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4种榕树对榕透翅毒蛾生长发育及取食偏好的影响

廖菘凯 黄家豪 卢隆鑫 林浩宇 王家晋 梁甜 陈辉

廖菘凯, 黄家豪, 卢隆鑫, 林浩宇, 王家晋, 梁甜, 陈辉. 4种榕树对榕透翅毒蛾生长发育及取食偏好的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20220028
引用本文: 廖菘凯, 黄家豪, 卢隆鑫, 林浩宇, 王家晋, 梁甜, 陈辉. 4种榕树对榕透翅毒蛾生长发育及取食偏好的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20220028
Liao Songkai, Huang jiahao, Lu Longxin, Lin haoyu, Wang Jiajin, Liang Tian, Chen Hui. Effects of different banyan species on the growth, development and feeding preference of Perina nuda[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20220028
Citation: Liao Songkai, Huang jiahao, Lu Longxin, Lin haoyu, Wang Jiajin, Liang Tian, Chen Hui. Effects of different banyan species on the growth, development and feeding preference of Perina nuda[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University. doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20220028

4种榕树对榕透翅毒蛾生长发育及取食偏好的影响

doi: 10.12171/j.1000-1522.20220028
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(31870636)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    廖菘凯。主要研究方向:森林昆虫学。Email:skliao@stu.scau.edu.cn 地址:510642 广东省广州市五山路483号

    责任作者:

    陈辉,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:森林昆虫学。Email:chenhui@scau.edu.cn 地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S763.3

Effects of different banyan species on the growth, development and feeding preference of Perina nuda

  • 摘要:   目的  探究榕透翅毒蛾对不同榕属植物的寄主偏好性和选择性,为榕透翅毒蛾的防治提供科学依据。  方法  以广州市4种榕透翅毒蛾寄主植物:黄金榕、高山榕、垂叶榕、小叶榕(雅榕)为对象,分析榕透翅毒蛾取食不同榕树叶片后的生长发育和摄食量等指标。  结果  不同榕树饲养的榕透翅毒蛾幼虫龄期存在差异,黄金榕5 ~ 7龄,高山榕和小叶榕6 ~ 8龄,垂叶榕6 ~ 9龄;垂叶榕饲养的榕透翅毒蛾幼虫发育历期最长,而黄金榕饲养的榕透翅毒蛾幼虫发育历期最短;在榕透翅毒蛾幼虫发育的每一龄级,以黄金榕饲养的榕透翅毒蛾幼虫体长、体质量和排泄物鲜质量最大;黄金榕饲养的榕透翅毒蛾幼虫2 ~ 7龄头壳宽最宽(1龄头壳高山榕最宽);黄金榕和高山榕饲养的榕透翅毒蛾幼虫存活率显著高于垂叶榕和小叶榕;幼虫取食黄金榕的榕透翅毒蛾雌成虫寿命最长,而取食高山榕的雄成虫寿命最长,雌成虫预卵期最短,单雌产卵量最多;1 ~ 4龄幼虫取食黄金榕的5龄幼虫更偏爱取食高山榕,而取食其他3种榕树的5龄幼虫寄主偏好性不明显。  结论  榕透翅毒蛾对4种榕树的偏好性和选择性存在显著的差异,其中黄金榕和高山榕比垂叶榕和小叶榕更适合榕透翅毒蛾幼虫生长发育。

     

  • 图  1  不同榕树对榕透翅毒蛾幼虫和蛹存活率的影响

    1L、2L、3L、4L、5L、6−9L分别为1龄、2龄、3龄、4龄、5龄、6-9龄幼虫;PP. 蛹;TT. 总体。同组数据不同字母表示幼虫和蛹的存活率差异显著(P < 0.05)。1L, 2L, 3L, 4L, 5L, and 6−9L mean 1st instar, 2nd instar, 3rd instar, 4th instar, 5th instar and 6th-9th instar, respectively; PP, pupa; TT, total. Different lowercase letters indicated significant differences in survival rates at larval and pupal stage between different banyan species (P < 0.05).

