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黄栌叶片光合特性对氮磷钾配施的响应

吴焦焦 田秋玲 乐佳兴 谭星 张文 高岚 李林珂 刘芸

吴焦焦, 田秋玲, 乐佳兴, 谭星, 张文, 高岚, 李林珂, 刘芸. 黄栌叶片光合特性对氮磷钾配施的响应[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2021, 43(2): 63-71. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200199
引用本文: 吴焦焦, 田秋玲, 乐佳兴, 谭星, 张文, 高岚, 李林珂, 刘芸. 黄栌叶片光合特性对氮磷钾配施的响应[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2021, 43(2): 63-71. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200199
Wu Jiaojiao, Tian Qiuling, Yue Jiaxing, Tan Xing, Zhang Wen, Gao Lan, Li Linke, Liu Yun. Response of leaf photosynthetic characteristics of Cotinus coggygria to combined application of mineral nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2021, 43(2): 63-71. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200199
Citation: Wu Jiaojiao, Tian Qiuling, Yue Jiaxing, Tan Xing, Zhang Wen, Gao Lan, Li Linke, Liu Yun. Response of leaf photosynthetic characteristics of Cotinus coggygria to combined application of mineral nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2021, 43(2): 63-71. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200199

黄栌叶片光合特性对氮磷钾配施的响应

doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200199
基金项目: 中央高校基本科研业务费专项(XDJK2019D041),渝林科研(2020-3),重庆市硕士研究生科研创新项目(CYS19123)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    吴焦焦。主要研究方向:植物生理生态。Email:1437078406@qq.com 地址:400716 重庆市北碚区天生路2号西南大学资源与环境学院

    责任作者:

    刘芸,博士,教授。主要研究方向:植物生理生态学。Email:utrecht@swu.edu.cn 地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S718.43;S793.9

Response of leaf photosynthetic characteristics of Cotinus coggygria to combined application of mineral nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium

  • 摘要:   目的  通过研究黄栌叶片光合特性对氮磷钾配施处理的响应,探讨光合特性与氮磷钾肥的关系,为黄栌的养分管理提供科学依据。  方法  以黄栌盆栽苗为试验材料,根据 L9(34)正交设计进行氮肥(N为0、6、12 g/株)、磷肥(P为0、10、20 g/株)和钾肥(K为4、8、12 g/株)试验,设置10个处理,分别为T1(N1P1K1)、T2(N1P2K2)、T3(N1P3K3)、T4(N2P1K2)、T5(N2P2K3)、T6(N2P3K1)、T7(N3P1K3)、T8(N3P2K1)、T9(N3P2K1)和T10(N0P0K0)。测定不同配施下黄栌叶片的光合色素含量、叶面积、光合参数日变化和光响应曲线,分析氮磷钾与黄栌叶片光合特征参数的关系。  结果  各处理黄栌叶片净光合速率(Pn)和气孔导度(Gs)呈双峰型曲线变化,蒸腾速率(Tr)呈单峰型曲线变化。T5、T6和T8的叶绿素总量(Chl s)和类胡萝卜素(Car)含量较高;除T2外,其余处理的Pn日平均值显著高于对照(P < 0.05),其中T5、T6和T9较高。T9的光合日变化参数值(PnTrGs和光能利用效率(LUE))以及光响应参数值(最大净光合速率(Pnmax)、光饱和点(LSP)、光补偿点(LCP)和暗呼吸速率(Rd))日平均值最高。冗余分析结果表明,肥料贡献率大小为磷肥 > 氮肥 > 钾肥。其中磷对光合色素(Chl s和Car)的影响大,与PnPnmax和LSP正相关程度较显著。氮钾对LUE的影响大,同时LUE与LCP、TrGs正相关程度较显著。  结论  本研究T9(氮肥施用量12 g/株、磷肥施用量20 g/株、钾肥施用量8 g/株)是本试验的最优处理,进一步说明磷肥对提高黄栌叶片光合色素含量起重要作用,从而显著促进黄栌叶片的光合能力。

     

  • 图  1  环境因子的日变化

    Figure  1.  Diurnal variations of environmental factors

    图  2  不同氮磷钾配施处理对黄栌光合色素含量的影响

    不同字母表示差异显著(P < 0.05)。下同。Different letters mean significant differences (P < 0.05). The same below.

    Figure  2.  Effects of combined application of N, P and K on photosynthetic pigment content of C. coggygria

    图  3  不同氮磷钾配施处理对黄栌叶面积的影响

    Figure  3.  Effects of combined application of N, P and K on leaf area of C. coggygria

    图  4  不同氮磷钾配施处理对黄栌叶片光合参数日变化的影响

    Figure  4.  Effects of combined application of N,P,K on diurnal variations of photosynthetic parameters in leaves of C. coggygria

    图  5  不同氮磷钾配施处理下的黄栌叶片的光合-光响应曲线

    Figure  5.  Photosynthesis-light response curves of C. coggygria leaves under different combined applications of N,P and K

    图  6  氮磷钾与黄栌叶片光合特性参数的 RDA 排序图

    Figure  6.  RDA diagram of photosynthetic parameters of C. coggygria with N, P and K

    表  1  黄栌施肥处理的试验方案

    Table  1.   Test scheme of fertilization treatment for Cotinus coggygria

    处理
    Treatment
    配施组合
    Combined fertilizer
    application
    全年施肥量/(g·株−1)
    Annual fertilizer amount/(g·plant−1)
    NP2O5K2O
    T1N1P1K1004
    T2N1P2K20108
    T3N1P3K302012
    T4N2P1K2608
    T5 N2P2K3 6 10 12
    T6N2P3K16204
    T7N3P1K31208
    T8N3P2K112104
    T9N3P3K212208
    T10N0P0K0000
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同氮磷钾配施下黄栌叶片光合参数日平均值

