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柳杉人工林行列疏伐异龄混交林经营研究

邱志明 苏声欣 钟智昕 唐盛林 林谦佑

邱志明, 苏声欣, 钟智昕, 唐盛林, 林谦佑. 柳杉人工林行列疏伐异龄混交林经营研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(3): 44-54. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140317
引用本文: 邱志明, 苏声欣, 钟智昕, 唐盛林, 林谦佑. 柳杉人工林行列疏伐异龄混交林经营研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(3): 44-54. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140317
CHIU Chih-ming, SU Sheng-hsin, CHUNG Chih-hsin, TANG Sheng-lin, LIN Chien-yu. The management toward an uneven-aged mixed forest in a row-thinned Cryptomeria plantation[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(3): 44-54. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140317
Citation: CHIU Chih-ming, SU Sheng-hsin, CHUNG Chih-hsin, TANG Sheng-lin, LIN Chien-yu. The management toward an uneven-aged mixed forest in a row-thinned Cryptomeria plantation[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(3): 44-54. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140317

柳杉人工林行列疏伐异龄混交林经营研究

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140317
基金项目: 

农业科技经费(101农科-13.2.1-森GZU)

详细信息
    作者简介:

    第一作者: 邱志明,研究员。主要研究方向:人工林经营、疏伐修枝、木材性质、立木非破坏检测。Email:chihming1314@gmail.com 地址:10066台湾台北市南海路53号台湾行政院农业委员会林业试验所。

The management toward an uneven-aged mixed forest in a row-thinned Cryptomeria plantation

  • 摘要: 柳杉人工林于24年生时,经不同带宽之行列疏伐处理后,疏伐带栽植扁柏、红桧、台湾杉、香杉4种林木,历经21 a后,目前之成活率,不同带宽成活率差异不显著;但树种间成活率差异显著,以台湾杉最高59%,香杉最低31%。而其胸径和树高之生长,不同疏伐带间部分树种之胸径、树高生长差异不显著;但树种间胸径、树高生长差异极显著。保留带之柳杉胸径、树高之生长明显大于对照区,而材积现存量则对照区仍大于疏伐区。在定期平均生长方面,胸径生长在疏伐13 a后,疏伐效果已减缓;而材积生长则在疏伐7 a后即明显超越对照区。行列疏伐保留带之留存木,在疏伐后6 a间,有较严重之风害,因此建议未来进行疏伐时,留存带应该扩大宽度,建议宽度在20 m以上,以减少风害。在林下地被植物调查方面,全区共调查到97种植物,Shannon多样性指数达到1.78,而Simpson多样性指数则为0.66。在不同的疏伐处理下,保留带与对照区的种类丰富度均低于疏伐处理后的区域,反映出疏伐作业会造成不同的林下环境条件,进而影响地被植物的组成多样性。在林下天然更新树木的调查成果方面,全区共调查到66种、2 010株树木,平均植株密度为941株hm2,Shannon多样性指数达到2.92,Simpson多样性指数则为0.89。在不同的疏伐处理下,天然更新树木的组成多样性已接近显著差异。天然更新树木的数量上,保留带与对照区的林木密度均显著高于疏伐区域,反映出过去的各项森林施业过程(疏伐、下木栽植、抚育等)会实质地影响到林木的天然更新状态。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2014-09-15
  • 修回日期:  2014-11-15
  • 刊出日期:  2015-03-31

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