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两种梢斑螟幼虫口器结构及感器扫描电镜观察

庄宇彤 杨云朝 陈汝婷 罗雨昕 迟德富

庄宇彤, 杨云朝, 陈汝婷, 罗雨昕, 迟德富. 两种梢斑螟幼虫口器结构及感器扫描电镜观察[J]. 北京林业大学学报. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20210269
引用本文: 庄宇彤, 杨云朝, 陈汝婷, 罗雨昕, 迟德富. 两种梢斑螟幼虫口器结构及感器扫描电镜观察[J]. 北京林业大学学报. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20210269
Zhuang Yutong, Yang Yunzhao, Chen Ruting, Luo Yuxin, Chi Defu. Scanning electron microscope observation on the structure and sensilla of the mouthparts of two species of Dioryctria larvae (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20210269
Citation: Zhuang Yutong, Yang Yunzhao, Chen Ruting, Luo Yuxin, Chi Defu. Scanning electron microscope observation on the structure and sensilla of the mouthparts of two species of Dioryctria larvae (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20210269

两种梢斑螟幼虫口器结构及感器扫描电镜观察

doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20210269
基金项目: “十三五”国家重点研发计划课题(2018YFD0600204),黑龙江省应用技术研究与开发课题(GA20B401-2)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    庄宇彤。主要研究方向:森林害虫防治。Email:840541527@qq.com 地址:150040黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路26号东北林业大学林学院

    责任作者:

    迟德富,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:森林害虫防治。Email:chidefu@126.com 地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S763.7

Scanning electron microscope observation on the structure and sensilla of the mouthparts of two species of Dioryctria larvae (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)

  • 摘要:   目的  探究赤松梢斑螟幼虫和冷杉梢斑螟幼虫的食物谱差异机制,为两种梢斑螟幼虫取食行为差异提供科学依据。  方法  利用扫描电子显微镜对两种梢斑螟幼虫的口器及感器的超微结构进行观察。  结果  扫描电镜结果表明:两种梢斑螟幼虫口器结构存在差异。赤松梢斑螟幼虫的“内唇”有两处骨化,而冷杉梢斑螟幼虫有3处;赤松梢斑螟幼虫的上颚切齿多于冷杉梢斑螟幼虫;赤松梢斑螟幼虫的吐丝器口大于冷杉梢斑螟幼虫。两种梢斑螟幼虫口器上共有5种感器和一种角质齿,分别是毛形感器、刺形感器、锥形感器、栓锥形感器、指形感器和刺状角质齿。但是,两种梢斑螟幼虫在同一感器的大小和感器分布上存在差异。在赤松梢斑螟幼虫下颚须端部数第1节和第2节连接处着生的锥形感器为Ⅱ型,而冷杉梢斑螟幼虫此处着生的锥形感器则为Ⅲ型。两种梢斑螟幼虫在相同感器之间的长短、形状也有差异。  结论  两种梢斑螟幼虫口器结构的差异是造成取食行为不同的原因之一。此外,相同感器之间长短、形状的差别,对两种梢斑螟幼虫的取食行为也有一定影响。两种梢斑螟幼虫口器上分布的5种感器,在虫体感知寄主植物体组织部位硬度、寄主表面挥发物、气流等方面发挥重要作用,有助于幼虫进行寄主定位。此研究明确了两种梢斑螟幼虫的口器结构及感器种类、数量及分布,并对感器功能进行了讨论。以期为进一步探讨两种梢斑螟幼虫的食物谱差异机制奠定基础。

     

  • 图  1  两种梢斑螟幼虫口器对比图

    Lbr.上唇;Lai.下唇;Mn.上颚;Mx.下颚;GA.外颚叶;MP.下颚须;LP.下唇须;SP.吐丝器;Sp.角质齿。 Lbr, labrum; Lai, labium; Mn, mandible; Mx, maxilla; GA, galea; MP, maxillary palp; LP, labial palpus; SP, spinneret; Sp, spicule.

    Figure  1.  Comparison of the mouthparts of two species of Dioryctria larvae

    图  2  赤松梢斑螟幼虫口器扫描电镜图

    GA.外颚叶;PA.负须节;MP.下颚须;Mx.下颚;LP.下唇须;SP.吐丝器;Str.毛形感器;Sch.刺形感器;Ss.栓锯形感器;Sp.角质齿。GA, galea; PA, palpiger; MP, maxillary palp; Mx, maxilla; LP, labial palpus; SP, spinneret; Str, sensillum trichodea; Sch, sensillum chaetica; Ss, sensillum styloconica; Sp, spicule.

    Figure  2.  Scanning electron micrograph of the mouthparts of Dioryctria sylvestrella larvae

    图  3  赤松梢斑螟幼虫口器扫描电镜图

    Sch.刺形感器;Sb.锥形感器;Ss.栓锥形感器;Sd.指形感器。Sch, sensillum chaetica; Sb, sensillum basiconca; Ss, sensillum styloconica; Sd, sensillum digitiformium.

    Figure  3.  Scanning electron micrograph of the mouthparts of the Dioryctria sylvestrella larvae

    图  4  冷杉梢斑螟幼虫口器扫描电镜图

    GA.外颚叶;PA.负须节;MP.下颚须;Mx.下颚;LP.下唇须;SP.吐丝器;Str.毛形感器;Sch.刺形感器;Sp.角质齿。GA, gale; PA, palpiger; MP, maxillary palp; Mx, maxilla; LP, labial palpus; SP, spinneret; Str, sensillum trichodea; Sch, sensillum chaetica; Sp, spicule.

