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云南松不同家系苗木生物量分配及其异速生长

李亚麒 孙继伟 李江飞 王丹 陈诗 许玉兰 蔡年辉

李亚麒, 孙继伟, 李江飞, 王丹, 陈诗, 许玉兰, 蔡年辉. 云南松不同家系苗木生物量分配及其异速生长[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2021, 43(8): 18-28. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200142
引用本文: 李亚麒, 孙继伟, 李江飞, 王丹, 陈诗, 许玉兰, 蔡年辉. 云南松不同家系苗木生物量分配及其异速生长[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2021, 43(8): 18-28. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200142
Li Yaqi, Sun Jiwei, Li Jiangfei, Wang Dan, Chen Shi, Xu Yulan, Cai Nianhui. Biomass allocation and its allometric growth of Pinus yunnanensis seedlings of different families[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2021, 43(8): 18-28. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200142
Citation: Li Yaqi, Sun Jiwei, Li Jiangfei, Wang Dan, Chen Shi, Xu Yulan, Cai Nianhui. Biomass allocation and its allometric growth of Pinus yunnanensis seedlings of different families[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2021, 43(8): 18-28. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200142

云南松不同家系苗木生物量分配及其异速生长

doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200142
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(31860203、31760204),云南省教育厅科学研究基金项目(2019Y0124)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    李亚麒。主要研究方向:森林培育。Email:1640949082@qq.com 地址:650224云南省昆明市盘龙区白龙路300号西南林业大学林学院

    责任作者:

    蔡年辉,博士,副教授。主要研究方向:森林培育。Email:cainianhui@sohu.com 地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S791.257

Biomass allocation and its allometric growth of Pinus yunnanensis seedlings of different families

  • 摘要:   目的  旨在探明不同家系云南松苗木器官生物量分配格局及其异速生长现象,了解苗木的个体发育规律及适应策略。  方法  对10个家系310株云南松苗木的生长及生物量相关指标进行调查,利用单因素方差分析比较不同家系苗木的生物量及其分配差异,并采用标准化主轴分析法对其异速生长关系进行分析。  结果  (1)不同家系苗木生物量的积累与分配存在差异,但各器官生物量的分配均表现为叶 > 茎 > 根。苗木个体越小,叶生物量占比越大,随着个体大小的增加,倾向于将更多的生物量分配到茎。(2)苗木器官生物量间及器官生物量与个体大小间的异速生长关系在不同家系中不尽相同,总体表现为等速生长。(3)地上生物量与根生物量间及茎生物量与根生物量间具有共同的异速生长指数,分别为1.054和1.209。不同家系苗木既存在等速生长又具有异速生长现象,异速生长关系并不一致。  结论  异速生长关系在不同的家系中并不唯一,既有趋同适应又存在差异,反应了苗木的生长与适应策略。

     

  • 图  1  不同家系云南松苗木生物量积累量

    生物量积累量的值为平均值± 标准误。不同小写字母表示家系间差异显著(P < 0.05)。下同。Biomass accumulation value was mean ± standard error. Different lowercase letters indicate significant differences among varied families (P < 0.05). The same below.

    Figure  1.  Biomass accumulation of P. yunnanensis seedlings of different families

    图  2  不同家系云南松苗木生物量分配比例

    Figure  2.  Biomass allocation ratios of P. yunnanensis seedlings of different families

    表  1  云南松苗木不同性状间的异速生长分析

    Table  1.   Allometric growth analysis of P. yunnanensis seedlings with different traits

    性状
    Trait
    决定系数
    Determination coefficient
    显著性
    Significance (P)
    斜率
    Slope
    95%置信区间
    95% confidence interval
    截距
    Intercept
    95%置信区间
    95% confidence interval
    F
    F value
    P−1.0
    H ~ D 0.253 0.000 0.962 0.873 ~ 1.060 0.198 0.110 ~ 0.624 0.430 0.000
    D ~ TB 0.666 0.000 0.524 0.491 ~ 0.559 0.503 0.473 ~ 0.533 442.845 0.000
    LB ~ RB 0.755 0.000 0.996 0.942 ~ 1.052 0.563 0.541 ~ 0.585 0.026 0.873
    LB ~ SB 0.757 0.000 0.854 0.808 ~ 0.903 0.380 0.356 ~ 0.403 31.786 0.000
    SB ~ RB 0.771 0.000 1.165 1.105 ~ 1.230 0.215 0.190 ~ 0.239 31.794 0.000
    AGB ~ RB 0.817 0.000 1.002 0.955 ~ 1.051 0.735 0.716 ~ 0.753 0.004 0.948
    RB ~ TB 0.870 0.000 1.016 0.976 ~ 1.058 −0.825 −0.862 ~ 0.789 0.603 0.438
    SB ~ TB 0.898 0.000 1.184 1.143 ~ 1.227 −0.747 0.803 ~ 1.000 87.296 0.000
    LB ~ TB 0.948 0.000 1.011 0.986 ~ 1.038 −0.259 −0.282 ~ 0.236 0.767 0.382
    AGB ~ TB 0.994 0.000 1.018 1.009 ~ 1.027 −0.092 −0.100 ~ 0.084 15.722 0.000
    注:P−1.0表示斜率与理论值1.0的差异显著性。HD、RB、SB、LB、AGB、TB分别为苗高、地径、根生物量、茎生物量、叶生物量、地上生物量、总生物量(个体大小)。下同。
    Notes: P−1.0 indicates significant difference between the estimated model slope and theoretical value 1.0; H, D, RB, SB, LB, AGB, TB are seedling height, ground diameter, root biomass, stem biomass, leaf biomass, aboveground biomass and total biomass (individual size), respectively. The same below.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同家系云南松苗木形态指标及形态指标与个体大小间的异速生长分析

