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切花菊‘丽金’响应光照诱导成花特性研究

洪艳 陈之琳 戴思兰

洪艳, 陈之琳, 戴思兰. 切花菊‘丽金’响应光照诱导成花特性研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(3): 133-138. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140223
引用本文: 洪艳, 陈之琳, 戴思兰. 切花菊‘丽金’响应光照诱导成花特性研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(3): 133-138. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140223
HONG Yan, CHEN Zhi-lin, DAI Si-lan. Light induction on flowering characteristics of cut chrysanthemum ‘Reagan’[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(3): 133-138. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140223
Citation: HONG Yan, CHEN Zhi-lin, DAI Si-lan. Light induction on flowering characteristics of cut chrysanthemum ‘Reagan’[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(3): 133-138. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140223

切花菊‘丽金’响应光照诱导成花特性研究

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140223
基金项目: 

国家林业局林业科学技术推广项目([2011]16)

详细信息
    作者简介:

    第一作者: 洪艳,博士生。主要研究方向:花卉分子生物学。Email:henian126@126.com 地址:100083 北京市清华东路35号北京林业大学园林学院。责任作者: 戴思兰,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:观赏植物遗传育种与分子生物学。Email:silandai@sina.com 地址:同上。

    第一作者: 洪艳,博士生。主要研究方向:花卉分子生物学。Email:henian126@126.com 地址:100083 北京市清华东路35号北京林业大学园林学院。责任作者: 戴思兰,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:观赏植物遗传育种与分子生物学。Email:silandai@sina.com 地址:同上。

Light induction on flowering characteristics of cut chrysanthemum ‘Reagan’

  • 摘要: 菊花是典型的短日照植物,本研究以切花菊品种‘丽金’组培苗为材料,对其成花感受态和限界光周期进行了分析。在此基础上,利用不同光质配比组合的红光和蓝光LED补光灯对其幼苗进行光照处理,探讨不同光质对植株开花的影响。结果表明:‘丽金’的成花感受态为具有14片叶的组培苗植株,限界性诱导光周期值为短日照下(12 h光照/12 h黑暗)43 d;蓝光是促进幼苗现蕾的必需光源,且复合光(蓝光∶红光=2∶1和红光∶蓝光=2∶1)比单色光(蓝光和红光)和对照组(普通荧光灯)更利于切花菊的成花,其中蓝光∶红光=2∶1是短日照诱导植株快速现蕾和成花的最优光源,成花所需时间仅为(86.19±1.17) d,而红光∶蓝光=2∶1是短日照诱导植株成花且获得高杆植株的最优光源,现蕾高度为(41.44±7.09) cm。这些结果为切花菊高效低能的周年生产提供了重要的参考信息,并为其他观赏植物的设施栽培试验研究提供了参考体系。

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-07-01
  • 修回日期:  2014-11-02
  • 刊出日期:  2015-03-31

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