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阔叶红松林下早春植物生物量分配

李良 夏富才 孙越 张骁

李良, 夏富才, 孙越, 张骁. 阔叶红松林下早春植物生物量分配[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(1): 34-42. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160063
引用本文: 李良, 夏富才, 孙越, 张骁. 阔叶红松林下早春植物生物量分配[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(1): 34-42. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160063
LI Liang, XIA Fu-cai, SUN Yue, ZHANG Xiao. Biomass allocation of eight early-spring herbs in broadleaf-Pinus koraiensis mixed forest[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(1): 34-42. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160063
Citation: LI Liang, XIA Fu-cai, SUN Yue, ZHANG Xiao. Biomass allocation of eight early-spring herbs in broadleaf-Pinus koraiensis mixed forest[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(1): 34-42. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160063

阔叶红松林下早春植物生物量分配

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160063
基金项目: 

“十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目 2012BAC01B03-1

详细信息
    作者简介:

    李良。主要研究方向:森林生态学。Email:13674320578@163.com  地址:132013  吉林省吉林市丰满区华山路3999号北华大学林学院

    责任作者:

    夏富才,副教授。主要研究方向:森林生态学。Email:xfc0707@163.com  地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S718.55+6

Biomass allocation of eight early-spring herbs in broadleaf-Pinus koraiensis mixed forest

  • 摘要: 为探索早春植物对于早春环境是否具有相似的生活史类型,对蛟河实验管理局阔叶红松林样地1年内8种常见早春植物进行了4次调查,采用全收获法获取早春植物生物量并每隔2 d观察1次物候,对样地内早春植物各器官生物量分配的季节动态及其种间差异进行了初步分析,构建了株高与生物量的线性回归模型。结果表明:8种早春植物的开花、结果历程总体相差较大,但花果期普遍较短(34~48 d)。8种早春植物在生长过程中各器官生物量差异均达到极显著水平(P<0.01),8种早春植物总生物量(0.1~4.0 g)和株高(7~23 cm)普遍较小,各早春植物在自身总生物量和株高变化上总体呈现出相同的变化趋势。8种早春植物在相同日期根冠比和生殖分配比差异均达到极显著水平(P<0.01),同一早春植物在不同日期根冠比和生殖分配比差异也均达到极显著水平(P<0.01),生殖分配总体维持在较低水平(<13%)。8种早春植物在生长过程中总生物量向地下生物量的分配比例明显提高。以株高为自变量,构建8种早春植物总生物量5种线性回归模型,模型验证结果显示菟葵的拟合效果最好,其他7种早春植物平均相对误差绝对值(RMA)较大,但总体与建模标准相符。由此推测,早春植物在生物量分配方面具有相似的生活史策略。

     

  • 图  1  8种早春植物的开花时间、开花持续时间和结果持续时间

    Figure  1.  Flowering time, florescence and fruit period for eight early-spring herbs (ESHs)