    Figure  1.  Effect of banyan species on the survival rates of P. nuda during larval and pupal stages

    表  1  不同榕树饲养的榕透翅毒蛾幼虫和蛹发育历期

    Table  1.   Development period of P. nuda at larval and pupal stages fed on different banyan species

    发育阶段
    Development stage
    发育历期
    Development period/d
    统计分析
    Statistical analysis
    黄金榕
    F. microcarpa
    高山榕
    F. altissima
    小叶榕
    F. concinna
    垂叶榕
    F. benjamina
    FdfP
    1龄幼虫
    1st instar larva
    4.880 ± 0.168b 6.470 ± 0.175a 5.940 ± 0.514a 6.320 ± 0.342a 8.855 3 < 0.001
    2龄幼虫
    2nd instar larva
    3.880 ± 0.149b 4.450 ± 0.176ab 5.000 ± 0.331a 4.930 ± 0.176a 5.073 3 0.003
    3龄幼虫
    3rd instar larva
    4.880 ± 0.200ab 4.690 ± 0.123b 5.690 ± 0.499a 5.800 ± 0.663a 3.225 3 0.027
    4龄幼虫
    4th instar larva
    4.940 ± 0.269a 4.170 ± 0.149a 4.750 ± 0.250a 4.700 ± 0.300a 2.302 3 0.083
    5龄幼虫
    5th instar larva
    4.830 ± 0.220a 4.520 ± 0.202a 4.500 ± 0.195a 4.800 ± 0.291a 0.581 3 0.629
    6龄幼虫
    6th instar larva
    4.880 ± 0.377a 4.680 ± 0.116a 5.330 ± 0.333a 4.900 ± 0.277a 0.763 3 0.519
    7龄幼虫
    7th instar larva
    5.250 ± 0.629ab 4.670 ± 0.211b 6.330 ± 0.333a 5.330 ± 0.373ab 5.364 3 0.004
    8龄幼虫
    8th instar larva
    5.670 ± 0.333
    幼虫期
    Larval stage
    28.070 ± 0.678 c 31.570 ± 0.536b 36.750 ± 0.789a 38.600 ± 1.869a 29.434 3 < 0.001
    蛹期
    Pupal stage
    8.320 ± 0.189a 8.290 ± 0.101a 8.420 ± 0.149a 8.560 ± 0.176a 0.389 3 0.761
    注:同一行数据不同小写字母表示取食不同榕树的榕透翅毒蛾幼虫和蛹发育历期的差异显著(P < 0.05)。Note: Means in the same row followed by different lowercase letters indicated significant differences in development period of P. nuda at larval and pupal stages fed on different banyan species
    (P < 0.05).
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同榕树饲养的榕透翅毒蛾幼虫体长

    Table  2.   Body length of P. nuda at larval stages fed on different banyan species

    发育阶段
    Development stage
    体长
    Body length/mm
    统计分析
    Statistical analysis
    黄金榕
    F. microcarpa
    高山榕
    F. altissima
    小叶榕
    F. concinna
    垂叶榕
    F. benjamina
    FdfP
    2龄幼虫
    2nd instar larva
    4.476 ± 0.076a 4.087 ± 0.074b 3.580 ± 0.105c 3.921 ± 0.128b 16.508 3 < 0.001
    3龄幼虫
    3rd instar larva
    5.959 ± 0.119a 5.593 ± 0.216ab 5.036 ± 0.312bc 4.933 ± 0.181c 5.261 3 0.002
    4龄幼虫
    4th instar larva
    9.873 ± 0.303a 7.789 ± 0.278b 7.467 ± 0.368b 6.440 ± 0.223c 19.801 3 < 0.001
    5龄幼虫
    5th instar larva
    14.220 ± 0.531a 9.524 ± 0.336ab 11.120 ± 0.728ab 8.122 ± 0.504c 26.107 3 < 0.001
    6龄幼虫
    6th instar larva
    21.177 ± 0.654a 14.276 ± 0.626ab 13.783 ± 0.729ab 10.560 ± 0.531c 40.018 3 < 0.001
    7龄幼虫
    7th instar larva
    22.300 ± 1.944a 19.536 ± 0.825ab 17.300 ± 1.093bc 14.850 ± 1.017c 6.648 3 0.001
    8龄幼虫
    8th instar larva
    18.433 ± 1.323
    注:同一行数据不同小写字母表示取食不同榕树的榕透翅毒蛾幼虫体长的差异显著(P < 0.05)。Note: Means in the same row followed by different lowercase letters indicated significant differences in larval body length of P. nuda at larval and pupal stages fed on different banyan species (P < 0.05).
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  不同榕树饲养的榕透翅毒蛾幼虫体质量

