高级检索

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

基于Voronoi图的阔叶红松林空间结构特征分析

宋语涵 张晨 蔡体久 琚存勇

宋语涵, 张晨, 蔡体久, 琚存勇. 基于Voronoi图的阔叶红松林空间结构特征分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2021, 43(1): 20-26. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200056
引用本文: 宋语涵, 张晨, 蔡体久, 琚存勇. 基于Voronoi图的阔叶红松林空间结构特征分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2021, 43(1): 20-26. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200056
Song Yuhan, Zhang Chen, Cai Tijiu, Ju Cunyong. Quantitative analysis of spatial structural characteristics of broadleaved Korean pine forest based on Voronoi diagram[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2021, 43(1): 20-26. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200056
Citation: Song Yuhan, Zhang Chen, Cai Tijiu, Ju Cunyong. Quantitative analysis of spatial structural characteristics of broadleaved Korean pine forest based on Voronoi diagram[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2021, 43(1): 20-26. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200056

基于Voronoi图的阔叶红松林空间结构特征分析

doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200056
基金项目: “十三五”国家重点研发计划(2018YFC0507302),东北林业大学大学生创新训练项目(201810225122)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    宋语涵。主要研究方向:森林生态。Email:1074271550@qq.com 地址:150040 黑龙江省哈尔滨市和兴路26号东北林业大学林学院

    责任作者:

    琚存勇,副教授。主要研究方向:生态学与3S应用。Email:qucy09@nefu.edu.cn 地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S758.5+3

Quantitative analysis of spatial structural characteristics of broadleaved Korean pine forest based on Voronoi diagram

  • 摘要:   目的  森林空间结构是森林生物物理过程和动态演替的结果,又决定着森林的生长过程和生态服务功能的发挥。小兴安岭地区作为多样性保护与水源涵养的重要生态功能区,森林退化已经非常严重,有必要对现存的地带性顶极群落的结构特征进行分析,为退化森林的结构优化与调整提供理论支撑,促进其发挥应有的森林生态服务功能。  方法  本文以细鳞河国家级自然保护区内阔叶红松林为研究对象,根据野外调查数据,利用ArcGIS软件建立Voronoi多边形,确定空间结构单元,计算聚集指数、大小比数、竞争指数、多样性混交度等空间结构参数,分析阔叶红松林的空间结构特征。  结果  阔叶红松林林分水平格局为聚集分布,聚集指数与Voronoi多边形边数标准差的判定结果一致;针叶树比阔叶树有更大的竞争优势,阔叶树的种内竞争更激烈,但Hegyi竞争指数与大小比数二者结果并不完全一致;树种多样性混交度表明林分处于中度混交的水平,但每一树种的多样性混交度并不相同,针叶树的树种隔离程度比阔叶树的要高,并且这种隔离程度的强弱与树种在林分中的丰度没有直接关系。  结论  小兴安岭地区阔叶红松林以聚集分布、混交程度中等、竞争程度中等为其特征。红松与冷杉所在的结构单元混交度高、二者在各自结构单元内有明显的竞争优势;而枫桦、青楷槭、暴马丁香所在的结构单元混交度低,他们受到的竞争压力大,更多表现为种内竞争,尤以暴马丁香最具代表性。这些特征与文献报道的长白山区阔叶红松林的不尽相同,这既有选用参数不同的原因,也可能是地形气候差异的自然选择结果,还需要进一步调查研究。

     

  • 图  1  基于树木位置生成的Voronoi图

         圆点为树木位置。D表示两棵树之间的距离。Dots represent tree location. D represents the distance between two trees.

