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无患子果实经济性状地理变异评价及与脂肪酸成分相关性

孙操稳 贾黎明 叶红莲 高媛 熊晨妍 翁雪煌

孙操稳, 贾黎明, 叶红莲, 高媛, 熊晨妍, 翁雪煌. 无患子果实经济性状地理变异评价及与脂肪酸成分相关性[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(12): 73-83. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160143
引用本文: 孙操稳, 贾黎明, 叶红莲, 高媛, 熊晨妍, 翁雪煌. 无患子果实经济性状地理变异评价及与脂肪酸成分相关性[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(12): 73-83. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160143
SUN Cao-wen, JIA Li-ming, YE Hong-lian, GAO Yuan, XIONG Chen-yan, WENG Xue-huang. Geographic variation evaluating and correlation with fatty acid composition of economic characters of Sapindus spp. fruits.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(12): 73-83. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160143
Citation: SUN Cao-wen, JIA Li-ming, YE Hong-lian, GAO Yuan, XIONG Chen-yan, WENG Xue-huang. Geographic variation evaluating and correlation with fatty acid composition of economic characters of Sapindus spp. fruits.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(12): 73-83. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160143

无患子果实经济性状地理变异评价及与脂肪酸成分相关性

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160143
基金项目: 

国家国际科技合作专项(S2014ZI0400)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    孙操稳,博士生。主要研究方向:能源林培育理论与技术。Email:scw19871217@126.com 地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学林学院。
    责任作者: 贾黎明,博士生导师,教授。主要研究方向:用材林和能源林培育理论与技术。 Email:jlm@bjfu.edu.cn 地址:同上。

    孙操稳,博士生。主要研究方向:能源林培育理论与技术。Email:scw19871217@126.com 地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学林学院。
    责任作者: 贾黎明,博士生导师,教授。主要研究方向:用材林和能源林培育理论与技术。 Email:jlm@bjfu.edu.cn 地址:同上。

Geographic variation evaluating and correlation with fatty acid composition of economic characters of Sapindus spp. fruits.

  • 摘要: 无患子、川滇无患子在我国分布广泛,资源丰富,果实具有较高的经济价值。本文采集了我国13个省份及越南地区60株无患子优树的果实,利用索氏抽提法、气相色谱法等,测定了其表型、油脂含量及脂肪酸组成成分等经济性状;利用主成分分析法、相关分析法等统计方法,分析了各指标的变异,量化评价了综合经济性状,研究了脂肪酸变异与表型变异间的相关性。研究表明:1)不同产地无患子优树果实大部分性状均存在较大变异,果皮百粒质量、种仁百粒质量、出仁率、果实侧径和亚麻酸变异系数分别达到33%、32%、29%、 29%和33%;油酸(C18:1)变异较小,仅为4%;2)利用变异较大的关键指标进行主成分权重赋值,复选出来自贵州、广西、广东和湖北的7株优树果皮百粒质量和种仁百粒质量分别比优树平均水平提高了42.86%和41.86%,优树经济性状增益明显;3)相关性分析表明,无患子不饱和脂肪酸含量与出仁率、种仁百粒质量均存在较强的负相关关系。C18:1含量稳定,与果实相关系数较小,二十碳烯酸(C20:1)与果实性状相关性更强。研究为无患子良种选育提供了重要支撑,为其生物能源、皂苷等综合开发奠定了基础。

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-05-03
  • 刊出日期:  2016-12-31

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