    Table  3.   Mass of P. nuda at larval stages fed on different banyan species

    发育阶段
    Development stage
    体质量
    Body mass/g
    统计分析
    Statistical analysis
    黄金榕
    F. microcarpa
    高山榕
    F. altissima
    小叶榕
    F. concinna
    垂叶榕
    F. benjamina
    FdfP
    2龄幼虫
    2nd instar larva
    0.001 5 ± 0.000 1a 0.001 1 ± 0.000 1b 0.001 0 ± 0.000 1bc 0.000 8 ± 0.000 10c 16.521 3 < 0.001
    3龄幼虫
    3rd instar larva
    0.005 1 ± 0.000 2a 0.003 2 ± 0.000 2b 0.002 6 ± 0.000 3bc 0.002 2 ± 0.000 2c 33.36 3 < 0.001
    4龄幼虫
    4th instar larva
    0.016 9 ± 0.001 0a 0.009 1 ± 0.000 6b 0.008 9 ± 0.001 9b 0.005 4 ± 0.000 5c 21.877 3 < 0.001
    5龄幼虫
    5th instar larva
    0.059 9 ± 0.004 8a 0.023 3 ± 0.001 7b 0.025 4 ± 0.005 2b 0.012 2 ± 0.001 7b 27.684 3 < 0.001
    6龄幼虫
    6th instar larva
    0.187 6 ± 0.141 9a 0.086 6 ± 0.007 9b 0.064 0 ± 0.013 1bc 0.031 2 ± 0.005 4c 30.315 3 < 0.001
    7龄幼虫
    7th instar larva
    0.216 9 ± 0.021 9a 0.174 3 ± 0.016 0 ab 0.122 4 ± 0.015 5bc 0.087 8 ± 0.015 3c 8.198 3 < 0.001
    8龄幼虫
    8th instar larva
    0.139 9 ± 0.022 6
    注:同一行数据不同小写字母表示取食不同榕树的榕透翅毒蛾幼虫体质量的差异显著(P < 0.05)。Note: Means in the same row followed by different lowercase letters indicated significant differences in larval body mass of P. nuda at larval and pupal stages fed on different banyan species (P < 0.05).
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  不同榕树饲养的榕透翅毒蛾幼虫排泄物质量

    Table  4.   Fecal mass of P. nuda at larval stages fed on different banyan species

