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板栗‘燕山早丰’与‘燕晶’正反交后代果实性状的遗传倾向研究

刘宁伟 王璐 张智勇 张树航 张卿 王广鹏 秦岭 曹庆芹

刘宁伟, 王璐, 张智勇, 张树航, 张卿, 王广鹏, 秦岭, 曹庆芹. 板栗‘燕山早丰’与‘燕晶’正反交后代果实性状的遗传倾向研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2021, 43(5): 75-85. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200312
引用本文: 刘宁伟, 王璐, 张智勇, 张树航, 张卿, 王广鹏, 秦岭, 曹庆芹. 板栗‘燕山早丰’与‘燕晶’正反交后代果实性状的遗传倾向研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2021, 43(5): 75-85. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200312
Liu Ningwei, Wang Lu, Zhang Zhiyong, Zhang Shuhang, Zhang Qing, Wang Guangpeng, Qin Ling, Cao Qingqin. Analysis of inherited tendency of fruit characteristics in F1 group of reciprocal crossing between ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ and ‘Yanjing’ in Castanea mollissima[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2021, 43(5): 75-85. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200312
Citation: Liu Ningwei, Wang Lu, Zhang Zhiyong, Zhang Shuhang, Zhang Qing, Wang Guangpeng, Qin Ling, Cao Qingqin. Analysis of inherited tendency of fruit characteristics in F1 group of reciprocal crossing between ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ and ‘Yanjing’ in Castanea mollissima[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2021, 43(5): 75-85. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200312

板栗‘燕山早丰’与‘燕晶’正反交后代果实性状的遗传倾向研究

doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200312
基金项目: 北京市科协“金桥工程种子资金”(C202042),河北省高水平人才团队建设专项(205A6801D)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘宁伟。主要研究方向:果树发育生物学。Email:603594532@qq.com 地址:102206北京市昌平区回龙观镇北农路7号北京农学院植物科学技术学院

    责任作者:

    张卿,博士,副教授。主要研究方向:板栗种质资源创新与利用。Email:zhangqing@bua.edu.cn  地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S722.8

Analysis of inherited tendency of fruit characteristics in F1 group of reciprocal crossing between ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ and ‘Yanjing’ in Castanea mollissima

  • 摘要:   目的  研究板栗杂交后代果实性状的遗传倾向和杂交后代的遗传差异,提高板栗良种繁育效率。  方法  以‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’为亲本杂交产生259个F1个体为试验材料,对2016年和2017年板栗坚果性状、栗蓬性状、直链淀粉含量、支链淀粉含量、总淀粉含量和可溶性糖含量等13个性状进行测量,并进行遗传倾向研究。  结果  坚果相关性状的研究表明:2016年和2017年的单粒质量、坚果厚、坚果高和坚果宽等性状呈正态分布趋势,且后代平均值均大于亲中值,说明存在加性效应。连续两年正反交后代单粒重性状变异系数在18.50% ~ 20.19%,后代广泛分离,具有较高的遗传多样性,有可能选育出单粒重较大的板栗品种。坚果宽、坚果厚和坚果高等性状变异系数均小于20%,遗传传递力在98.54% ~ 106.55%之间,说明坚果性状受环境影响较小。通过栗蓬相关性状的研究表明:连续两年正反交后代栗蓬总重性状平均值高于亲中值,正反交变异系数均大于20%,遗传传递力在112.00% ~ 117.44%之间,能够稳定遗传,受环境影响较小。连续两年正反交后代栗蓬宽性状的超高亲率分别达到37.50%和23.96%,遗传传递力分别为112.50%和113.93%。2016年刺束长短正反交后代和2017年正交后代平均值小于亲中值,遗传传递力为90.25%、90.83%和93.66%,2016年超低亲率分别为27.08%和18.90%,刺束长短性状趋于变短。通过果实品质相关的研究表明:连续两年正反交后代淀粉相关性状变异系数的范围为7.82% ~ 17.66%,支链淀粉含量的遗传传递力在101.11% ~ 108.22%之间,2016年正反交后代超高亲率分别为34.38%和30.09%,均高于2017年,趋于支链淀粉含量增多。相比于2017年,2016年正反交后代可溶性糖含量遗传传递力较低,分别为64.10%和59.94%,说明遗传不稳定,受环境影响大。  结论  通过对坚果相关性状和果实品质性状遗传倾向和分离特点的研究得出,坚果相关的性状能够稳定遗传,果实品质性状遗传不稳定,受环境影响较大。该研究为今后板栗杂交育种后代的筛选和目标性状的预测提供了参考依据。

