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洞庭湖鸟类资源分布及其栖息地质量评估

关蕾 靖磊 雷佳琳 雷光春

关蕾, 靖磊, 雷佳琳, 雷光春. 洞庭湖鸟类资源分布及其栖息地质量评估[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(7): 64-70. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150279
引用本文: 关蕾, 靖磊, 雷佳琳, 雷光春. 洞庭湖鸟类资源分布及其栖息地质量评估[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(7): 64-70. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150279
GUAN Lei, JING Lei, LEI Jia-lin, LEI Guang-chun.. Distribution of wintering waterbirds and assessment of their habitat in Dongting Lake, China.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(7): 64-70. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150279
Citation: GUAN Lei, JING Lei, LEI Jia-lin, LEI Guang-chun.. Distribution of wintering waterbirds and assessment of their habitat in Dongting Lake, China.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(7): 64-70. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150279

洞庭湖鸟类资源分布及其栖息地质量评估

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150279
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目(41471072)、973国家重点研究发展计划项目(2012CB417005)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    关蕾,博士生。主要研究方向:湿地保护与管理。Email:gl4211@163.com地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学自然保护区学院。责任作者:雷光春,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:湿地保护与管理。Email:guangchun8099@gmail.com地址:同上。

    关蕾,博士生。主要研究方向:湿地保护与管理。Email:gl4211@163.com地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学自然保护区学院。责任作者:雷光春,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:湿地保护与管理。Email:guangchun8099@gmail.com地址:同上。

Distribution of wintering waterbirds and assessment of their habitat in Dongting Lake, China.

  • 摘要: 洞庭湖越冬水鸟具有种类多、种群数量大、密集度高的特点。因洞庭湖在迁徙水鸟保护方面的重要意义,该区共有3块湿地被指定为国际重要湿地。由于三峡大坝的运行,洞庭湖越冬水鸟的生态安全受到严重威胁。准确掌握洞庭湖越冬水鸟分布和栖息地质量信息是越冬水鸟保护科学决策的基础。本研究依据洞庭湖保护区的边界,将洞庭湖湿地分为3块区域:东洞庭湖、南洞庭湖和西洞庭湖。以20082012年洞庭湖环湖鸟类同步调查数据为基础,分析了3块区域越冬水鸟的丰富度,包括:物种数、种群大小和珍稀濒危水鸟种群数量。此外,以2013年1月环境小卫星在洞庭湖区的影像为基础,运用遥感技术解译研究区内越冬水鸟栖息地分布数据。将3块区域的越冬水鸟丰富度和栖息地质量数据进行对比发现:东洞庭湖区域水鸟栖息地保存最为完好,越冬水鸟丰富度最高;而大规模的杨树林和芦苇种植则导致西洞庭和南洞庭栖息地破碎化严重,是西洞庭和南洞庭水鸟物种单一和种群丰富度低的主要原因。在此基础上提出现存良好的候鸟栖息地是洞庭湖越冬水鸟仅存的庇护所,应当严格保护。对于洞庭湖区一些已经被开发利用的洲滩湿地,应采取合理规划措施逐步恢复其原有的水文过程和湿地生态功能,以促进洞庭湖越冬水鸟及其栖息地的保护。研究结果可为洞庭湖越冬水鸟保护工作提供参考。

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-08-02
  • 刊出日期:  2016-07-30

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