高级检索

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

林分规模与结构对北京城市森林夏季温湿效应的影响

刘海轩 金桂香 吴鞠 孙鹏 刘畅 徐程扬

刘海轩, 金桂香, 吴鞠, 孙鹏, 刘畅, 徐程扬. 林分规模与结构对北京城市森林夏季温湿效应的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(10): 31-40. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150074
引用本文: 刘海轩, 金桂香, 吴鞠, 孙鹏, 刘畅, 徐程扬. 林分规模与结构对北京城市森林夏季温湿效应的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(10): 31-40. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150074
LIU Hai-xuan, JIN Gui-xiang, WU Ju, SUN Peng, LIU Chang, XU Cheng-yang.. Effects of scale and structure of urban forest in lowering air temperature and increasing humidity in summer in Beijing.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(10): 31-40. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150074
Citation: LIU Hai-xuan, JIN Gui-xiang, WU Ju, SUN Peng, LIU Chang, XU Cheng-yang.. Effects of scale and structure of urban forest in lowering air temperature and increasing humidity in summer in Beijing.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(10): 31-40. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150074

林分规模与结构对北京城市森林夏季温湿效应的影响

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150074
基金项目: 

林业公益性行业重大项目(201404301)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘海轩,博士生。主要研究方向:城市林业。Email:858206924@qq.com 地址:100083 北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学省部共建森林培育和保护教育部重点实验室。 责任作者: 徐程扬,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:城市林业、生态林培育。Email: cyxu@bjfu.edu.cn 地址:同上。

    刘海轩,博士生。主要研究方向:城市林业。Email:858206924@qq.com 地址:100083 北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学省部共建森林培育和保护教育部重点实验室。 责任作者: 徐程扬,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:城市林业、生态林培育。Email: cyxu@bjfu.edu.cn 地址:同上。

Effects of scale and structure of urban forest in lowering air temperature and increasing humidity in summer in Beijing.

  • 摘要: 城市化进程加快引发了城市热岛效应等一系列环境问题,城市森林的温湿效应能有效缓解城市热岛,是居民夏季户外活动舒适及健康的保障。以北京城市公园内17处片状林为研究对象,以林分面积和林内到林缘的距离(林内不同深度,L)作为林分规模的参数、以叶面积指数(LAI)作为表征林分结构的参数,对城市森林面积、L、LAI等参数与城市森林降温、增湿程度及温湿指数的关系进行了研究。结果表明,森林规模和林分结构对城市森林的温湿效应有显著影响:1)城市森林温湿效应随林分面积增大而增高,61.67%的相对降温程度(dT)、69.44%的相对增湿程度(dRH)、55.63%的相对温湿指数(dTHI)变化是由城市森林面积引起的;2)城市森林降温效应随LAI的增大而增高,城市森林的降温效应58.98%来自于LAI;3)林分面积和LAI对城市森林降温效应有显著的交互影响,随面积增加LAI对降温程度的影响逐渐下降;4)城市森林dT随L的加大而增高,L对dT的解释程度为57.26%。因此,在城市森林规划与建设中,重视大规模林地的建设并注重增加林分覆盖度才能发挥稳定的温湿效应,有效缓解热岛。

     

