高级检索

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

毛乌素沙地不同下垫面地表凝结水形成过程

杨路明 秦树高 刘振 朱林峰 刘峰

杨路明, 秦树高, 刘振, 朱林峰, 刘峰. 毛乌素沙地不同下垫面地表凝结水形成过程[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(2): 90-95. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150375
引用本文: 杨路明, 秦树高, 刘振, 朱林峰, 刘峰. 毛乌素沙地不同下垫面地表凝结水形成过程[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(2): 90-95. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150375
YANG Lu-ming, QIN Shu-gao, LIU Zhen, ZHU Lin-feng, LIU Feng. Forming process of soil condensation water on different types of underlying surface in Mu Us Desert, northern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(2): 90-95. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150375
Citation: YANG Lu-ming, QIN Shu-gao, LIU Zhen, ZHU Lin-feng, LIU Feng. Forming process of soil condensation water on different types of underlying surface in Mu Us Desert, northern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(2): 90-95. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150375

毛乌素沙地不同下垫面地表凝结水形成过程

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150375
基金项目: 

“973”国家重点基础研究发展计划项目(2013CB429901)、“十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2012BAD16B02)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    杨路明。主要研究方向:荒漠化防治。Email: ylm25888@163.com 地址:100083 北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学水土保持学院。责任作者: 秦树高,博士,讲师。主要研究方向:荒漠化防治。Email: qinshugao@bjfu.edu.cn 地址:同上。

    杨路明。主要研究方向:荒漠化防治。Email: ylm25888@163.com 地址:100083 北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学水土保持学院。责任作者: 秦树高,博士,讲师。主要研究方向:荒漠化防治。Email: qinshugao@bjfu.edu.cn 地址:同上。

Forming process of soil condensation water on different types of underlying surface in Mu Us Desert, northern China

  • 摘要: 水分是制约干旱半干旱地区植物生长的主要因子。土壤凝结水数量虽小,但作为一种持续稳定的水源,对于维持干旱半干旱地区的生态平衡至关重要。为了深入了解下垫面差异对地表凝结水形成过程的影响,于2014年7—8月采用称质量法,在毛乌素沙地使用微渗仪对裸沙地、油蒿林地、沙柳林地的地表凝结水形成进行观测,并对相关气象因子和土壤温度进行同步监测。结果表明:1)地表凝结水形成在日落后即刻开始,而在日出约1 h后停止,3种下垫面地表凝结水形成规律近似;油蒿和沙柳林地的地表凝结水结束时间晚于裸沙地,有助于延长林地隐花植物和微生物对凝结水的吸收时间。2)在观测期(17 d),裸沙地、油蒿林地、沙柳林地的地表凝结水总量依次为3.332、2.382、1.817 mm,裸沙地日均凝结水量显著大于油蒿和沙柳林地(P0.05),表明灌丛覆盖会改变近地面性质和林内小气候,导致地表凝结水量减少。3)地表凝结水量与空气相对湿度呈极显著正相关关系(P0.01),与气温呈极显著负相关关系(P0.01),与风速呈显著负相关关系(P0.05)。以上研究结果可为毛乌素沙地潜在水资源评估和生态系统管理提供依据。

     