    发育阶段
    Development stage
    粪质量
    Fecal mass/g
    统计分析
    Statistical analysis
    黄金榕
    F. microcarpa
    高山榕
    F. altissima
    小叶榕
    F. concinna
    垂叶榕
    F. benjamina
    FdfP
    2龄幼虫
    2nd instar larva
    0.006 9 ± 0.000 4a 0.006 9 ± 0.000 6a 0.006 3 ± 0.001 1a 0.003 2 ± 0.000 2b 7.268 3 < 0.001
    3龄幼虫
    3rd instar larva
    0.030 0 ± 0.002 5a 0.016 3 ± 0.001 1b 0.020 3 ± 0.005 2b 0.007 0 ± 0.000 7c 12.374 3 < 0.001
    4龄幼虫
    4th instar larva
    0.124 9 ± 0.014 2a 0.062 2 ± 0.005 9b 0.069 6 ± 0.017 5b 0.020 9 ± 0.003 7c 10.628 3 < 0.001
    5龄幼虫
    5th instar larva
    0.563 8 ± 0.055 6a 0.264 2 ± 0.033 4b 0.238 0 ± 0.073 4b 0.062 0 ± 0.008 9c 15.075 3 < 0.001
    6龄幼虫
    6th instar larva
    2.231 3 ± 0.237 4a 1.418 0 ± 0.191 3a 1.784 4 ± 0.601 8a 0.237 1 ± 0.055 4b 7.335 3 < 0.001
    7龄幼虫
    7th instar larva
    4.139 3 ± 0.368 5a 2.922 6 ± 0.277 3a 3.781 4 ± 0.587 9a 0.994 7 ± 0.276 8b 11.104 3 < 0.001
    8龄幼虫
    8th instar larva
    1.918 1 ± 0.369 8
    幼虫期
    Larval stage
    3.504 7 ± 0.267 1b 3.530 4 ± 0.219 7b 5.288 9 ± 0.457 1a 2.668 9 ± 0.263 4b 8.401 3 < 0.001
    注:同一行数据不同小写字母表示取食不同榕树的榕透翅毒蛾幼虫排泄物质量的差异显著(P < 0.05)。Note: Means in the same row followed by different lowercase letters indicated significant differences in larval fecal mass of P. nuda at larval and pupal stages fed on different banyan species (P < 0.05).
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  不同榕树饲养的榕透翅毒蛾幼虫头壳宽度

    Table  5.   Head capsule width of P. nuda at larval stages fed on different banyan species

    发育阶段
    Development stage
    头壳宽
    head capsule width/mm
    统计分析
    Statistical analysis
    黄金榕
    F. microcarpa
    高山榕
    F. altissima
    小叶榕
    F. concinna
    垂叶榕
    F. benjamina
    FdfP
    1龄幼虫
    1st instar larva
    0.463 3 ± 0.002 4c 0.472 9 ± 0.002 1a 0.464 5 ± 0.002 7bc 0.470 8 ± 0.001 9ab 4.581 3 0.006
    2龄幼虫
    2nd instar larva
    0.682 4 ± 0.005 9a 0.661 5 ± 0.004 5ab 0.656 3 ± 0.025 9ab 0.647 0 ± 0.129 2b 3.236 3 0.028
    3龄幼虫
    3rd instar larva
    1.105 5 ± 0.0173a 0.925 4 ± 0.019 0c 1.019 5 ± 0.062 6b 0.889 0 ± 0.023 0c 14.315 3 < 0.001
    4龄幼虫
    4th instar larva
    1.674 7 ± 0.033 0a 1.423 4 ± 0.027 7b 1.443 6 ± 0.099 0b 1.245 4 ± 0.070 8c 13.987 3 < 0.001
    5龄幼虫
    5th instar larva
    2.463 6 ± 0.055 5a 2.053 6 ± 0.045 3b 1.972 8 ± 0.119 3b 1.583 4 ± 0.082 0c 23.507 3 < 0.001
    6龄幼虫
    6th instar larva
    2.797 5 ± 0.1181a 2.656 4 ± 0.047 9ab 2.432 9 ± 0.113 3bc 2.232 2 ± 0.122 8c 5.804 3 0.003
    7龄幼虫
    7th instar larva
    3.270 7 ± 0.059 0a 2.999 5 ± 0.037 7b 2.855 7 ± 0.049 7bc 2.739 3 ± 0.132 7c 9.498 3 < 0.001
    注:同一行数据不同小写字母表示取食不同榕树的榕透翅毒蛾幼虫头壳宽度的差异显著(P < 0.05)。Note: Means in the same row followed by different lowercase letters indicated significant differences in head capsule width of P. nuda fed on different banyan species (P < 0.05).
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  不同榕树饲养的榕透翅毒蛾幼虫头壳宽度回归方程