  • [1] HAYASHI T, TOKUNAGA T, AICHI M, et al. Effects of human activities and urbanization on groundwater environments: an example from the aquifer system of Tokyo and the surrounding area [J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2009, 407(9): 3165-3172.
    [1] MA X Y. Modeling study on effect of extra forcings onclimate change[D]. Beijing:Instituteof Atmospheric Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,2002:137.
    [2] RADHI H, FIKRY F, SHARPLES S. Impacts of urbanization on the thermal behavior of new built up environments: a scoping study of the urban heat island in Bahrain [J]. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2013, 113: 47-61.
    [2] REN G Y, CHU Z Y, ZHOU Y Q, et al. Recent progresses in studies of regional temperature changes in China [J]. Climatic and Environmental Research, 2005, 10(4): 701-716.
    [3] SRINIVASAN V, SETO K C, EMERSON R, et al. The impact of urbanization on water vulnerability: a coupled human-environment system approach for Chennai, India [J]. Global Environmental Change, 2013, 23(1): 229-239.
    [3] DI S C, WU W Y, LIU H L, et al. The correlationship between urban greenness and heat island effect with RS technology: a case study within 5th ring road in Beijing[J]. Journal of Geo-Information Science, 2012, 14(4): 481-489.
    [4] WANG S J, MA H T, ZHAO Y B. Exploring the relationship between urbanization and the eco-environment:a case study of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region [J]. Ecological Indicators, 2014, 45:171-183.
    [4] HUANG L M, DENG C B, LI N. A review on the hotspot issues of urban heat island effect [J]. Journal of Meteorology and Environment, 2011, 27(4):54-58.
    [5] 马晓燕. 外部强迫因子对气候变化影响的数值试验研究[D].北京:中国科学院大气物理研究所,2002:137.
    [5] XU X D. Dynamic issues of urban atmospheric pollution models[J]. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2002, 13(1): 1-12.
    [6] XIAO X D, WANG B, MA J W, et al. Effects of plant shade degree on urban heat island effect: a case study for Suzhou City [J]. Journal of Central South University of Forestry Technology, 2014, 34(12):117-123,140.
    [6] 任国玉,初子莹,周雅清,等. 中国气温变化研究最新进展[J].气候与环境研究, 2005, 10(4): 701- 716.
    [7] PENG B F, SHI Y S, WANG H F, et al. The impacting mechanism and laws of function of urban heat islands effect: a case study of Shanghai [J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2013, 68(11):1461-1471.
    [7] 邸苏闯,吴文勇,刘洪禄,等. 城市绿量的遥感估算与热岛效应的相关分析:以北京市五环区域为例[J]. 地球信息科学学报, 2012, 14(4): 481-489.
    [8] 黄良美,邓超冰,黎宁. 城市热岛效应热点问题研究进展[J].气象与环境学报, 2011, 27(4):54-58.
    [8] YUE W Z, XU J H, XU L H. An analysis on eco-environmental effect of urban land use based on remote sensing images: a case study of urban thermal environment and NDVI [J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2006, 26(5):1450-1460.
    [9] LI Y M, ZHANG J H, GU R Z. Research on the relationship between urban greening and the effect of urban heat island [J]. Chinese Landscape Architecture, 2004 (1):72-75.
    [9] 徐祥德.城市化环境大气污染模型动力学问题[J].应用气象学报,2002,13(1):1-12.
    [10] WICHMANN J, KETZEL M, ELLERMANN T, et al. Apparent temperature and acute myocardial infarction hospital admissions in Copenhagen, Denmark: a case-crossover study [J]. Environmental Health, 2012, 11(19):1-12.
    [10] PAN J H, ZHANG W Q. Remote sensing analysis of the spatial-temporal pattern of cold island effect of Zhangye Oasis [J]. Arid Zone Research, 2010, 27(4):481-486.
    [11] WEN L J, L S H, MENG X H, et al. Simulation on the influence of background wind fields to oasis cool island effect [J]. Journal of Desert Research, 2006, 26(5):754-758.
