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官厅水库上游典型植物措施特性及在侵蚀性降雨下的水沙效应分析

潘欣 王玉杰 张会兰 王云琦 王彬 歌丽巴

潘欣, 王玉杰, 张会兰, 王云琦, 王彬, 歌丽巴. 官厅水库上游典型植物措施特性及在侵蚀性降雨下的水沙效应分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(7): 76-84. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150014
引用本文: 潘欣, 王玉杰, 张会兰, 王云琦, 王彬, 歌丽巴. 官厅水库上游典型植物措施特性及在侵蚀性降雨下的水沙效应分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(7): 76-84. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150014
PAN Xin, WANG Yu-jie, ZHANG Hui-lan, WANG Yun-qi, WANG Bin, GELIBA. Runoff and sediment effects in erosive rainfall of typical plant conservation practice in the upper reach of Guanting Reservoir, Beijing[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(7): 76-84. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150014
Citation: PAN Xin, WANG Yu-jie, ZHANG Hui-lan, WANG Yun-qi, WANG Bin, GELIBA. Runoff and sediment effects in erosive rainfall of typical plant conservation practice in the upper reach of Guanting Reservoir, Beijing[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(7): 76-84. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150014

官厅水库上游典型植物措施特性及在侵蚀性降雨下的水沙效应分析

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150014
基金项目: 

林业公益性行业科研专项(201404209)、北京市教委共建项目(科学研究与研究生培养共建项目)“

北京山区生态风险监测与评估技术研究”

详细信息
    作者简介:

    潘欣。主要研究方向:水土保持。Email: panxin@bjfu.edu.cn 地址: 100083 北京市清华东路 35 号北京林业大学水土保持学院。

    责任作者:

    王玉杰,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:土壤侵蚀、林业生态工程。Email: wangyujie@bjfu.edu.cn 地址:同上。

Runoff and sediment effects in erosive rainfall of typical plant conservation practice in the upper reach of Guanting Reservoir, Beijing

  • 摘要: 为了研究官厅水库上游地区水土保持典型植物措施的减水减沙效益,选取5个标准样地,通过分析该地区侵蚀性降雨特性和植物多样性程度,研究不同典型植物措施的减水减沙效益随雨量、雨强和时间的变化,并评估不同植被盖度对径流深、产沙量的影响,得出在官厅水库上游布设水土保持典型植物措施的有效方法。结果表明:1)草坡盖度越高减水减沙效益越好,在大暴雨和特大暴雨条件下时效果明显,但盖度在45%~60%的草坡即可以达到水土保持典型植物措施的有效盖度,因此这一盖度适宜在北京山区范围内推广。灌草结合可在减少径流和泥沙方面达到较好效果,在官厅水库上游布设较草坡安全。2)合理的植被群落配置可以增强该群落自身对不良环境的抵抗力,其中多样性程度是关键,可促进坡面植被的盖度和稳定性保持在一定水平。保证植物盖度的同时,多样性程度越高,其退化速度越慢,从而可以保证植物的盖度和正常生理活动,减少径流和泥沙的产生。在进行水土保持植物措施的布设时,需要考虑到植物种类的多样性,将盖度与多样性指数、丰富度指数、均匀度指数作为布设措施时需要考虑的因素,并逐年进行补植。该研究为比较相应措施的水土保持效益打下基础,从而为北京山区生态安全的研究提供一定理论基础。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2015-01-16
  • 修回日期:  2015-01-16
  • 刊出日期:  2015-07-31

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