     

  • 图  1  ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’(A ~ D)和‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’(E ~ H)杂交后代坚果性状分布

    Figure  1.  Frequency distribution of fruit traits in the hybrids of ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’ (A−D) and ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ (E−H)

    图  2  ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’(A ~ E)和‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’(F ~ J)杂交后代栗蓬性状分布

    Figure  2.  Frequency distribution of bur traits in the hybrids of ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’ (A−E) and ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ (F−J)

    图  3  ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’(A ~ C)和‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’(D ~ F)杂交后代支链淀粉含量、直链淀粉含量和总淀粉含量的分布

    Figure  3.  Frequency distribution of content of amylopection, amylose and total starch in the hybrids of ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’ (A−C) and ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ (D−F)

    图  4  ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’(A)和‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’(B)杂交后代可溶性糖含量分布

    Figure  4.  Frequency distribution of content of soluble sugar in the hybrids of ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’ (A) and ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ (B)

    表  1  ‘燕山早丰’和‘燕晶’正反交后代坚果性状的遗传特点

    Table  1.   Nut characteristics of crossing progeny in ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ and ‘Yanjing’

    年份
    Year
    性状
    Trait
    亲本
    Parent
    母本
    Female parent
    父本
    Male parent
    亲中值
    Mid-parent
    value
    (MP)
    子代平均值
    Progeny
    average
    value
    变异系数
    Coefficient
    of variation
    (CV)/%
    遗传传递力
    Genetic
    transmitting
    ability
    (Ta)/%
    优势率
    Heterotic
    rate
    (Ha)/%
    超高亲率
    Higher
    transgressive
    rate than parent/%
    超低亲率
    Lower
    transgressive
    rate than parent/%
    2016 单粒质量
    Single nut mass/g
    ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    7.61 10.92 9.27 9.54 ± 1.96 20.50 102.99 2.99 0.00 0.50
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    10.92 7.61 9.27 9.33 ± 1.88 20.15 100.62 0.62 0.11 0.11
    坚果宽
    Nut width/mm
    ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    27.45 31.60 29.52 29.09 ± 2.57 8.85 98.54 −1.46 0.00 0.12
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    31.60 27.45 29.52 29.57 ± 2.84 9.62 100.15 0.15 0.00 0.50
    坚果厚
    Nut thickness/mm
    ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    18.39 19.96 19.18 19.52 ± 2.18 11.15 101.79 1.79 0.00 0.36
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    19.96 18.39 19.18 19.78 ± 2.12 13.15 103.78 3.78 0.00 0.35
    坚果高
    Nut height/mm
    ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    22.28 26.84 24.56 25.00 ± 1.78 7.13 101.78 1.78 0.00 1.02
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    26.84 22.28 24.56 24.84 ± 1.57 6.31 101.11 1.11 0.00 0.37
    2017 单粒质量
    Single nut mass/g
    ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    6.77 10.56 8.66 9.22 ± 1.71 18.52 106.46 6.46 1.13 0.00
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    10.56 6.77 8.66 9.23 ± 1.83 19.85 106.55 6.55 1.87 0.56
    坚果宽
    Nut width/mm
    ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    27.37 31.89 29.63 29.54 ± 2.36 7.99 99.69 −0.31 0.00 0.19
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    31.89 27.37 29.63 29.71 ± 2.55 8.57 100.27 0.27 0.00 0.19
    坚果厚
    Nut thickness/mm
    ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    17.06 20.50 18.78 19.37 ± 1.80 9.27 103.16 3.16 0.19 0.00
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    20.50 17.06 18.78 19.49 ± 2.05 10.52 106.33 6.33 0.19 0.56
    坚果高
    Nut height/mm
    ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    21.98 25.98 23.98 25.08 ± 1.58 6.32 104.56 4.56 0.19 0.00
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    25.98 21.98 23.98 24.79 ± 1.60 6.44 100.91 0.91 0.56 0.19
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  ‘燕山早丰’和‘燕晶’正反交后代栗蓬性状的遗传特点