  • [1] GUO Z R, LIU J H. An overview on soil condensate in arid and semiarid regions in China [J]. Arid Zone Research, 2006, 22(4): 576-580.
    [1] MALEK E, MCCURDY G, GILES B. Dew contribution to the annual water balances in semi-arid desert valleys [J]. Journal of Arid Environments, 1999, 42(2): 71-80.
    [2] 郭占荣, 刘建辉. 中国干旱半干旱地区土壤凝结水研究综述[J]. 干旱区研究, 2006, 22(4): 576-580.
    [2] LI H Z. The improvement on the determining method of hygroscopic water of the soil [J]. Journal of Agricultural University of Hebei, 1996, 19(3): 77-81.
    [3] 李惠卓.土壤吸湿水测定方法的改进[J]. 河北农业大学学报, 1996, 19(3): 77-81.
    [3] JIANG J, WANG K F, ZHANG W J. A study on the coagulation water in the sandy soil and its role in water balance [J]. Arid Zone Research, 1993 (2): 1-9.
    [4] NINARI N, BERLINER P R. The role of dew in the water and heat balance of bare loess soil in the Negev Desert: quantifying the actual dew deposition on the soil surface [J]. Atmospheric Research, 2002, 64(1): 323-334.
    [4] HOU X W, ZHANG F W, CUI X M, et al. A soil condensate pattern in Mu Us Sandy Land in Northern China [J]. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment, 2010, 24(8): 36-41.
    [5] FANG J, DING Y J. Study of the condensation water and its effect factors on the fringes of desert oasis [J]. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 2005, 27(5): 755-760.
    [5] 蒋瑾, 王康富, 张维静. 沙地凝结水及在水分平衡中作用的研究[J]. 干旱区研究, 1993 (2): 1-9.
    [6] FAN G G. Experimental research on the formation of condensation water and analyzing its eco-environmental impact [J]. Journal of Xian Engineering University, 2002, 24(4): 63-66.
    [6] YIN R P, WU Y S, ZHANG X, et al. Effects of biological crusts on dew deposition and evaporation in the southern edge of the Mu Us Sandy Land, northern China [J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2013, 33(19): 6173-6180.
    [7] LIU X P, HE Y H, ZHAO X Y, et al. Soil condensation water in different habitats in Horqin Sandy Land: an experimental study [J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2009, 20(8): 1918-1924.
    [7] LI X Y. Effects of gravel and sand mulches on dew deposition in the semi-arid region of China [J]. Journal of Hydrology, 2002, 260(1): 151-160.
    [8] AGAM N, BERLINER P R. Dew formation and water vapor adsorption in semi-arid environments:a review [J]. Journal of Arid Environments, 2006, 65(4): 572-590.
    [8] GUO K, DONG X J, LIU Z M. Characteristics of soil moisture content on sand dunes in Mu Us sandy grassland: why Artemisia ordosica declines on old fixed sand dunes [J]. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica, 2000, 24(3): 275-279.
    [9] KIDRON G J, BARZILAY E, SACHS E. Microclimate control upon sand microbiotic crusts, western Negev Desert, Israel [J]. Geomorphology, 2000, 36(1): 1-18.
    [9] GUO B, CHEN Y N, HAO X M, et al.Characteristics of soil condensation water and its influencing factors on different underlying surfaces in the lower reaches of the Tarim River [J]. Journal of Natural Resources, 2011, 26(11): 1963-1974.
    [10] RICHARDS K. Observation and simulation of dew in rural and urban environments[J]. Progress in Physical Geography, 2004,28(1):76-94.
    [11] DUVDEVANI S. Dew in Israel and its effect on plants [J]. Soil Science, 1964, 98(1): 14-21.
    [12] ZANGVIL A. Six years of dew observations in the Negev Desert, Israel [J]. Journal of Arid Environments, 1996, 32(4): 361-371.
    [13] YE Y H, ZHOU K, SONG L Y, et al. Dew amounts and its correlations with meteorological factors in urban landscapes of Guangzhou, China [J]. Atmospheric Research, 2007, 86(1): 21-29.
    [14] BEYSENS D. The formation of dew [J]. Atmospheric Research, 1995, 39(1): 215-237.
    [15] XIAO H J, MEISSNER R, SEEGER J, et al. Analysis of the effect of meteorological factors on dewfall [J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2013, 452: 384-393.
    [16] KIDRON G J. Analysis of dew precipitation in three habitats within a small arid drainage basin, Negev Highlands, Israel [J]. Atmospheric Research, 2000, 55(3): 257-270.
    [17] KIDRON G J. Angle and aspect dependent dew and fog precipitation in the Negev Desert [J]. Journal of Hydrology, 2005, 301(1): 66-74.
    [18] 侯新伟, 张发旺, 崔晓梅, 等. 毛乌素沙地东南缘土壤凝结水的形成规律[J]. 干旱区资源与环境, 2010, 24(8): 36-41.
    [19] HAN S P, JING J H, JING L, et al. Observation and research on temperature field and coagulating water [J]. Acta Geoscientica Sinica, 2007, 28(5): 482-487.
    [20] AGAM N, BERLINER P R. Diurnal water content changes in the bare soil of a coastal desert [J]. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 2004, 5(5): 922-933.
    [21] PAN Y X, WANG X P, ZHANG Y F. Dew formation characteristics in a revegetation-stabilized desert ecosystem in Shapotou area, Northern China [J]. Journal of Hydrology, 2010, 387(3): 265-272.
    [22] ZHUANG Y L, ZHAO W Z. Dew variability in three habitats of a sand dune transect in a desert oasis ecotone, northwestern China [J]. Hydrological Processes, 2014, 28(3): 1399-1408.
    [23] 方静, 丁永建. 荒漠绿洲边缘凝结水量及其影响因子[J]. 冰川冻土, 2005, 27(5):755-760.
    [24] 尹瑞平, 吴永胜, 张欣, 等. 毛乌素沙地南缘沙丘生物结皮对凝结水形成和蒸发的影响[J]. 生态学报, 2013, 33(19): 6173-6180.
    [25] 刘新平, 何玉惠, 赵学勇, 等. 科尔沁沙地不同生境土壤凝结水的试验研究[J]. 应用生态学报, 2009,20 (8): 1918-1924.
    [26] LLOYD M G. The contribution of dew to the summer water budget of northern Idaho [J]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 1961, 42: 572-580.
    [27] 郭柯, 董学军, 刘志茂. 毛乌素沙地沙丘土壤含水量特点:兼论老固定沙地上油蒿衰退原因[J]. 植物生态学报, 2000, 24(3): 275-279.
    [28] 郭斌, 陈亚宁, 郝兴明, 等. 不同下垫面土壤凝结水特征及其影响因素[J]. 自然资源学报, 2011, 26(11): 1963-1974.
    [29] RICHARDS K. Urban and rural dewfall, surface moisture, and associated canopy-level air temperature and humidity measurements for Vancouver, Canada [J]. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 2005, 114(1): 143-163.
    [30] HAGE K D. Urban-rural humidity differences [J]. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 1975, 14(7): 1277-1283.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  970
  • HTML全文浏览量:  119
  • PDF下载量:  15
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-10-26
  • 修回日期:  2015-12-10
  • 刊出日期:  2016-02-29

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回