    图  2  8种早春植物的生物量动态和株高变化

    Figure  2.  Biomass dynamics and height variation for eight ESHs

    图  3  8种早春植物生物量变化

    Figure  3.  Biomass variation of eight ESHs

    表  1  8种早春植物的根冠比

    Table  1.   Root-shoot ratio for eight ESHs

    日期Data 04-20日期Data 04-30日期Data 05-10日期Data 05-20
    种名
    Species
    根冠比
    Root-shoot ratio
    种名
    Species
    根冠比
    Root-shoot ratio
    种名
    Species
    根冠比
    Root-shoot ratio
    种名
    Species
    根冠比
    Root-shoot ratio
    侧金盏
    Adonis amurensis
    3.44a拟扁果草
    E. raddeanum
    2.38a侧金盏
    A. amurensis
    2.97a东北延胡索
    C. ambigua
    4.09a
    毛茛
    Ranunculus japonicus
    2.64b侧金盏
    A. amurensis
    2.23a拟扁果草
    E. raddeanum
    2.83a侧金盏
    A. amurensis
    3.92a
    多被银莲花
    Anemone raddeana
    2.49b兔葵
    E. stellata
    1.67b兔葵
    E. stellata
    2.25b黑水银莲花
    A. amurensis
    2.69b
    拟扁果草
    Enemion raddeanum
    1.68c毛茛
    R. japonicus
    1.55bc毛茛
    R. japonicus
    2.23b毛茛
    R. japonicus
    2.62b
    兔葵
    Eranthis stellata
    1.35cd朝鲜顶冰花
    G. lutea
    1.49bc东北延胡索
    C. ambigua
    1.85bc兔葵
    E. stellata
    2.51b
    朝鲜顶冰花
    Gagea lutea
    1.01cd多被银莲花
    A. raddeana
    1.27cd黑水银莲花
    A. amurensis
    1.81bc多被银莲花
    A. raddeana
    2.38bc
    黑水银莲花
    Anemone amurensis
    0.94d黑水银莲花
    A. amurensis
    0.96de多被银莲花
    A. raddeana
    1.7c拟扁果草
    E. raddeanum
    1.86cd
    东北延胡索
    Corydalis ambigua
    0.68d东北延胡索
    C. ambigua
    0.89e朝鲜顶冰花
    G. lutea
    1.57c朝鲜顶冰花
    G. lutea
    1.6d
    注:不同字母表示差异显著(P<0.05)。下同。Notes: different letters in the table mean significant difference (P<0.05). The same below.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  8种早春植物的生殖分配比

    Table  2.   Reproductive allocation ratio for eight ESHs

    %
    日期Data 04-20日期Data 04-30日期Data 05-10日期Data 05-20
    种名
    Species
    生殖分配比
    Reproductive allocation ratio
    种名
    Species
    生殖分配比
    Reproductive allocation ratio
    种名
    Species
    生殖分配比
    Reproductive allocation ratio
    种名
    Species
    生殖分配比
    Reproductive allocation ratio
    东北延胡索
    C. ambigua
    12.8a兔葵
    E. stellata
    9.8a东北延胡索
    C. ambigua
    10.24a朝鲜顶冰花
    G. lutea
    12.11a
    朝鲜顶冰花
    G. lutea
    7.38b东北延胡索
    C. ambigua
    8.86a兔葵
    E. stellata
    9.66a兔葵
    E. stellata
    9.58b
    拟扁果草
    E. raddeanum
    6.25bc朝鲜顶冰花
    G. lutea
    5.48b朝鲜顶冰花
    G. lutea
    7.74a毛茛
    R. japonicus
    6.09c
    黑水银莲花
    A. amurensis
    5.98bc毛茛
    R. japonicus
    4.79bc毛茛
    R. japonicus
    4.63b东北延胡索
    C. ambigua
    2.64d
    兔葵
    E. stellata
    5.59bc多被银莲花
    A. raddeana
    3.6bc侧金盏
    A. amurensis
    3.23bc侧金盏
    A. amurensis
    2.04de
    毛茛
    R. japonicus
    4.88bc黑水银莲花
    A. amurensis
    2.81c黑水银莲花
    A. amurensis
    3.19bc黑水银莲花
    A. amurensis
    1.45de
    多被银莲花
    A. raddeana
    4.48c侧金盏
    A. amurensis
    0.69d多被银莲花
    A. raddeana
    1.96cd多被银莲花
    A. raddeana
    1.01de
    侧金盏
    A. amurensis
    1.62d拟扁果草
    E. raddeanum
    0d拟扁果草
    E. raddeanum
    0d拟扁果草
    E. raddeanum
    0e
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  8种早春植物生物量估测模型和模型验证