    Table  2.   Genetic characteristics of bur traits of crossing progeny in ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ and ‘Yanjing’

    年份
    Year
    性状
    Trait
    亲本
    Parent
    母本
    Female parent
    父本
    Male parent
    亲中值
    MP
    子代平均值
    Progeny average value
    变异系数
    CV/%
    遗传
    传递力
    Ta/%
    优势率
    Ha/%
    超高亲率
    Higher
    transgressive
    rate than
    parent/%
    超低亲率
    Lower
    transgressive
    rate than
    parent/%
    2016 栗蓬总质量
    Bur total mass/g
    ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    37.40 72.24 54.82 63.44 ± 13.72 21.63 115.74 15.74 16.49 1.03
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    72.24 37.40 54.82 65.44 ± 16.42 25.89 117.44 17.44 9.76 2.44
    栗蓬宽
    Bur width/mm
    ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    53.23 60.40 56.82 63.92 ± 8.72 13.64 112.50 12.50 37.50 8.33
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    60.40 53.23 56.82 62.85 ± 9.90 15.75 110.63 10.63 26.83 4.88
    栗蓬高
    Bur height/mm
    ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    50.66 44.54 47.60 53.36 ± 7.21 32.26 112.10 12.10 32.29 8.33
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    44.54 50.66 47.60 51.45 ± 8.55 16.61 108.10 8.10 20.73 6.71
    栗蓬厚
    Bur thickness/
    mm
    ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    49.14 42.66 45.90 47.10 ± 4.59 9.75 102.62 2.62 19.79 9.38
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    42.66 49.14 45.90 47.93 ± 5.45 11.36 104.42 4.42 18.29 6.71
    刺束长度
    Prickle length/mm
    ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    18.01 14.22 16.12 14.54 ± 2.60 17.85 90.25 −9.75 4.17 27.08
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    14.22 18.01 16.12 14.64 ± 2.30 15.69 90.83 −9.17 4.27 18.90
    2017 栗蓬总质量
    Bur total mass/g
    ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    57.47 73.88 65.67 73.61 ± 16.63 22.60 112.08 12.08 18.75 6.25
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    73.88 57.47 65.67 75.36 ± 19.85 26.34 114.75 14.75 15.85 6.10
    栗蓬宽
    Bur width/mm
    ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    51.20 61.43 56.31 64.15 ± 9.86 15.37 113.93 13.93 23.96 2.08
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    61.43 51.20 56.31 62.26 ± 9.26 14.88 110.56 10.56 19.51 3.66
    栗蓬高
    Bur height/mm
    ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    51.11 42.54 46.83 50.53 ± 6.02 11.91 107.90 7.90 17.71 4.17
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    42.54 51.11 46.83 50.20 ± 7.11 14.17 107.20 7.20 13.41 4.27
    栗蓬厚
    Bur thickness/
    mm
    ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    44.89 48.85 46.87 47.75 ± 3.40 7.12 101.88 1.88 14.58 8.33
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    48.85 44.89 46.87 50.01 ± 8.06 16.13 106.70 6.70 15.24 6.71
    刺束长度
    Prickle length/mm
    ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    16.06 9.73 12.90 12.08 ± 2.16 17.86 93.66 −6.34 1.04 9.38
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    9.73 16.06 12.90 13.54 ± 2.38 17.55 104.95 4.95 5.49 4.88
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  ‘燕山早丰’与‘燕晶’正反交后代支链淀粉含量、直链淀粉含量和总淀粉含量的遗传特点