    Figure  4.  Scanning electron micrograph of the mouthparts of the Dioryctria abietella larvae

    图  5  冷杉梢斑螟幼虫口器扫描电镜图

    Sch.刺形感器;Sb.锥形感器;Ss.栓锥形感器;Sd.指形感器。Sch, sensillum chaetica; Sb, sensillum basiconca; Ss, sensillum styloconica; Sd, sensillum digitiformium.

    Figure  5.  Scanning electron micrograph of the mouthparts of the Dioryctria abietella larvae

    图  6  两种梢斑螟幼虫“内唇”对比图

    Eip.“内唇”;Sp.角质齿。Eip, epipharynx; Sp, spicule.

    Figure  6.  Comparison of the epipharynx of two species of Dioryctria larvae

    图  7  两种梢斑螟幼虫上颚对比图

    T1-T5.切齿;Mo.臼齿;Co.骨突。T1-T5, incisor cusps; Mo, molar; Co, condyle.

    Figure  7.  Comparison of the upper jaw of two species of Dioryctria larvae

    图  8  两种梢斑螟幼虫吐丝器对比图

    SP.吐丝器。SP, spinneret.

    Figure  8.  Comparison of the spinneret of two species of Dioryctria larvae

    表  1  两种梢斑螟幼虫口器各种感器对比

    Table  1.   Various sensillae present on the mouthparts of two species of Dioryctria larvae

    口器
    Mouthpart
    感器类型 Sensilla赤松梢斑螟
    Dioryctria sylvestrella
    冷杉梢斑螟
    Dioryctria abietella
    上颚
    Mandible
    毛形感器Ⅱ
    Sensilla trichodea Ⅱ(StrⅡ)
    长度 Length 107.49 ± 37.07a 214.69 ± 42.59b
    宽度 Width 10.37 ± 1.42a 11.89 ± 3.36a
    下颚
    Maxilla
    外颚叶的刺形感器Ⅰ
    Sensilla chaetica Ⅰ(SchⅠ) of galea
    长度 Length 52.95 ± 11.03 a 49.55 ± 4.70 a
    宽度 Width 5.9 ± 0.75a 6.59 ± 0.58a
    负须节的刺形感器Ⅰ
    Sensilla chaetica Ⅰ(SchⅠ) of palpiger
    长度 Length 109.09 ± 11.62a 100.94 ± 20.28a
    宽度 Width 9.21 ± 0.72a 8.81 ± 0.95a
    刺形感器Ⅱ
    Sensilla chaetica Ⅱ(SchⅡ)
    长度 Length 20.80 ± 2.41a 24.43 ± 3.47a
    宽度 Width 4.64 ± 1.01a 3.88 ± 0.92a
    锥形感器Ⅰ
    Sensillum basiconca Ⅰ(SbⅠ)
    长度 Length 10.24 ± 2.26a 8.97 ± 2.17a
    宽度 Width 2.16 ± 0.53a 2.48 ± 0.36a
    锥形感器Ⅱ
    Sensillum basiconca Ⅱ(SbⅡ)
    长度 Length 6.32 ± 0.58a 5.93 ± 0.72a
    宽度 Width 2.17 ± 0.18a 2.05 ± 0.35a
    锥形感器Ⅲ
    Sensillum basiconca Ⅲ(SbⅢ)
    长度 Length 17.26 ± 1.31a 11.21 ± 2.50b
    宽度 Width 2.01 ± 0.34a 2.31 ± 0.72a
    锥形感器Ⅳ
    Sensilla chaetica Ⅳ(SbⅣ)
    长度 Length 52.62 ± 9.13a 65.32 ± 10.88a
    宽度 Width 12.51 ± 3.49a 16.37 ± 4.04a
    栓锥形感器Ⅰ
    Sensillum styloconica Ⅰ(SsⅠ)
    长度 Length 42.21 ± 2.81a 48.55 ± 5.12b
    宽度 Width 16.29 ± 0.70a 14.67 ± 0.60b
    指形感器
    Sensillum digitiformium (Sd)
    长度 Length 23.49 ± 1.99a 21.88. ± 1.59a
    宽度 Width 8.12 ± 1.60a 7.14 ± 1.33a
    毛形感器Ⅰ
    Sensillum trichodea Ⅰ(StrⅠ)
    长度 Length 209.15 ± 29.02a 215.97 ± 21.64a
    宽度 Width 13.32 ± 1.48a 11.19 ± 1.80a
    下唇
    Labium
    刺形感器Ⅱ
    Sensilla chaetica Ⅱ(SchⅡ)
    长度 Length 24.06 ± 6.76a 31.57 ± 10.01b
    宽度 Width 4.03 ± 0.69a 4.39 ± 0.48a
    栓锥形感器Ⅱ
    Sensillum styloconica Ⅱ(SsⅡ)
    长度 Length 40.31 ± 7.37a 79.79 ± 8.43b
    宽度 Width 9.88 ± 0.88a 10.59 ± 0.66a
    注:数据为平均数 ± 标准差,同一行标不同小写字母表示差异显著(P < 0.05)。表中差异显著性采用T检验计算。Notes: data are presented as mean ± SD, different small letters in the same line indicate significant differences( P < 0.05). The significance of differences in the table is calculated by T-test.
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-07-19
  • 修回日期:  2021-08-18
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-06-01

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