    Figure  1.  Voronoi diagram created based on tree location

    图  2  样地内乔木树种径级分布

    Figure  2.  Distribution patterns of DBH class of tree species in sample plots

    图  3  Voronoi多边形边数的频数分布

    Figure  3.  Frequency distribution of Voronoi polygon edge number

    图  4  优势树种大小比数的频率分布

    Figure  4.  Frequency distribution of size ratio of dominant tree species

    图  5  优势树种的平均大小比数(U)与竞争指数(CI/10)

    Figure  5.  Size ratio (U) and Hegyi’s competitionindex of dominant tree species (CI/10)

    图  6  林分与优势树种的多样性混交度分布频数

    Figure  6.  Frequency distribution of diversity mingling of dominant tree species and forest stand

    表  1  样地内优势树种的胸径信息

    Table  1.   Information about DBH of dominant tree species in sample plots

    主要树种
    Dominant tree
    species
    株数
    Plant
    number
    胸径 DBH/cm
    平均值
    Mean
    最小值
    Min. value
    最大值
    Max. value
    红松 Pinus koraiensis 51 38.1 4.7 84.6
    冷杉 Abies fabri 76 21.9 4.6 70.5
    青楷槭 Acer tegmentosum 82 12.3 4.7 45.0
    枫桦 Betula costata 94 11.7 5.3 30.7
    暴马丁香
    Syringa reticulata var.
    amurensis
    108 8.1 4.5 24.8
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 汤孟平. 森林空间结构研究现状与发展趋势[J]. 林业科学, 2010, 46(1):117−122. doi: 10.11707/j.1001-7488.20100119.

    Tang M P. Advances in study of forest spatial structure[J]. Scientia Silavae Sinicae, 2010, 46(1): 117−122. doi: 10.11707/j.1001-7488.20100119.
    [2] 惠刚盈, von Gadow K, 赵中华, 等. 结构化森林经营原理[M]. 北京: 中国林业出版社, 2016.

    Hui G Y, von Gadow K, Zhao Z H, et al. Principles of structure-based forest management[M]. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, 2016.
    [3] Pommerening A. Evaluating structural indices by reversing forest structural analysis[J]. Forest Ecology and Management, 2006, 224(3): 266−277.
    [4] 卿东升, 李建军. 天然林空间结构多目标优化评价模型探究[J]. 林业科技通讯, 2019(2):3−6.

    Qing D S, Li J J. Research on multi-objective optimization evaluation model of natural forest spatial structure[J]. Forest Science and Technology, 2019(2): 3−6.
    [5] 夏富才, 姚大地, 赵秀海, 等. 长白山北坡阔叶红松林空间结构[J]. 东北林业大学学报, 2009, 37(10):5−7. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5382.2009.10.002.

    Xia F C, Yao D D, Zhao X H, et al. Horizontal spatial structure of Korean pine broad-leaved forest in northern slope of Changbai Mountains[J]. Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 2009, 37(10): 5−7. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5382.2009.10.002.
    [6] Ghalandarayeshi S, Nord-Larsen T, Johannsen V K, et al. Spatial patterns of tree species in Suserup Skov: a semi-natural forest in Denmark[J]. Forest Ecology and Management, 2017, 406: 391−401.
    [7] Gonçalves F M P, Revermann R, Cachissapa M J, et al. Species diversity, population structure and regeneration of woody species in fallows and mature stands of tropical woodlands of southeast Angola[J]. Journal of Forestry Research, 2018, 29: 1569−1579.
    [8] 李际平, 封尧, 赵春燕, 等. 基于Voronoi图的杉木生态公益林空间结构量化分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2014, 36(4):1−7.

    Li J P, Feng Y, Zhao C Y, et al. Quantitative analysis of stand spatial structure of Cunninghamia lanceolata non-commercial forest based on Voronoi diagram[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2014, 36(4): 1−7.
    [9] 胡艳波, 惠刚盈, 戚继忠, 等. 吉林蛟河天然红松阔叶林的空间结构分析[J]. 林业科学研究, 2003, 16(5):523−530. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-1498.2003.05.002.

