高级检索

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

赛罕乌拉自然保护区隔离空间西伯利亚狍的家域动态分析

滕扬 张帅 赛罕 韩志庆 鲍伟东

滕扬, 张帅, 赛罕, 韩志庆, 鲍伟东. 赛罕乌拉自然保护区隔离空间西伯利亚狍的家域动态分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200369
引用本文: 滕扬, 张帅, 赛罕, 韩志庆, 鲍伟东. 赛罕乌拉自然保护区隔离空间西伯利亚狍的家域动态分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200369
Teng Yang, Zhang Shuai, Sai han, Han Zhiqing, Bao Weidong. Home range shift of the roe deer in the isolated space of Saihanwula Nature Reserve[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200369
Citation: Teng Yang, Zhang Shuai, Sai han, Han Zhiqing, Bao Weidong. Home range shift of the roe deer in the isolated space of Saihanwula Nature Reserve[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200369

赛罕乌拉自然保护区隔离空间西伯利亚狍的家域动态分析

doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20200369
基金项目: 国家科技部十一五科技支撑计划课题(2008BADB0B01)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    滕扬。主要研究方向:野生动物保护和自然保护区管理。Email:tengyang970311@163.com 地址:北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学生物科学与技术学院100083

    责任作者:

    鲍伟东,副教授。主要研究方向:野生动物保护生物学。Email:bao-weidong@126.com 地址:同上

Home range shift of the roe deer in the isolated space of Saihanwula Nature Reserve

  • 摘要:   目的  了解在自然保护区相对隔离环境中西伯利亚狍家域的季节和年度动态,分析狍对微生境和捕食风险的适应,为促进种群恢复和栖息地保护提供依据。  方法  在内蒙古赛罕乌拉国家级自然保护区使用无线电遥测技术,以三角形法则进行个体定位,利用最小凸多边形法计算家域面积。  结果  本次研究共捕捉到8只西伯利亚狍,其中3只以红外相机影像确认被猞猁捕食,面临较高的捕食风险。狍的年度和季节家域面积存在差异,春季的家域显著大于其他3个季节,同时,活动范围在冬季有从较高海拔山坡向沟底迁移的趋势。繁殖期与非繁殖期、亚成体与成体家域面积也存在差异。个体年度家域存在重叠,显示核心家域较为稳定。  结论  影响西伯利亚狍个体家域年度和季节变化的因素为觅食机会、捕食风险和能量需求。据此提出了补加营养盐和越冬饲料的管理对策,促进保护区狍种群的复壮。

     

  • 图  1  内蒙古赛罕乌拉国家级自然保护区地理位置图及本研究区域

    Figure  1.  Location of this study in Inner Mongolia Saihanwula National Nature Reserve

    图  2  遥测跟踪狍个体2012和2013年95% MCP家域

    Figure  2.  The 95% MCP home range of radio tracking roe deer in 2012 and 2013

    图  3  遥测跟踪狍个体家域年度重合

    Figure  3.  The yearly home range overlap of radio tracking roe deer

    图  4  C3、C4狍个体季节性95% MCP家域

    Figure  4.  The 95% MCP seasonal home range of C3 and C4 roe deer

    图  5  C5、C6狍个体季节性95% MCP家域

    Figure  5.  The 95% MCP seasonal home range of C5 and C6 roe deer

    图  6  C8狍个体季节性95% MCP家域

    Figure  6.  The 95% MCP seasonal home range of C8 roe deer

    表  1  遥测狍的相关信息

    Table  1.   Information of the roe deer under radio-tracking

    编号 No捕捉时间 Capture Date结束日期 Ending Date性别 Sex年龄段 Age备注 Remarks
    C1 2011-10-28 2012-01-02 雌 Female 亚成体 Sub-adult 2012年1月2日被盗猎
    Poached on January 2, 2012
    C2 2011-11-03 2011-11-05 雌 Female 成体 Adult 2011年11月5日被盗猎
    Poached on November 5, 2011
    C3 2011-11-03 2013-04-30 雄 Male 成体 Adult 2013年4月30日被猞猁捕食
    Preyed by lynx on April 30, 2013
    C4 2011-11-06 2013-12-28 雌 Female 亚成体 Sub-adult 2013年12月28日电池耗尽
    Battery died on December 28, 2013
    C5 2011-11-12 2012-12-21 雄 Male 亚成体 Sub-adult 2013年4月1日被猞猁捕食
    Preyed by lynx on April 1, 2013
    C6 2011-11-24 2013-12-28 雄 Male 成体 Adult 2013年12月28日被盗猎
    Poached on December 28, 2013
    C7 2011-12-17 2012-02-27 雄 Male 成体 Adult 2012年2月27号被猞猁捕食
    Preyed by lynx on February 27, 2012
    C8 2012-03-09 2013-12-27 雄 Male 成体 Adult 2013年12月27号电池耗尽
    Battery died on December 27, 2013
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  遥测狍个体的季节性95% MCP家域