    Table  6.   Regression equation and coefficient of determination of head capsule width of P. nuda at larval stages fed on different banyan species

    寄主
    Host
    拟合模型
    Fitted model
    回归方程
    Regression equation
    R2
    黄金榕
    F. microcarpa
    六次 y = 0.004x6 − 0.091 8x5 + 0.819 7x4 − 3.645 5x3 + 8.536 9x2 − 9.574 8x + 4.414 9 0.969 7
    高山榕
    F. altissima
    五次 y = 0.000 8x5 − 0.021 2x4 + 0.181 6x3 − 0.593 4x2 + 0.987 4x − 0.082 2 0.970 6
    小叶榕
    F. concinna
    六次 y = 0.001 1x6 − 0.026 7x5 + 0.249 3x4 − 1.170 8x3 + 2.940 6x2 − 3.417 7x + 1.888 6 0.907 6
    垂叶榕
    F. benjamina
    六次 y = 0.000 3x6 − 0.009 7x5 + 0.109 2x4 − 0.590 3x3 + 1.643 5x2 − 1.986 1x + 1.304 7 0.936 6
    注:x. 龄期;y. 头壳宽度。Notes: x, instar; y, head capsule width.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  7  不同榕树饲养的榕透翅毒蛾蛹的质量

    Table  7.   Pupal mass of P. nuda at larval stages fed on different banyan species

    性别
    Sex
    蛹质量
    Pupal mass/g
    统计分析
    Statistical analysis
    黄金榕
    F. microcarpa
    高山榕
    F. altissima
    小叶榕
    F. concinna
    垂叶榕
    F. benjamina
    FdfP
    雌虫
    Female
    0.254 0 ± 0.015 9a 0.230 9 ± 0.012 1ab 0.207 3 ± 0.008 1b 0.232 1 ± 0.018 6ab 2.489 3 0.076
    雄虫
    Male
    0.157 1 ± 0.005 4a 0.138 4 ± 0.005 8bc 0.130 6 ± 0.003 5c 0.152 2 ± 0.003 3ab 5.36 3 0.004
    总体
    Total
    0.219 4 ± 0.016 4a 0.184 7 ± 0.012 0ab 0.161 8 ± 0.007 8b 0.195 8 ± 0.016 0ab 4.262 3 0.008
    注:同一行数据不同小写字母表示取食不同榕树的榕透翅毒蛾蛹质量的差异显著性(P < 0.05)。Note: means in the same row followed by different lowercase letters indicated significant differences in pupal mass of P. nuda fed on different banyan species (P < 0.05).
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  8  不同榕树饲养的榕透翅毒蛾成虫寿命、预卵期和产卵量

    Table  8.   Adult longevity, pre-ovulation period and egg production of P. nuda fed on different banyan species

    寄主
    Host
    雌虫寿命
    Female adult longevity/d
    雄虫寿命
    Male adult longevity/d
    预卵期
    pre-ovulation period/d
    产卵量
    Egg production
    黄金榕
    F. microcarpa
    11.13 ± 0.99a 8.83 ± 1.05ab 3.87 ± 0.46a 182.13 ± 18.22ab
    高山榕
    F. altissima
    9.54 ± 0.42a 10.07 ± 0.41a 3.21 ± 0.47a 226.14 ± 30.05a
    小叶榕
    F. concinna
    9.71 ± 0.68a 7.20 ± 0.58b 3.80 ± 1.02a 107.43 ± 32.94bc
    垂叶榕
    F. benjamina
    9.60 ± 0.60a 8.25 ± 0.63ab 4.50 ± 0.50a 85.00 ± 40.52c
    统计分析
    Statistical analysis
    F = 0.972, P = 0.416 F = 3.823, P = 0.022 F = 0.664, P = 0.580 F = 4.326, P = 0.010
    注:同一列数据不同小写字母表示取食不同榕树的榕透翅毒蛾成虫寿命、预卵期和产卵量的差异显著(P < 0.05)。Note: Means in the same column followed by different lowercase letters indicated significant differences in adult longevity, pre-ovulation period and egg production of P. nuda fed on different banyan species (P < 0.05).
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  9  不同榕树饲养的榕透翅毒蛾第二代卵历期和孵化率

