高级检索

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

热带季节雨林土壤DOC与DN特征及其影响因子

周文君 沙丽清 张一平 宋清海 刘运通 邓云 邓晓保

周文君, 沙丽清, 张一平, 宋清海, 刘运通, 邓云, 邓晓保. 热带季节雨林土壤DOC与DN特征及其影响因子[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(9): 34-41. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150238
引用本文: 周文君, 沙丽清, 张一平, 宋清海, 刘运通, 邓云, 邓晓保. 热带季节雨林土壤DOC与DN特征及其影响因子[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(9): 34-41. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150238
ZHOU Wen-jun, SHA Li-qing, ZHANG Yi-ping, SONG Qing-hai, LIU Yun-tong, DENG Yun, DENG Xiao-bao. Characteristics and influencing factors of soil dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen in a tropical seasonal rainforest in Xishuangbanna,Southwest China.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(9): 34-41. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150238
Citation: ZHOU Wen-jun, SHA Li-qing, ZHANG Yi-ping, SONG Qing-hai, LIU Yun-tong, DENG Yun, DENG Xiao-bao. Characteristics and influencing factors of soil dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen in a tropical seasonal rainforest in Xishuangbanna,Southwest China.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(9): 34-41. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150238

热带季节雨林土壤DOC与DN特征及其影响因子

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150238
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目(U1202234、31290221、40801035)、中国科学院科技先导项目(XDA05020302、XDA05050601)、中国科学院135项目(XTBG-F01)、热带森林生态学重点实验室项目(09KF001B04)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    周文君,博士,助理研究员。主要研究方向:全球变化。Email:zhouwj@xtbg.ac.cn地址:650223云南省昆明市学府路88号中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园。责任作者:张一平,研究员,博士生导师。主要研究方向:全球变化。Email:yipingzh@xtbg.ac.cn地址:同上。

    周文君,博士,助理研究员。主要研究方向:全球变化。Email:zhouwj@xtbg.ac.cn地址:650223云南省昆明市学府路88号中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园。责任作者:张一平,研究员,博士生导师。主要研究方向:全球变化。Email:yipingzh@xtbg.ac.cn地址:同上。

Characteristics and influencing factors of soil dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen in a tropical seasonal rainforest in Xishuangbanna,Southwest China.

  • 摘要: 为探明热带季节雨林土壤溶解态有机碳(DOC)、溶解态氮(DN)的时空动态及与土壤温、湿度和土壤酸度的关系,本研究在西双版纳热带季节雨林开展了土壤剖面DOC和DN含量的研究,在同一自然年度,在雾凉季(1月),干季(3月),雨季前期(5月),雨季中期(8月),雨季后期(10月),按0~20、20~40、40~60、60~80和80~100 cm分层采集土壤样品,测定土壤DOC和DN含量、土壤温、湿度和酸度。结果表明:西双版纳热带季节雨林土壤DOC和DN含量在0~60 cm随深度增加而逐层递减,在60~100 cm则随着深度增加而增加,总体表现为表层DOC和DN含量较深层土壤含量高的剖面特征。热带季节雨林各层土壤的DOC和DN的季节动态并不完全一致,呈雨季中后期高,干季低的季节特征。即DOC含量季节差异显著的土层为0~20和20~40 cm,而DN含量仅在0~20 cm土层季节差异显著;土壤温湿度与DOC和DN的关系存在着层间差异,即0~20和20~40 cm土壤DOC的含量与土壤湿度呈显著正相关关系;20~40 cm的DOC含量与土壤温度呈显著正相关关系;0~20和80~100 cm土层的DN含量与土壤湿度有显著的正相关关系;仅0~20 cm土层的土壤温度与DN含量呈显著正相关关系;热带季节雨林土壤DOC和DN的含量与土壤酸度的关系不显著。以上结果表明热带季节雨林各层土壤的DOC和DN对温、湿度和酸度的反馈不同。

     