    Table  2.   The seasonal 95% MCP home range of the roe deer under radio-tracking

    编号 NO.年份 Year春季/hm2 Spring/ha夏季/hm2 Summer/ha秋季/hm2 Autumn/ha冬季/hm2 Winter/ha
    C12012103.94
    C32012845.2324.3343.18817.92
    2013543.48
    C42012222.3878.6333.02185.90
    2013121.56104.91 63.9032.54
    C52012230.1135.60108.05 244.50
    C62012105.8426.6219.3633.46
    2013 29.9955.7860.6728.60
    C72012172.06
    C82012106.1983.5550.6063.39
    2013 75.5995.6076.2245.07
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] Burt W H. Territoriality and home range concepts as applied to mammals[J]. Journal of Mammalogy, 1943, 24(3): 346−352.
    [2] Garshelis D L. Delusions in habitat evaluation: measuring use, selection, and importance. in L. Boitani, T. K. Fuller. Research Techniques in Animal Ecology: Controversies and Consequences [M]. New York: Columbia University Press, 2000, 2(4): 111−164.
    [3] Bowers M A, Gregario K, Brame C J, et al. Use of space and habitats by meadow voles at the home range, patch and landscape scales[J]. Oecologia, 1996, 105(1): 107−115. doi: 10.1007/BF00328798
    [4] Powell R A. Animal home ranges and territories and home range estimators in L. Boitani, T. K. Fuller. Research Techniques in Animal Ecology: Controversies and Consequences[J]. New York: Columbia University Press, 2000, 442(3): 65−110.
    [5] Kaczensky P, Ganbaatar O, von Wehrden H, et al. Resource selection by sympatric wild equids in the Mongolian Gobi[J]. Journal of Applied Ecology, 2008, 45(6): 1762−1769. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2008.01565.x
    [6] Hayne D W. Calculation of size of home range[J]. Journal of Mammalogy, 1950, 31(4): 485−485. doi: 10.2307/1375122
    [7] Miller R. Seasonal movements and home ranges of feral horse bands in Wyoming’s Red Dsesrt[J]. Journal of Range Management, 1983, 36(2): 199−201. doi: 10.2307/3898162
    [8] Kaczensky P, O Ganbaatar, C. Walzer, et al. Resource selection by sympatric wild equids in the Mongolian Gobi[J]. Journal of Applied Ecology, 2008, 45(6): 1762−1769. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2008.01565.x
    [9] 张晋东, Vanessa H, 欧阳志云. 家域研究进展[J]. 生态学报, 2013, 33(11):3269−3279. doi: 10.5846/stxb201201050017

    Zhang J D, Vanessa H, Ouyang Z Y. A review of home range studies[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2013, 33(11): 3269−3279. doi: 10.5846/stxb201201050017
    [10] Huang Z H, Zhou Q H, Huang C M, et al. Home range and daily ranging distance of Francois’ langur(Trachypithecus francoisi)in Nonggang Nature Reserve, Guangxi, China[J]. Acta Teriologica Sinica, 2011, 31(1): 46−54.
    [11] Hu J C, Schaller G B, Johnson K G. The feeding ecology of giant pandas in Tangjiahe Natural Reserve[J]. Journal of Sichuan Teach College, 1990, 11(1): 1−13.
    [12] 官天培, 葛宝明, 谌利民, 等. 四川羚牛的家域与忠诚度[J]. 生态学报, 2015, 35(6):1862−1868.

    Guan T P, Ge B M, Chen L M, et al. Home range and fidelity of Sichuan takin[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2015, 35(6): 1862−1868.
    [13] 王渊, 初红军, 韩丽丽, 等. 野放普氏野马(Equus przewalskii)家域面积及其影响因素[J]. 生态学报, 2016, 36(2):545−553.

