高级检索

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

演替和气候对阔叶红松林土壤有机碳密度的影响

郭鑫 吴鹏 韩威 李巧燕 杨蕾 安海龙 王襄平

郭鑫, 吴鹏, 韩威, 李巧燕, 杨蕾, 安海龙, 王襄平. 演替和气候对阔叶红松林土壤有机碳密度的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(7): 55-63. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160060
引用本文: 郭鑫, 吴鹏, 韩威, 李巧燕, 杨蕾, 安海龙, 王襄平. 演替和气候对阔叶红松林土壤有机碳密度的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(7): 55-63. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160060
GUO Xin, WU Peng, HAN Wei, LI Qiao-yan, YANG Lei, AN Hai-long, WANG Xiang-ping.. The influence of succession stages and climate on soil organic carbon density of broad-leaved Korean pine forest.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(7): 55-63. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160060
Citation: GUO Xin, WU Peng, HAN Wei, LI Qiao-yan, YANG Lei, AN Hai-long, WANG Xiang-ping.. The influence of succession stages and climate on soil organic carbon density of broad-leaved Korean pine forest.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(7): 55-63. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160060

演替和气候对阔叶红松林土壤有机碳密度的影响

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160060
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目(31370620)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    郭鑫。主要研究方向:森林土壤有机碳。Email:guoxin@bjfu.edu.cn地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学林学院。责任作者:王襄平,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:森林生态学。Email:wangxiangping@bjfu.edu.cn地址:同上。

    郭鑫。主要研究方向:森林土壤有机碳。Email:guoxin@bjfu.edu.cn地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学林学院。责任作者:王襄平,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:森林生态学。Email:wangxiangping@bjfu.edu.cn地址:同上。

The influence of succession stages and climate on soil organic carbon density of broad-leaved Korean pine forest.

  • 摘要: 东北阔叶红松林及其次生林是我国重要的森林碳库,土壤中储存着大量的有机碳。本研究调查了纬度梯度上的4个典型地点(长白山、蛟河、五营和胜山)不同演替阶段(杨桦林、硬阔叶林、红松近熟林和成熟林)的土壤有机碳密度(SOCD),并分析了总SOCD(0~60 cm)、表土层SOCD(0~20 cm)与演替、气候等因素的关系。结果表明:各研究地点的总SOCD、表土层SOCD和表土层占总SOCD的比例随演替的进展并没有一致的变化趋势。总SOCD与纬度、最冷月均温、年降水量和温暖指数无显著关系;表土层SOCD、表土层/总SOCD比例随纬度增加而显著降低,随最冷月均温升高而显著上升。多元分析表明,气候因子本身对表土层SOCD的解释力高于对总SOCD的解释力,演替阶段对3个SOCD变量的解释力均不显著,但演替阶段与温度指标(最冷月均温或温暖指数)的交互作用对总SOCD和表土层/总SOCD比例影响显著。此外,坡位对总SOCD和表层SOCD都有显著影响。研究表明,表土层SOCD可能主要受气候梯度和小地形影响;总SOCD的异质性较强、影响因素复杂,气候因子自身对总SOCD的影响较弱,群落特征(生活型、蓄积量)和小地形、以及演替与气候的交互作用对总SOCD的影响显著。

     