  • [1] MARSCHNER B. Controls of bioavailability and biodegradability of dissolved organic matter in soils [J]. Geoderma, 2003, 113(3-4): 211-235.
    [1] KINDLER R, SIEMENS J A N, KAISER K, et al. Dissolved carbon leaching from soil is a crucial component of the net ecosystem carbon balance [J]. Global Change Biology, 2011, 17(2): 1167-1185.
    [2] 黄黎英, 曹建华, 周莉, 等. 不同地质背景下土壤溶解有机碳含量的季节动态及其影响因子[J]. 生态环境, 2007, 16(4): 1282-1288.
    [3] HUANG L Y, CAO J H, ZHOU L, et al. Seasonal change and the influence factors of soil dissolved organic carbon at different geological background [J]. Ecology and Environment, 2007, 16(4): 1282-1288.
    [4] DAVIDSON E A, JANSSENS I A. Temperature sensitivity of soil carbon decomposition and feedbacks to climate change [J]. Nature, 2006, 440: 165-173.
    [5] CHRIST M J, DAVID M B. Temperature and moisture effects on the production of dissolved organic carbon in a spodosol [J]. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 1996, 28(9): 1191-1199.
    [6] 柳敏,宇万太,姜子绍,等. 土壤溶解性有机碳 (DOC) 的影响因子及生态效应[J].土壤通报,2007,38(4):758-764.
    [7] LIU M, YU W T, JIANG Z Z, et al. Influencing factors and ecological effects of dissolved organic carbon in soil [J]. Chinese Journal of Soil Science, 2007, 38(4): 758-764.
    [8] USELMAN S M, QUALLS R G, LILIENFEIN J. Contribution of root vs. leaf litter to dissolved organic carbon leaching through soil [J]. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 2007, 71(5): 1555-1563.
    [9] WU Y, CLARKE N, MULDER J. Dissolved organic nitrogen concentrations and ratios of dissolved organic carbon to dissolved organic nitrogen in throughfall and soil waters in norway spruce and scots pine forest stands throughout Norway [J]. Water, Air, Soil Pollution, 2010, 210(1-4): 171-186.
    [10] USELMAN S M, QUALLS R G, LILIENFEIN J. Production of total potentially soluble organic C, N, and P across an ecosystem chronosequence: root versus leaf litter [J]. Ecosystems, 2008, 12(2): 240-260.
    [11] CLEVELAND C C, NEFF J C, TOWNSEND A R, et al. Composition, dynamics, and fate of leached dissolved organic matter in terrestrial ecosystems: results from a decomposition experiment [J]. Ecosystems, 2004, 7: 275-285.
    [12] DON A, KALBITZ K. Amounts and degradability of dissolved organic carbon from foliar litter at different decomposition stages [J]. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 2005, 37(12): 2171-2179.
    [13] NEFF J C, ASNER G P. Dissolved organic carbon in terrestrial ecosystems: synthesis and a model [J]. Ecosystems, 2001, 4(1): 29-48.
    [14] PARK J H, KALBITZ K, MATZNER E. Resource control on the production of dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen in a deciduous forest floor [J]. Soil Biology Biochemistry, 2002, 34(9): 813-822.
    [15] SHAUNA M, USELMAN R G, QUALLS T R B. Effects of increased atmospheric CO2, temperature, and soil n availability on root exudation of dissolved organic carbon by a N-fixing tree (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) [J]. Plant and Soil, 2000, 222: 191-202.
    [16] ZHOU W J, SHA L Q, SCHAEFER A D, et al. Direct effects of litter decomposition on soil dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen in a tropical rainforest [J]. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 2015, 81: 255-258.
    [17] 李淑芬, 俞元春, 何晟. 南方森林土壤溶解有机碳与土壤因子的关系[J]. 浙江林学院学报, 2003, 20(2): 119-123.
    [18] LI S F, YU Y C, HE S. Correlation between dis solved organic carbon and soil factors of the fore st soil in southern of China [J]. Journal of Zhejiang Forestry College, 2003, 20(2): 119-123.
    [19] 张克映. 滇南气候特征及其形成因子的初步分析[J]. 气象学报, 1966, 33(2): 210-230.
    [20] ZHANG K Y. A preliminary study on the climatic characteristic and the formation factors in southern Yunnan [J]. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 1966, 33(2): 218-230.
    [21] 王馨, 张一平. 西双版纳勐仑地区降雨特征及变化趋势分析[J]. 热带气象学报, 2005, 21(6): 658-664.
    [22] WANG X, ZHANG Y P. An analysis of the characteristics of rainfall and linear tread in the Menglun area of Xishuangbanna, SW China [J]. Journal of Tropical Meteorology, 2005, 21(6): 658-664.
    [23] 唐炎林, 邓晓保, 李玉武, 等.西双版纳不同林分土壤机械组成及其肥力比较[J]. 中南林业科技大学学报(自然科学版), 2007,27: 70-75.
    [24] TANG Y L, DENG X B, LI Y W, et al. Comparison of the mechanical com position and soil fertility between tropical seasonal rain forest soil and rubber forest soil in xishuangbanna [J]. Journal of Central South University of Forestry & Technology (Natural Science), 2007,27: 70-75.