    Wang Y, Chu H J, Han L L, et al. Factors affecting the home range of reintroduced Equus przewalskii in the Mt. Kalamaili Ungulate Nature Reserve[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2016, 36(2): 545−553.
    [14] 段延. 秦岭羚牛的家域研究[D]. 汉中: 陕西理工大学, 2018.

    Duan Y. Study on the home range of takin (Budorcas bedfordi) in the Qinling Mountains[D]. Hanzhong: Shanxi University of Technology, 2018.
    [15] 杨淼. 基于分子粪便学的东北马鹿冬季家域研究[D]. 哈尔滨: 东北林业大学, 2019.

    Yang M. A molecular scatological study on dynamics of winter home range of the red deer (Cervus elaphus xanthopygus)[D]. Harbin: Northeast Forestry University, 2019
    [16] 周璨林. 天山马鹿种群数量, 遗传结构, 家域及系统发育关系研究[D]. 乌鲁木齐: 新疆大学, 2015.

    Zhou C L. The study on population size, genetic structure, home range and phylpgeny of Tianshan red deer (Cervus elaphus songaricus)[D]. Urumchi: Xinjiang University, 2015.
    [17] 靳勇超. 基于粪便分子生物学对马鹿种群遗传结构以及家域的研究[D]. 哈尔滨: 东北林业大学, 2012.

    Jin Y C. The genetic structure and home range of wapiti based on faecal molecular biology[D]. Harbin: Northeast Forestry University, 2012.
    [18] 张辉. 基于粪便分子生物学的马鹿个体识别、亲缘关系分析及家域确定[D]. 哈尔滨: 东北林业大学, 2010.

    Zhang H. The individual identity, parentage analysis and home range determination of wapiti based on faecal molecular biology[D]. Harbin: Northeast Forestry University, 2010.
    [19] 袁梨. 马鹿和狍的冬季生境选择与捕食风险下马鹿的家域利用[D]. 北京: 北京林业大学, 2009.

    Yuan L. The habitat use by red deer and roe deer in winter and the home-range use by red deer under predation risk[D]. Beijing: Beijing Forestry University, 2009.
    [20] 唐书培. 内蒙古赛罕乌拉国家级自然保护区中华斑羚家域、适宜生境及种群生存力研究[D]. 北京: 北京林业大学, 2019.

    Tang S P. Home range, habitat suitability assessment and population viability analysis of chinese goral(Naemorhedus griseus)in Saihanwula National Natual Reserve, Inner Mongolia[D]. Beijing: Beijing Forestry University, 2019.
    [21] 朱国芬. 内蒙古赛罕乌拉国家级自然保护区隔离长尾斑羚群体遗传结构及个体空间分布研究[D]. 北京: 北京林业大学, 2018.

    Zhu G F. Genetic structure and individual spatial distribution of an isolated long-tailed goral(Naemorhedus caudatus)population at Inner Mongolia Saihanwula National Natural Reserve[D]. Beijing: Beijing Forestry University, 2018.
    [22] 张娜. 鄱阳湖湿地枯水期獐(Hydropotes inermis)野放初期的家域和生境选择[D]. 南昌: 江西师范大学, 2019.

    Zhang N. Home range and habitat selection of Chinese water deer (Hydropotes inermis) after release in Poyang Lake during the dry season[D]. Nanchang: Jiangxi Normal University, 2019.
    [23] 刘嘉辉, 王艳, 边坤, 等. 重引入林麝的家域利用与个体迁移[J]. 兽类学报, 2020, 40(2):109−119.