    Table  9.   Incubation period and hatchability of the second generation of P. nuda fed on different banyan species after oviposition

    寄主
    Host
    卵历期
    Incubation period/d
    孵化率
    Hatchability/%
    黄金榕
    F. microcarpa
    8.40 ± 0.245a 60.358 0 ± 5.982a
    高山榕
    F. altissima
    9.17 ± 0.477a 59.643 3 ± 8.104a
    小叶榕
    F. concinna
    8.33 ± 0.333a 49.786 7 ± 16.300a
    垂叶榕
    F. benjamina
    8.80 ± 0.374a 51.605 0 ± 15.942a
    统计分析
    Statistical analysis
    F = 0.950, P = 0.442 F = 0.442, P = 0.872
    注:同一列数据不同小写字母表示取食不同榕树的榕透翅毒蛾第二代卵历期和孵化率的差异显著(P < 0.05)。Note: Means in the same column followed by different lowercase letters indicated significant differences in incubation period and hatchability of the second generation of P. nuda fed on different banyan species (P < 0.05).
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  10  取食经历对榕透翅毒蛾5龄幼虫不同寄主120 min取食量的影响

    Table  10.   Effects of feeding experience on food intake of 5th instar larvae of P. nuda at 120 min on different hosts

    5龄幼虫取食寄主
    5th instar larval feeding host
    取食量 Food intake/g
    1 ~ 4龄取食黄金榕幼虫
    1st to 4th instar larva fed on F. microcarpa
    1 ~ 4龄取食高山榕幼虫
    1st to 4th instar larva fed on F. altissima
    1 ~ 4龄取食小叶榕幼虫
    1st to 4th instar larva fed on F. concinna
    1 ~ 4龄取食垂叶榕幼虫
    1st to 4th instar larva fed on F. benjamina
    总体 Total
    黄金榕
    F. microcarpa
    0.004 2 ± 0.001 9b 0.005 1 ± 0.002 9a 0.002 7 ± 0.000 7a 0.011 8 ± 0.005 6a 0.005 9 ± 0.001 7a
    高山榕
    F. altissima
    0.019 6 ± 0.001 5a 0.006 4 ± 0.002 2a 0.002 3 ± 0.001 2a 0.003 4 ± 0.001 0a 0.008 4 ± 0.001 9a
    小叶榕
    F. concinna
    0.004 1 ± 0.002 1b 0.005 1 ± 0.001 7a 0.008 2 ± 0.002 8a 0.010 9 ± 0.000 2a 0.006 5 ± 0.001 1a
    垂叶榕
    F. benjamina
    0.009 6 ± 0.005 3b 0.000 9 ± 0.000 5a 0.003 7 ± 0.002 6a 0.008 5 ± 0.000 8a 0.006 0 ± 0.001 3a
    P < 0.001 0.422 0.170 0.368 0.629
    注:同一列数据不同小写字母表示榕透翅毒蛾幼虫120 min相对摄入指数的差异显著(P < 0.05)。Note: Means in the same column followed by different lowercase letters indicated significant differences in 120 min relative ingestion index of P. nuda fed on different banyan species (P < 0.05).
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  11  取食经历对榕透翅毒蛾5龄幼虫120 min相对摄入指数的影响

    Table  11.   Effects of feeding experience on relative ingestion index of 5th instar larvae of P. nuda at 120 min on different banyan species

