高级检索

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

基于近自然改造的马尾松林分竞争强度研究

邢海涛 陆元昌 刘宪钊 王晓明 贾宏炎 曾冀

邢海涛, 陆元昌, 刘宪钊, 王晓明, 贾宏炎, 曾冀. 基于近自然改造的马尾松林分竞争强度研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(9): 42-54. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160023
引用本文: 邢海涛, 陆元昌, 刘宪钊, 王晓明, 贾宏炎, 曾冀. 基于近自然改造的马尾松林分竞争强度研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(9): 42-54. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160023
XING Hai-tao, LU Yuan-chang, LIU Xian-zhao, WANG Xiao-ming, JIA Hong-yan, ZENG Ji. Competition intensity of Pinus massoniana stand based on close-to-nature management.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(9): 42-54. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160023
Citation: XING Hai-tao, LU Yuan-chang, LIU Xian-zhao, WANG Xiao-ming, JIA Hong-yan, ZENG Ji. Competition intensity of Pinus massoniana stand based on close-to-nature management.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(9): 42-54. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160023

基于近自然改造的马尾松林分竞争强度研究

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160023
基金项目: 

国家林业局森林经营专项全国森林经营关键技术和主要森林类型作业法研究及示范(69201531)、北京市自然科学基金项目基于个体差异和空间距离的林木竞争模型研究(8152033)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    邢海涛,博士生。主要研究方向:近自然森林经理及其模型模拟。Email:ilove6015@163.com地址:100091北京市海淀区香山路东小府1号中国林业科学研究院资源信息研究所。责任作者:陆元昌,博士,研究员。主要研究方向:近自然森林经营。Email:YLu@ifrit.ac.cn地址:同上。

    邢海涛,博士生。主要研究方向:近自然森林经理及其模型模拟。Email:ilove6015@163.com地址:100091北京市海淀区香山路东小府1号中国林业科学研究院资源信息研究所。责任作者:陆元昌,博士,研究员。主要研究方向:近自然森林经营。Email:YLu@ifrit.ac.cn地址:同上。

Competition intensity of Pinus massoniana stand based on close-to-nature management.

  • 摘要: 为了揭示马尾松人工近自然改造作业下树种间的关系,本文主要分析了近自然改造林分内马尾松的种内种间竞争强度,以期为营造近自然混交林和人工林近自然作业法提供参考和理论基础。基于广西热带林业实验中心人工马尾松近自然5种改造实验林20个固定样地的2014年复测数据(A1~A4:不同采伐强度补植树种的改造混交林,A5:未改造马尾松对照纯林,每种改造模式各4个固定样地),利用Voronoi图确定了林木的生长空间和竞争邻木,运用Hegyi单木竞争模型对改造混交林总体竞争强度、改造混交林和对照纯林中马尾松种内种间竞争强度进行了数量分析。结果表明:1)改造混交林中马尾松和主要补植树种竞争排序为:红锥灰木莲大叶栎马尾松香梓楠格木,不同改造模式平均竞争指数排序为:A1A3A4A2。2)改造混交林对象木马尾松共计212株,其他竞争木336株;对照纯林马尾松共计190株。对照马尾松纯林竞争指数为359.51,远大于改造混交林中马尾松竞争指数(166.98),适当强度的采伐有效地降低了林分内马尾松的竞争压力,马尾松纯林中只存在种内竞争,改造混交林中马尾松种内竞争指数大于种间,各占54.65%和45.35%。3)混交林与纯林中马尾松种内竞争差异显著,竞争指数随胸径增大而逐渐减小;各径级内平均竞争指数,改造混交林均小于对照纯林。4)速生树种对马尾松最先产生种间竞争压力,马尾松与主要竞争木竞争关系(CI1)排序为:大叶栎灰木莲红锥香梓楠鸭脚木山油麻安息香格木黄毛榕,改造混交林各模式间马尾松种间竞争差异不显著。5)马尾松竞争指数随胸径的增大不断变小,改造混交林总竞争指数、种内竞争指数以及对照纯林总竞争指数与马尾松胸径分别符合幂函数、双曲线函数和对数函数的关系;当马尾松胸径大于25 cm时,混交林与纯林内马尾松受到的竞争压力均逐渐减小趋于平缓;小于25 cm时,马尾松受到的竞争压力较大。通过分析马尾松近自然改造林分内树种竞争关系可知,基于近自然经营理论的人工纯林改造利用有效的干扰木采伐和合理的树种补植,能够有效降低马尾松的竞争压力,同时促进补植树种的生长和天然更新,引导林分的正向演替,形成复层异龄混交林,证明了近自然改造的合理性与可行性。

