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透光抚育对长白山“栽针保阔”红松林土壤碳储量影响

张晓亮 牟长城 张小单 韩阳瑞 庄宸 曹万亮 程家友 郑曈

张晓亮, 牟长城, 张小单, 韩阳瑞, 庄宸, 曹万亮, 程家友, 郑曈. 透光抚育对长白山“栽针保阔”红松林土壤碳储量影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(10): 22-30. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140040
引用本文: 张晓亮, 牟长城, 张小单, 韩阳瑞, 庄宸, 曹万亮, 程家友, 郑曈. 透光抚育对长白山“栽针保阔”红松林土壤碳储量影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(10): 22-30. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140040
ZHANG Xiao-liang, MU Chang-cheng, ZHANG Xiao-dan, HAN Yang-rui, ZHUANG Chen, CAO Wan-liang, CHENG Jia-you, ZHENG Tong. Effect of liberation cutting on the soil carbon storage of a Korean pine forest restored by planting conifers and reserving broad-leaved trees in Changbai Mountains of China.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(10): 22-30. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140040
Citation: ZHANG Xiao-liang, MU Chang-cheng, ZHANG Xiao-dan, HAN Yang-rui, ZHUANG Chen, CAO Wan-liang, CHENG Jia-you, ZHENG Tong. Effect of liberation cutting on the soil carbon storage of a Korean pine forest restored by planting conifers and reserving broad-leaved trees in Changbai Mountains of China.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(10): 22-30. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140040

透光抚育对长白山“栽针保阔”红松林土壤碳储量影响

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140040
基金项目: 

“十二五”国家农村领域科技支撑计划课题(2012BAD21B0202--03)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    张晓亮。主要研究方向:森林生态学。Email:zhangxiaoliang1987@yeah.net 地址:330029江西省南昌市青山湖南大道290号江西省水土保持科学研究院。 责任作者: 牟长城,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向: 森林生态学 。Email: mccnefu@yahoo.com 地址:150040黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路26号东北林业大学生态研究中心。

    张晓亮。主要研究方向:森林生态学。Email:zhangxiaoliang1987@yeah.net 地址:330029江西省南昌市青山湖南大道290号江西省水土保持科学研究院。 责任作者: 牟长城,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向: 森林生态学 。Email: mccnefu@yahoo.com 地址:150040黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路26号东北林业大学生态研究中心。

Effect of liberation cutting on the soil carbon storage of a Korean pine forest restored by planting conifers and reserving broad-leaved trees in Changbai Mountains of China.

  • 摘要: 运用采伐试验方法,研究上层透光抚育(对照为栽针未采伐、轻度透光抚育(25%)、中度透光抚育(50%)、强度透光抚育(75%)、全透光(100%), 透光抚育强度是指蓄积比例)对长白山中期(33年生)“栽针保阔”红松林土壤碳储量及凋落物碳储量的影响。结果表明: 透光抚育对长白山中期“栽针保阔”红松林的土壤密度((0.83±0.02)~(1.15±0.03)g/cm3)与土壤碳含量((43.36±1.60)~(70.26±1.94)g/kg)具有影响。中度透光抚育显著降低了其土壤密度(8.4%,P0.05),但显著提高了其土壤碳含量(14.9%,P0.05);强度透光抚育与全透光显著提高了土壤密度(23.3%和27.1%,P0.05),但也显著降低了土壤碳含量(23.7%和29.1%,P0.05);而轻度透光抚育对土壤密度与土壤碳含量均无显著影响。透光抚育对长白山中期“栽针保阔”红松林的土壤碳储量((13.12±1.57)~(23.46±2.03) kg/m2)产生了较大的影响;其中,中度透光抚育使其土壤碳储量显著提高了12.8%(P0.05),强度透光抚育与全透光使其显著降低了29.9%和36.9%(P0.05),而轻度透光抚育对其并无显著影响。透光抚育对于其凋落物碳储量((2.13±0.39)~(2.82±0.37) t/hm2)的影响相对较大;轻、中度透光抚育较对照提高了8.1%和19.5%,但仅有中度透光抚育提高显著(P0.05),强度透光抚育与全透光样地较对照样地降低了3.8%和9.8%,仅有全透光降低显著(P0.05)。因此,中度透光抚育能够提高中期“栽针保阔”红松林的土壤碳储量及凋落物碳储量,强度透光抚育与全透光则会降低其土壤碳储量(皆伐也会降低其凋落物碳储量),故从维持或提高“栽针保阔”红松林土壤碳储量考虑,采取中低度透光抚育方式比较适宜。

     

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