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五大连池火山山杨叶功能性状的变异特征

黄庆阳 谢立红 曹宏杰 杨帆 倪红伟

黄庆阳, 谢立红, 曹宏杰, 杨帆, 倪红伟. 五大连池火山山杨叶功能性状的变异特征[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2021, 43(2): 81-89. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200089
引用本文: 黄庆阳, 谢立红, 曹宏杰, 杨帆, 倪红伟. 五大连池火山山杨叶功能性状的变异特征[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2021, 43(2): 81-89. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200089
Huang Qingyang, Xie Lihong, Cao Hongjie, Yang Fan, Ni Hongwei. Variation characteristics of leaf functional traits of Populus davidiana in Wudalianchi Volcano, northeastern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2021, 43(2): 81-89. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200089
Citation: Huang Qingyang, Xie Lihong, Cao Hongjie, Yang Fan, Ni Hongwei. Variation characteristics of leaf functional traits of Populus davidiana in Wudalianchi Volcano, northeastern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2021, 43(2): 81-89. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200089

五大连池火山山杨叶功能性状的变异特征

doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200089
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(31770497),黑龙江省科学院基金项目(CXJQ2018ZR03、KY2021ZR03、YY2019ZR01)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    黄庆阳,副研究员。主要研究方向:植物多样性。Email:huangqingyang@163.com 地址:150040 黑龙江省哈尔滨和平路103号 黑龙江省科学院自然与生态研究所

    责任作者:

    倪红伟,研究员,博士生导师。主要研究方向:生态学。Email:nihongwei2000@163.com 地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S718.45;S792.114

Variation characteristics of leaf functional traits of Populus davidiana in Wudalianchi Volcano, northeastern China

  • 摘要:   目的  探讨五大连池火山山杨叶功能性状特征,揭示植物对火山生境的适应,以及对不同坡向的生存策略,为特殊生境和微地形生境下植物的适应机制提供参考依据。  方法  以5座火山共有植物山杨为对象,测定叶面积(LS)、叶厚度(LT)、比叶面积(SLA)、叶干物质量(LDMC)、叶碳含量(LCC)、叶氮含量(LNC)、叶磷含量(LPC)和叶氮磷比(LNP)等8种功能性状在坡向间、火山间的变化规律和变异特征,分析叶功能性状间相互关系和主成分。  结果  (1)除LCC外,其他7种功能性状在南北坡向间均具有显著差异,LT、LDMC、LNC、LNP表现为南坡大于北坡,而LS、LCC、LPC表现为南坡小于北坡。(2)山杨SLA、LCC、LPC在新、老期火山间差异显著,但在老期火山间差异不显著。(3)火山南坡、北坡山杨LT与LDMC呈显著负相关,南、北坡向及火山间山杨LNP与LNC均呈极显著正相关、与LPC呈极显著的负相关关系。(4)火山环境中山杨LNP、LPC、LNC和LS在叶功能性状分化中起到主要贡献作用。  结论  五大连池火山山杨叶功能性状的变异与火山喷发的特殊性有关,山杨通过调节自身功能性状形成不同的生存策略来适应南、北坡向和不同火山环境,在生长过程中更容易受到氮元素缺乏的限制。火山森林生态系统是一个特殊环境,研究火山植被演替和植物功能性状等问题需要结合火山喷发的特殊情况深入讨论。

     

  • 图  1  不同年代火山间及坡向山杨叶功能性状的箱点图

    中位数以水平横线代表,25%和75%的数据范围以箱和标准差表示,独立的圆点代表极端数据,不相同字母表示地区间有效成分含量有显著性差异(P < 0.05)。下同。Median is represented by the horizontal line, quartiles (25% and 75% percentiles) are represented by boxes and SD. Extreme data are plotted with individual round dots. Different letters denote significant differences in effective component contents between areas at P < 0.05 level. The same below.

    Figure  1.  Box-plots of leaf functional traits of P. davidiana in volcanoes of different ages and varied slope aspects

    图  2  五大连池火山山杨叶功能性状的主成分分析

                 A. 南坡;B. 北坡;C. 火山体。 A, south slope; B, north slope; C, volcano body.

    Figure  2.  Principal component analysis of leaf functional traits of P. davidiana in Wudalianchi Volcano

    表  1  五大连池不同年代火山样地基本情况

    Table  1.   Basic situation of sample plots of different age volcanoes in Wudalianchi

    研究区
    Study area
    地理位置
    Geographical
    position
    海拔
    Altitude/m
    土壤类型
    Soil type
    喷发时间
    Eruption time
    坡向
    Slope aspect
    优势树种
    Dominant plant species
    比例
    Proportion/%
    树龄/a
    Tree age/
    year
    L 48°42′32″N 126°07′06″ E 340 火山灰土
    Volcanic ash soil
    300年前
    300 years ago
    南坡
    South slope
    山杨 Populus davidiana 50 21
    白桦 Betula platyphylla 45 36
    北坡
    North slope
    落叶松 Larix gmelinii 72 36
    山杨 Populus davidiana 25 25