    [11] DESCHENES O. Temperature, human health, and adaptation: a review of the empirical literature [J]. Energy Economics, 2014, 46: 606-619.
    [12] WU X G, LIN Y D, YAN H B, et al. Correlation between ecological effect and structure characteristics of urban green areas [J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2008, 16(6):1469-1473.
    [12] AMENGUAL A, MAR H O V, ROMERO R, et al. Projections of heat waves with high impact on human health in Europe [J]. Global and Planetary Change, 2014, 119: 71-84.
    [13] GAO J H, SUN Y Z, LIU Q Y, et al. Impact of extreme high temperature on mortality and regional level definition of heat wave: a multi-city study in China [J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2015, 505: 535-544.
    [13] QIN Z, BA C B, LI Z D. Effects of different plant communities on temperature reduction and humidity increase in Beijing [J]. Journal of Ecological Science, 2012, 31(5):567-571.
    [14] 肖湘东,王波,马建武,等. 植物遮阴度对城市热岛效应的影响研究:以苏州市为例[J]. 中南林业科技大学学报, 2014, 34(12): 117-123, 140.
    [14] FENG Y Y, LI E J, ZHANG L X. Microclimate effects of campus green space in summer [J]. Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Peckinensis, 2014, 50(5):812-818.
    [15] ZHU C Y, LI S H, JI P, et al. Effects of the different width of urban green belts on the temperature and humidity [J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2011, 31(2):383-394.
    [15] 彭保发,石忆邵,王贺封,等. 城市热岛效应的影响机理及其作用规律:以上海市为例[J]. 地理学报, 2013, 68(11): 1461-1471.
    [16] 岳文泽,徐建华,徐丽华. 基于遥感影像的城市土地利用生态环境效应研究:以城市热环境和植被指数为例[J]. 生态学报,2006,26(5):1450-1460.
    [16] JI P, ZHU C Y, LI S H. Effects of greenbelt width on air temperature and humidity in urban river corridors [J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2013, 37(1):37-44.
    [17] 李延明,张济和,古润泽.北京城市绿化与热岛效应的关系研究[J].中国园林,2004(1):72-75.
    [17] YAN H, WANG X, DONG L. Microclimatic characteristics and human comfort conditions of tree communities in northern China during summer [J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2012, 34(5): 57-64.
    [18] 潘竟虎,张伟强. 张掖绿洲冷岛效应时空格局的遥感分析 [J]. 干旱区研究, 2010, 27(4):481-486.
    [18] YAN Y C, YUE S P, LIU X H, et al. Advances in assessment of bioclimatic comfort conditions at home and abroad [J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2013, 28(10):1119-1125.
    [19] QIAO Z, TIAN G J, XIAO L. Diurnal and seasonal impacts of urbanization on the urban thermal environment: a case study of Beijing using MODIS data [J]. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 2013, 85: 93-101.
    [19] YING T Y, LI M Z, FAN W Y, et al. Analysis of urban progress and heat island effect based on GIS [J]. Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 2010, 38(8):63-67, 101.
    [20] XIAO J Y, ZHANG Q, WANG Y, et al. Research progress on urban heat island effect based on energy balance[J]. Journal of Chongqing Normal University :Natural Science, 2013, 30(7): 128-133.
    [20] ZHANG H, QI Z F, YE X Y, et al. Analysis of land use/land cover change, population shift, and their effects on spatiotemporal patterns of urban heat islands in metropolitan Shanghai, China [J]. Applied Geography, 2013, 44: 121-133.
    [21] GAO M R, JIA B Q, WANG C, et al. Relationship between urban forest canopy cover and heat island effect in Xiamen Island [J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2014, 50(3):63-68.
    [21] MOHAN M, KANDYA A. Impact of urbanization and land-use/land-cover change on diurnal temperature range: a case study of tropical urban airshed of India using remote sensing data [J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2015, 506-507: 453-465.
