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新一轮毛白杨遗传改良策略的思考和实践

康向阳

康向阳. 新一轮毛白杨遗传改良策略的思考和实践[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(7): 1-8. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160148
引用本文: 康向阳. 新一轮毛白杨遗传改良策略的思考和实践[J]. 北京林业大学学报, 2016, 38(7): 1-8. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160148
KANG Xiang-yang.. Thinking and practices for strategy on a new round genetic improvement of Populus tomentosa.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(7): 1-8. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160148
Citation: KANG Xiang-yang.. Thinking and practices for strategy on a new round genetic improvement of Populus tomentosa.[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 2016, 38(7): 1-8. doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160148

新一轮毛白杨遗传改良策略的思考和实践

doi: 10.13332/j.1000-1522.20160148
基金项目: 

“十二五”国家科技支撑计划课题( 2012BAD01B0302)、北京市共建项目专项(2016BLREEE00)。

详细信息
    作者简介:

    康向阳,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:林木细胞遗传与细胞工程育种。Email:kangxy@bjfu.edu.cn地址:100083北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学生物科学与技术学院。

Thinking and practices for strategy on a new round genetic improvement of Populus tomentosa.

  • 摘要: 该文针对国内外社会和经济环境变化对杨树需求的影响,在分析毛白杨遗传改良的研究现状和存在的问题基础上,结合近年来毛白杨良种选育工作思考和实践结果,提出新一轮毛白杨遗传改良策略。即针对不同的栽培区和不同的生产应用需求制定育种目标,重点选育速生、优质、高抗的用材林和绿化雄株品种,以及抗寒抗旱、耐高温水湿品种。针对毛白杨分布区气候区划以及自然群体遗传分化特点,在不断充实位于分布区南部的冠县基因库的同时,增设北部基因资源保存库,实现毛白杨基因资源分区域有效保存和利用。针对毛白杨良种选育中一直未能充分利用母本效应的问题,通过基因库半同胞子代群体分析筛选育性好、一般配合力高的毛白杨母本,采用分子标记鉴定半同胞群体优良单株的父本,并通过主要目标性状指标和遗传多样性综合评价,构建适宜不同育种目标的育种亲本群体,进而通过配子染色体加倍技术选育毛白杨杂交和三倍体新品种。针对当前白杨主要通过嫁接繁殖技术环节复杂、成本高以及苗木易老化等问题,采取利用组织培养苗和根蘖苗幼化的特点,通过容器硬枝扦插和大田硬枝扦插,实现毛白杨良种低成本、高效率快速规模繁殖的技术路线等。

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-05-10
  • 刊出日期:  2016-07-30

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