    D
    48°39′13″N 126°16′30″E 340 暗棕壤
    Dark brown soil
    170 000 ~ 190 000年前
    170 000−190 000 years ago
    南坡
    South slope
    蒙古栎 Quercus mongolica 50 57
    山杨 Populus davidiana 10 55
    北坡
    North slope
    白桦 Betula platyphylla 55 63
    山杨 Populus davidiana 15 59
    X 48°40′45″N 126°22′06″E 380 暗棕壤
    Dark brown soil
    280 000 ~ 360 000年前
    280 000−360 000 years ago
    南坡
    South slope
    蒙古栎 Quercus mongolica 83 55
    山杨Populus davidiana
    10 49
    北坡
    North slope
    白桦 Betula platyphylla 48 50
    山杨 Populus davidiana 10 51
    W 48°47′23″N 126°15′26″E 400 暗棕壤
    Dark brown soil
    400 000 ~ 500 000年前
    400 000−500 000 years ago
    南坡
    South slope
    蒙古栎 Quercus mongolica 78 58
    山杨 Populus davidiana 10 50
    北坡
    North slope
    白桦 Betula platyphylla 52 57
    山杨 Populus davidiana 10 52

    BG
    48°44′42″N 126°00″23″E 415 暗棕壤
    Dark brown soil
    700 000 ~ 800 000年前
    700 000−800 000 years ago
    南坡
    South slope
    蒙古栎 Quercus mongolica 80 50
    山杨 Populus davidiana 12 36
    北坡
    North slope
    黑桦 Betula davurica 50 48
    山杨Populus davidiana 10 37
    注:L表示老黑山;D表示东焦得布山;X表示小孤山;W表示尾山;BG表示北格拉球山。下同。
    Notes: L represents Laohei Volcano; D represents Dongjiaodebu Volcano; X represents Xiaogu Volcano; W represents Weishan Volcano; BG represents Beigelaqiu Volcano. The same below.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  五大连池不同火山、南北坡向间山杨叶功能性状变异系数

    Table  2.   Variation coefficients of leaf functional traits of P. davidiana in different volcanoes and its north-south slope aspects in Wudalianchi %

    变量
    Variable
    老黑山 L东焦得布山 D小孤山 X尾山 W北格拉球山 BG
    南坡South slope北坡North slope火山Volcano南坡South slope北坡North slope火山Volcano南坡South slope北坡North slope火山Volcano南坡South slope北坡North slope火山Volcano南坡South slope北坡North slope火山Volcano
    LS31.3721.4630.2716.5721.9220.8828.7426.5032.9118.8022.1523.8015.1711.9314.74
    LT4.233.576.683.832.904.395.634.476.325.656.286.365.425.786.44
    SLA9.7010.7414.6114.3022.2012.8013.6815.6914.5811.459.0910.3213.9414.1613.97
    LDMC5.934.947.515.543.844.967.915.977.277.965.767.377.525.466.95
    LCC4.653.723.9910.176.468.032.132.742.366.304.256.036.672.985.67
    LNC13.456.259.886.878.1518.2920.3211.0918.2411.716.769.119.987.0711.40
    LPC8.608.9733.619.2611.139.6522.8217.3319.7913.7424.1318.4712.568.1410.69
    LNP9.6012.3835.079.1912.5921.0533.2119.8325.6315.6519.0517.5322.9610.2218.97
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  五大连池火山山杨叶功能性状方差分析

    Table  3.   ANOVA for leaf functional traits of P. davidiana in Wudalianchi Volcano

    变量
    Variable
    火山间
    Between volcanoes
    坡向间
    Between slope aspects
    FPFP
    LS68.6620.00012.0610.001
    LT27.0370.00020.7670.000
    SLA9.8050.00021.2370.000
    LDMC115.6740.00021.8240.000
    LCC1.9340.0492.4380.20
    LNC4.9650.0020.6780.001
    LPC4.1810.00610.5070.030
    LNP5.4130.0012.7960.002
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  五大连池火山南坡(对角线上部)、北坡(对角线下部)山杨叶功能性状相关系数

    Table  4.   Pearson correlation coefficients between leaf functional traits of P. davidiana on north (upper diagonal) and south (lower diagonal) slope of volcanoes in Wudalianchi

    变量 VariableLSLTSLALDMCLCCLNCLPCLNP
    LS 1.000 0.127 0.273 −0.272 0.283 0.166 0.046 0.109
    LT 0.031 1.000 −0.182 −0.580** 0.084 0.296 0.202 0.022
    SLA 0.529** 0.084 1.000 −0.291 −0.024 0.056 −0.354 0.241
    LDMC −0.271 −0.653** −0.056 1.000 −0.100 −0.106 0.104 −0.179
    LCC 0.024 0.140 −0.058 −0.204 1.000 0.210 −0.255 0.389
    LNC −0.275 0.138 0.236 −0.083 0.242 1.000 0.165 0.577**
    LPC −0.273 0.261 −0.018 0.125 −0.355 0.005 1.000 −0.674**
    LNP 0.016 −0.128 0.152 −0.166 0.381 0.557** −0.789** 1.000
    **表示P < 0.01,*表示P < 0.05。Notes: ** and * represent P < 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  五大连池火山山杨叶功能性状相关系数

    Table  5.   Pearson correlation coefficients between leaf functional traits of P. davidiana in Wudalianchi Volcano

    变量 VariableLSLTSLALDMCLCCLNCLPCLNP
    LS1.000−0.365**0.155−0.476**−0.0060.233−0.285*0.279
    LT1.000−0.284*−0.0680.213−0.1250.380**−0.316*
    SLA1.000−0.078−0.0060.012−0.2770.204
    LDMC1.000−0.041−0.2610.232−0.315*
    LCC1.0000.128−0.2510.275
    LNC1.000−0.0780.618**
    LPC1.000−0.778**
    LNP1.000
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-08-13
  • 修回日期:  2020-09-23
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-01-27
  • 刊出日期:  2021-02-24

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