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黑龙江流域白头鹤繁殖栖息地选择模型预测

黄建 FalkHuettmann 郭玉民

黄建, FalkHuettmann, 郭玉民. 黑龙江流域白头鹤繁殖栖息地选择模型预测[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(8): 40-47. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140178
引用本文: 黄建, FalkHuettmann, 郭玉民. 黑龙江流域白头鹤繁殖栖息地选择模型预测[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(8): 40-47. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140178
HUANG Jian, Falk Huettmann, GUO Yu-min. Distribution modeling of breeding hooded crane in Heilongjiang basin[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(8): 40-47. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140178
Citation: HUANG Jian, Falk Huettmann, GUO Yu-min. Distribution modeling of breeding hooded crane in Heilongjiang basin[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(8): 40-47. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140178

黑龙江流域白头鹤繁殖栖息地选择模型预测

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140178
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目(30770287)

详细信息
    作者简介:

    黄建。主要研究方向:鸟类栖息地。Email: koken@bjfu.edu.cn 地址: 100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学516信箱。

    责任作者:

    郭玉民,博士,副教授。主要研究方向:鸟类生态学。Email: guoyumin@bjfu.edu.cn 地址: 100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学159信箱。

Distribution modeling of breeding hooded crane in Heilongjiang basin

  • 摘要: 白头鹤是中国国家Ⅰ级重点保护野生动物,世界自然保护联盟(IUCN)将其列为易危物种。目前仅知道白头鹤繁殖于中国黑龙江流域和俄罗斯西伯利亚东南部,但对其繁殖栖息地的具体研究尚不完善。为了掌握这一物种在东北亚地区的繁殖栖息地的分布及特征,更好地对该物种及其栖息地实施保护,2011—2013年在小兴安岭对白头鹤繁殖栖息地进行了调查,除新近采集的数据,还通过调查收取了过去近10年(2001—2010年)的白头鹤繁殖数据。本研究采用Salford Predictive Modeler、R等数据分析软件对收集到的繁殖数据建立模型(随机森林模型)进行预测,并使用地理信息系统(GIS)对预测的白头鹤繁殖区绘图,得到直观的繁殖分布预测图。结果表明:在景观尺度下,影响白头鹤繁殖栖息地的主要因素有3个,分别是海拔、坡度和坡向。进一步分析后得出结论:中等海拔(300~500m)、朝向东北且平缓(坡度小于2.4°)的泰加林区域是白头鹤最为适宜的繁殖区。由此结论以及研究区域内的GIS数据分析表明:在本研究区域内,白头鹤最适宜繁殖区(分布概率高于0.8)面积为6832km2,只占研究区面积的0.18%,估计能容纳2000~3000对白头鹤繁殖。绘图显示:只有少量的最适宜繁殖区(仅784km2)在保护区范围内,并且在白头鹤的繁殖分布地中存在大量的农田和水利设施。保护区面积的不足和严重的人为干扰是白头鹤在繁殖区内面临的主要问题。

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-05-16
  • 修回日期:  2014-05-16
  • 刊出日期:  2015-08-31

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