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不同抚育间伐强度对落叶松人工林生态系统碳储量影响

孙志虎 王秀琴 陈祥伟

孙志虎, 王秀琴, 陈祥伟. 不同抚育间伐强度对落叶松人工林生态系统碳储量影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(12): 1-13. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160016
引用本文: 孙志虎, 王秀琴, 陈祥伟. 不同抚育间伐强度对落叶松人工林生态系统碳储量影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(12): 1-13. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160016
SUN Zhi-hu, WANG Xiu-qin, CHEN Xiang-wei.. Effects of thinning intensity on carbon storage of Larix olgensis plantation ecosystem.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(12): 1-13. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160016
Citation: SUN Zhi-hu, WANG Xiu-qin, CHEN Xiang-wei.. Effects of thinning intensity on carbon storage of Larix olgensis plantation ecosystem.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(12): 1-13. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160016

不同抚育间伐强度对落叶松人工林生态系统碳储量影响

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160016
基金项目: 

中央高校基本科研业务费专项(2572014EB03-03、DL09EA03-2)、“十二五”国家科技支撑计划课题(2011BAD08B01、2011BAD37B01)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    孙志虎,博士,副教授。主要研究方向:森林生态学。Email: szhihunefu@163.com 地址:150040黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路26号东北林业大学林学院。
    责任作者: 陈祥伟,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:森林培育。Email:chenxwnefu@163.com 地址:同上。

    孙志虎,博士,副教授。主要研究方向:森林生态学。Email: szhihunefu@163.com 地址:150040黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路26号东北林业大学林学院。
    责任作者: 陈祥伟,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:森林培育。Email:chenxwnefu@163.com 地址:同上。

Effects of thinning intensity on carbon storage of Larix olgensis plantation ecosystem.

  • 摘要: 以三江平原丘陵区佳木斯市孟家岗林场的长白落叶松人工幼龄林(17年生)为对象,设置5种长期、多次、不同强度的间伐试验:2次高强度间伐(L1,35.6%~43.4%)、2次中强度间伐(L2,23.1%~24.3%)、3次中强度间伐(L3,15.3%~23.8%)、4次低强度间伐(L4,5.8%~17.1%)和对照(CK,历次间伐时仅移出枯立木)。通过5种处理后幼龄林生长至成熟林时(56年生)生态系统各组分碳储量调查,结合1974—2013年历次间伐木和枯死木碳储量,从枯死木、间伐木和成熟林活立木生物量碳、土壤碳、生态系统碳分配和林分累计固碳量方面,评价长期间伐对落叶松人工林碳储量的影响。间伐不仅能够明显降低成熟林累计枯死木生物量碳,由CK处理的40.3 t/hm2降低至8.3(3.1~14.1)t/hm2,而且能够提供32.8(21.9~50.1)m3/hm2的间伐材和10.4(6.9~13.8)t/hm2的生物量碳用作生物质燃料。间伐虽然降低成熟林枯枝落叶层碳储量(比CK降低14.8%),但能增加矿质土壤碳储量(比CK提高5.6%),尤其是L3处理后矿质土壤碳储量明显增加(比CK提高15.5%);间伐没有改变成熟林活立木生物量碳和生态系统碳储量分配特征(林分尺度活立木生物量碳中树干、树根、树枝、树皮和树叶比例依次为67.7%~68.7%、17.5%~18.0%、6.8%~7.0%、4.8%~4.9%和2.2%~2.3%。生态系统碳储量中活立木、0~30 cm矿质土壤层、枯枝落叶层、枯立木、灌木层和草本层所占比例依次为69.7%~72.0%、24.7%~27.7%、1.5%~2.2%、0~1.3%、0.1%~1.3%和0.1%~0.2%);但能提高地下碳储量(活立木和枯立木树根+矿质土壤层+枯枝落叶层+灌木层+草本层)占生态系统碳储量比例(间伐为40.5%~42.4%,CK为40.0%),降低树干、树枝和树皮之和所占比例(间伐为56.0%~57.9%,CK为58.3%),维持针叶比例恒定(1.6%)。成熟林主伐时,仅利用干材而枝桠留地时,能使活立木生物量碳的26.5%~27.4%留存于林地(CK为27.7%),而将枝桠随树干一起移出系统时,能使活立木碳储量的19.7%~20.3%(CK为20.5%)、生态系统碳储量的42.1%~44.0%(CK为41.7%)留存于系统。落叶松幼龄林(17年生)多次间伐后至成熟林时(56年生)活立木生物量碳、生态系统碳储量和林分累计固碳量能够恢复至CK相近似水平,分别仅比CK降低1.7%(-4.3%~1.5%)、1.7%(-5.9%~1.4%)和1.1%(-4.0%~0.8%),L3和L4处理,尤其是L4处理在上述指标方面甚至高于CK 处理1.5%、1.4%和0.8%。5.8%~23.8%的3~4次中、低强度抚育间伐至成熟林时既可提供间伐材和生物质燃料又能维持高的活立木生物量碳、生态系统碳储量和林分累计固碳量。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2016-01-18
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