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四倍体白桦木材纤维性状比较及优良母树选择

刘超逸 刘桂丰 方功桂 姜传明 姜静

刘超逸, 刘桂丰, 方功桂, 姜传明, 姜静. 四倍体白桦木材纤维性状比较及优良母树选择[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(2): 9-15. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160091
引用本文: 刘超逸, 刘桂丰, 方功桂, 姜传明, 姜静. 四倍体白桦木材纤维性状比较及优良母树选择[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(2): 9-15. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160091
LIU Chao-yi, LIU Gui-feng, FANG Gong-gui, JIANG Chuan-ming, JIANG Jing. Comparison of tetraploid Betula platyphylla wood fiber traits and selection of superior seed trees[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(2): 9-15. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160091
Citation: LIU Chao-yi, LIU Gui-feng, FANG Gong-gui, JIANG Chuan-ming, JIANG Jing. Comparison of tetraploid Betula platyphylla wood fiber traits and selection of superior seed trees[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(2): 9-15. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160091

四倍体白桦木材纤维性状比较及优良母树选择

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160091
基金项目: 

林业公益性行业科研专项 201204302

详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘超逸。主要研究方向:林木遗传育种。Email:tina19931228@qq.com   地址:150040 黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路26号东北林业大学林学院

    责任作者:

    姜静,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:林木遗传育种。Email:jiangjing1960@126.com   地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S718.46;S722.8

Comparison of tetraploid Betula platyphylla wood fiber traits and selection of superior seed trees

  • 摘要: 为选出不仅生长速度快而且木材纤维性状表现优良适于制浆造纸的四倍体白桦母树。以制种园中31株四倍体白桦为研究对象,测量其胸径生长指标,测定木材密度、纤维长度、纤维宽度以及木质素、纤维素、综纤维素含量等木材品质指标,并对其进行了方差分析和多重比较。结果显示:各性状在母树间的差异均达到极显著水平(P<0.01),在31株四倍体母树中24株的纤维长显著高于二倍体对照。有13株母树综纤维素含量大于70%,12株母树纤维素含量高于50%,说明白桦染色体加倍后对木材纤维性状影响显著,在四倍体母树中可选出用于纸浆材的优良母树。参试母树胸径生长量为2.00或2.00 cm以上的有8株母树,并且均为四倍体白桦;根据胸径生长量及材性指标,采用隶属函数法对参试母树进行综合评价,表现最优的7株母树均为四倍体母树,说明染色体加倍可提高白桦的生长量及木材品质。虽然四倍体在树干通直度方面表现较差,仅有42%母树通直度为Ⅱ级或Ⅰ级,但作为纸浆材对该性状的要求可适当放宽,最后初步选出19株母树生长和材性均表现优良,其中5株兼具生长、材性、干型最优。在种子园中,生长及材性性状表现均较差的5株四倍体母树将被淘汰。

     

  • 表  1  参试母树胸径年生长量及树干通直度

    Table  1.   Diameter growth increment and stem straightness of seed trees

    母树
    Seed tree
    胸径生长量
    DBH growth/cm
    通直度
    Stem straightness
    4-20 2.42
    4-36 2.22
    4-23 2.19
    4-8 2.12
    4-21 2.1
    4-11 2.06
    4-40 2.01
    4-5 2.00
    4-3 1.81
    2-16 1.77
    4-15 1.76
    4-47 1.76
    4-28 1.68
    2-32 1.63
    4-12 1.61
    4-27 1.58
    4-33 1.57
    4-44 1.57
    4-43 1.48
    2-13 1.47
    4-30 1.46
    4-38 1.43
    4-41 1.41
    4-46 1.40
    4-6 1.37
    4-31 1.34
    4-9 1.22
    4-24 1.19
    4-2 1.14
    4-34 1.14
    4-14 1.02
    4-17 0.87
    4-18 0.80
    4-25 0.64
    注:4-×表示四倍体母树, 2-×表示二倍体母树。下同。Notes:4-×represents tetraploid seed trees, 2-×represents diploid seed trees. The same as below.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  参试白桦木材品质性状方差分析

