高级检索

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

宁夏六盘山不同密度华北落叶松人工林枯落物水文效应

刘宇 郭建斌 王彦辉 刘泽彬 邓秀秀 张桐 熊伟 左海军

刘宇, 郭建斌, 王彦辉, 刘泽彬, 邓秀秀, 张桐, 熊伟, 左海军. 宁夏六盘山不同密度华北落叶松人工林枯落物水文效应[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(8): 36-44. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160007
引用本文: 刘宇, 郭建斌, 王彦辉, 刘泽彬, 邓秀秀, 张桐, 熊伟, 左海军. 宁夏六盘山不同密度华北落叶松人工林枯落物水文效应[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(8): 36-44. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160007
LIU Yu, GUO Jian-bin, WANG Yan-hui, LIU Ze-bin, DENG Xiu-xiu, ZHANG Tong, XIONG Wei, ZUO Hai-jun. Hydrological effects of forest litter of Larix principis-rupprechtii plantations with varying densities in Liupan Mountains of Ningxia, China.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(8): 36-44. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160007
Citation: LIU Yu, GUO Jian-bin, WANG Yan-hui, LIU Ze-bin, DENG Xiu-xiu, ZHANG Tong, XIONG Wei, ZUO Hai-jun. Hydrological effects of forest litter of Larix principis-rupprechtii plantations with varying densities in Liupan Mountains of Ningxia, China.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(8): 36-44. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160007

宁夏六盘山不同密度华北落叶松人工林枯落物水文效应

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160007
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 (41390461)和(41471029)、十二五农村领域国家科技计划项目(2012BAD22B030102)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘宇。主要研究方向:森林水文。Email:liuyu@bjfu.edu.cn地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学水土保持学院。责任作者:郭建斌,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:林业生态工程、生态环境工程。Email:jianbinguo@bjfu.edu.cn地址:同上。

    刘宇。主要研究方向:森林水文。Email:liuyu@bjfu.edu.cn地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学水土保持学院。责任作者:郭建斌,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:林业生态工程、生态环境工程。Email:jianbinguo@bjfu.edu.cn地址:同上。

Hydrological effects of forest litter of Larix principis-rupprechtii plantations with varying densities in Liupan Mountains of Ningxia, China.

  • 摘要: 为了探讨不同保留密度的华北落叶松人工林枯落物水文作用,于2015年5月在宁夏六盘山选择了15个已间伐时间8年的中龄(31年)华北落叶松人工纯林样地,测量了各样地内枯落物的蓄积量、厚度,并用室内浸泡法对枯落物的持水量和吸水速率进行测定。研究表明:枯落物层的厚度、蓄积量、持水能力在不同林分密度中均存在较大差异。按林分密度由小到大排列(800、1 000、1 200、1 600、1 800 株/hm2),枯落物蓄积量分别为12.53、14.91、17.67、19.71、18.42 t/hm2,密度1 600 株/hm2的林分枯落物厚度和蓄积量最大;枯落物最大持水率分别为176.78%,171.89%,182.52%,184.58%,169.60%,最大持水量分别为22.15、25.63、32.25、36.38、31.24 t/hm2,密度1 600 株/hm2的林分枯落物最大持水率和最大持水量最高;各密度枯落物持水量与浸水时间均呈明显的对数函数关系(R20.89),吸水速率与浸水时间呈明显的幂函数关系(R20.88);各密度林分枯落物的有效拦蓄量在12.50~21.33 t/hm2之间,密度1 600株/hm2的枯落物拦蓄能力最强。结果表明:在本文研究的华北落叶松人工林生长情况和林龄条件下,林分密度为1 600 株/hm2左右时枯落物水文功能最强,但不能低于1 200 株/hm2,以避免枯落物水文功能的急剧降低。结合本地区华北落叶松中龄人工林的密度对其他生态服务功能影响的研究结果,建议林分合理密度为1 200~1 600 株/hm2。

     