    Table  2.   Allometric growth analysis of morphological index and the relationship between morphological index and individual size of P. yunnanensis seedlings

    性状
    Trait
    家系
    Family
    决定系数
    Determination coefficient
    P斜率
    Slope
    95%置信区间
    95% confidence interval
    F
    F value
    P−1.0类型
    Type
    H ~ D20080.0020.8250.728b0.509 ~ 1.0423.2270.082I
    20170.4030.0000.919b0.695 ~ 1.2150.3720.546I
    20200.4650.0000.770b0.596 ~ 0.9954.3000.046A
    20240.1930.0281.168ab0.800 ~ 1.7050.6900.415I
    20330.1380.0621.006ab0.686 ~ 1.4740.0010.975I
    20340.2660.0060.941ab0.666 ~ 1.3300.1250.726I
    20360.4740.0000.678b0.530 ~ 0.86710.5950.003A
    20480.3590.0001.483a1.093 ~ 2.0137.1420.012A
    20500.3660.0000.990ab0.753 ~ 1.3030.0050.944I
    22060.2150.0131.043ab0.735 ~ 1.4800.0580.812I
    D ~ TB20080.4060.0000.832a0.630 ~ 1.1001.7850.191I
    20170.5770.0000.354b0.280 ~ 0.448111.9260.000A
    20200.7530.0000.506b0.425 ~ 0.60372.1190.000A
    20240.5550.0000.442b0.333 ~ 0.58742.8920.000A
    20330.7540.0000.473b0.385 ~ 0.58265.6590.000A
    20340.8840.0000.406b0.353 ~ 0.466229.3410.000A
    20360.8260.0000.485b0.420 ~ 0.559125.3050.000A
    20480.7120.0000.432b0.351 ~ 0.53186.2610.000A
    20500.8620.0000.410b0.360 ~ 0.466253.6960.000A
    22060.5880.0000.514b0.398 ~ 0.66332.4070.000A
    注:不同小写字母表示家系间差异显著 (P < 0.05)。A表示异速生长关系,I表示等速生长关系。下同。Notes: Different lowercase letters indicate significant differences among varied families (P < 0.05). A means allometric growth relationship, I indicates isometric growth relationship. The same below.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  不同家系云南松苗木各器官生物量间的异速生长分析

    Table  3.   Analysis of allometric growth of each organ of P. yunnanensis seedlings among different families