    Liu J H, Wang Y, Bian K, et al. Home range utilization and individual dispersal of re-introduced forest musk deer (Moschus berezovskii)[J]. Acta Theriologica Sinica, 2020, 40(2): 109−119.
    [24] Pipple W J, Beschta R L. Wolves and the ecology of fear: can predation risk structure[J]. Ecosystems BioScience, 2004, 54(8): 755−766.
    [25] Lima S L. Dill L M. Behavioral decisions made under the risk of predation: a review and prospectus[J]. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 1990, 68: 619−640. doi: 10.1139/z90-092
    [26] Dill L M. Animal decision making and its ecological consequences: the future of aquatic ecology and behaviour[J]. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 1987, 65: 803−811. doi: 10.1139/z87-128
    [27] Pierce B M, Bowyer R T, et al. Habitat selection by mule deer: forage benefits or risk of predation[J]. Journal of Wildlife Management, 2004, 68(3): 533−541. doi: 10.2193/0022-541X(2004)068[0533:HSBMDF]2.0.CO;2
    [28] Holmes W G. Predation risk affects foraging behaviour of pikas: observational and experimental evidence[J]. Animal Behaviour, 1991, 42: 111−119. doi: 10.1016/S0003-3472(05)80611-6
    [29] 崔庆虎, 蒋志刚, 连新明等. 根田鼠栖息地选择的影响因素[J]. 兽类学报, 2005, 25(1):45−51. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-1050.2005.01.008

    Cui Q H, Jiang Z G, Lian X M, et al. Factors influencing habitat selection of root voles(Microtus oeconomus)[J]. Acta Theriologica Sinica, 2005, 25(1): 45−51. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-1050.2005.01.008
    [30] 周绍春, 张明海, 尹远新, 等. 黑龙江完达山地区狍子冬季生境选择[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2010, 32(3):122−127.

    Zhou S C, Zhang M H, Yin Y X, et al. Habitat selection of roe deer(Capreolus capreolus)in winter in the eastern Wandashan Mountains, Heilongjiang Province[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2010, 32(3): 122−127.
    [31] 盛和林, 大泰司纪之, 陆厚基. 中国野生哺乳动物[M]. 北京: 中国林业出版社, 1998.

    Sheng H L, Noriyuki Ohtaishi, Lu H J. The mammalian of China[M]. Beijing: China Forestry Press, 1988.
    [32] 李长生, 宋百军, 窦凤鸣. 我国狍驯化饲养现状与发展对策[J]. 当代畜牧, 2016(27):81−84.

    Li C S, Song B J, Dou F M. Current situation and development countermeasures of Chinese roe deer domestication and raising[J]. Contemporary Animal Husbandry, 2016(27): 81−84.
    [33] 毕俊怀. 内蒙古鹿科动物分布现状和资源研究[J]. 内蒙古师大学报(自然科学汉文版), 2001(1):52−56.

    Bi J H. A Research of resource and distribution of deer in Inner Mongolia, China[J]. Journal of Inner Mongolia Normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2001(1): 52−56.
    [34] 王祥生. 长白山北部山地东北梅花鹿与同域分布西伯利亚狍冬季营养对策比较研究[D]. 哈尔滨: 东北林业大学, 2019.

    Wang X S. Comparison of nutritional strategies between Siberian roe deer and sika deer during winter in the North of Changbai Mountains, Chian[D]. Harbin: Northeast Forestry University, 2019.
    [35] 朱明月, 杨淼, 张玮琪, 等. 黑龙江穆棱东北红豆杉自然保护区马鹿与狍冬季食性组成的比较[J]. 东北林业大学学报, 2019, 47(5):100−104. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5382.2019.05.019

    Zhu M Y, Yang M, Zhang W Q, et al. Wintering diet of red and roe deer in Heilongjiang Muling Japnaese Yew National Reserve[J]. Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 2019, 47(5): 100−104. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5382.2019.05.019
    [36] 盛清宇. 长白山北部区域西伯利亚狍(Capreolus pygargus)种群遗传多样性及性别偏倚扩散[D]. 哈尔滨: 东北林业大学, 2018.

    Sheng Q Y. Genetic diversity and sex-biased dispersal of Siberian roe deer (Capreolus pygargus) population in Northern Changbaishan of China[D]. Harbin: Northeast Forestry University, 2018.
    [37] 何欢, 张玮琪, 刘蕊, 等. 小兴安岭沾河林区狍冬季食物组分及其与单宁含量关系的初步分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(2):121−127.

    He H, Zhang W Q, Liu R, et al. Relationship between the composition and tannin content in winter food for roe deer at Zhanhe forest farm of Lesser Xingan Mountains[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(2): 121−127.
    [38] 陈耕, 李艳香, 滕丽微, 等. 黑龙江凉水国家级自然保护区西伯利亚狍的冬季食性[J]. 经济动物学报, 2014, 18(2):91−95.