     

  • [1] MA Z X. Fundamentals of ecology [M]. Beijing: Economic Publishing House of China, 2002.
    [1] 马振兴.生态学基础[M]. 北京:中国时代经济出版社,2002.
    [2] 项小燕,吴甘霖,段仁燕,等.大别山五针松种内和种间竞争强度[J].生态学报,2015,35(2):389-395.
    [3] XIANG X Y, WU G L, DUAN R Y, et al. Intraspecific and interspecific competition of Pinus dabeshanesis[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica,2015,35(2):389-395.
    [4] 惠刚盈,胡艳波,赵中华,等.基于交角的林木竞争研究[J].林业科学,2013,49(6):68-73.
    [5] HUI G Y, HU Y B, ZHAO Z H, et al. A forest competition index based on intersection angle [J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae,2013,49(6):68-73.
    [6] TOME M,BURKHART H E. Distance dependent competition measures for predicting growth of individual trees[J]. Forestry Science,1989, 35(3):816-831.
    [7] 关毓秀,张守攻.竞争指标的分类及评价[J].北京林业大学学报,1992,14(4):1-8.
    [8] GUAN Y X, ZHANG S G. Classification and evaluation of competition index [J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University,1992,14(4):1-8.
    [9] HEGYI F. A simulation model for managing jack-pine stands[M]∥ FRIES J. Growth models for tree and stand simulation. Stockholm:Royal College of Forestry,1974: 74-90.
    [10] 董利虎,李凤日,贾炜玮.林木竞争对红松人工林立木生物量影响及模型研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报,2013,35(6) :15-22.
    [11] DONG L H, LI F R, JIA W W. Effects of tree competition on biomass and biomass models of Pinus koraiensis plantation [J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2013,35(6):15-22.
    [12] 张思玉,郑世群.笔架山常绿阔叶林优势种群种内种间竞争的数量研究[J]. 林业科学,2004,37(1) :185-188.
    [13] ZHANG S Y, ZHENG S Q. Quantitive study on intraspecific and interspecific competition for dominant population of evergreen broad-leaved forest in Bijia Mountain[J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 2004,37(1):185-188.
    [14] 汤孟平,陈永刚,施拥军,等. 基于Voronoi图的群落优势树种种内种间竞争[J]. 生态学报,2007,27(11):4707-4716.
    [15] TANG M P, CHEN Y G,SHI Y J, et al. Intraspecific and Interspecific competition analysis of community dominant plant populations based on Voronoi diagram [J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2007,27(11):4707-4716.
    [16] 郝月兰.基于林分空间结构优化的采伐木确定方法研究[D].北京:中国林业科学研究院, 2012.
    [17] HAO Y L. Study on cutting tree determining method based on forest stand spatial structure optimization [D]. Beijing: Chinese Academy of Forestry, 2012.
    [18] 李际平,封尧,赵春燕,等.基于Voronoi图的杉木生态公益林空间结构量化分析[J].北京林业大学学报,2014,36(4) :1-7.
    [19] LI J P, FENG Y, ZHAO C Y,et al. Quantitative analysis of stand spatial structure of Cunninghamia lanceolata non-commercial forest based on Voronoi diagram [J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2014,36(4):1-7.
    [20] 陆元昌.近自然森林经营的理论与实践[M].北京:科学出版社,2006.
    [21] LU Y C. The theory and practice of close to nature management [M]. Beijing: Science Press, 2006.
    [22] 陆元昌,雷相东,洪玲霞,等.近自然森林经理计划体系技术应用示范[J]. 西南林学院学报,2010,30(2):1-6.
    [23] LU Y C, LEI X D, HONG L X,et al. Demonstrative application of the close-to-nature forest management planning system to forestry practice [J]. Journal of Southwest Forestry University,2010,30(2):1-6.
    [24] LU Y C, LEI X D. Close-to-nature forest management in China:technical framework and models in practice[C]∥Proceedings of ⅩⅢ World Forestry Congress. Buenos Aires: FAO Forestry Department, 2009: 18-23.
    [25] 陆元昌,张守攻,雷相东,等. 人工林近自然化改造的理论基础和实施技术[J].世界林业研究,2009,22(1):20-27.
    [26] LU Y C,ZHANG S G, LEI X D, et al. Theoretical Basis and Implementation techniques on close- to- nature transformation of plantations [J].World Forestry Research,2009,22(1):20-27.