  • [1] CHEN Q B, XIE M S, ZHANG H J. Research of forest litter s influence on surface runoff and soil erosion [J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 1994, 16(Suppl.3): 106-110.
    [1] 陈奇伯, 解明曙, 张洪江. 森林枯落物影响地表径流和土壤侵蚀研究动态[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 1994, 16(增刊3): 106-110.
    [2] RICHARD L. Forest hydrology [M]. New York: Columbia University Press, 1980.
    [3] 余新晓, 史宇, 王贺年, 等. 森林生态系统水文过程与功能[M]. 北京: 科学出版社, 2013: 65-66.
    [4] YU X X, SHI Y, WANG H N, et al. The hydrological process and function of forest ecological system [M]. Beijing: Science Press, 2013: 65-66.
    [5] 张光灿, 刘霞, 赵玖. 泰山几种林分枯落物和土壤水文效应研究[J]. 林业科技通讯, 1999 (6): 28-29.
    [6] ZHANG G C, LIU X, ZHAO J. The study of hydrological effects of forest litter and soil of several stands in Taishan mountain [J]. Forest Science and Technology, 1999 (6): 28-29.
    [7] YOSHINOBU S, TOMO'OMI K, ATSUSHI K, et al. Experimental analysis of moisture dynamics of litter layers: the effects of rainfall conditions and leaf shapes [J]. Hydrological Processes, 2004, 18(16): 3007-3018.
    [8] 常雅军,曹靖,马建伟,等.秦岭西部山地针叶林凋落物持水特性[J]. 应用生态学报, 2008, 19(11): 2346-2351.
    [9] CHANG Y J, CAO J, MA J W, et al. Water-holding characteristics of coniferous forest litters in west Qinling Mountains[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2008, 19(11): 2346-2351.
    [10] 邓继峰,丁国栋,吴斌,等. 宁夏盐池地区3种林分枯落物层和土壤水文效应[J]. 北京林业大学学报,2014,36(2):108-114.
    [11] DENG J F, DING G D, WU B, et al. Hydrological effects of forest litter and soil of three kinds of forest stands in Yanchi District,Ningxia of northwestern China [J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2014, 36(2): 108-114.
    [12] ONDA Y, YAMAMOTO T. The mechanism for the infiltration lowering on soils with litter coverage [J]. Journal of the Japanese Forestry Society, 1998, 80(4): 302-310.
    [13] 王云霓,曹恭祥,王彦辉,等. 宁夏六盘山华北落叶松人工林植被碳密度特征[J]. 林业科学,2015,51(10):10-16.
    [14] WANG Y N, CAO G X, WANG Y H, et al. Characteristics of biomass carbon density of Larix principis-rupprechtii plantation in Liupan Mountains of Ningxia[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2015, 51(10): 10-16.
    [15] 王晶,莫菲,段文标,等. 六盘山南坡不同密度华北落叶松水源林生长过程比较[J]. 应用生态学报,2009,20(3):500-506.
    [16] WANG J, MO F, DUAN W B, et al. Growth process of Larix principis-rupprechtii stands with different density on south slope of Liupan Mountains [J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2009, 20(3): 500-506.
    [17] 曹恭祥,王彦辉,熊伟,等. 基于土壤水分承载力的林分密度计算与调控:以六盘山华北落叶松人工林为例[J]. 林业科学研究,2014,27(2):133-141.
    [18] CAO G X, WANG Y H, XIONG W, et al. Calculation and regulation of forest stand density according to soil water carrying capacity: a case of Larix principis-rupprechtii plantation in Liupan Mountains [J]. Forest Research, 2014, 27(2): 133-141.
    [19] 任丽娜,王海燕,丁国栋,等. 密度调控对华北落叶松人工林土壤有机碳及养分特征的影响[J]. 干旱区资源与环境,2012,26(4):138-143.
    [20] REN L N, WANG H Y, DING G D, et al. Effects of Larix principis-rupprechtii plantation density control on soil organic carbon and nutrients characteristics [J]. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment, 2012, 26(4): 138-143.
    [21] 孙嘉,王海燕,丁国栋,等. 不同密度华北落叶松人工林土壤理化性质研究[J]. 林业资源管理,2011(1):62-66.
    [22] SUN J, WANG H Y, DING G D, et al. Soil physico-chemical properties under Larix principis-rupprechtii plantations of different stand densities [J]. Forest Resources Management, 2011(1): 62-66.
    [23] 王巍伟,吕瑞恒,刘勇,等. 不同氮含量华北落叶松叶凋落物在不同间伐强度林内氮释放规律研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报,2014,36(3):63-68.
    [24] WANG W W, L R H, LIU Y, et al. Nitrogen releasing dynamics of needle litter affected by thinning intensity and litter N content in a Larix principis-rupprechtii plantation [J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2014, 36(3): 63-68.
    [25] 张晓蓓. 宁夏六盘山南侧华北落叶松人工林生态水文影响的密度效应评价[D]. 保定: 河北农业大学, 2012.
    [26] ZHANG X B. Ecohydrological impact assessment among Larix principis-rupprechtii plantation with different densities at the south part of Liupan Mountains in Ningxia [D]. Baoding: Agricultural University of Hebei, 2012.
    [27] 赵陟峰, 郭建斌, 赵廷宁, 等. 土桥沟流域不同林分枯落物的水文特性[J]. 西北林学院学报, 2008, 23(6): 14-17.