    [22] 文莉娟,吕世华,孟宪红,等. 环境风场对绿洲冷岛效应影响的数值模拟研究 [J].中国沙漠,2006, 26(5):754-758.
    [22] FENG Q, ZHANG Y W, SI J H, et al. Study progress of water and energy transfer in soil-plant-atmosphere interface model [J]. Journal of Desert Research, 2009, 29(1):143-150.
    [23] LIU C F, ZHANG Z Q, SUN G, et al. Quantifying evapotranspiration and biophysical regulations of a poplar plantation assessed by eddy covariance and sap-flow methods [J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2009, 33(4):706-718.
    [23] 武小钢,蔺银鼎,闫海冰,等.城市绿地降温增湿效应与其结构特征相关性研究 [J].中国生态农业学报, 2008,16(6):1469-1473.
    [24] XIAO X D, WANG B, MA J W, et al. Effects of plant shade degree on urban heat island effect: a case study for Suzhou City [J]. Journal of Central South University of Forestry Technology, 2014, 34(12): 117-123,140.
    [24] 秦仲,巴成宝,李湛东. 北京市不同植物群落的降温增湿效应研究 [J].生态科学,2012, 31(5):567-571.
    [25] WANG Y Y, KONG L W, LI W, et al. Status of microclimate in urban forests in Harbin and its effects on human comfort degree [J]. Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 2012, 40(7):90-93.
    [25] 冯悦怡,李恩静,张力小.校园绿地夏季小气候效应分析[J].北京大学学报:自然科学版, 2014, 50(5):812-818.
    [26] GEORGI N J, ZAFIRIADIS K. The impact of park trees on microclimate in urban areas [J]. Urban Ecosystem, 2006, 9:195-209.
    [26] LIN Y D, HAN X M, WU X G, et al. Ecological field characteristic of green land based on urban green space structure [J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2006, 26(10):3339-3346.
    [27] 朱春阳,李树华,纪鹏,等.城市带状绿地宽度与温湿效益的关系 [J].生态学报, 2011, 31(2):383-394.
    [28] 纪鹏,朱春阳,李树华.城市河道绿带宽度对空气温湿度的影响 [J]. 植物生态学报, 2013, 37(1):37-44.
    [29] CORREA E, RUIZ M A, CANTON A, et al. Thermal comfort in forested urban canyons of low building density: an assessment for the city of Mendoza, Argentina [J]. Building and Environment, 2012, 58: 219-230.
    [30] 晏海,王雪,董丽.华北树木群落夏季微气候特征及其对人体舒适度的影响[J].北京林业大学学报,2012,34(5):57-64.
    [31] KLEMM W, HEUSINKVELD B G, LENZHOLZER S, et al. Psychological and physical impact of urban green spaces on outdoor thermal comfort during summertime in the Netherlands [J]. Building and Environment, 2015, 83: 120-128.
    [32] 闫业超,岳书平,刘学华,等.国内外气候舒适度评价研究进展 [J]. 地球科学进展,2013, 28(10):1119-1125.
    [33] THOM E C. The discomfort index [J]. Weatherwise, 1959, 12(2):57-61.
    [34] 应天玉,李明泽,范文义,等. 基于GIS技术的城市森林与热岛效应的分析[J]. 东北林业大学学报, 2010,38(8): 63-67, 101.
    [35] KONG F H, YIN H W, JAMES P, et al. Effects of spatial pattern of green space on urban cooling in a large metropolitan area of eastern China [J]. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2014, 128:35-47.
    [36] 肖捷颖,张倩,王燕,等. 基于能量平衡的城市热岛效应研究进展[J]. 重庆师范大学学报:自然科学版, 2013, 30(7): 128-133.
    [37] 高美蓉,贾宝全,王成,等. 厦门本岛城市森林树冠覆盖与热岛效应关系[J]. 林业科学, 2014, 50(3):63-68.
    [38] 冯起,张艳武,司建华,等.土壤植被大气模式中水分和能量传输研究进展 [J]. 中国沙漠, 2009, 29(1):143-150.
    [39] 刘晨峰,张志强,孙阁,等. 基于涡度相关法和树干液流法评价杨树人工林生态系统蒸发散及其环境响应[J]. 植物生态学报, 2009, 33(4): 706-718.
    [40] QIN Z, LI Z D, CHENG F Y, et al. Influence of canopy structural characteristics on cooling and humidifying effects of Populus tomentosa community on calm sunny summer days[J]. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2014, 127: 75-82.
    [41] 肖湘东,王波,马建武,等. 植物遮阴度对城市热岛效应的影响研究:以苏州市为例[J]. 中南林业科技大学学报, 2014, 34(12): 117-123, 140.
    [42] 汪永英,孔令伟,李雯,等. 哈尔滨城市森林小气候状况及对人体舒适度的影响[J]. 东北林业大学学报, 2012,40(7): 90-93.
    [43] 蔺银鼎,韩学孟,武小刚,等.城市绿地空间结构对绿地生态场的影响[J]. 生态学报,2006,26(10):3339-3346.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1556
  • HTML全文浏览量:  172
  • PDF下载量:  31
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-03-16
  • 刊出日期:  2015-10-31

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回