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森林生态系统服务功能价值评估与分析

韦惠兰 祁应军

韦惠兰, 祁应军. 森林生态系统服务功能价值评估与分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(2): 74-82. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150300
引用本文: 韦惠兰, 祁应军. 森林生态系统服务功能价值评估与分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(2): 74-82. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150300
WEI Hui-lan, QI Ying-jun. Estimation and analysis of forest ecosystem services value: Case study in Baishuijiang National Nature Reserve in Gansu, western China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(2): 74-82. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150300
Citation: WEI Hui-lan, QI Ying-jun. Estimation and analysis of forest ecosystem services value: Case study in Baishuijiang National Nature Reserve in Gansu, western China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(2): 74-82. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150300

森林生态系统服务功能价值评估与分析

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150300
基金项目: 

甘肃省沙化土地封禁保护补助试点区经济效益监测与评估项目(406/071200006)、中央高校基本科研业务专项资金(15LZUJBEYJ015)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    韦惠兰,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:人口资源环境经济学与生态经济学。Email: huilanwei2010@sina.com 地址:730000 甘肃省兰州市城关区兰州大学经济学院。

Estimation and analysis of forest ecosystem services value: Case study in Baishuijiang National Nature Reserve in Gansu, western China

  • 摘要: 森林生态系统作为陆地生态系统的主体,其服务功能价值评估是当前生态学和经济学交叉领域的一大研究热点,本文参考《森林生态系统服务功能评估规范》(以下简称《规范》)标准,利用白水江国家级自然保护区森林生态系统实测数据和基于GIS和RS技术获得的不同林分面积等数据,评估保护区森林生态系统服务功能的价值。结果表明:保护区森林生态系统年均服务价值总计178.90亿元,各项服务价值排序为:生物多样性(43.08%)固碳释氧(19.35%)固土保肥(16.17%)涵养水源(13.11%)林产品(5.16%)净化大气(1.55%)林木营养物质积累(0.96%)旅游休憩(0.62%);按照服务价值利用类型排序为:间接利用价值(51.14%)非利用价值(43.08%)直接利用价值(5.78%)。通过对《规范》体系下不同研究成果的横向比较,不但可以校核研究结果的准确度,也可以揭示森林生态系统服务功能之间的规律。价值评估的测算结果对当地森林生态补偿机制的建立及其他环保政策的制定具有重要参考价值,同时该价值评估也有利于政府建立可持续的环境与经济综合核算体系。今后森林生态系统服务价值的研究应着重于加强对服务功能机制的探讨,研究生态系统服务价值的空间分布,重点开展服务价值的动态评估以及相关政策的制定等。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2015-08-11
  • 修回日期:  2015-10-27
  • 刊出日期:  2016-02-29

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