  • [1] BONAN G B. Forests and climate change: forcings, feedbacks, and the climate benefits of forests [J]. Science, 2008, 320: 1444-1449.
    [1] POST W M, EMANUEL W R, ZINKE P J, et al. Soil carbon pools and world life zones [J]. Nature, 1982, 298: 156-159.
    [2] SCHIPPER L A, BAISDEN W T, PARFITT R L, et al. Large losses of soil C and N from soil profiles under pasture in New Zealand during the past 20 years [J]. Global Change Biology, 2007, 13(6): 1138-1144.
    [3] JOHNSTON C A, GROFFMAN P, BRESHEARS D D, et al. Carbon cycling in soil [J]. Front Ecol Environ, 2004, 2(10): 522-528.
    [4] TIAN H, MELILLO J, LU C, et al. Chinas terrestrial carbon balance: contributions from multiple global change factors [J]. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 2011, 25(1): 1007-1022.
    [5] WANG S, WANG Z, PIAO S, et al. Regional differences in the timing of recent air warming during the past four decades in China [J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2010, 55(19): 1968-1973.
    [6] CALLESEN I, LISKI J, RAULUND-RASMUSSEN K, et al. Soil carbon stores in Nordic well-drained forest soilsrelationships with climate and texture class [J]. Global Change Biology, 2003, 9(3): 358-370.
    [7] YANG Y, LI P, DING J, et al. Increased topsoil carbon stock across Chinas forests [J]. Global Change Biology, 2014, 20(8): 2687-2696.
    [8] 齐麟, 于大炮, 周旺明, 等. 采伐对长白山阔叶红松林生态系统碳密度的影响 [J]. 生态学报, 2013, 33(10): 3065-3073.
    [9] QI L, YU D P, ZHOU W M, et al. Impact of logging on carbon density of broadleaved-Korean pine mixed forests on Changbai Mountains [J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2013, 33(10):3065-3073.
    [10] 宋文艺, 蔡慧颖, 金光泽, 等. 黑龙江省不同地区红松人工林碳密度及其分配 [J]. 植物研究, 2014, 34(5): 619-625.
    [11] SONG W Y, CAI H Y, JIN G Z, et al. Carbon density and Its distribution of Pinus koraiensis plantations in different regions of Heilongjiang Province [J]. Bulletin of Botanical Research,2014, 34(5): 619-625.
    [12] 魏亚伟, 周旺明, 于大炮, 等. 我国东北天然林保护工程区森林植被的碳储量 [J]. 生态学报, 2014, 34(20): 5696-5705.
    [13] WEI Y W, ZHOU W M, YU D P, et al. Carbon storage of forest vegetation under the Natural Forest Protection Program in Northeast China [J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2014, 34(20):5696-5705.
    [14] LUAN J, LIU S, ZHU X, et al. Soil carbon stocks and fluxes in a warm-temperate oak chronosequence in China [J]. Plant Soil, 2011, 347(1-2): 243-253.
    [15] 魏亚伟, 于大炮, 王清君, 等. 东北林区主要森林类型土壤有机碳密度及其影响因素 [J]. 应用生态学报, 2013, 24(12): 3333-3340.
    [16] WEI Y W, YU D P, WANG Q J, et al. Soil organic carbon density and its influencing factors of major forest types in the forest region of Northeast China [J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2013, 24(12): 3333-3340.
    [17] 吴建国, 张小全, 徐德应. 六盘山林区几种土地利用方式下土壤活性有机碳的比较 [J]. 植物生态学报, 2004, 28(5): 657-664.
    [18] WU J G, ZHANG X Q, XU D Y. Changes in soil labile organic carbon under different land use in the liupan mountain forest zone[J]. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica, 2004, 28(5): 657-664.
    [19] TRUMBORE S. Age of soil organic matter and soil respiration: radiocarbon constraints on belowground C dynamics [J]. Ecological Applications, 2000, 10(2): 399-411
    [20] 刘世荣, 王晖, 栾军伟. 中国森林土壤碳储量与土壤碳过程研究进展 [J]. 生态学报, 2011, 31(19): 5437-5448.
    [21] LIU S R, WANG H, LUAN J W. A review of research progress and future prospective of forest soil carbon stock and soil carbon process in China [J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2011, 31(19): 5437-5448.
    [22] 张城, 王绍强, 于贵瑞, 等. 中国东部地区典型森林类型土壤有机碳储量分析[J]. 资源科学, 2006, 28(2): 97-103.
    [23] ZHANG C, WANG S Q, YU G R, et al. Soil organic carbon storage in typical forestland in east China [J]. Resources Science, 2006, 28(2): 97-103.
    [24] TIAN Q, HE H, CHENG W, et al. Factors controlling soil organic carbon stability along a temperate forest altitudinal gradient [J]. Scientific Reports, 2016, 6: e18783.
    [25] DENG L, WANG K, CHEN M, et al. Soil organic carbon storage capacity positively related to forest succession on the Loess Plateau, China [J]. Catena, 2013, 110: 1-7.
    [26] LAI Z, ZHANG Y, LIU J, et al. Fine-root distribution, production, decomposition, and effect on soil organic carbon of three revegetation shrub species in northwest China [J]. Forest Ecology and Management, 2016, 359: 381-388.
    [27] HU Y, SU Z, LI W, et al. Influence of tree species composition and community structure on carbon density in a subtropical forest [J]. Plos One, 2015, 10(8): e0136984.