    Table  2.   Variance analysis of tested B. platyphylla seed trees

    性状
    Trait
    自由度
    Degree of freedom
    平均值
    Mean value
    标准差
    Standard deviation
    F
    F value
    变异幅度
    Variation range
    最大值/最小值
    Max./Min.
    基本密度Basic density 33 0.38 g/cm 3 0.05 g/cm 3 3.380 ** 0.310~0.508 g/cm 3 1.64
    纤维长Fiber length 33 925 μm 128.73 μm 20.114 ** 730~1 040 μm 1.42
    纤维长宽比Ratio of fiber length to width 33 60.53 15.79 8.455 ** 52.43~78.46 1.50
    木质素含量Content of lignin 33 11.75% 1.88% 7.712 ** 9.08%~16.03% 1.77
    纤维素含量Content of cellulose 33 48.75% 0.03% 12.03 ** 40.08%~54.27% 1.35
    综纤维素含量Content of holocellulose 33 69.32% 3.77% 11.279 ** 59.11%~75.43% 1.28
    注:**表示在P<0.01水平差异显著。Note:**represents the difference was significant at P<0.01 level.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  四倍体白桦母树材性性状的多重比较

    Table  3.   Multiple comparison of wood traits for tetraploid B. platyphylla seed trees

    母树
    Seed tree
    基本密度
    Basic density/(g·cm-3)
    母树
    Seed tree
    纤维长
    Fiber length/μm
    母树
    Seed tree
    纤维长宽比
    Ratio of fiber length to width
    母树
    Seed tree
    纤维素含量
    Content of cellulose/%
    母树
    Seed tree
    综纤维素含量/%
    Content of holocellulose/%
    母树
    Seed tree
    木质素含量
    Content of lignin/%
    2-13 0.508±0.048a 4-23 1 040±131a 4-9 78.46±14.75a 4-30 54.27±1.15a 4-30 75.43±1.21a 4-18 16.03±1.25a
    4-36 0.462±0.164ab 4-33 1 033±129ab 2-32 73.75±12.21b 4-47 53.54±1.47ab 4-47 74.38±1.43ab 4-46 15.90±0.17a
    4-23 0.432±0.055bc 4-38 1 028±78ab 4-6 68.41±10.9c 4-21 52.19±1.11abc 4-21 74.10±0.95abc 4-41 15.16±0.41ab
    2-32 0.428±0.050bcd 4-40 1 025±146ab 4-28 67.81±10.49c 4-41 51.83±0.12abcd 4-41 73.60±0.88abcd 4-2 13.59±0.06bc
    2-16 0.422±0.015bcde 4-28 1 016±93abc 4-40 67.4±16.57cd 4-20 51.46±1.48abcde 4-31 73.06±2.37abcde 4-27 13.49±1.76bc
    4-9 0.414±0.015bcdef 4-27 1 009±121abcd 4-33 67.18±3.07cd 4-34 51.71±1.54abcde 4-20 72.40±1.65abcdef 4-43 13.28±0.74bcd
    4-17 0.412±0.027bcdef 4-30 1 001±155abcde 4-23 67.15±7.81cd 4-24 51.69±0.61abcde 4-38 72.34±0.78abcdef 4-14 13.07±2.14cde
    4-43 0.411±0.046bcdef 4-44 988±96abcdef 4-15 65.46±11.22cde 4-31 51.31±2.00bcdef 4-34 72.12±1.43bcdef 4-38 12.78±0.73cdef
    4-21 0.408±0.019bcdefg 4-2 973±99bcdefg 4-38 64.41±3.32cdef 4-38 50.70±0.63bcdefg 2-16 71.80±0.26bcdefg 4-33 12.56±0.46cdefg
    4-15 0.407±0.026bcdefg 4-47 965±108cdefg 4-20 63.14±4.8defg 2-16 50.60±0.42bcdefg 4-24 71.51±0.74bcdefgh 4-6 12.32±0.86cdefgh
    4-28 0.402±0.026bcdefg 4-46 963±112cdefgh 4-36 63.07±7.31defg 4-15 50.52±0.63cdefg 2-13 71.31±1.70bcdefgh 2-16 12.27±0.41cdefgh
    4-31 0.401±0.030bcdefg 4-41 958±98cdefgh 4-46 62.98±5.56defg 4-2 50.50±0.09cdefg 4-15 70.96±0.72cdefghi 4-44 12.25±0.60cdefgh
    4-8 0.400±0.021bcdefg 4-25 957±111cdefgh 4-18 61.3±8.24efgh 2-13 50.35±1.81cdefgh 4-2 70.41±0.28defghi 4-15 11.87±0.23cdefghi
