5 1 5.99
    16 90 14 1 2.0 2 5.31
    均值1
    Average 1 (k1)
    6.733 6.133 5.915 5.660 5.750
    均值2
    Average 2 (k2)
    3.798 4.788 5.905 5.888 5.818
    均值3
    Average 3 (k3)
    6.485 6.405 4.290 5.718 5.685
    均值4
    Average 4 (k4)
    5.185 4.875 6.080 4.935 4.948
    极差
    Range (R)
    2.935 1.617 1.790 0.953 0.870
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-06-28
  • 修回日期:  2019-08-28
  • 网络出版日期:  2019-09-12
  • 刊出日期:  2020-03-31

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