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基于森林生态连清体系的中国森林生态系统服务特征分析

师贺雄 王兵 牛香

师贺雄, 王兵, 牛香. 基于森林生态连清体系的中国森林生态系统服务特征分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(6): 42-50. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150455
引用本文: 师贺雄, 王兵, 牛香. 基于森林生态连清体系的中国森林生态系统服务特征分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(6): 42-50. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150455
SHI He-xiong, WANG Bing, NIU Xiang. Analysis of Chinese forest ecosystem services characteristics based on continuous inventory system for forest ecology[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(6): 42-50. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150455
Citation: SHI He-xiong, WANG Bing, NIU Xiang. Analysis of Chinese forest ecosystem services characteristics based on continuous inventory system for forest ecology[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(6): 42-50. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150455

基于森林生态连清体系的中国森林生态系统服务特征分析

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150455
基金项目: 

林业公益性行业科研专项(201204101、201404303)、科技创新服务能力建设-协同创新中心-林果业生态环境功能提升协同创新中心(2011协同创新中心)(市级)(PXM2016_014207_ 000038)

详细信息
    作者简介:

    师贺雄,博士生。主要研究方向:森林生态系统服务功能。Email: shihexiong@126.com 地址:100091 北京市海淀区香山路东小府1号中国林业科学研究院森林生态环境与保护研究所。

    责任作者:

    牛香,副研究员。主要研究方向:森林生态系统关键过程长期观测与模拟。Email: niuxiang@caf.ac.cn 地址:同上。

Analysis of Chinese forest ecosystem services characteristics based on continuous inventory system for forest ecology

  • 摘要: 森林生态系统服务全指标体系连续观测与定期清查(简称“森林生态连清”)体系将森林资源连续清查系统,森林生态系统定位观测研究网络(CFERN)有机结合在一起;前者可以提供森林资源数据信息,通过后者获得森林生态系统各要素生态结构、过程和功能的机理机制和服务研究所需参数。基于第八次(2009—2013年)全国森林资源清查数据,本文采用森林生态连清体系,对涵养水源、保育土壤、固碳释氧等7类13项森林生态系统服务进行物质量和价值量两方面的评估,并分析了不同地区和不同服务项生态效益特点。结果表明:中国森林生态系统服务总价值为12.68万亿元/a,相当于2013年全国GDP的22.3%,是当年全国林业产业总产值的2.68倍,每年为每位国民提供了约0.94万元的生态系统服务。在总价值量中,生物多样性保护价值量最高(占总价值量的34.20%),其次为涵养水源价值量。各项服务的物质量和价值量西部地区均最高,主要原因是该地区森林资源面积较大,降水、温度、土壤类型和树种等也有重要影响。东部和西部地区森林资源占有比例和产生生态系统服务价值比例对比,森林资源面积相近的东部和东北地区产生生态系统服务价值对比,均体现出中国森林资源分布变化、温度梯度变化和水分梯度变化的基本规律。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2015-03-02
  • 修回日期:  2015-03-02
  • 刊出日期:  2016-06-30

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