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黄土丘陵第Ⅲ副区典型流域水沙演变过程及其驱动因素分析

寇馨月 王玉杰 张晓明 王云琦 赵阳 成晨

寇馨月, 王玉杰, 张晓明, 王云琦, 赵阳, 成晨. 黄土丘陵第Ⅲ副区典型流域水沙演变过程及其驱动因素分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(7): 85-93. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140375
引用本文: 寇馨月, 王玉杰, 张晓明, 王云琦, 赵阳, 成晨. 黄土丘陵第Ⅲ副区典型流域水沙演变过程及其驱动因素分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(7): 85-93. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140375
KOU Xin-yue, WANG Yu-jie, ZHANG Xiao-ming, WANG Yun-qi, ZHAO Yang, CHENG Chen. Runoff-sediment relationship and driving force of typical watershed in the third sub-region of hilly loess area, northwestern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(7): 85-93. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140375
Citation: KOU Xin-yue, WANG Yu-jie, ZHANG Xiao-ming, WANG Yun-qi, ZHAO Yang, CHENG Chen. Runoff-sediment relationship and driving force of typical watershed in the third sub-region of hilly loess area, northwestern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(7): 85-93. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140375

黄土丘陵第Ⅲ副区典型流域水沙演变过程及其驱动因素分析

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20140375
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目(51379008)、流域水循环模拟与调控国家重点实验室青年探索课题(2014QN04)

详细信息
    作者简介:

    寇馨月。主要研究方向:水土保持。Email:yykou@126.com 地址:100083 北京市清华东路35号北京林业大学水土保持学院。

    责任作者:

    张晓明,博士,高级工程师。主要研究方向:土壤侵蚀。Email: zxmwq@126.com 地址:100048北京市车公庄西路20号中国水利水电科学研究院。

Runoff-sediment relationship and driving force of typical watershed in the third sub-region of hilly loess area, northwestern China

  • 摘要: 流域水沙演变过程是构建区域水土流失模型及评价水土保持措施效益的基础。为探讨气候与下垫面变化对流域水沙变化的影响,以黄土丘陵沟壑区第Ⅲ副区罗玉沟流域为例,采用水文要素累积距平、Mann-Kendall趋势性检验和双累积曲线等方法,分析了1986—2010年间流域水沙关系演变过程及驱动因素,并定量分析了驱动因素的影响。结果表明:1)流域径流量在1993年发生突变,其中1994—2010年(后期)较1986—1993年(前期)不同降水水平年的径流量和输沙量减少率大多超过50%;2)土地利用结构优化可改变流域水沙过程和水沙量,而沟道淤地坝工程的运行改变了水沙搭配关系,使流域单位径流输沙量显著降低;3)降水和土地利用变化对流域径流减少贡献率分别为18.48%和81.52%;降水和土地利用变化对泥沙减少贡献率则分别为27.15%和72.85%。

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-10-20
  • 修回日期:  2014-10-20
  • 刊出日期:  2015-07-31

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