    Chen G, Li Y X, Teng L W, et al. Winter diet composition of Capreolus pygargus in Liangshui National Nature Reserve, Heilongjiang Province, China[J]. Journal of Economic Animal, 2014, 18(2): 91−95.
    [39] 田万年, 钟宝, 郑雪. 圈养条件下狍种群遗传多样性分析[J]. 黑龙江畜牧兽医, 2014(15):194−196.

    Tian W N, Zhong B, Zheng X. Genetic diversity analysis of roe deer population under captive conditions[J]. Heilongjiang Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, 2014(15): 194−196.
    [40] 李路云, 滕丽微, 刘振生, 等. 黑龙江三江国家级自然保护区西伯利亚狍冬季食性分析[J]. 经济动物学报, 2014, 18(1):29−32, 37.

    Li L Y, Teng L W, Liu Z S, et al. Winter diet composition of Capreolus pygargus in Sanjiang National Nature Reserve, Heilongjiang Province, China[J]. Journal of Economic Animal, 2014, 18(1): 29−32, 37.
    [41] 张玮琪. 小时间尺度下东北小兴安岭和完达山地区鹿类冬季营养生态学研究[D]. 哈尔滨: 东北林业大学, 2013.

    Zhang W Q. Fine time-scale winter nutritional ecology of deer populations in the Lesser Khingan Mountains and Wandashan Mountais, Northeast China[D]. Harbin: Northeast Forestry University, 2013.
    [42] 张明海, 刘艳华, 贾竞波. 东北地区狍种群的遗传多样性研究[J]. 兽类学报, 2010, 30(1):58−64.

    Zhang M H, Liu Y H, Jia J B. Population genetic diversity of roe deer(Capreolus pygargus)in Northeastern China[J]. Acta Theriologica Sinica, 2010, 30(1): 58−64.
    [43] 刘艳华. 基于粪便DNA提取技术的黑龙江省地区野生狍遗传多样性研究[D]. 哈尔滨: 东北林业大学, 2006.

    Liu Y H. The Study on genetic diversity of the roe deer (Capreolus capreolus bedfordi)in the Heilongjiang Province, China base on faecal DNA extract technique[D]. Harbin: Northeast Forestry University, 2006.
    [44] 杨宝田. 东北区狍遗传多样性及性别基因鉴定研究[D]. 哈尔滨: 东北林业大学, 2005.

    Yang B T. Genetic diversity and sex determination of roe deer in the Northeastern China[D]. Harbin: Northeast Forestry University, 2005.
    [45] 李桂林. 赛罕乌拉自然保护区志[M]. 赤峰: 内蒙古科学技术出版社, 2005.

    Li G L. Annals of Saihanwula Nature Reserve[M]. Chifeng: Inner Mongolia Science and Technology Press, 2005.
    [46] 杨婧, 陈照娟, 乌力吉, 等. 内蒙古赛罕乌拉国家级自然保护区中华斑羚行为节律初步研究[J]. 四川动物, 2019, 38(3):256−262. doi: 10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20180281

    Yang J, Chen Z J, Wu L J, et al. Preliminary observation on behavioral rhythm of Naemorhedus griseus in Inner Mongolia Saihanwula National Nature Reserve[J]. Sichuan Journal of Zoology, 2019, 38(3): 256−262. doi: 10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20180281
    [47] 张书理. 内蒙古赛罕乌拉自然保护区植物多样性及其保护研究[D]. 北京: 北京林业大学, 2007.

    Zhang S L. Study on plants diversity and conservation in Saihanwula Nature Reserve Inner Mongolia[D]. Beijing: Beijing Forestry University, 2007.
    [48] Feng H M, Li Y H, Li Y Y, Li N N, Li Y, Hu Y M, Yu J H, Luo H X. Identifying and evaluating the ecological network of Siberian roe deer (Capreolus pygargus) in Tieli Forestry Bureau, Northeast China[J]. Global Ecology and Conservation, 4(26): e01477.
    [49] White G C, Garrott R A. Analysis of wildlife radio-tracking data[M]. New York: Academic Press, 1990.
    [50] Harris S, Cresswell W J, Forde PG, et al. Home range analysis using radio-tracking data-a review of problems and techniques particularly as applied to the study of mammals[J]. Mammal Review, 1990, 20(2): 97−123.
    [51] 刘晓庆, 王小明, 王正寰, 等. 固定核空间法和最小凸多边形法估计藏狐家域的比较[J]. 兽类学报, 2010, 30(2):163−170.