    [28] CHEN L, HE Z, DU J, et al. Patterns and environmental controls of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen in alpine ecosystems of northwestern China [J]. Catena, 2016, 137: 37-43.
    [29] WYNN J G, BIRD M I, VELLEN L, et al. Continental-scale measurement of the soil organic carbon pool with climatic, edaphic, and biotic controls [J]. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 2006, 20(1): 630-637.
    [30] 李克让, 王绍强, 曹明奎. 中国植被和土壤碳贮量 [J]. 中国科学(D辑:地球科学), 2003, 33(1): 72-80.
    [31] LI K R, WANG S Q, CAO M K. China vegetation and soil carbon [J]. Science in China (Series D), 2003, 33(1): 72-80.
    [32] JOBBAGY E G, JACKSON R B. The vertical distribution of soil organic carbon and its relation to climate and vegetation [J]. Ecological Applications, 2000, 2(10): 423-436.
    [33] WANG S Q, HUANG M, SHAO X, et al. Vertical distribution of soil organic carbon in China[J]. Environmental Management, 2004, 33(Suppl.1): 200-209.
    [34] 周涛, 史培军, 王绍强. 气候变化及人类活动对中国土壤有机碳储量的影响 [J]. 地理学报, 2003, 58(5): 727-734.
    [35] ZHOU T, SHI P J, WANG S Q. Impacts of climate change and human activities on soil carbon storage in China[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2003, 58(5): 727-734.
    [36] ZHU B, WANG X P, FANG J Y, et al. Altitudinal changes in carbon storage of temperate forests on Mt Changbai, Northeast China [J]. Journal of Plant Research, 2010, 123(4): 439-452.
    [37] CHAPIN III F S, ZAVALETA E S, EVINER V T, et al. Consequences of changing biodiversity [J]. Nature, 2000, 405: 234-242.
    [38] VITOUSEK P, MOONEY H, LUBCHENCO J, et al. Human domination of Earths ecosystems [J]. Science, 1997, 277: 494-499.
    [39] 丁圣彦, 宋永昌. 常绿阔叶林植被动态研究进展 [J]. 生态学报, 2004, 24(8): 1769-1779.
    [40] DING S Y, SONG Y C. Research advances in vegetation dynamic of evergreen broad-leaved forest [J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2004, 24(8): 1769-1779.
    [41] 胡海清, 罗碧珍, 魏书精, 等. 小兴安岭7种典型林型林分生物量碳密度与固碳能力 [J]. 植物生态学报, 2015, 39(2): 140-158.
    [42] HU H Q, LUO B Z, WEI S J, et al. Biomass carbon density and carbon sequestration capacity in seven typical forest types of the Xiaoxingan Mountains, China [J]. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica, 2015, 39(2): 140-158.
    [43] 杨金艳, 王传宽. 东北东部森林生态系统土壤碳贮量和碳通量[J]. 生态学报, 2005, 25(11): 83-90.
    [44] YANG J Y, WANG C K. Soil carbon storage and flux of temperate forest ecosystems in northeastern China [J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2005, 25(11): 83-90.
    [45] 宋彦彦, 史宝库, 张言, 等. 长白山8种林型土壤有机碳和全氮的质量分数及垂直分布特征[J]. 东北林业大学学报, 2014, 42(12): 94-97.
    [46] SONG Y Y, SHI B K, ZHANG Y, et al. Contents and vertical distribution characteristics of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen of eight forest types in the Changbai Mountain [J]. Journal of Northeast Forester University, 2014, 42(12): 94-97.
    [47] 鲍士旦. 土壤农化分析[M]. 北京: 中国农业出版社, 2000: 25-34.
    [48] BAO S D. Soil analysis [M].Beijing: China Agriculture Press, 2000: 25-34.
    [49] WANG X, TANG Z, FANG J. Climatic control on forests and tree species distribution in the forest region of northeast China [J]. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, 2006, 48(7): 778-789.
    [50] 解宪丽, 孙波, 周慧珍, 等. 不同植被下中国土壤有机碳的储量与影响因子 [J]. 土壤学报, 2004, 41(5): 687-699.
    [51] XIE X L, SUN B, ZHOU H Z, et al. Soil carbon stocks and their influencing factors under native vegetations in China [J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica, 2004,41(5): 687-699.
    [52] 张新平, 王襄平, 朱彪, 等. 我国东北主要森林类型的凋落物产量及其影响因 [J]. 植物生态学报, 2008, 32(5): 1031-1040.
    [53] ZHANG X P, WANG X P, ZHU B, et al. Litter fall production in relation to environmental factors in northeast Chinas forests [J]. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica, 2008, 32(5): 1031-1040.
    [54] 方精云. 地理要素对我国温度分布影响的数量评价 [J]. 生态学报, 1992, 12(2): 97-104.
    [55] FANG J Y. Study on geographic elements affecting temperature distribution in China [J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 1992, 12(2): 97-104.
    [56] SCHIMEL J P, FAHNESTOCK J, MICHAELSON G, et al. Cold-season production of CO2 in arctic soils: can laboratory and field estimates be reconciled through a simple modeling approach [J]. Arctic Antarctic and Alpine Research, 2006, 38(2): 249-256.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  981
  • HTML全文浏览量:  169
  • PDF下载量:  15
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-03-02
  • 刊出日期:  2016-07-30

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回