    4-12 0.388±0.034bcdefgh 4-5 956±103cdefgh 2-13 60.75±6.67fghi 4-40 49.95±1.23cdefghi 4-8 70.36±1.80defghi 4-28 11.85±0.56cdefghi
    4-46 0.379±0.005cdefgh 4-24 950±75defghi 4-25 59.19±3.14ghij 4-8 49.63±1.45cdefghi 4-9 70.33±0.89defghi 4-17 11.85±0.85cdefghi
    4-38 0.378±0.053cdefgh 4-36 947±140defghi 4-11 59.04±4.63ghij 4-23 48.97±1.60defghij 4-23 69.79±1.72efghi 4-25 11.81±1.33cdefghi
    4-27 0.377±0.034cdefgh 4-14 947±150defghi 4-21 58.44±5.68hijk 2-32 48.84±1.44defghij 4-12 69.72±0.89efghij 4-12 11.55±0.72cdefghij
    4-18 0.376±0.022cdefgh 4-34 944±78efghij 4-17 58.07±4.8hijk 4-9 48.80±0.83defghij 4-17 69.48±1.13fghijk 4-11 11.55±0.87cdefghij
    4-33 0.372±0.002cdefgh 4-9 942±83efghij 4-5 57.91±9.49hijk 4-12 48.78±0.91defghij 4-40 69.46±1.44fghijk 2-32 11.28±1.18defghij
    4-11 0.371±0.020cdefgh 4-15 927±75fghijk 4-24 57.53±6.96hijk 4-17 48.74±1.02efghij 4-3 69.18±0.86fghijkl 2-13 11.10±1.57efghij
    4-6 0.368±0.021cdefgh 4-31 920±65ghijkl 4-30 57.41±3.49hijk 4-25 48.53±1.83fghijk 2-32 69.05±0.91fghijkl 4-3 10.96±0.92fghijk
    4-24 0.363±0.022cdefgh 4-43 919±80ghijkl 4-31 57.38±7.58hijk 4-3 48.36±0.59fghijk 4-25 68.39±1.53ghijklm 4-5 10.95±1.16fghijk
    4-5 0.360±0.020cdefgh 4-11 918±98ghijkl 4-14 57.28±4.3hijk 4-44 48.22±0.99ghijk 4-44 68.21±0.98hijklm 4-36 10.87±0.83fghijk
    4-47 0.355±0.028cdefgh 4-3 903±74hijkl 4-27 57.28±8.59hijk 4-36 48.04±1.40ghijk 4-36 68.19±1.06hijklm 4-9 10.63±0.64ghijk
    4-44 0.351±0.016cdefgh 4-18 891±63ijklm 2-16 57.07±7.56hijkl 4-28 47.43±1.04hijk 4-5 67.68±1.77ijklm 4-40 10.46±1.41hijk
    4-2 0.347±0.080defgh 4-6 884±90jklm 4-47 56.04±5.74ijkl 4-33 47.08±1.36ijkl 4-33 67.64±1.57ijklm 4-34 10.33±1.19hijk
    4-34 0.340±0.011efgh 4-12 875±85klm 4-43 55.68±9.11jkl 4-5 46.35±1.43jklm 4-27 66.26±1.72jklmn 4-24 10.22±0.57ijk
    4-20 0.337±0.021fgh 4-8 872±106klm 4-2 55.26±5.45jkl 4-14 46.23±1.89jklm 4-28 66.19±1.31klmn 4-8 10.23±1.11ijk
    4-30 0.334±0.018fgh 4-17 866±73lm 4-34 54.72±4.44jkl 4-27 46.11±1.50jklm 4-6 65.89±0.73lmn 4-20 10.21±0.96ijk
    4-3 0.327±0.008gh 2-13 834±91m 4-3 54.72±7.6jkl 4-43 45.57±0.94klm 4-14 65.77±1.93lmn 4-21 10.16±0.85ijk
    4-14 0.327±0.019gh 2-32 781±102n 4-12 53.78±6.48kl 4-6 44.47±0.76klm 4-11 64.88±7.51mn 4-31 10.06±1.07ijk
    4-40 0.326±0.053gh 4-20 747±75n 4-41 53.75±5.42kl 4-11 44.02±5.59lm 4-43 64.87±0.99mn 4-23 9.99±1.71ijk
    4-25 0.310±0.015h 2-16 738±45n 4-44 53.65±5.24kl 4-18 42.48±1.15lm 4-18 63.00±1.61n 4-30 9.69±1.05jk
    4-41 0.310±0.036h 4-21 730±97n 4-8 52.43±4.54l 4-46 40.08±0.72m 4-46 59.11±1.02o 4-47 9.08±0.92k
    平均值
    Mean value
    0.38±0.05 平均值
    Mean value
    925±129 平均值
    Mean value
    60.53±15.79 平均值
    Mean value
    48.75±0.03 平均值
    Mean value
    69.32±3.77 平均值
    Mean value
    11.75±1.88
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  参试白桦母树各性状间相关性分析