    性状
    Trait
    家系
    Family
    决定系数
    Determination coefficient
    P
    斜率
    Slope
    95%置信区间
    95% confidence interval
    F
    F value
    P−1.0类型
    Type
    LB ~ RB 2008 0.729 0.000 1.017b 0.842 ~ 1.230 0.034 0.856 I
    2017 0.814 0.000 1.033b 0.883 ~ 1.210 0.178 0.676 I
    2020 0.801 0.000 1.168b 0.998 ~ 1.366 4.023 0.053 I
    2024 0.538 0.000 1.658a 1.242 ~ 2.215 13.856 0.001 A
    2033 0.808 0.000 1.298ab 1.080 ~ 1.559 8.690 0.007 A
    2034 0.850 0.000 1.090b 0.930 ~ 1.277 1.237 0.277 I
    2036 0.666 0.000 1.109b 0.911 ~ 1.351 1.128 0.295 I
    2048 0.900 0.000 0.857b 0.759 ~ 0.969 6.670 0.015 A
    2050 0.854 0.000 0.894b 0.783 ~ 1.021 2.946 0.095 I
    2206 0.639 0.000 1.027b 0.808 ~ 1.305 0.050 0.826 I
    LB ~ SB 2008 0.756 0.000 0.902b 0.753 ~ 1.079 1.369 0.251 I
    2017 0.725 0.000 0.774b 0.639 ~ 0.937 7.557 0.010 A
    2020 0.849 0.000 1.010ab 0.880 ~ 1.158 0.020 0.889 I
    2024 0.643 0.000 1.238a 0.959 ~ 1.600 2.973 0.098 I
    2033 0.688 0.000 1.092ab 0.865 ~ 1.379 0.600 0.446 I
    2034 0.872 0.000 0.995ab 0.859 ~ 1.152 0.006 0.941 I
    2036 0.583 0.000 0.794b 0.637 ~ 0.989 4.554 0.040 A
    2048 0.879 0.000 0.656b 0.574 ~ 0.750 43.564 0.000 A
    2050 0.892 0.000 0.733b 0.654 ~ 0.822 31.413 0.000 A
    2206 0.649 0.000 1.061ab 0.837 ~ 1.344 0.256 0.617 I
    SB ~ RB 2008 0.652 0.000 1.128a 0.910 ~ 1.398 1.303 0.262 I
    2017 0.714 0.000 1.335a 1.099 ~ 1.622 9.301 0.005 A
    2020 0.833 0.000 1.157a 1.001 ~ 1.336 4.207 0.048 A
    2024 0.500 0.000 1.340a 0.992 ~ 1.810 4.051 0.056 I
    2033 0.699 0.000 1.188a 0.945 ~ 1.494 2.386 0.136 I
    2034 0.786 0.000 1.096a 0.907 ~ 1.324 0.977 0.333 I
    2036 0.654 0.000 1.397a 1.143 ~ 1.707 11.746 0.002 A
    2048 0.862 0.000 1.307a 1.132 ~ 1.508 14.864 0.001 A
    2050 0.807 0.000 1.220a 1.048 ~ 1.421 7.064 0.012 A
    2206 0.728 0.000 0.968a 0.786 ~ 1.193 0.101 0.753 I
    AGB ~ RB 2008 0.746 0.000 1.013a 0.843 ~ 1.217 0.020 0.889 I
    2017 0.851 0.000 1.049a 0.911 ~ 1.207 0.474 0.496 I
    2020 0.833 0.000 1.142a 0.989 ~ 1.320 3.528 0.069 I
    2024 0.589 0.000 1.416a 1.077 ~ 1.860 7.041 0.014 A
    2033 0.837 0.000 1.199a 1.012 ~ 1.421 4.902 0.037 A
    2034 0.862 0.000 1.070a 0.919 ~ 1.241 0.829 0.371 I
    2036 0.769 0.000 1.102a 0.935 ~ 1.299 1.423 0.241 I
    2048 0.907 0.000 0.974a 0.866 ~ 1.096 0.203 0.656 I
    2050 0.862 0.000 0.977a 0.858 ~ 1.111 0.139 0.712 I
    2206 0.748 0.000 0.947a 0.774 ~ 1.157 0.311 0.582 I
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  不同家系云南松苗木茎 ~ 根、地上 ~ 根生物量沿共同主轴的位移

    Table  4.   Shift of biomass pair SB − RB and AGB − RB of seedlings along common axis of P. yunnanensis seedlings among different families

    家系
    Family
    SB ~ RBAGB ~ RB
    截距
    Intercpt
    95%置信区间
    95% confidence interval
    漂移
    Shift
    截距
    Intercept
    95%置信区间
    95% confidence interval
    漂移
    Shift
    2008 0.172b 0.095 ~ 0.238 −0.007b 0.675b 0.619 ~ 0.726 0.520b
    2017 0.191b 0.059 ~ 0.283 0.574ab 0.718b 0.657 ~ 0.781 1.052ab
    2020 0.313ab 0.193 ~ 0.383 −0.845b 0.902a 0.851 ~ 1.039 −0.107b
    2024 0.275ab 0.161 ~ 0.390 0.268b 0.761b 0.655 ~ 0.870 0.755b
    2033 0.180b 0.103 ~ 0.256 0.161b 0.722b 0.667 ~ 0.779 0.706b
    2034 0.337a 0.254 ~ 0.433 0.472ab 0.771b 0.701 ~ 0.840 0.889ab
    2036 0.266b 0.182 ~ 0.327 0.408b 0.765b 0.716 ~ 0.808 0.888b
    2048 0.190b 0.125 ~ 0.248 0.277b 0.735b 0.701 ~ 0.775 0.811b
    2050 0.065b −0.021 ~ 0.144 0.759a 0.616b 0.582 ~ 0.694 1.221a
    2206 0.187b 0.083 ~ 0.226 −0.146b 0.685b 0.603 ~ 0.737 0.394b
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  不同家系云南松苗木器官生物量与个体大小间的异速生长分析