    Table  2.   Daily average values of photosynthetic parameters of C. coggygria under different combined applications of N, P and K

    处理 TreatmentPn/(μmol·m−2·s−1)Tr/(mmol·m−2·s−1)Gs/(mol·m−2·s−1)LUE/%
    T17.654 ± 0.202b2.776 ± 0.169c0.114 ± 0.010d2.314 ± 0.161c
    T26.949 ± 0.202c3.132 ± 0.091b0.134 ± 0.007cd3.048 ± 0.079a
    T37.794 ± 0.150b3.092 ± 0.833b0.121 ± 0.014d2.385 ± 0.040c
    T47.602 ± 0.225b3.290 ± 0.147b0.143 ± 0.007bc2.688 ± 0.072b
    T58.802 ± 0.225a3.497 ± 0.148a0.151 ± 0.012b2.735 ± 0.131b
    T68.833 ± 0.196a3.606 ± 0.125a0.129 ± 0.004d2.323 ± 0.161c
    T77.476 ± 0.151b3.069 ± 0.109b0.141 ± 0.009c3.177 ± 0.047a
    T87.943 ± 0.186b3.385 ± 0.833b0.147 ± 0.010b2.597 ± 0.115b
    T99.008 ± 0.177a3.644 ± 0.103a0.158 ± 0.005a3.218 ± 0.072a
    T106.853 ± 0.614c3.319 ± 0.183b0.148 ± 0.008b2.002 ± 0.160d
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  不同氮磷钾配施下黄栌叶片光合-光响应参数

    Table  3.   Phtosynthesis-light response parameters of C. coggygria leaves under different combined applications of N, P and K

    处理 TreatmentAQY/(μmol·m−2·s−1)Pnmax/(μmol·m−2·s−1)LSP/(μmol·m−2·s−1)LCP/(μmol·m−2·s−1)Rd/(μmol·m−2·s−1)
    T10.047 ± 0.003d6.515 ± 0.251d1 110.258 ± 60.836c14.325 ± 0.800d0.634 ± 0.191d
    T20.069 ± 0.003ab6.705 ± 0.212d1 166.762 ± 28.746c28.196 ± 2.212b1.643 ± 0.211ab
    T30.063 ± 0.003bc7.604 ± 0.407c1 208.546 ± 73.310b26.258 ± 1.986b1.514 ± 0.171bc
    T40.069 ± 0.003ab7.624 ± 0.202c1 038.744 ± 44.339d20.807 ± 1.600b1.262 ± 0.191c
    T50.062 ± 0.003bc9.285 ± 0.295b1 045.167 ± 19.850d27.366 ± 1.975b1.523 ± 0.206b
    T60.059 ± 0.003c10.846 ± 0.113a1 142.211 ± 41.416c28.954 ± 2.165b1.507 ± 0.207bc
    T70.067 ± 0.003b6.866 ± 0.215d1 028.514 ± 19.836d21.514 ± 1.643c1.257 ± 0.203c
    T80.050 ± 0.003d8.018 ± 0.216c1 232.757 ± 60.396b25.881 ± 0.851b1.179 ± 0.149c
    T90.065 ± 0.003bc11.206 ± 0.277a1 596.117 ± 22.237a33.284 ± 2.582a1.817 ± 0.160a
    T100.074 ± 0.003a6.412 ± 0.197d1 072.515 ± 11.667cd15.419 ± 0.949d1.010 ± 0.085c
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  氮磷钾与黄栌光合特征参数的RDA分析

    Table  4.   RDA analysis of photosynthetic characteristic parameters of C. coggygria with N, P and K

    统计
    Statistic
    特征值
    Eigenvalue
    累计解释变量
    Cumulative explaviation
    variable/%
    解释拟合累积变量
    Explaining the fitting
    cumulative variable/%

    轴1 Axis 10.571 257.1271.60
    轴2 Axis 20.147 171.8490.05
    轴3 Axis 30.079 479.78100.00
    轴4 Axis 40.165 696.33
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  氮磷钾配施下黄栌光合日变化的模糊综合质量评价与排序

    Table  5.   Evaluation and sequencing of diurnal variations of photosynthesis of C. coggygria to combined fertilization of N, P and K

    处理 TreatmentPnTrGsLUE综合值 Comprehensive value排序 Sort
    T10.46 ± 0.05b0.60 ± 0.07cde0.68 ± 0.07abc0.60 ± 0.03b2.345
    T20.20 ± 0.12c0.62 ± 0.09cd0.77 ± 0.08ab0.12 ± 0.06d1.718
    T30.23 ± 0.04c0.46 ± 0.04de0.52 ± 0.07bcd0.85 ± 0.03a2.067
    T40.89 ± 0.04a0.41 ± 0.05de0.43 ± 0.04cde0.35 ± 0.06c2.086
    T50.58 ± 0.04b0.68 ± 0.04bc0.75 ± 0.09ab0.54 ± 0.05b2.554
    T60.87 ± 0.04a0.16 ± 0.08e0.18 ± 0.10e0.34 ± 0.06c1.5510
    T70.42 ± 0.03b0.90 ± 0.05a0.65 ± 0.09abc0.94 ± 0.02a2.912
    T80.48 ± 0.04b0.78 ± 0.07abc0.81 ± 0.12ab0.63 ± 0.05b2.73
    T90.95 ± 0.04a0.87 ± 0.06ab0.93 ± 0.05a0.97 ± 0.03a3.721
    T100.53 ± 0.03b0.43 ± 0.04de0.30 ± 0.14de0.39 ± 0.02c1.659
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-07-11
  • 修回日期:  2020-07-28
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-01-26
  • 刊出日期:  2021-02-24

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