    Table  4.   Correlation analysis of tested B. platyphylla seed trees

    性状Trait 木质素含量
    Content of lignin
    综纤维素含量
    Content of holocellulose
    纤维素含量
    Content of cellulose
    基本密度
    Basic density
    胸径生长量
    DBH growth
    纤维长
    Fiber length
    纤维长宽比
    Ratio of fiber length to width
    木质素含量Content of lignin 1 -0.570 ** -0.574 ** -0.081 -0.426 * 0.111 -0.016
    综纤维素含量Content of holocellulose 1 0.980 ** -0.069 0.100 -0.099 -0.213
    纤维素含量Content of cellulose 1 -0.116 0.107 -0.059 -0.190
    基本密度Basic density 1 0.259 -0.354 * 0.335
    胸径生长量DBH growth 1 -0.096 0.070
    纤维长Fiber length 1 0.143
    纤维长宽比Ratio of fiber length to width 1
    注:**表示在P<0.01水平上极显著相关, *表示在P<0.05水平上显著相关。Notes: **represents significant correlation at P<0.01 level, * represents significant correlation at P<0.05 level.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  参试母树隶属函数均值及综合评价

    Table  5.   Average membership function and comprehensive evaluation of tested seed trees

    母树
    Seed tree
    隶属函数均值
    Mean value of membership funtion
    排序
    Priority
    综合评价
    Comprehensive assessment
    母树
    Seed tree
    隶属函数均值
    Mean value of membership funtion
    排序
    Priority
    综合评价
    Comprehensive assessment
    4-23 0.76 1 优秀Excellent 4-11 0.52 18 良好Good
    4-36 0.68 2 优秀Excellent 4-24 0.5 19 良好Good
    4-9 0.65 3 优秀Excellent 4-3 0.47 20 一般Common
    4-40 0.65 4 良好Good 4-27 0.47 21 一般Common
    4-47 0.61 5 优秀Excellent 4-34 0.46 22 一般Common
    4-15 0.6 6 良好Good 4-12 0.46 23 一般Common
    4-28 0.6 7 优秀Excellent 4-6 0.46 24 一般Common
    2-13 0.59 8 良好Good 2-16 0.46 25 一般Common
    4-30 0.58 9 良好Good 4-44 0.45 26 一般Common
    4-38 0.58 10 良好Good 4-43 0.41 27 一般Common
    2-32 0.57 11 良好Good 4-17 0.41 28 一般Common
    4-20 0.56 12 良好Good 4-2 0.4 29 一般Common
    4-33 0.56 13 良好Good 4-41 0.38 30 较差Poor
    4-21 0.56 14 良好Good 4-25 0.35 31 较差Poor
    4-8 0.55 15 良好Good 4-14 0.33 32 较差Poor
    4-31 0.55 16 良好Good 4-46 0.33 33 较差Poor
    4-5 0.54 17 良好Good 4-18 0.25 34 较差Poor
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-03-20
  • 修回日期:  2016-09-18
  • 刊出日期:  2017-02-01

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