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铜、镉胁迫对舞毒蛾排毒代谢酶的影响

张凯 周艳涛 王皙玮 姜虹 王嘉冰 张文一 严善春

张凯, 周艳涛, 王皙玮, 姜虹, 王嘉冰, 张文一, 严善春. 铜、镉胁迫对舞毒蛾排毒代谢酶的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(2): 61-67. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150293
引用本文: 张凯, 周艳涛, 王皙玮, 姜虹, 王嘉冰, 张文一, 严善春. 铜、镉胁迫对舞毒蛾排毒代谢酶的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(2): 61-67. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150293
ZHANG Kai, ZHOU Yan-tao, WANG Xi-wei, JIANG Hong, WANG Jia-bing, ZHANG Wen-yi, YAN Shan-chun. Effects of copper and cadmium stress on the activities of detoxifying metabolic enzymes in Lymantria dispar[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(2): 61-67. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150293
Citation: ZHANG Kai, ZHOU Yan-tao, WANG Xi-wei, JIANG Hong, WANG Jia-bing, ZHANG Wen-yi, YAN Shan-chun. Effects of copper and cadmium stress on the activities of detoxifying metabolic enzymes in Lymantria dispar[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(2): 61-67. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150293

铜、镉胁迫对舞毒蛾排毒代谢酶的影响

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150293
基金项目: 

东北林业大学学术名师支持计划项目(010602071)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    张凯。主要研究方向:昆虫化学生态学。Email:1020654381@qq.com 地址:150040 黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路26号东北林业大学林学院。责任作者: 严善春,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:昆虫化学生态学。Email:yanshanchun@126.com 地址:同上。

    张凯。主要研究方向:昆虫化学生态学。Email:1020654381@qq.com 地址:150040 黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路26号东北林业大学林学院。责任作者: 严善春,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:昆虫化学生态学。Email:yanshanchun@126.com 地址:同上。

Effects of copper and cadmium stress on the activities of detoxifying metabolic enzymes in Lymantria dispar

  • 摘要: 为了探讨重金属铜、镉污染胁迫下舞毒蛾体内排毒代谢酶活性的变化,本文以3种不同质量分数的铜(Cu,400、700、1 000 mg/kg)、镉(Cd, 1.0、3.0、6.0 mg/kg)处理土壤,用处理后的土壤盆栽1年生小黑杨扦插苗,研究舞毒蛾体内排毒代谢酶活性的变化趋势。结果发现,Cu、Cd不同浓度处理的杨树对舞毒蛾3龄、4龄幼虫体内排毒代谢酶活性有显著的干扰作用。与对照组相比,中、高质量分数Cu、Cd处理组3龄幼虫体内SOD、ACP和AKP酶活性显著降低(P0.05),低质量分数Cu、Cd处理组下降不显著(P0.05)。而POD和GSTs酶活性变化恰恰相反,中、高质量分数Cu、Cd处理组舞毒蛾3龄幼虫体内POD和GSTs酶活性显著升高(P0.05),低质量分数Cu、Cd处理升高不显著(P0.05)。中、高质量分数Cu、Cd处理下,4龄幼虫体内SOD、POD、ACP、AKP和GSTs酶活性和对照组相比显著降低(P0.05),低质量分数重金属处理和对照组相比下降不显著(P0.05)。以上结果显示,中、高质量分数Cu、Cd胁迫能显著干扰舞毒蛾幼虫的排毒代谢,且随着幼虫由3龄到4龄的发育,最终均表现为显著的抑制作用;低质量分数Cu、Cd胁迫对舞毒蛾幼虫排毒代谢干扰作用不显著。

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-08-07
  • 修回日期:  2015-10-22
  • 刊出日期:  2016-02-29

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