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模拟石漠化异质生境中桑树的生长和叶绿素荧光特性

黄小辉 冯大兰 刘芸 朱恒星 陈道静 耿养会

黄小辉, 冯大兰, 刘芸, 朱恒星, 陈道静, 耿养会. 模拟石漠化异质生境中桑树的生长和叶绿素荧光特性[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(10): 50-58. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150324
引用本文: 黄小辉, 冯大兰, 刘芸, 朱恒星, 陈道静, 耿养会. 模拟石漠化异质生境中桑树的生长和叶绿素荧光特性[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(10): 50-58. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150324
HUANG Xiao-hui, FENG Da-lan, LIU Yun, ZHU Heng-xing, CHEN Dao-jing, GENG Yang-hui. Growth and chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics of mulberry trees in simulated environment of heterogeneous habitats of a rocky desertification area.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(10): 50-58. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150324
Citation: HUANG Xiao-hui, FENG Da-lan, LIU Yun, ZHU Heng-xing, CHEN Dao-jing, GENG Yang-hui. Growth and chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics of mulberry trees in simulated environment of heterogeneous habitats of a rocky desertification area.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(10): 50-58. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150324

模拟石漠化异质生境中桑树的生长和叶绿素荧光特性

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150324
基金项目: 

重庆市基本科研业务费(2013cstc-jbky-00702)、国家自然科学基金项目(31370602)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    黄小辉。主要研究方向:城市林业与森林生态。 Email: huangxiaohui4260@163.com 地址:400036重庆市沙坪坝区重庆市林业科学研究院。
       责任作者: 冯大兰,高级工程师。主要研究方向:土壤营养。 Email:fengdalang@163.com 地址:同上。

    黄小辉。主要研究方向:城市林业与森林生态。 Email: huangxiaohui4260@163.com 地址:400036重庆市沙坪坝区重庆市林业科学研究院。
       责任作者: 冯大兰,高级工程师。主要研究方向:土壤营养。 Email:fengdalang@163.com 地址:同上。

Growth and chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics of mulberry trees in simulated environment of heterogeneous habitats of a rocky desertification area.

  • 摘要: 模拟石漠化生境不同的土壤水肥条件,设置H(水分差异)、F(肥力差异)、HF(水肥差异)和 CK组(对照)4个异质处理组,观察桑树根系在石漠化异质生境中的生长情况,探讨其根系活动对地上部分的生长及叶绿素荧光特性的影响。结果表明:桑树根系在土壤异质条件中具有明显的向水性和向肥性,但在干旱少水的条件下根系未有向肥性;H和HF组桑树根系发生了明显的向性运动,以此获得充足的水分,而F和CK组桑树的根系无向水性和向肥性运动,以致长期处于干旱条件中,但未发现死亡现象;各处理组地上和地下部分的总体生长情况以HF组最好,其次是H、F和CK组明显较差;F和CK组叶片的光合色素含量、最大光化学效率(Fv/Fm)、有效光化学效率(F′v/F′m)、电子传递速率(ETR)、实际光化学效率(ΦPSII)和光化学猝灭系数(qP)等参数均显著低于HF和H组,且前两者NPQ值较高。可见,在石漠化异质生境中,水分是制约桑树存活及生长的关键因子,但桑树根系能够通过向性生长,获得充足的水分和营养以维持良好的生长。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2015-09-07
  • 刊出日期:  2016-10-29

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