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晋西黄土区不同森林群落类型植物多样性研究

张桐 王玉杰 王云琦 张会兰 王彬

张桐, 王玉杰, 王云琦, 张会兰, 王彬. 晋西黄土区不同森林群落类型植物多样性研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(11): 82-88. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150120
引用本文: 张桐, 王玉杰, 王云琦, 张会兰, 王彬. 晋西黄土区不同森林群落类型植物多样性研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2015, 37(11): 82-88. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150120
ZHANG Tong, WANG Yu-jie, WANG Yun-qi, ZHANG Hui-lan, WANG Bin.. Plant diversity in various forest community types in the Loess Plateau of western Shanxi Province,northern China.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(11): 82-88. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150120
Citation: ZHANG Tong, WANG Yu-jie, WANG Yun-qi, ZHANG Hui-lan, WANG Bin.. Plant diversity in various forest community types in the Loess Plateau of western Shanxi Province,northern China.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2015, 37(11): 82-88. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150120

晋西黄土区不同森林群落类型植物多样性研究

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150120
基金项目: 

林业公益性行业科研专项(201304308)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    张桐。主要研究方向:水土保持、林业生态工程。Email:458635765@qq.com 地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学水土保持学院。
    责任作者: 王玉杰,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:土壤侵蚀、林业生态工程。Email:wyujie@bjfu.edu.cn 地址: 同上。

    张桐。主要研究方向:水土保持、林业生态工程。Email:458635765@qq.com 地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学水土保持学院。
    责任作者: 王玉杰,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:土壤侵蚀、林业生态工程。Email:wyujie@bjfu.edu.cn 地址: 同上。

Plant diversity in various forest community types in the Loess Plateau of western Shanxi Province,northern China.

  • 摘要: 为了揭示晋西黄土区不同森林群落类型对生物多样性的保持作用,对晋西黄土区人工油松林、人工刺槐林及天然次生林林下植物组成及土壤化学性质进行了调查研究,并对3种林分进行对比分析,研究晋西黄土区不同森林群落类型林下植物多样性特征。结果表明:1)研究区内共出现40个植物种,灌木6种,草本34种。3种森林群落类型林下植物种数为人工刺槐林>人工油松林>天然次生林;2)3种森林群落类型林下物种丰富度指数(Margalef指数)、Shannon-Wiener指数、Simpson指数和物种均匀度指数(Pielou指数)表现为草本层>灌木层,人工林>天然林。人工刺槐林林下Margalef指数、Shannon-Wiener指数小于人工油松林,而Simpson指数和Pielou指数大于人工油松林;3)与2006年相比,2012年研究区内植被种类增加,人工林内植物种的增加要比天然次生林内明显;4)3种森林群落类型林下Margalef指数、Shannon-Wiener指数、Simpson指数和Pielou指数与土壤化学性质的关联大小为土壤养分>有机质>pH值。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2015-04-20
  • 刊出日期:  2015-11-30

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