    Liu X Q, Wang X M, Wang Z H, et al. Comparison of the Tibetan fox (Vulpes ferrilata) home range size using methods the fixed kernel estimation and the minimum convex polygon[J]. Acta Theriologica Sinica, 2010, 30(2): 163−170.
    [52] Jedrzejewski W, Spaedtke H, Kamler J F, et al. Group size dynamics of red deer in Bialowieza Primeval Forest, Poland[J]. Journal of Wildlife Management, 2006, 70(4): 1054−1059. doi: 10.2193/0022-541X(2006)70[1054:GSDORD]2.0.CO;2
    [53] 王文, 张静, 马建章, 等. 小兴安岭南坡野猪家域分析[J]. 兽类学报, 2007(3):257−262. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-1050.2007.03.008

    Wang W, Zhang J, Ma J Z, et al. Analysis on wild boars home ranges in the South of Lesser Khingan Mountains[J]. Acta Theriologica Sinica, 2007(3): 257−262. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-1050.2007.03.008
    [54] Villerette N, Marchal C, Pays O, et al. Do the sexes tend to segregate in roe deer in agricultural environments? An analysis of group composition[J]. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 2006, 84(6): 787−796. doi: 10.1139/z06-052
    [55] Wilson K S, B A Pond, Brown. G. S, et al. The biogeography of home range size of woodland caribou Rangifer tarandus caribou[J]. Diversity and Distributions, 2019, 25(2): 205−216. doi: 10.1111/ddi.12849
    [56] 白文科. 卧龙自然保护区大熊猫空间利用与生境选择动态变化研究[D]. 呼和浩特: 内蒙古农业大学, 2017.

    Bai W K. The dynamics of space utilization and habitat selection of giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) in Wolong Nature Reserve[D]. Hohhot: Inner Mongolia Agriculture University, 2017.
    [57] 张逦嘉. 内蒙古赛罕乌拉国家级自然保护区猞猁种群生态研究[D]. 北京: 北京林业大学, 2010.

    Zhang L J. Population ecology of Eurasian lynx (lynx lynx) in Saihanwula Nature Reserve, Inner Mongolia[D]. Beijing: Beijing Forestry University, 2010.
    [58] 张帅. 存在猞猁捕食风险下西伯利亚狍的家域与生境利用研究[D]. 北京: 北京林业大学, 2014.

    Zhang S. Study on the home-range and habitat use by Siberian roe deer under predation risk from Eurasian lynx[D]. Beijing: Beijing Forestry University, 2014.
    [59] Horner M A, Powell R A. Internal structure of home ranges of black bears and analysis of home range overlap[J]. Journal of Mammalogy, 1990, 71(3): 402−410. doi: 10.2307/1381953
    [60] McNab B K. Bioenergetics and the determination of home range size[J]. The American Naturalist, 1963, 97: 133−139. doi: 10.1086/282264
    [61] Mysterud A. Bed-site selection by adult roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) in southern Norway during summer[J]. Wildlife Biology, 1996, 2(3): 101−106.
    [62] Mysterud A, Larsen P K, Lms R A. Habitat selection by roe deer and sheep: does habitat ranking reflect resource availability?[J]. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 1999, 77(5): 776−783. doi: 10.1139/z99-025
    [63] Jezierski W, Myicha A. Food requirments of a wild boar population[J]. Polish Ecological Studies, 1975, 1(2): 61−83.
    [64] Mauget R. Behavioural and reproductive strategies in wild forms of Sus scrofa (European wild boar and feral pigs)[J]. The Welfare of Pigs, 1981, 11(1): 3−13.
    [65] Glen S, Steven M. Predicting home range size from the body mass or population densities of feral pigs, Sus scrofa (Artiodactyla: Suidae)[J]. Australian Journal of Ecology, 1999, 24(5): 538−543. doi: 10.1046/j.1442-9993.1999.01001.x
  • 加载中
图(6) / 表(2)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  71
  • HTML全文浏览量:  30
  • PDF下载量:  2
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-11-23
  • 修回日期:  2020-12-16
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-09-28

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回