    Hu Y B, Hui G Y, Qi J Z, et al. Analysis of the spatial structure of natural Korean pine broadleaved forest[J]. Forest Research, 2003, 16(5): 523−530. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-1498.2003.05.002.
    [10] Yang M, Cai T J, Ju C Y, et al. Evaluating spatial structure of a mixed broad-leaved/Korean pine forest based on neighborhood relationships in Mudanfeng National Nature Reserve, China[J]. Journal of Forestry Research, 2019, 30(4): 1375−1381.
    [11] 孙清芳, 刘滨凡, 马燕娥. 山河屯林业局红松阔叶混交林林分空间结构特征[J]. 森林工程, 2019, 35(6):1−5. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-8023.2019.06.001.

    Sun Q F, Liu B F, Ma Y E. Spatial structure spatial structure characteristics of Pinus koraiensis mixed broad-leaved forest in Shanhetun Forestry Bureau[J]. Forest Engineering, 2019, 35(6): 1−5. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-8023.2019.06.001.
    [12] Ali A. Forest stand structure and functioning: current knowledge and future challenges[J]. Ecological Indicators, 2019, 98: 665−677.
    [13] 郝月兰, 张会儒, 唐守正. 基于空间结构优化的采伐木确定方法研究[J]. 西北林学院学报, 2012, 27(5):163−168. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2012.05.31.

    Hao Y L, Zhang H R, Tang S Z. Determination method of cutting tree based on forest stand structure optimization[J]. Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 2012, 27(5): 163−168. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2012.05.31.
    [14] 侯红亚, 王立海. 小兴安岭红松针阔混交林林分空间结构分析[J]. 森林工程, 2012, 28(1):1−5. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-005X.2012.01.001.

    Hou H Y, Wang L H. Spatial structure analysis of coniferous-broadleaved Korean pine mixed forest in Xiaoxing’anling Mountains[J]. Forest Engineering, 2012, 28(1): 1−5. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-005X.2012.01.001.
    [15] 朱颖, 高路, 倪红伟. 黑龙江省国有重点林区森林资源动态变化及原因分析[J]. 森林工程, 2018, 34(3):32−38. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-8023.2018.03.006

    Zhu Y, Gao L, Ni H W. Analysis on dynamic change and the reason of forest resources in the state-owned forest area of Heilongjiang Province[J]. Forest Engineering, 2018, 34(3): 32−38. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-8023.2018.03.006
    [16] 汤孟平, 周国模, 陈永刚, 等. 基于 Voronoi 图的天目山常绿阔叶林混交度[J]. 林业科学, 2009, 45(6):1−5. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-7488.2009.06.001

    Tang M P, Zhou G M, Chen Y G, et al. Mingling of evergreen broad-leaved forests in Tianmu Mountain based on Voronoi diagram[J]. Scientia Silavae Sinicae, 2009, 45(6): 1−5. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-7488.2009.06.001
    [17] 汤孟平, 陈永刚, 施拥军, 等. 基于Voronoi图的群落优势树种种内种间竞争[J]. 生态学报, 2007, 27(11):4707−4716. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2007.11.039.

    Tang M P, Chen Y G, Shi Y J, et al. Intraspecific and interspecific competition analysis of community dominant plant populations based on Voronoi diagram[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2007, 27(11): 4707−4716. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2007.11.039.
    [18] 刘帅, 吴舒辞, 王红, 等. 基于 Voronoi 图的林分空间模型及分布格局研究[J]. 生态学报, 2014, 34(6):1436−1443.

    Liu S, Wu S C, Wang H, et al. The stand spatial model and pattern based on voronoi diagram[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2014, 34(6): 1436−1443.
    [19] 惠刚盈, von Gadow K, Albert M. 一个新的林分空间结构参数: 大小比数[J]. 林业科学研究, 1999, 12(1):1−6. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-1498.1999.01.001.

