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广西石漠化地区水土保持效应评价指标体系研究

李昂 王云琦 张会兰 王彬 黎宏祥

李昂, 王云琦, 张会兰, 王彬, 黎宏祥. 广西石漠化地区水土保持效应评价指标体系研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(11): 67-78. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160077
引用本文: 李昂, 王云琦, 张会兰, 王彬, 黎宏祥. 广西石漠化地区水土保持效应评价指标体系研究[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(11): 67-78. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160077
LI Ang, WANG Yun-qi, ZHANG Hui-lan, WANG Bin, LI Hong-xiang.. Research on evaluation index system of soil and water conservation effect of rocky desertification region in Guangxi of southern China.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(11): 67-78. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160077
Citation: LI Ang, WANG Yun-qi, ZHANG Hui-lan, WANG Bin, LI Hong-xiang.. Research on evaluation index system of soil and water conservation effect of rocky desertification region in Guangxi of southern China.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(11): 67-78. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160077

广西石漠化地区水土保持效应评价指标体系研究

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160077
基金项目: 

广西水利厅课题(201430)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    李昂。主要研究方向:水土保持效益评价。Email:415516231@qq.com 地址:100083 北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学水土保持学院。   责任作者: 王云琦,教授。主要研究方向:土壤侵蚀、生态水文。Email:wangyunqi@bjfu.edu.cn 地址:同上。

    李昂。主要研究方向:水土保持效益评价。Email:415516231@qq.com 地址:100083 北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学水土保持学院。   责任作者: 王云琦,教授。主要研究方向:土壤侵蚀、生态水文。Email:wangyunqi@bjfu.edu.cn 地址:同上。

Research on evaluation index system of soil and water conservation effect of rocky desertification region in Guangxi of southern China.

  • 摘要: 石漠化造成水土资源的损失和破坏已经成为限制广西地区经济发展的严重问题,建立一套广西特有的评价指标体系可以科学、合理地评价广西地区的水土保持效应,对广西地区水土保持工作的开展具有重要意义。结合广西地区基岩裸露、成土缓慢、植被生长困难等石漠化特点,依据《水土保持综合治理效应计算方法》(GB/T 15774—2008),通过广西水利厅提供的水文站资料、县志、年鉴等历史资料集成、野外小流域采样调查、原位监测等方法,总结出涵盖包含社会、生态、经济3大方面在内的9类指标构成的初选指标体系。通过主成分分析方法,对指标进行降维,并结合相关分析、通径分析、敏感性分析的结果,分析各主成分中指标主要的作用途径,对指标的敏感性进行检验,筛除冗余指标,使得到的指标体系涵盖内容较为全面,指标信息重叠较少,代表性较强,最终形成包涵8个生态效应指标、7个经济效应指标、1个社会效应指标的水土保持效应指标体系。其中,生态效应指标对石漠化地区水土保持影响较大的前3位分别为林草措施面积(11.21%)、蓄水措施有效面积(11.10%)、有效土层厚度(6.28%),经济效应指标影响较大的前3位分别为林果产品产量(15.11%)、粮食生产量(14.95%)、第三产业总产值(14.74%),社会效应指标为负向指标,说明城镇化水平越高,人类活动对生态环境破坏越严重,越难以治理。本研究最终构建的指标体系为深入讨论生态效应补偿机制提供了必要的技术支持,为优化广西石漠化地区水土保持工作配置提供了一定的科学依据。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2016-03-14
  • 刊出日期:  2016-11-30

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