    Table  3.   Biomass models and model verification of eight ESHs

    种名Species方程EquationR2RSEERMAP
    侧金盏A. amurensisy=0.125 38x+0.514 960.623 6-0.052 1-0.064 00.371 00.896 5
    y=0.430 44x0.616 730.386 2-0.012 9-0.025 90.386 90.891 2
    y=0.015 11x2-0.267 57x+2.751 80.768 60.035 50.028 10.385 10.887 8
    y=0.932 64e0.058 86x0.488 8-0.000 5-0.013 30.380 20.891 9
    y=1.327 4lnx-1.166 30.503 1-0.067 8-0.078 60.377 00.895 8
    朝鲜顶冰花G. luteay=0.028 75x-0.275 350.862 7-0.015 8-0.088 80.356 20.898 2
    y=0.000 05x2.826 20.962 00.171 90.162 10.402 60.873 7
    y=0.000 55x2+0.008 75x-0.112 80.873 60.025 0-0.489 30.807 10.894 5
    y=0.007 84e0.165 76x0.899 10.187 40.239 70.467 30.859 3
    y=0.453 76lnx-1.038 10.790 8-0.073 5-0.151 00.374 30.897 4
    东北延胡索C. ambiguay=0.083 3x-0.546 190.727 1-0.156 1-0.148 80.424 10.873 2
    y=0.010 69x1.5070.684 7-0.067 1-0.090 50.432 70.866 5
    y=0.01x2-0.216 59x+1.493 10.894 7-0.049 3-0.014 10.431 40.846 7
    y=0.104 374e0.115 02x0.779 0-0.061 6-0.068 40.427 80.859 1
    y=1.073 4lnx-2.148 70.618 1-0.174 1-0.175 60.441 40.875 5
    多被银莲花A. raddeanay=0.040 38x-0.145 560.725 8-0.178 3-0.179 80.384 80.894 0
    y=0.016 02x1.180 90.793 3-0.091 2-0.123 00.351 70.887 5
    y=0.004 72x2-0.063 52x+0.326 710.884 70.048 20.066 90.356 40.873 6
    y=0.056 4e0.131 76x0.890 9-0.032 8-0.057 30.332 80.884 8
    y=0.342 66lnx-0.487 180.579 3-0.231 8-0.235 70.414 90.891 9
    黑水银莲花A. amurensisy=0.033 72x-0.106 140.923 4-0.054 8-0.041 20.326 50.922 7
    y=0.006 25x1.509 80.742 30.029 00.039 00.320 30.917 2
    y=0.001 21x2+0.004 75x+0.035 510.947 70.010 60.018 30.312 60.918 2
    y=0.037 874e0.148 2x0.745 90.111 50.166 20.366 30.901 9
    y=0.324 44lnx-0.470 850.819 5-0.116 8-0.236 60.411 70.920 8
    毛茛R. japonicusy=0.117 06x-0.774 650.707 4-0.116 40.005 70.463 20.885 9
    y=0.011 36x1.612 80.838 4-0.062 8-0.057 30.377 30.883 5
    y=0.013 5x2-0.288 05x+1.980 10.858 0-0.000 80.059 30.434 80.879 8
    y=0.142 55e0.117 01x0.862 1-0.035 9-0.027 20.377 40.884 0
    y=1.529 6lnx-3.0830.618 5-0.144 60.136 70.719 40.881 9
    拟扁果草E. raddeanumy=0.015 17x+0.018 990.699 5-0.055 6-0.082 80.395 40.886 0
    y=0.019 06x0.939 380.842 5-0.022 7-0.047 50.394 30.882 9
    y=-0.000 54x2+0.029 18x-0.054 290.722 1-0.083 6-0.103 30.391 30.888 8
    y=0.063 91e0.083 47x0.793 30.038 90.018 90.410 30.871 7
    y=0.166 11lnx-0.189 630.703 1-0.119 9-0.140 80.396 90.891 0
    菟葵E. stellatay=0.039 26x-0.180 30.984 3-0.014 8-0.012 20.278 70.913 7
    y=0.002 64x1.849 70.973 10.021 30.045 60.297 80.908 8
    y=0.000 36x2+0.029 965x-0.127 330.985 6-0.005 7-0.004 50.280 40.912 3
    y=0.037 33e0.151 27x0.904 20.079 60.118 90.293 70.898 2
    y=0.453 77lnx-0.801 860.946 4-0.061 8-0.057 10.289 00.916 0
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2016-03-02
  • 修回日期:  2016-04-04
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