    Hui G Y, von Gadow K, Albert M. A new parameter for stand spatial structure: neighbourhood comparison[J]. Forest Research, 1999, 12(1): 1−6. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-1498.1999.01.001.
    [20] 汤孟平, 唐守正, 雷相东, 等. 两种混交度的比较分析[J]. 林业资源管理, 2004, 4(8):25−27.

    Tang M P, Tang S Z, Lei X D, et al. Comparison analysis on two minglings[J]. Forest Resource Management, 2004, 4(8): 25−27.
    [21] Clark P J, Evans F C. Distance to nearest neighbor as a measure of spatial relationships in populations[J]. Ecology, 1954, 35(4): 445−453.
    [22] 赵中华, 惠刚盈, 胡艳波, 等. 角尺度判断林木水平分布格局的新方法[J]. 林业科学, 2016, 52(2):10−16.

    Zhao Z H, Hui G Y, Hu Y B, et al. The new method judged horizontal distribution pattern by uniform angle index[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2016, 52(2): 10−16.
    [23] Contreras M A, Affleck D, Chung W. Evaluating tree competition indices as predictors of basal area increment in western Montana forests[J]. Forest Ecology and Management, 2011, 262(11): 1939−1949.
    [24] 徐丽娜, 金光泽. 小兴安岭凉水典型阔叶红松林动态监测样地: 物种组成与群落结构[J]. 生物多样性, 2012, 20(4):470−481.

    Xu L N, Jin G Z. Species composition and community structure of a typical mixed broad-leaved-Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis) forest plot in Liangshui Nature Reserve, Northeast China[J]. Biodiversity Science, 2012, 20(4): 470−481.
    [25] 王琴香, 沈海龙, 和春庭, 等. 红松人工林和相邻次生林林下红松天然更新种群格局分析[J]. 森林工程, 2018, 34(2):16−20. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-8023.2018.02.004.

    Wang Q X, Shen H L, He C T, et al. Analysis of natural regeneration pattern of Pinus koraiensis seedlings regenerated in Pinus koraiensis plantation and its adjacent Quercus mongolica natural forest[J]. Forest Engineering, 2018, 34(2): 16−20. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-8023.2018.02.004.
    [26] 赵春燕, 李际平, 李建军. 基于 Voronoi 图和 Delaunay 三角网的林分空间结构量化分析[J]. 林业科学, 2010, 46(6):78−84. doi: 10.11707/j.1001-7488.20100612.

    Zhao C Y, Li J P, Li J J. Quantitative analysis of forest stand spatial structure based on Voronoi diagram & Delaunay triangulated network[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2010, 46(6): 78−84. doi: 10.11707/j.1001-7488.20100612.
    [27] 张弓乔, 惠刚盈. Voronoi 多边形的边数分布规律及其在林木格局分析中的应用[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(4):1−7.

    Zhang G Q, Hui G Y. Analysis and application of polygon side distribution of Voronoi diagram in tree patterns[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(4): 1−7.
    [28] Canham C D, Lepage P T, Coates K D. A neighborhood analysis of canopy tree competition: effects of shading versus crowding[J]. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 2004, 34(4): 778−787.
    [29] 惠刚盈, 胡艳波, 赵中华. 结构化森林经营研究进展[J]. 林业科学研究, 2018, 31(1):85−93.

    Hui G Y, Hu Y B, Zhao Z H. Research progress of structure-based forest management[J]. Forest Research, 2018, 31(1): 85−93.
    [30] Maleki K, Kiviste A, Korjus H. Analysis of individual tree competition on diameter growth of silver birch in Estonia[J/OL]. Forest Systems, 2015, 24(2): e023 [2019−12−25]. https://revistas.inia.es/index.php/fs/article/view/5742.
  • 加载中
图(6) / 表(1)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  317
  • HTML全文浏览量:  84
  • PDF下载量:  58
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-03-20
  • 修回日期:  2020-04-08
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-01-11
  • 刊出日期:  2021-02-05

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回