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林分密度对水曲柳人工林碳储量的影响

那萌 刘婷岩 张彦东 冯晨辛 刘道锟

那萌, 刘婷岩, 张彦东, 冯晨辛, 刘道锟. 林分密度对水曲柳人工林碳储量的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(1): 20-26. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160111
引用本文: 那萌, 刘婷岩, 张彦东, 冯晨辛, 刘道锟. 林分密度对水曲柳人工林碳储量的影响[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2017, 39(1): 20-26. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160111
NA Meng, LIU Ting-yan, ZHANG Yan-dong, FENG Chen-xin, LIU Dao-kun. Effects of stock density on carbon storage in Fraxinus mandshurica plantations[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(1): 20-26. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160111
Citation: NA Meng, LIU Ting-yan, ZHANG Yan-dong, FENG Chen-xin, LIU Dao-kun. Effects of stock density on carbon storage in Fraxinus mandshurica plantations[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2017, 39(1): 20-26. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160111

林分密度对水曲柳人工林碳储量的影响

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160111
基金项目: 

“十二五”国家科技支撑计划课题 2011BAD37B02-2

详细信息
    作者简介:

    那萌。主要研究方向:森林培育。Email:1511044746@qq.com  地址:150040  黑龙江省哈尔滨市香坊区和兴路26号东北林业大学林学院

    责任作者:

    张彦东,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:森林培育。Email:zhyd63@163.com  地址:同上

  • 中图分类号: S718.55+7

Effects of stock density on carbon storage in Fraxinus mandshurica plantations

  • 摘要: 为了解林分密度对水曲柳人工林碳储量的影响规律,在黑龙江省帽儿山地区,选择不同造林密度(2 200、2 500、4 400、10 000株/hm2)的13年生水曲柳人工林,采用样地调查的方法在每种密度处理各设置3块样地,进行了林分碳储量与乔木层年净固碳量的测定。结果表明:水曲柳林分密度增加,其乔木层、凋落物层、土壤层以及生态系统碳储量均随之增大,而林下植被层碳储量随林分密度的增加而减小。其中不同密度林分的乔木层、林下植被层、土壤层以及生态系统碳储量差异均显著(P<0.05),而凋落物层在各密度之间差异不显著(P>0.05)。4种密度水曲柳林分碳储量的空间分配均表现为:土壤层>乔木层>凋落物层>林下植被层,土壤层和乔木层碳储量分别占生态系统总碳储量的79.6%~82.4%和14.1%~17.0%,是人工林碳库的主要组成部分。此外,水曲柳人工林乔木层的年净固碳量随林分密度的增加而增大,造林密度为2 200株/hm2林分的年净固碳量明显低于其他密度林分(P<0.05)。上述结果说明提高造林密度对增加幼龄林分碳储量具有显著作用。

     

  • 图  1  不同林分密度水曲柳人工林林下植被层碳储量

    Figure  1.  Carbon storage of understory vegetation in Fraxinus mandshurica plantations with different stock densities

    图  2  不同林分密度水曲柳人工林凋落物层碳储量

    Figure  2.  Carbon storage of litter layer in Fraxinus mandshurica plantations with different stock densities

    图  3  不同密度水曲柳人工林生态系统碳储量

    Figure  3.  Carbon storage of ecosystem in Fraxinus mandshurica plantations with different densities

    表  1  不同林分密度水曲柳林基本状况

    Table  1.   Basic state of Fraxinus mandshurica plantations with different densities

    密度类型
    Density type
    初植密度/(株·hm-2)
    Planting density/(tree·ha-1)
    现存密度/(株·hm-2)
    Existing density/(tree·ha-1)
    平均胸径/cm
    Mean DBH/cm
    平均树高/m
    Mean tree height/m
    郁闭度
    Crown density
    2 2001 3258.810.30.7
    2 5002 1418.19.90.9
    4 4002 7667.49.20.9
    10 0004 1256.58.30.9
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同林分密度水曲柳人工林乔木层碳储量

    Table  2.   Carbon storage of tree layer in Fraxinus mandshurica plantations with different stock densities

    t·hm-2
    t·ha-1
    密度类型Density type干Stem枝Branch叶Leaf根Root总量Total
    12.81±0.34a(65.2%)2.74±0.12a(13.9%)0.61±0.01a(3.1%)3.51±0.11a(17.8%)19.67±0.59a(100%)
    17.14±0.65ab(65.8%)3.47±0.16a(13.3%)0.82±0.03b(3.2%)4.61±0.19ab(17.7%)26.04±1.02ab(100%)
    18.07±1.00b(66.3%)3.52±0.24a(12.9%)0.88±0.05b(3.2%)4.80±0.29b(17.6%)27.27±1.58b(100%)
    20.02±2.40b(66.9%)3.67±0.55a(12.3%)0.99±0.11b(3.3%)5.22±0.67b(17.5%)29.90±3.73b(100%)
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  不同林分密度水曲柳人工林土壤层碳储量

    Table  3.   Carbon storage of soil layer in Fraxinus mandshurica plantations with different densities

    t·hm-2
    t·ha-1
    密度类型Density type0~20 cm20~40 cm40~60 cm总量Total
    69.72±2.07a28.67±0.44a16.95±0.64a115.34±3.14a
    73.68±5.99ab35.80±2.05a16.67±0.60a126.15±6.12ab
    80.11±1.53ab38.86±2.34a16.77±1.16a135.74±2.05ab
    85.05±12.14b36.26±4.05a18.37±0.65a139.68±5.46b
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  不同林分密度水曲柳人工林年净固碳量

    Table  4.   Annual carbon accumulation in Fraxinus mandshurica plantations with different stock densities

    t·hm-2·a-1
    t·ha-1·year-1
    密度类型Density type干Stem枝Branch叶Leaf根Root凋落物Litter总计Total
    0.97±0.02a0.21±0.01a0.05±0.00a0.27±0.01a1.12±0.06a2.62±0.10a
    1.29±0.04b0.26±0.01a0.06±0.00ab0.35±0.01b1.32±0.03b3.28±0.08b
    1.37±0.07b0.27±0.02a0.07±0.00b0.36±0.02b1.48±0.05c3.56±0.16b
    1.48±0.16b0.28±0.04a0.07±0.01b0.38±0.05b1.52±0.03c3.73±0.26b
    下载: 导出CSV
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