    [27] 沈国舫,翟明普. 混交林研究[M].北京:中国林业出版社,1997.
    [28] SHEN G F, ZHAI M P. Research on mixed forest plantations [M]. Beijing:China Forestry Publishing House, 1997.
    [29] BI H. Competition in mixed stands of Pinus radiate and Eucalyptus obliqa[J].Journal of Applied Ecology,1996,33(1):87-99.
    [30] 李婷婷,陆元昌,庞丽峰,等.杉木人工林近自然经营的初步效果[J].林业科学,2014,50(5):90-100.
    [31] LI T T, LU Y C, PANG L F, et al. Initial effect of close-to-nature management of Chinese fir plantation [J]. Scientia Silvae Sinicae,2014,50(5):90-100.
    [32] 李志洪,胡淑仪,李伟,等.粤东北马尾松-木荷混交林种内种间竞争强度分析[J].中南林业科技大学学报,2013,33(8):91-95.
    [33] LI Z H, HU S Y, LI W, et al. Intra-specific and inter-specific competitions among major trees species in Pinus massoniana and Schimasuperba mixed forest in northeastern Guangdong Province [J]. Journal of Central South University of Forestry Technology, 2013,33(8):91-95.
    [34] 吴承祯,洪伟,廖金兰.马尾松中幼林种内竞争的研究[J]. 福建林学院学报,1997,17(4):289-292.
    [35] WU C Z, HONG W,LIAO J L. Research on intraspecific competition of Pinus massoniana young and middle aged forests [J]. Journal of Fujian College Forestry,1997,17(4):289-292.
    [36] 车腾腾,冯益明,蔡道雄,等.热带林业实验中心人工林区景观格局变化分析[J].浙江农林大学学报,2011,28(5):706-712.
    [37] CHE T T,FENG Y M,CAI D X, et al. Dynamics analysis on landscape patterns of Chinese tropical and subtropical plantation areas [J].Journal of Zhejiang Forestry College, 2011,28(5):706-712.
    [38] RENKA R J. Algorithm 751:TRIPACK:a constrained two-dimensional delaunay triangulation package[J]. ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software,1996,22:1-8.
    [39] 吴国玺,闫卫阳. 基于加权Voronoi图的河南省城市影响区研究[J].城市发展研究,2009,16(1):55-59.
    [40] WU G X,YAN W Y. Study of urban influenced regions of Henan province based on weighed Voronoi diagram [J].Urban Studies,2009,16(1):55-59.
    [41] 殷鸣放,薛娟,宁良智,等.基于近自然林业经营的不同密度林木竞争关系比较分析[J].西北林学院学报,2013,28(5):149-153.
    [42] YIN M F,XUE J,NING L Z, et al. Comparative study on competition relationship of the forests with different densities based on near-nature forestry management [J].Journal of Northwest Forestry University,2013,28(5):149-153.
    [43] MENG J H, LU Y C, ZENG J. Transformation of a degraded Pinus massoniana plantation into a mixed-species irregular forest: impacts on stand structure and growth in southern China [J]. Forests, 2014, 5(12): 3199-3221.
    [44] JIANG J, LU Y C, PANG L F, et al. short-term effects of the management intensities on structure dynamic in monoculture forests of southern subtropical China [J]. Tropical Conversation Science, 2015, 8(1): 187-200.
    [45] 邹春静,徐文铎.沙地云杉种内、种间竞争的研究[J]. 植物生态学报,1998,22(3):269-274.
    [46] ZOU C J, XU W D. Study on intraspecific and interspecific competition of Picea mongolica[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 1998, 22(3): 269-274.
    [47] 巢林,洪滔,李键,等. 不同林龄、径级杉木人工林种内竞争规律[J].浙江农林大学学报,2015,32(3):353-360.
    [48] CHAO L,HONG T,LI J, et al. Intraspecific competition in a Cunninghamia lanceolata plantation with different age and diameter classes[J]. Journal of Zhejiang Forestry College, 2015,32(3):353-360.
    [49] LAUNGANI R, KNOPS J M H. Species-driven changes in nitrogen cycling can provide a mechanism for plant invasions [J]. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2009, 106(30): 12400-12405.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1582
  • HTML全文浏览量:  132
  • PDF下载量:  27
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-01-18
  • 刊出日期:  2016-09-30

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回