    [28] ZHAO Z F, GUO J B, ZHAO T N, et al. Hydrologic characteristics of litter under different forest types in Tuqiaogou watershed [J]. Journal of Northwest Forestry University, 2008, 23(6): 14-17.
    [29] 牛勇,刘洪禄,张志强. 北京地区典型树种及其非生物因子对枯落物水文效应的影响[J]. 农业工程学报,2015,31(8):183-189.
    [30] NIU Y, LIU H L, ZHANG Z Q. Effects of typical tree species and abiotic factors on hydrologic characters of forest litter in Beijing [J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 2015, 31(8): 183-189.
    [31] 高琛, 鲁绍伟, 杨新兵, 等. 北京松山不同密度丁香天然林枯落物及土壤水文效应[J]. 水土保持研究, 2013, 20(6): 59-65.
    [32] GAO C, LU S W, YANG X B, et al. Hydrological effects of forest litters and soil of natural Syzygium aromaticum forests with different densities in Songshan Mountain of Beijing [J]. Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 2013, 20(6): 59-65.
    [33] 赵磊, 王兵, 蔡体久, 等. 江西大岗山不同密度杉木林枯落物持水与土壤贮水能力研究[J]. 水土保持学报, 2013, 27(1): 203-208.
    [34] ZHAO L, WANG B, CAI T J, et al. Water-holding capacity of litter and soil under Chinese fir forest with different densities in Dagangshan Mountain of Jiangxi Province [J]. Journal of Water and Soil Conservation, 2013, 27(1): 203-208.
    [35] 时忠杰, 王彦辉, 徐丽宏, 等.六盘山主要森林类型枯落物的水文功能[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2009, 31(1): 91-99.
    [36] SHI Z J, WANG Y H, XU L H, et al. Hydrological functions of litter layer of typical forest types in the Liupan Mountains of Ningxia, northwestern China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2009, 31(1): 91-99.
    [37] 陈波, 孟成生, 赵耀新, 等. 冀北山地不同海拔华北落叶松人工林枯落物和土壤水文效应[J]. 水土保持学报, 2012, 26(3): 216-221.
    [38] CHEN B, MENG C S, ZHAO Y X, et al. Hydrological effects of forest litters and soil of Larix principis-rupprechtii plantations in the different altitudes of north Mountain of Hebei [J]. Journal of Water and Soil Conservation, 2012, 26(3): 216-221.
    [39] 吴迪, 辛学兵, 赵明扬, 等. 北京九龙山不同林分枯落物及土壤水文效应[J]. 林业科学研究, 2014, 27(3): 417-422.
    [40] WU D, XIN X B, ZHAO M Y, et al. Hydrological effects of litters and soil under different forests in Jiulongshan of Beijing [J]. Forest Research, 2014, 27(3): 417-422.
    [41] 王云琦, 王玉杰, 张洪江, 等. 重庆缙云山几种典型植被枯落物水文特性研究[J]. 水土保持学报, 2004, 18(3): 41-44.
    [42] WANG Y Q, WANG Y J, ZHANG H J, et al. Research on litter hydrology characteristic of typical vegetation in Jinyun Mountain in Chongqing City [J]. Journal of Water and Soil Coservation, 2004, 18(3): 41-44.
    [43] 莫菲, 于澎涛, 王彦辉, 等. 六盘山华北落叶松林和红桦林枯落物持水特征及其截持降雨过程[J]. 生态学报, 2009, 29(6): 2868-2876.
    [44] MO F, YU P T, WANG Y H, et al. The water-holding capacity of litter layers in the forests of Larix principis-rupprechtii and Betula albo-sinensis in Liupan Mountain and their rainfall interception process [J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2009, 29(6): 2868-2876.
    [45] 剪文灏, 李淑春, 陈波, 等. 冀北山区3种典型森林类型枯落物水文效应研究[J]. 水土保持研究, 2011, 18(5): 144-147.
    [46] JIAN W H, LI S C, CHEN B, et al. Research for the hydrological effects of three typical types of forests litter in northern mountain of Hebei Province [J]. Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 2011, 18(5): 144-147.
    [47] 石媛, 鲁绍伟, 陈波, 等. 河北雾灵山不同密度油松人工林枯落物及土壤水文效应[J]. 水土保持学报, 2014, 28(3): 92-97.
    [48] SHI Y, LU S W, CHEN B, et al. Soil hydrological effects and forest litters of Pinus tabulaeformis plantation under different densities in Wuling Mountain of Hebei [J]. Journal of Water and Soil Coservation, 2014, 28(3): 92-97.
    [49] 孙浩,杨民益,余杨春,等. 宁夏六盘山几种典型水源涵养林林分结构与水文功能的关系[J]. 中国水土保持科学,2014,12(1):10-18.
    [50] SUN H, YANG M Y, YU Y C, et al. Relationship between stand structure and hydrological functions of typical water conservation forests in Liupan Mountains of Ningxia [J]. Science of Soil and Water Conservation, 2014, 12(1): 10-18.
    [51] 郝佳. 宁夏六盘山华北落叶松人工林密度对多功能的影响[D]. 北京: 中国林业科学研究院, 2012.
    [52] HAO J. The influence of stand density of Larix principis-rupprechtii management on the multiple functions in the Liupan Mountains of Ningxia China [D]. Beijing: Chinese Academy of Forestry, 2012.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1152
  • HTML全文浏览量:  119
  • PDF下载量:  15
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-01-08
  • 刊出日期:  2016-08-31

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回