    5龄幼虫取食寄主
    5th instar larval feeding host
    相对摄入指数 Relative ingestion index
    1 ~ 4龄取食黄金榕幼虫
    1st to 4th instar larva fed on F. microcarpa
    1 ~ 4龄取食高山榕幼虫
    1st to 4th instar larva fed on F. altissima
    1 ~ 4龄取食小叶榕幼虫
    1st to 4th instar larva fed on F. concinna
    1 ~ 4龄取食垂叶榕幼虫
    1st to 4th instar larva fed on F. benjamina
    总体 Total
    黄金榕
    F. microcarpa
    0.103 8 ± 0.019 2b 0.094 0 ± 0.040 3a 0.109 8 ± 0.022 2a 0.180 7 ± 0.123 9a 0.122 1 ± 0.031 1a
    高山榕
    F. altissima
    0.169 8 ± 0.015 0a 0.123 3 ± 0.022 5a 0.107 5 ± 0.038 3a 0.084 0 ± 0.017 6a 0.125 3 ± 0.014 3a
    小叶榕
    F. concinna
    0.065 8 ± 0.014 4b 0.161 9 ± 0.029 5a 0.103 0 ± 0.034 6a 0.059 4 ± 0.016 4a 0.101 7 ± 0.015 8a
    垂叶榕
    F. benjamina
    0.101 4 ± 0.012 5b 0.090 5 ± 0.038 2a 0.126 0 ± 0.033 7a 0.055 6 ± 0.009 3a 0.093 6 ± 0.013 0a
    P 0.002 0.386 0.968 0.574 0.614
    注:同一列数据不同小写字母表示榕透翅毒蛾幼虫120 min取食量的差异显著(P < 0.05)。Note: Means in the same column followed by different lowercase letters indicated significant differences in 120 min food intake of P. nuda fed on different banyan species (P < 0.05).
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  12  取食经历对榕透翅毒蛾5龄幼虫120 min取食面积的影响

    Table  12.   Effects of feeding experience on feeding area of 5th instar larvae of P. nuda at 120 min on different banyan species

    5龄幼虫取食寄主
    5th instar larval feeding host
    取食面积 Feeding are/cm2
    1~4龄取食黄金榕幼虫
    1st to 4th instar larva fed on F. microcarpa
    1~4龄取食高山榕幼虫
    1st to 4th instar larva fed on F. altissima
    1~4龄取食小叶榕幼虫
    1st to 4th instar larva fed on F. concinna
    1~4龄取食垂叶榕幼虫
    1st to 4th instar larva fed on F. benjamina
    总体 Total
    黄金榕
    F. microcarpa
    0.470 8 ± 0.057 3b 0.237 9 ± 0.096 0a 0.182 1 ± 0.065 5a 0.045 4 ± 0.004 1a 0.234 1 ± 0.049 1a
    高山榕
    F. altissima
    0.949 3 ± 0.092 0a 0.181 1 ± 0.046 9a 0.133 9 ± 0.027 7a 0.032 1 ± 0.004 3a 0.356 5 ± 0.094 0a
    小叶榕
    F. concinna
    0.407 9 ± 0.111 4b 0.132 8 ± 0.041 0a 0.176 4 ± 0.056 8a 0.073 6 ± 0.026 9a 0.213 5 ± 0.047 4a
    垂叶榕
    F. benjamina
    0.926 1 ± 0.143 4a 0.195 7 ± 0.066 0a 0.196 9 ± 0.095 3a 0.067 5 ± 0.020 6a 0.356 6 ± 0.102 3a
    P 0.003 0.683 0.891 0.347 0.397
    注:同一列数据不同小写字母表示榕透翅毒蛾120 min取食面积的差异显著(P < 0.05)。Note: Means in the same column followed by different lowercase letters indicated significant differences in 120 min feeding area between of P. nuda fed on banyan species (P < 0.05).
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-01-17
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