    Table  3.   Contents of amylopection, amylose and total starch of crossing progeny in ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ and ‘Yanjing’

    年份
    Year
    性状
    Trait
    亲本
    Parent
    母本
    Female parent
    父本
    Male parent
    MP子代平均值
    Progeny average value
    CV/%Ta/%Ha/%超高亲率
    Higher
    transgressive
    rate than
    parent/%
    超低亲率
    Lower
    transgressive
    rate than
    parent/%
    2016 支链淀粉含量
    Amylopection content/%
    ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    0.464 9 0.433 9 0.449 4 0.480 7 ± 0.066 1 13.75 106.96 6.96 34.38 12.50
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    0.433 9 0.464 9 0.449 4 0.486 3 ± 0.057 9 11.90 108.22 8.22 30.49 8.54
    直链淀粉含量
    Amylose content/%
    ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    0.200 7 0.173 7 0.187 2 0.179 7 ± 0.031 7 17.66 96.02 −3.98 13.54 18.75
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    0.173 7 0.200 7 0.187 2 0.175 3 ± 0.030 7 17.51 93.64 −6.36 7.32 22.56
    总淀粉含量
    Total starch content/%
    ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    0.665 6 0.607 6 0.636 6 0.660 4 ± 0.064 7 9.79 103.74 3.74 25.00 8.33
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    0.607 6 0.665 6 0.636 6 0.661 6 ± 0.066 9 10.11 103.93 3.93 21.34 8.54
    2017 支链淀粉含量
    Amylopection content/%
    ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    0.524 1 0.494 4 0.509 3 0.514 9 ± 0.049 9 9.69 101.11 1.11 22.92 21.88
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    0.494 4 0.524 1 0.509 3 0.538 8 ± 0.057 1 10.59 105.80 5.80 16.46 5.49
    直链淀粉含量
    Amylose content/%
    ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    0.203 4 0.179 6 0.191 5 0.162 5 ± 0.022 5 13.83 84.87 −15.13 1.04 39.58
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    0.179 6 0.203 4 0.191 5 0.161 7 ± 0.018 9 11.67 84.45 −15.55 0.61 20.12
    总淀粉含量
    Total starch content/%
    ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    0.727 5 0.674 0 0.700 8 0.677 4 ± 0.053 0 7.82 96.67 −3.33 8.33 25.00
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    0.674 0 0.727 5 0.700 8 0.700 5 ± 0.057 6 8.23 99.97 −0.03 7.93 6.71
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  ‘燕山早丰’与‘燕晶’正反交后代可溶性糖含量的遗传特点

    Table  4.   Genetic characteristics of soluble sugar contents of crossing progeny in ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ and ‘Yanjing’

    年份
    Year
    亲本
    Parent
    母本
    Female
    parent
    父本
    Male
    parent
    MP子代平均值
    Progeny average value
    CV/%Ta/%Ha/%超高亲率
    Higher
    transgressive
    rate than
    parent/%
    超低亲率
    Lower
    transgressive
    rate than
    parent/%
    2016 ‘早丰’ב燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    0.229 1 0.205 4 0.217 3 0.139 3 ± 0.033 7 24.20 64.10 −35.90 1.04 51.04
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    0.205 4 0.229 1 0.217 3 0.130 2 ± 0.022 6 17.37 59.94 −40.06 0.00 39.02
    2017 ‘燕山早丰’ × ‘燕晶’
    ‘Yanshanzaofeng’ × ‘Yanjing’
    0.135 4 0.112 8 0.124 1 0.131 6 ± 0.025 6 19.46 106.03 6.03 27.08 15.63
    ‘燕晶’ × ‘燕山早丰’
    ‘Yanjing’ × ‘Yanshanzaofeng’
    0.112 8 0.135 4 0.124 1 0.144 4 ± 0.047 4 32.85 116.34 16.34 10.37 7.93
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-10-19
  • 修回日期:  2020-11-17
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-05-13
  • 刊出日期:  2021-05-27

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