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小兴安岭原始红松林降雨截留观测及分段模拟

及莹 蔡体久

及莹, 蔡体久. 小兴安岭原始红松林降雨截留观测及分段模拟[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(10): 41-49. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150084
引用本文: 及莹, 蔡体久. 小兴安岭原始红松林降雨截留观测及分段模拟[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(10): 41-49. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150084
JI Ying, CAI Ti-jiu.. Canopy interception in original Korean pine forest: measurement and dividual simulation in Xiaoxing'an Mountains, northeastern China.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(10): 41-49. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150084
Citation: JI Ying, CAI Ti-jiu.. Canopy interception in original Korean pine forest: measurement and dividual simulation in Xiaoxing'an Mountains, northeastern China.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(10): 41-49. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150084

小兴安岭原始红松林降雨截留观测及分段模拟

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150084
基金项目: 

林业公益性行业科研专项(201404303)、东北林业大学学术名师支持计划项目(PFT-1213-21)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    及莹,博士。主要研究方向:生态学、森林水文学。Email:nefujiying@sina.com 地址:150040 黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路26号东北林业大学林学院。 责任作者: 蔡体久,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:森林水文学及恢复生态学。Email: caitijiu1963@163.com 地址:同上。

    及莹,博士。主要研究方向:生态学、森林水文学。Email:nefujiying@sina.com 地址:150040 黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路26号东北林业大学林学院。 责任作者: 蔡体久,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:森林水文学及恢复生态学。Email: caitijiu1963@163.com 地址:同上。

Canopy interception in original Korean pine forest: measurement and dividual simulation in Xiaoxing'an Mountains, northeastern China.

  • 摘要: 以小兴安岭原始红松林为研究对象,通过119场降雨的观测,对原始红松林的降雨截留再分配进行系统研究。结果表明:1)研究期内小兴安岭原始红松林的穿透降雨量、树干径流量和冠层截留量依次为636.04、14.62、177.84 mm,分别占林外降雨量的76.77%、1.76%、21.47%;2)原始红松林的穿透雨率、林冠截留率与降雨量之间均呈对数关系(P0.01),而穿透雨量、林冠截留量与降雨量之间均呈线性相关关系(P0.01);3)当降雨量0.5 mm时,原始红松林开始产生树干径流,且树干径流量和树干径流率均与降雨量呈正相关关系(P0.01);4)在原始红松林水文过程中,通过变异系数比较可知,树干径流的变异性最大,穿透雨变异性最小;5)分段模拟和分类回归树的结果显示,林冠截留与降雨量拟合曲线的分割点为2.3和9.8 mm,且与整体回归模型相比较,分雨量段的林冠截留预测模型精度高,更符合林冠截留的生态水文过程。

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-03-20
  • 刊出日期:  2015-10-31

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