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小兴安岭凉水典型阔叶红松林林冠干扰特征分析

朱良军 金光泽 杜文先 王晓春

朱良军, 金光泽, 杜文先, 王晓春. 小兴安岭凉水典型阔叶红松林林冠干扰特征分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(6): 17-27. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150458
引用本文: 朱良军, 金光泽, 杜文先, 王晓春. 小兴安岭凉水典型阔叶红松林林冠干扰特征分析[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(6): 17-27. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150458
ZHU Liang-jun, JIN Guang-ze, DU Wen-xian, WANG Xiao-chun. Characteristics of canopy disturbance for a typical broadleaf-Korean pine mixed forest in Xiaoxing'an Mountains, Liangshui, northeastern China.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(6): 17-27. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150458
Citation: ZHU Liang-jun, JIN Guang-ze, DU Wen-xian, WANG Xiao-chun. Characteristics of canopy disturbance for a typical broadleaf-Korean pine mixed forest in Xiaoxing'an Mountains, Liangshui, northeastern China.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(6): 17-27. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150458

小兴安岭凉水典型阔叶红松林林冠干扰特征分析

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20150458
基金项目: 

中央高校基本科研业务费专项基金项目(DL13EA05-02)、国家自然科学基金项目(41471168、31370463)、教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划项目(NCET-12-0810)、黑龙江省归国留学基金项目(LC2012C09)

详细信息
    作者简介:

    朱良军,博士生。主要研究方向: 树木轮年代学、全球生态学。Email: liangjun_zhu@126.com 地址: 150040黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路51号 东北林业大学科技大厦。

    责任作者:

    王晓春,博士,教授。主要研究方向: 全球生态学、树木年代学。Email: wangxc-cf@nefu.edu.cn 地址:同上。

Characteristics of canopy disturbance for a typical broadleaf-Korean pine mixed forest in Xiaoxing'an Mountains, Liangshui, northeastern China.

  • 摘要: 依托小兴安岭凉水阔叶红松林动态监测样地, 运用样方法和树木年代学方法, 调查了样地中6hm2典型阔叶红松林内扩展林窗(≥50m2)特征, 分析了小兴安岭典型阔叶红松林林冠干扰特征及形成原因。结果表明: 林窗平均密度为7.67个/hm2, 平均产生速率为0.08个/(hm2·a), 干扰频率为0.42%/a, 干扰周转期约240年。林窗形成树种主要是红松(50.22%)、臭冷杉(9.78%)、枫桦(7.78%)以及腐烂程度较严重而无法判别的树种(10.44%), 死亡方式主要为干基折断(54.9%)。林窗由多种死亡方式共同形成, 3种以上形成方式占70.83%。每个林窗形成木平均为9.38 株, 且腐烂等级较高。小径级木是林窗形成的受害者, 而不是贡献者; 针叶树对林窗形成的贡献远大于阔叶树。林窗边缘木平均胸径为46.68cm, 平均树高23.6m, 以红松为主(63.08%)。边缘木中臭冷杉生长最快, 红皮云杉和色木槭生长最慢。不同等级林窗内形成木和边缘木的种类和组成相似, 林窗形成木界定标准对判定林窗形成方式影响很大。综合多种方法调查大、中型林窗及大径级形成木, 可提高林窗干扰历史重建及成因判定的准确性。此外, 利用分层解析法可将发生过2次或多次干扰的大、中型林窗形成与发展过程动态解析, 这对理解林窗干扰动态及森林群落演替至关重要。

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-12-02
  • 修回日期:  2015-12-02
  • 刊出日期:  2016-06-30

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