    [25] CAO M, ZHANG J, FENG Z, et al. Tree species composition of a seasonal rain forest in Xishuangbanna, southwest China [J]. Tropical Ecology, 1996, 37(2): 183-192.
    [26] 高举明, 张一平, 于贵瑞, 等.西双版纳热带季节雨林地温特征[J]. 生态学杂志, 2008, 27(6): 880-887.
    [27] GAO J M, ZHANG Y P, YU G R, et al. Characteristics of soil tem perature in tropical seasonal rain forest in Xishuangbanna [J]. Southwest China Chinese Journal of Ecolology, 2008, 27(6): 880-887.
    [28] 房秋兰, 沙丽清. 西双版纳热带季节雨林细根周转的研究[J]. 山地学报, 2005, 23(4): 488-494.
    [29] FANG Q L, SHA L Q.Study of fine roots biomass and turnover in the rubber plantation of Xishuangbanna [J]. Journal of Central South Forestry University, 2005, 23(4): 488-494.
    [30] 唐炎林, 邓晓保, 李玉武, 等. 西双版纳不同森林类型土壤肥力差异性研究[J]. 安徽农业科学, 2007, 35(3): 779-781.
    [31] TANG Y L, DENG X B, LI Y W, et al. Research on the difference of soil fertility in the different forest types in Xishuangbanna [J]. Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences, 2007, 35(3): 779-781.
    [32] MICHALZIK B, KALBITZ K, PARK J H, et al. Fluxes and concentrations of dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen: a synthesis for temperate forests [J]. Biogeochemistry, 2001, 52(2): 173-205.
    [33] PARK J, MATZNER E. Detrital control on the release of dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) and dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) from the forest floor under chronic N deposition [J]. Environmental Pollution, 2006, 143(1): 178-185.
    [34] 李明锐, 沙丽清. 西双版纳不同土地利用方式下土壤氮矿化作用研究[J]. 应用生态学报, 2005, 16(1): 54-58.
    [35] LI M R, SHA L Q. Soil nitrogen mineralization under different land use patterns in Xishuangbanna[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology ,2005, 16(1): 54-58.
    [36] LIU W J, LIU W Y, LI J T, et al. Isotope variations of throughfall, stemflow and soil water in a tropical rain forest and a rubber plantation in Xishuangbanna, SW China [J]. Hydrology Research, 2008, 39(5-6): 437-449.
    [37] LIU W J, LIU W Y, LU H J, et al. Runoff generation in small catchments under a native rain forest and a rubber plantation in Xishuangbanna, southwestern China [J]. Water and Environment Journal, 2011, 25(1): 138-147.
    [38] 任泳红,曹敏,唐建维,等. 西双版纳季节雨林与橡胶多层林凋落物动态的比较研究[J]. 植物生态学报, 1999, 23(5): 418-425.
    [39] REN Y H, CAO M, TANG J W,et al. A comparative study on litterfall dynamics in a seasonal rain forest and a rubber plantation in xishuangbanna, SW China[J]. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica, 1999, 23(5): 418-425.
    [40] TANG J W, CAO M, ZHANG J H, et al. Litterfall production, decomposition and nutrient use efficiency varies with tropical forest types in Xishuangbanna, SW China: a 10-year study [J]. Plant and Soil, 2010, 335(1): 271-288.
    [41] ZHENG Z, SHANMUGHAVEL P, SHA L, et al. Litter decomposition and nutrient release in a tropical seasonal rain forest of Xishuangbanna, southwest China [J]. Biotropica, 2006, 38(3): 342-347.
    [42] YANG X D, CHEN J. Plant litter quality influences the contribution of soil fauna to litter decomposition in humid tropical forests, Southwestern China [J]. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 2009, 41(5): 910-918.
    [43] BOYER J N, GROFFMAN P M. Bioavailability of water extractable organic carbon fractions in forest and agricultural soil profiles [J]. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 1996, 28(6): 783-790.
    [44] VANCE G, DAVID M B. Dissolved organic carbon and sulfate sorption by spodosol mineral horizons [J]. Soil Science, 1992, 154(2): 136-144.
    [45] 李太魁, 王小国, 朱波. 紫色土可溶性有机碳的吸附-解吸特征[J]. 农业环境科学学报, 2012, 31(4): 721-727.
    [46] LI T K, WANG X G, ZHU B. Adsorption and desorption characteristics of dissolved organic carbon(DOC)on the purple soils[J]. Journal of Agro-Environment Science, 2012, 31(4): 721-727.
    [47] MARSCHNER B, NOBLE A D. Chemical and biological processes leading to the neutralisation of acidity in soil incubated with litter materials [J]. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 2000, 32(6): 805-813.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  867
  • HTML全文浏览量:  156
  • PDF下载量:  16
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-08-28
  • 刊出日期:  2016-09-30

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回