    Table  5.   Analysis of allometric growth between each organ and individual size of P. yunnanensis seedlings among different families

    性状
    Trait
    家系
    Family
    决定系数
    Determination coefficient
    P
    斜率
    Slope
    95%置信区间
    95% confidence interval
    F
    F value
    P−1.0类型
    Type
    RB 2008 0.823 0.000 1.015a 0.870 ~ 1.183 0.038 0.848 I
    2017 0.892 0.000 0.974a 0.863 ~ 1.098 0.201 0.657 I
    2020 0.868 0.000 0.901a 0.793 ~ 1.025 2.713 0.109 I
    2024 0.703 0.000 0.785a 0.622 ~ 0.991 4.626 0.042 A
    2033 0.877 0.000 0.876a 0.756 ~ 1.015 3.428 0.076 I
    2034 0.895 0.000 0.953a 0.834 ~ 1.088 0.557 0.463 I
    2036 0.818 0.000 0.933a 0.806 ~ 1.079 0.936 0.340 I
    2048 0.935 0.000 1.029a 0.932 ~ 1.136 0.355 0.556 I
    2050 0.910 0.000 1.034a 0.928 ~ 1.144 0.345 0.561 I
    2206 0.819 0.000 1.069a 0.901 ~ 1.267 0.632 0.434 I
    SB 2008 0.874 0.000 1.145b 1.006 ~ 1.303 4.539 0.041 A
    2017 0.851 0.000 1.300ab 1.129 ~ 1.497 14.690 0.001 A
    2020 0.918 0.000 1.042b 0.942 ~ 1.153 0.692 0.412 I
    2024 0.812 0.000 1.052b 0.873 ~ 1.267 0.316 0.580 I
    2033 0.831 0.000 1.041b 0.876 ~ 1.237 0.229 0.636 I
    2034 0.929 0.000 1.044b 0.936 ~ 1.165 0.652 0.427 I
    2036 0.898 0.000 1.303ab 1.168 ~ 1.453 24.707 0.000 A
    2048 0.947 0.000 1.345a 1.230 ~ 1.470 47.752 0.000 A
    2050 0.941 0.000 1.258ab 1.155 ~ 1.369 30.720 0.000 A
    2206 0.856 0.000 1.034b 0.888 ~ 1.205 0.206 0.654 I
    LB 2008 0.963 0.000 1.032b 0.962 ~ 1.107 0.851 0.363 I
    2017 0.961 0.000 1.006b 0.936 ~ 1.081 0.031 0.861 I
    2020 0.985 0.000 1.052b 1.007 ~ 1.099 5.614 0.024 A
    2024 0.932 0.000 1.302a 1.164 ~ 1.457 24.195 0.000 A
    2033 0.965 0.000 1.137b 1.051 ~ 1.230 11.446 0.002 A
    2034 0.984 0.000 1.039b 0.987 ~ 1.093 2.294 0.142 I
    2036 0.837 0.000 1.034b 0.901 ~ 1.188 0.246 0.623 I
    2048 0.981 0.000 0.882b 0.837 ~ 0.930 23.824 0.000 A
    2050 0.983 0.000 0.921b 0.880 ~ 0.965 13.080 0.001 A
    2206 0.924 0.000 1.097b 0.982 ~ 1.226 2.942 0.098 I
    AGB 2008 0.991 0.000 1.028b 0.992 ~ 1.064 2.538 0.121 I
    2017 0.996 0.000 1.021b 0.998 ~ 1.045 3.515 0.070 I
    2020 0.997 0.000 1.030b 1.011 ~ 1.048 10.826 0.002 A
    2024 0.984 0.000 1.111a 1.052 ~ 1.174 16.122 0.001 A
    2033 0.996 0.000 1.051ab 1.025 ~ 1.078 16.631 0.000 A
    2034 0.997 0.000 1.019b 0.998 ~ 1.041 3.466 0.074 I
    2036 0.996 0.000 1.028b 1.006 ~ 1.050 6.757 0.014 A
    2048 0.997 0.000 1.003b 0.983 ~ 1.023 0.084 0.774 I
    2050 0.994 0.000 1.007b 0.980 ~ 1.034 0.249 0.621 I
    2206 0.992 0.000 1.011b 0.976 ~ 1.048 0.424 0.521 I
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-05-10
  • 修回日期:  2020-08-14
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-06-05
  • 刊出日期:  2021-08-31

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